Applied Computing the Future of Focused Learning Computer Science and Engineering Graduates
Computer science is the study of what computers can do and applications of computations i.e., both theoretical and practical.
Computer Engineering is a combination of electrical engineering and computer science and is about the study of computer hardware and software.
Computer Science and Engineering is a broad domain of computer science and computer engineering
At the Postgraduate level, the graduates are expected to be industry-ready and solve real-world problems through innovation and research. At the entry level, applied computing engineers will have the experience and skills required for leadership positions in the industry and ready to solve day-to-day organizational problems using technology. The curriculum should blend the practical and business skills required for graduates to be multidisciplinary and ready for future technology demands of the industry. If we want the learners to equipped with skills to learn, then the learner's focus should be shifted from listening and behaving to
Ability to work in teams,
students to be knowledge creators than consumers
Socially Aware, to adapt to a rapidly changing world.
Engagement in learning is a significant achievement in jobs and outcomes. Students should be kept engaged to develop lifelong learning skills, to guide them to explore and achieve their career goals. The curriculum should focus on meaning and has relevance to each learner and allow them to contribute to the local and global community around them. what will be more important is faculties to research their content, delivery, and assessment and continuously improve teaching practice to meet the needs of changing learners.
It is a broad domain of computer science where the learner is allowed to explore all possible topics in achieving his carrier goals. Applied computing prepares the learners to be innovative, competent, and industry-ready by the ability to think critically about how to best use their technical skills in solving problems and create a positive impact within the organization. Applied computing is a combination of applied and theoretical computer science and learners focus on developing analytical thinking and applied skills by blending theoretical and practical aspects to solve day-to-day business problems by applying technology. by applying the computing and business skills.
Theoretical Computer Science
Theoretical Computer Science focuses on problem-solving everyday computation using Mathematical Logic, Programming Language Theory, Machine Learning, data structures and algorithms, Automata Theory, Graph Theory, Number Theory, Computability theory, cryptography, Quantum Computation, Parallel and Distributed Computation, Information and Coding Theory, Formal Methods.
Applied Computer Science
Applied computer science focuses on the Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence, Cloud Computing, Blockchain, Big data and data mining, Software Engineering, Computer Vision, Natural Language Processing, Computer Networks, Parallel and Distributed Systems, Database Administrator.
Business skills are essential skills required to connect, communicate, cooperate and succeed. Business skills along with technical skills are required for success. It is possible by embedding courses that are goal-directed, building leadership qualities, building organizational strategy, decision making, communication skills, project management, interpersonal skills, Analytical and Problem Solving as multiple core disciplines and electives offered. Business skills will help the organization to achieve its goals.
Innovative Learning Environments
Cooperative Learning:here students work together and are responsible for one another’s learning as well as their own. Emphasizing thinking and increasing higher-order learning. It has a range of educational benefits, including an alternative to ability grouping and as a way to prepare students for an increasingly collaborative workforce.
Service Learning: education engages students in community services that are integrated with the learning objectives of core academic curricula. This experiential approach is premised on providing students with contextualized learning experiences based on authentic, real-world situations in their communities.
Learning with technology: learner-centered approaches to technology-enabled learning can empower learners and leverage good learning experiences that would not otherwise have been possible. Technology also often offers valuable tools for other building blocks in effective learning environments, including personalization, cooperative learning, managing formative assessments, and many inquiry-based methods.
Formative assessment: formative evaluation guides learners to better outcomes by providing feedback that continually informs the learner, the teacher, and the learning itself.it is targeted towards three key questions
Where are the learners in their learning?
Where are the learners going?
What needs to be done to get them there?
Inquiry-based learning: students need opportunities to develop higher-order cognitive skills. One important context does this is through inquiry-based approaches in complex, meaningful projects that require sustained engagement, collaboration, research, management of resources, and development of an ambitious performance or product. Relevant approaches include
Problem Based Learning
Learning through design
Future Perspectives for Employability
Todays, goal-oriented applied computing majors become leaders and key assets in the workplace. Applied computing graduates will take up leadership roles in the organization as they are specialized in technologies required in the market and future demands. With changing technology and skills required by industry, students should continuously learn and prepare for future challenges.
As winter comes, Karnataka gets enveloped by the avarekai fever - the omnipresent ingredient that makes its path into our breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The local nomenclature for Hyacinth Beans, Avarekai, or AvareKalu, would fairly depict as the aroma of Bengaluru. During November and February, it is not at all surprising to see our moms and grandmas holding a small handful of beans up to their noses, sensing through the olfactory for purchasing average. It is highly sought after based on size, aroma, and flavor and is usually harvested in December after the 15th or 20th day. Sodagu, the signature aroma of the hyacinth beans is profoundly entwined with the bliss of eating avarekai. Sogadu Avarekai is that one expression that a true Bangalorean will relate to.
The hyacinth bean is full of nutrients that enhance health and prevent disease.
Hyacinth beans (dry) are one of the finest sources of several B-complex vitamins like thiamin, pyridoxine, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, folates, and niacin. Most of these work as co-factors for the enzymes in carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism in the body. Hyacinth bean is very low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium. These beans are gluten-free and a very good source of protein, dietary fiber, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, and copper.
Traditionally, it was used to treat diverse illnesses such as heart ailments to nose bleeds. It is the staple eating regimen of nursing mothers in Africa due to its high nutritional and functional aspects: minerals, nutrients, lipid content, and antifungal, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory properties. This magical bean is great for gut, heart, and brain health, and cancer prevention as well.
Today Avarekai is making its way into modern restaurants, and chefs are wholeheartedly embracing the ingredient in a variety of dishes such as it is widely available in the winter months, and served with fresh salad or soups. It has a beautiful yellowish-green colour, easy to prepare and gives a subtle nutty flavour and texture. Avarekai is high in fibre and protein, which makes it very popular among the health conscious urban population and it makes addition to the menu.
Besides this salad, modern resturants use Avarekai to make falafel, as a puree with buckwheat batter crepes and in flatbreads as well as a side or accompaniment that cohesively mixes with proteins like prawn and lamb in bespoke and tasting menus. Many chefs of popular urban joints want to explore the varirty of items that can be prepared using Avarekai such as the Avarekai Biriyani that can be prepared by cooking the rice using the water in which the avarekai is boiled, which lends a subtle flavour to the dish. The halwa was also made for the element of surprise; most people do not expect avarekai to be the base of a sweet dish, and when the paste is mixed with jaggery, it takes the dish to a different level.
It is fascinating to see how Avarekai has its own tales to tell from the traditional household of southern Indian kitchen to modern eateries, whether it is breakfast, lunch and the afternoon tea snack, the aromatic avarekai will dominate the delicacies of upma, rasam, sambar, akki roti, ragi roti and bisibele bath, pongal and many more.
Covid-19 has now become a part of our daily lives and it is quite evident that we have to live with it, at least for a while. By now everyone has already realized that our chances of catching the Coronavirus are very high, whether it is symptomatic or asymptomatic. Many might already be the carriers of the coronavirus without even knowing or showing any symptoms. Our first line of safety action to refrain from contracting Covid-19 is by preventive measures such as washing hands, sanitizing, wearing a mask, social distancing, staying home, and maintaining hygiene. However, one must have a healthy immune system to fight the virus as it directly affects the immunity of an individual.
The word “Immunity” has been on trend since the initial time when we were hit by the pandemic Covid-19. Never in history was immunity discussed to such an extent which is a defensive mechanism in the body built naturally as well as acquired over time with exposure to diseases or infections. The immune system performs at its best when the body functions in optimal condition. For this, balanced nutrition is very essential as a healthy immune system needs good and regular nourishment. Hence, there is a clear connection between immunity and nutrition.
Loads of content are available on the web, recommending the best way to boost your immunity. Valuable recommendations are like - vitamin supplements, immunity-boosting foods, and drinks, physical fitness, enough sleep, reduce stress, enough sunlight, etc.
We must understand that building a strong immune system is a process and not possible to acquire overnight. Our body needs both macronutrients – carbohydrates, protein, healthy fats as well as micronutrients – vitamins A, B, C, D, E and minerals - Zinc, Iron, Magnesium, and Potassium, etc. These are the basic building blocks of our bodies. Therefore, nutrient deficiency or malnourishment have a direct impact on our body functioning and make us more vulnerable to infectious diseases. In the current lifestyle, many are facing this micronutrient malnourishment without even knowing about it.
Adequate nutrition and hydration are the most important factors because people who follow a well-balanced diet tend to be healthier with stronger and better immune systems which reduce the health risks through infections like Covid-19 to a great extent. So, the body needs to intake a variety of new and natural foods consistently to get an adequate amount of nutrients, minerals, dietary fiber, protein, and antioxidants. Popular immunity boosters like zinc, vitamin C, vitamin A, iron, vitamin E present in various foods, supplements, drinks/teas are recommended in this regard however these boosters alone will not be enough to battle against infections like Covid-19. Therefore, all we need is balanced adequate nutrition and stable metabolism along with and mental wellbeing that is fundamental for good health.
Over the past several years the number of connected devices (mobile, laptops, and IT systems) are increasing at a very high spike, and it is also estimated that the number of such numerous connected systems in coming years will be in billions within a few years. These connected devices generate a huge amount of data in abundance (Big Data). Due to digitalization, most of our critical systems are interconnected and driven by computers and in the future, this connection among various devices will be even more compressed. Automation will take place and most of the decisions will be automated only.
IoT (Internet of Things) will be all over from smartwatches to smart cars that will make our life easy but at the same time our data will also reside in cloud computing, where we don’t fully control the dataflow and access to information. More of our personal lives and business activities are being conducted online than ever. As a result, the complexity and connectivity of these systems would directly impact their level of vulnerability and thereby causing the need for Cybersecurity.
As per the reports of Cybersecurity ventures, it is predicted that the number of internet users will add up to triple in an amount from the year 2015 to 2022 and it will reach the number by 6 billion users approximately and in the future by the year 2030, this number will rise to 7.5 billion Internet users. This rise in Internet usage is directing towards the great need for security on the Internet and ultimately Cybersecurity professionals. As per the Cybersecurity Market Size & Share Report by Grand View Research, the global Cybersecurity market was valued at USD 156.5 billion in 2019 and is predicted to grow at a CAGR of 10 % from 2020 to 2027 as shown in Figure 1. The Government/Defense sector led the Cybersecurity market in 2019 and was accounted for 24.4% of the total revenue.
Figure 1: Increased Market Size of Cybersecurity
According to the reports of NASSCOM, there would be a large requirement for Cybersecurity professionals by 2020 (around 1 million) in India alone. In a recent survey /study, it is found that there is an exponential hike in cybersecurity around 150 percent. The current ratio has shown many big giant companies such as KPMG have almost doubled the size of their Cybersecurity teams, although the jobs for Cybersecurity professionals are fewer in number yet they are increasing at an exponential rate when compared to the other jobs such as IT, network administrator, software developers, etc. As far as our global economy is concerned, it is? directed more towards Internet-based computing and integration the whole world over. Subsequently, many organizations have shown tremendous growth? and now are more vulnerable to hacking and various cyber-attacks.
These organizations have started hiring cybersecurity staff rather than the local police force. It has become a rudimentary job of an organization to protect their confidential data along with the user’s information they are privy to. Many organizations along with the industry such as government, banks, retail, and BFSI sectors are now actively recruiting numerous Cybersecurity professionals and the demand for such professionals will shoot up in the upcoming years. According to a report of PwC and Data Security Council of India (DSCI) the cybersecurity market in India is expected to rise from $1.97 billion in 2019 to $3.05 billion by 2022, a CAGR of 15.6 percent, almost 1.5 times the global rate and shown in Figure 2.
Figure 2: Growth of Cybersecurity Products Market in India
Having a Cybersecurity is degree is worth investment and to support this there are countless reasons apart from mentioned above. B. Tech- Computer Science and Engineering (Cyber Security) will enable you to start up your career while M. Tech Computer Science and Engineering (Cyber Security) will help you to earn more, expand the career opportunities, and have a rich experience in both research and academic. Pursuing your career in Cybersecurity after graduation is considered as one of the best decisions nowadays. This will certainly lead you to not only a very lucrative salary package over time but also help you work in a highly challenging environment evolving continually.
At the School of Computer Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology,
JAIN (Deemed-to-be University), B. Tech - Computer Science and Engineering (Cyber Security) will enable you to be ready for Industry 4.0 emerging and exponential technologies.
This course is industry-integrated with EC-Council certifications* in Cyber Security including the world-famous Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), Certified Network Defender (CND), Certified Security Analyst (ECSA), Computer Hacking Forensics Investigator (CHFI), among others. The program will be delivered using project-based learningleading to internships and career opportunities with start-ups and MNC’s in India and abroad. Cyberattacks are one of the top global risks of highest concern for the next decade
The course is structured as a global B. Tech program with students having a study abroad option* in Semesters 7 and 8 at the University of California Riverside (which is ranked amongst the top public universities in the USA).
Furthermore, conforming with the vision of Jain (Deemed-to-be University), the course integrates certifications from Harvard Business Publishingand combines the power of technology with the spirit of entrepreneurship to get you on the right track to become a new-age "Technopreneur".
India is being charged with being a major hotspot for electric mobility. Electricity is a domestic resource that can turn the transport market through the usage of electricity grid networks. Technology exists to help mobility applications that transfer both people and goods using electricity as a power. When cities and neighborhoods explore smart, affordable transportation options, electric transport is becoming a central component. This latest wave of electric transport would help the country reach an age of sustainable transport. It would minimize emissions and reduce dependency on imported fossil fuels. The economy would flourish, providing a dynamic range of entrepreneurship prospects and rising specialized skills and employment. India is in a unique place to harness electric mobility by leveraging the historic transformation of personal mobility and seeking alignment with strategic imperatives for energy stability, green development and urban decongestion. Electric mobility holds an immense potential for India. However, this shift to e-mobility is a traditional "poor idea" issue where there are multiple players and a great deal of uncertainty in the e-mobility arena.
In the New Budget, Karnataka Emphasizes On Electric Mobility
In a current Government budget statement, “Karnataka Chief Minister BS Yediyurappa” declared a total of Rs 100 million (~ $13.56 million) will be dedicated to the development of a state-owned electric vehicle and energy storage cluster. As a result, “Karnataka” has been the leading nation towards electrical car and energy stowage strategy in the country. The strategy would be established in the 5th step of the “Karnataka Industrial Land Development Board (KIADB)” manufacturing zone in “Harohalli, Ramanagara District”.
Throughout the appearance of the budget for 2020-21 at the “State Assembly”, the Chief Minister announced that, under the FAME India-II (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles in India) scheme, 300 cooled electrical busses were introduced to the “Bengaluru Metropolitan Transport Corporation fleet (BMTC)”.
On parallel lines, the state government is offering a grant of Rs. 1 billion (~ $13.56 million) to introduce 500 ordinary electric busses to the corporation's fleet. Last year, Bangalore Electricity Supply Company (BESCOM) announced a proposal to set up 678 charging stations for electric vehicles throughout Karnataka. BESCOM proposed to set up charging stations for a distance of 50 km on either side of the road along the Bangalore-Tumkur highway every 20-25 km and a distance of 100 km along the Bangalore-Mysore highway. Many of the charging stations will be set up in the grounds of government buildings. Karnataka was one of the first Indian states to launch a clear EV policy. The FAME software was revealed in January 2018. In order to boost last mile connectivity in public transport in Bengaluru, the budget also recommended the introduction of the "Electric Bike Taxi" scheme.
Certain traditional practices have been carried out down the ages, to identify and improve the educational practices. Traditional practice is the total sum of knowledge, creativity, skills, and some practices being practice based on theories, beliefs, and most importantly experiences that are indigenous to different teachings, cultures, and traditions. Education is vital to the pace of the individual, social, and growth of the country and teaching methodologies has changed drastically over the years. The traditional approach in education has successfully been delivered through recitation and memorization of concepts and theories and effective teaching plays a crucial role in helping the children grow from one level to another in a more socialistic way to approach life. In education, effectiveness does not mean being right, perfect, or giving good service to society or family, but bringing the best in students.
Traditional Education System
The traditional or conventional methods are the most common practice in schools and colleges. The old-fashioned way of teaching-learning is all about class period like students would sit silently in class and this practice takes one student after another as it turns to recite the lesson. Generally, the teacher observes each student recitation how they are learning and memorizing the lessons. At the end of the lesson, the teacher will go for the written or oral test to examine the student which is known as an assignment or study recitation test. This is common practice that we have in education, which allows us to know the way traditional methods were taught and it ensures that students were rewarded for their continuous efforts. Such practices were based on well-established customs that had been used successfully over many years in schools and colleges. The teachers communicated the knowledge and tried to enforce the standards of behaviors among the students.
In education, teaching techniques are best formulated by answering the questions i.e. what is the purpose of education and what are the best ways to achieve these purposes. In this context, a traditional education practice is much prehistoric, where teaching methods are largely informal and consist of student’s imitation or modeling the learning behavior that of elders, learning through observation and play. Traditional teaching practice is when a teacher directs students to learn through memorization and recitation techniques which restrict the development of critical thinking, approach to problem-solving, and decision-making skills.
Whereas modern teaching techniques involve more interesting interactions, a student-based form of teaching, and group participation to develop skills.
Technical or modern approach in education
Technical or modern approach in education means, teaching and learning is delivered from a completely different angle. Progressive teaching practices in education delivery and focus on the needs of individual students rather than considering all students are the equal or same level of understanding. In simple words, the modern way of teaching is more realistic, activity-based which uses questioning, explaining, demonstrations, and collaborative techniques.
In modern teaching, the teacher can teach by using different pedagogy. For a teacher it is an art, generally addressing strategies of instructions or style of instructions. Several resources will help teachers to teach in a better way, a lesson plan, or practical skill involving learning, thinking, and applying skills. A teacher sets a curriculum that is often set by the government under precise standards and these standards are not constant they change frequently based on government status. By referring to the Sonia Jackson blog written on modern teaching methods for getting smart, the traditional chalk and talk method of teaching that continued for hundreds of years is now getting inferior results when compared to the modern teaching techniques. This means more advanced modern techniques are now available for students which bring revolutionary teaching methods in schools and colleges today.
Modern education techniques focus on student interaction, encouragement, the boundaries of authority are being broken down, and focus on enjoyment with satisfactory grades.
The modern education techniques allow spaced learning opportunities for the students and when students being encouraged to quickly switch to many activities they learn a lot more things rather than a traditional practice.
The spaced learning is to achieve better grades by providing opportunities for students to present through PowerPoint presentations or other activities in a classroom. It works more effectively than traditional practice in teaching for few hours. This allows brain cells to create connections that students need to remember, memorize, enhance their knowledge and helps students to get relax. Next-generation teaching techniques require a complete rethinking of how students and teachers interact in the classroom. This allows students to develop their higher order of thinking, creating, evaluating, and analyzing skills.
Future with traditional and advanced techniques As traditional practice use repetition and memorization of information to educate the children which restricts critical thinking, problem-solving ability, and decision-making skills. Meanwhile, the modern teaching approach encourages students to collaborate and interactive ways of learning and therefore be more productive. But one cannot give a statement that modern teaching techniques not effective, both modern and traditional practices are effective and useful in today’s life as it’s all about if balance.
One needs to differentiate between critical thinking when a traditional and modern works best and when it’s right to try new and innovative approaches. A teacher is no longer knowledgeable or experienced on the stage, instead, he can be a skillful coach, who tries to strengthen the connections between the students and skills. He can curate an adoptive and supportive environment in which students' skills are nurtured effectively and support for those skills are dynamic and challenging.