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31 August 2021

Mechatronic Engineering: All You Need to Know

Mechatronics combines the multi-faceted aspects from the field of computer, electric, and mechanical engineering aimed at building smarter and simpler systems.

Though originally conceived as an acronym for the words "Mechanical Engineering" and "Electronics" dating back to the 1960s, Mechatronics has been developing and growing ever since. Modern-day mechatronics carries a lot of real-world impacts and can also integrate elements such as artificial intelligence, network security, telecommunications, optical engineering, systems, and control.

What is Mechatronics used for?
Mechatronics can be integrated into various industries and be applied to support applications. Although it is more common in the production of manufacturing including consumer goods, industrial products, automobiles, electronic products, etc., mechatronics has become an integral part of healthcare, transportation, and many other domains.

Listed are some common mechatronics applications:

  • Robotic automation
  • Home and building automation
  • Computer-driven machinery
  • Medical imaging systems
  • Robotic surgery
  • Machine vision and inspection
  • Various sensing and control systems
  • Temperature/humidity control
  • Automotive engineering 
  • Computer-aided design and production (such as CNC)
  • Transportation

Mechatronics is applied in many different industries and applications. The discipline lends itself to vast applicability in diverse career paths.

Mechatronics and the Fourth Industrial Revolution

The fourth industrial revolution—also called industry 4.0 and Mechatronics is a key component of Industry 4.0.

It is a term widely used to describe the digital transformation of all industries. It is usually characterized by the combination of physical and mechanical systems with digital and even biological worlds. Cloud computing, artificial intelligence (AI), blockchain, robotics, advanced wireless technology, and the Internet of Things (IoT) are all signs of this revolution, and we are still in it today. The fourth industrial revolution employs something called cyber-physical systems. This system involves multiple sensors and connected devices that converse or communicate, exchange data, and make sound decisions with other devices.

Although Industry 4.0 can transform many industries, occupations, those who understand the field of Mechatronics may be better able to withstand this disruption and excel. With this growth comes many possibilities. There is a range of opportunities to explore in private and public sector units. You can work in the automation sector, equipment building and maintenance factories, and so on. Depending upon the industry that one joins, the responsibilities or the job role will differ. As a mechatronics engineer, get the chance to leverage your expertise and be a part of a workforce that develops smart technologies.

While in the past, it was a common practice to move into the mechatronics field without a degree, these days employers prefer candidates who have specialized education in this domain. With the evolution in technology and innovations that come up each day, it is vital to stay ahead of the competition. A degree in Mechatronics will equip you with the required skill-sets, relevant knowledge, and trends.