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CSE Full Form in Engineering
15 July 2024

CSE Full Form in Engineering

As digital presence becomes ubiquitous across all organisations and businesses, the IT sector emerges as one of the fastest-growing fields among all sectors. This surge in demand has directly led to an increased need for computer science engineers and programmers. According to the Bureau of Labour Statistics (BLS), job opportunities in software development, a key field within applied computer science, are projected to grow by 22% by 2030. This growth rate far surpasses the national average for all professions, which stands at 8%. Besides this, the Indian IT industry is projected to achieve a market size of $300 billion by 2025, resulting in a significant demand for skilled Computer Science Engineering (CSE) professionals in the coming years. Government initiatives such as Digital India are further fuelling job growth in this sector. Moreover, the growing demand in areas like artificial intelligence and machine learning has opened up specialised career opportunities in areas like block chain, data engineering, and cyber security, among others. Let us learn more about Computer Science Engineering, in depth:

What is the full form of CSE?

The full form of CSE is Computer Science Engineering. Computer Science Engineering encompasses a curriculum dedicated to designing, developing, and managing technology and hardware-centric data systems. This discipline of engineering focuses on topics related to computation, such as programming languages, algorithm analysis, software development, hardware design, and programme design. Both undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in Computer Science Engineering are offered in this branch of engineering. A Bachelor of Technology (BTech) in Computer Science or CSE full form in engineering is generally offered at the undergraduate level, while a Master of Technology (MTech) programme is offered at the post-graduate level. Key details about CSE are summarised below:

Full Form of CSE

Computer Science Engineering

Courses offered

  • BTech in Computer Science Engineering
  • MTech in Computer Science Engineering
  • PhD in Computer Science Engineering
  • Diploma in Computer Science Engineering

Duration

  • Diploma in CSE: 3 years
  • BTech in CSE: 4 years
  • MTech in CSE: 2 years
  • PhD in CSE: 3- 6 years

CSE Entrance Exam

JEE Main, JEE Advanced and COMEDK

CSE: Curriculum & Skill-Sets

Computer Science Engineering, or CSE full form in engineering, encompasses the theory of computation and the development of computational systems. In this programme, students learn to design and implement hardware and software for computers, along with gaining knowledge of communication systems and related devices. A BTech in Computer Science Engineering, or BTech CSE full form, typically spans four years, further divided into eight semesters. This undergraduate degree covers essential topics such as programming languages, software design, and computer hardware. These subjects provide students with deep insights into technology and its practical applications in engineering. Throughout the BTech in Computer Science Engineering, or BTech CSE full form course, students are encouraged to innovate and develop their skills independently. Successful completion of the programme requires students to achieve a minimum credit score and undertake a significant project in their final year. The core topics covered in this curriculum are:

  • Software Engineering
  • Computer Architecture
  • Computer Design and Engineering
  • Operating Systems and Networks
  • Information Technology
  • Data Communication and Networks
  • Software Applications
  • Computer Theory

The programme teaches essential technical skills, such as proficiency in programming languages such as C++, Java, Python, and others. This exposure in Computer Science Engineering, or CSE full form in engineering, can enable students to develop robust software solutions and adapt to industry-specific needs. Data analysis capabilities are crucial for interpreting complex datasets and deriving actionable insights, while expertise in technical writing ensures effective communication of project details and documentation within IT teams. Software development skills encompass the entire lifecycle of application creation, from coding to testing and troubleshooting, ensuring reliable and efficient software performance. Moreover, the curriculum also hones students’ proficiency in cloud computing skills—spanning security, data migration, and API integration. On the soft skills front, students master the art of effective time management that helps them meet project deadlines and deliver quality results consistently. Students also develop collaboration skills that are critical for teamwork and fostering a productive environment where innovative ideas can flourish. Lastly, excellent communication skills are taught in the BTech in Computer Science Engineering, or BTech CSE full form course, for articulating technical concepts, facilitating smooth project execution, and aligning with business goals.

CSE: Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for CSE courses differ based on the level of the study. We have listed the basic eligibility criteria required to pursue the CSE programme:

Level of Study

Eligibility Criteria

Entrance Exam

Diploma in CSE

Candidates must have passed the Class 10th exam from a recognised board with at least 55% marks.

Diploma Entrance Exam

BTech in CSE

Candidates must have completed the Class 12 exam from a recognised board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects. Additionally, candidates should have achieved a minimum aggregate of 60% in these subjects combined.

 

  • Joint Entrance Examinations (JEE) Mains, and JEE Advanced.
  • State-level engineering entrance exams (e.g., MHT-CET, AP EAMCET, TS EAMCET, etc.)
  • Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka Under Graduate Entrance Test (COMEDK UGET)

MTech in CSE

Candidates should hold a BTech degree in the same specialisation with a minimum 50% percentage.

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) in Computer Science and Information Technology (CS)

PhD in CSE

Candidates must have a Master’s degree in the field of Computer Science or related discipline with valid aggregate marks as specified by the institute.

  • University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test (UGC NET)
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test (CSIR UGC NET)

 

Future Prospects after Completing CSE

Computer Science Engineering, or CSE full form in engineering, presents a myriad of career opportunities across diverse sectors. Students in this field can specialise in areas such as information security, cyber security and forensics, and robotics process automation. Another burgeoning field is cloud technology, which involves managing server networks for online data storage and maintenance. Here are some potential career paths that students can pursue after graduation in Computer Science Engineering, or CSE full form in engineering:

  • Software Developer: Software Developers design, develop, test, and maintain software applications to meet specific business needs and requirements.
  • Hardware Engineer: Hardware Engineers design, develop, and test computer hardware components and systems, ensuring they function optimally and integrate seamlessly with software.
  • Networking Engineer: Networking Engineers design, implement, and manage computer networks, ensuring efficient data communication and connectivity between devices and systems.
  • Machine Learning (ML) Engineer: ML Engineers develop and deploy machine learning models and algorithms, analysing large datasets to derive insights and enhance decision-making processes.
  • AI Engineer: AI Engineers design and develop artificial intelligence systems and applications, integrating machine learning algorithms to create intelligent solutions for various industries.

Way Forward

The field of CSE is experiencing unprecedented growth, driven by the increasing reliance on technology across industries worldwide. CSE programmes equip students with essential skills in programming languages, software engineering, hardware design, and data analysis, preparing them for roles that span from software developers to AI engineers. By combining technical expertise with innovation and adaptability, CSE students are well-positioned to lead and innovate in the growing field of technology. Their ability to navigate evolving technologies ensures a rewarding and impactful career journey ahead in fields such as cloud computing, cybersecurity, and machine learning. Overall, pursuing a career in Computer Science Engineering not only promises professional growth but also offers opportunities to shape the future of technology-driven societies globally.

MTech Full Form
01 July 2024

MTech Full Form

The recent 2024 Engineering Job Market Report by the IET highlights a 20% year-over-year increase in engineering jobs, outpacing other sectors. This growth is driven by technological innovations and the need for infrastructure modernisation across industries such as renewable energy and advanced robotics. Engineers play a crucial role in today's world, not just filling jobs but leading significant innovations and enhancing operational efficiency. Their contributions support both new and established companies, promoting growth and stability in an interconnected digital era.

The demand for skilled engineering professionals is more competitive than ever, with organisations worldwide vying to attract and retain these experts due to their critical role in key projects. According to the Global Engineering Services Outlook, engineering salaries have seen an average increase of 15% in the past year, reflecting the high value of specialised skills. Engineering careers are also noted for their resilience. Data from the National Bureau of Economic Research shows that engineering positions are 35% less likely to be affected by economic downturns compared to other jobs. This stability, combined with significant career advancement opportunities, makes engineering a highly attractive field. Pursuing a Mtech degree full form; Master of Technology allows students to maximise their engineering knowledge and specialise in a specific field. Prestigious private engineering institutes emphasise developing advanced skills, enabling students to become specialists. Multinational companies and startups often prefer candidates with a Master of Technology, or MTech full-form degree, for varied career roles. Reputable industries, including international giants like Microsoft and Google, favour job candidates with an MTech degree. Let us learn more about MTech in depth:

What is the full form of MTech?

The full form of MTech is Master of Technology. It is a postgraduate degree programme that enhances and deepens the technical knowledge and skills acquired during a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) or Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) degree. This programme allows students to specialise in specific engineering or technology fields, such as computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, or civil engineering.

There is no requirement for work experience to pursue a full-time Master of Technology, or MTech full form course, as admission is typically based on entrance exams or BTech degree marks. However, for part-time MTech courses, some universities require candidates to have relevant full-time work experience. This requirement varies, with some colleges allowing fresh BTech graduates to enrol in MTech programmes designed for working professionals. Key details are summarised below:

Full Form of MTech

Master of Technology

Level of Education

Postgraduate

Duration

4 years

Admission Process

Merit-based and entrance examinations

Benefits of Pursuing MTech

Pursuing an MTech degree offers numerous benefits that can significantly enhance your career prospects and earning potential.

  • Advanced Technical and Domain Knowledge: An MTech programme provides in-depth expertise in the engineering field, covering the latest developments, technologies, tools, and techniques. This specialisation makes the student an expert in their domain.
  • Research and Analytical Skills: Most MTech programmes include a research dissertation or project work, offering hands-on experience in the scientific method. Students learn to identify engineering problems, conduct literature surveys, develop innovative solutions, design and perform experiments, analyse results, and document findings.
  • Higher Salary and Faster Career Growth: MTech students typically earn 20–30% higher starting salaries than BTech students. With a Master of Technology, or MTech full form degree, students can pursue higher-level job positions, such as senior engineer, project manager, or team leader.
  • Preparation for Ph.D. and Research Careers: An MTech helps students gauge their interest and aptitude for research, strengthens their CV, and familiarises them with the research culture. Many programmes allow direct enrolment into a Ph.D programme after completing MTech coursework and research, saving time and effort.
  • Flexible Career Options: With an MTech degree, students can expand beyond core engineering roles into interdisciplinary domains like data science, machine learning, AI, and cloud computing. A Master of Technology, or MTech full form also facilitates career shifts to consulting, banking, entrepreneurship, and teaching or non-technical management roles.

MTech: Curriculum and Specialisations

The Master of Technology, or MTech degree full form curriculum typically consists of a mix of core and elective courses. Core courses provide a strong foundation in engineering fundamentals, covering topics like engineering mathematics, engineering mechanics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and machine design. Elective courses enable students to specialise in areas of interest such as computer-aided engineering, robotics, control systems, signal processing, data structures and algorithms, software engineering, and information security. In the first year, students focus on core subjects related to their specialisation, forming the basis of their expertise. Students can also select elective subjects aligned with their interests and career goals, along with practical sessions and laboratory work that offer hands-on experience. The second year emphasises specialised subjects that dive deeper into the chosen area of expertise, equipping students with advanced skills for industry roles. Additionally, many MTech programmes require a research project or thesis in the final year, allowing students to contribute to their field and develop research competencies. Some popular specialisations offered in the field of Master of Technology, or MTech degree full form, are as follows:

Computer Science and Engineering

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Data Science
  • Cybersecurity
  • Machine Learning

 Electronics and Communication Engineering

  • VLSI Design
  • Embedded Systems
  • Communication Networks
  • Signal Processing

 Mechanical Engineering

  • Thermal Engineering
  • Manufacturing Technology
  • Robotics and Automation
  • Structural Engineering

 Civil Engineering

  • Transportation Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Structural Engineering

 Electrical Engineering

  • Power Systems
  • Control Systems
  • Renewable Energy Systems
  • Power Electronics

Eligibility Criteria for MTech

To be eligible for MTech programmes, candidates must have a bachelor's degree in engineering or technology (B.E. or B.Tech.) with a minimum aggregate score of 55% to 60% from a recognised university or institution. Many universities also require candidates to qualify for national-level entrance exams such as the GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering), JEST (Joint Entrance Screening Test), NET (National Eligibility Test), or institution-specific entrance exams. Additionally, candidates who have completed a 5-year programme in science or applied sciences are eligible for MTech courses. Admission is generally based on the rank obtained in the entrance test conducted for MTech programmes.

Career Prospects after MTech

Engineering has long been a popular and widely chosen career path. Students with a MTech degree find employment across various industries, such as IT, automotive, aerospace, manufacturing, energy, and healthcare, based on their area of specialisation. Many MTech programmes also provide research opportunities, equipping students for careers in R&D laboratories, government institutions, and academic research. Some of the promising career avenues in the field of a Master of Technology, or MTech degree full form are as follows:

  • Research Scientist: Research Scientists conduct experiments and studies to advance knowledge in a specific scientific field.
  • Design Engineer: Design Engineers develop and design products, systems, or structures to meet specific requirements and standards.
  • Project Manager: Project Managers plan, coordinate, and oversee projects to ensure they are completed on time and within budget.
  • Data Scientist: Data Scientists analyse complex data sets to derive insights and inform business decisions.
  • Structural Engineer: Structural Engineers design and analyse structural components and systems to ensure they are safe, stable, and compliant with regulations.

Upskilling Opportunities after MTech

Beyond the traditional MTech programme, engineers have several upskilling opportunities to enhance their knowledge and skills. These programmes are shorter in duration and focus on emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data analytics, cloud computing, and the Internet of Things (IoT). After completing an MTech degree, students can consider various certifications to boost their skills and career prospects. Some notable certifications include:

  • Project Management Professional (PMP)
  • Certified Data Professional (CDP)
  • Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE)
  • Autodesk Certified Professional
  • Six Sigma Certifications

Final Thoughts

The competitive demand for engineering talent underscores the sector's resilience and offers abundant prospects for career advancement. Pursuing a Master of Technology (MTech) not only deepens technical expertise but also positions students for diverse and rewarding career paths in leading global industries. MTech programmes provide a structured pathway for students to augment their engineering acumen, preparing them for leadership roles and interdisciplinary careers in emerging fields such as artificial intelligence, data science, and cybersecurity. The emphasis on practical skills and research initiatives equips students to address complex challenges and drive innovation in the 21st century economy. In essence, investing in an MTech not only enhances career prospects but also cultivates a mindset of continuous learning and adaptability. As the demand for skilled engineers continues to rise, pursuing an MTech emerges as a strategic choice to excel in today's competitive engineering environment.

BTech Full Form
24 June 2024

BTech Full Form

India boasts over 7,000 engineering colleges, solidifying its position as a global leader in engineering education. According to The Hindu, the country anticipates 12 million engineering job openings within the next five years, marking a 300% increase in hiring in the next decade. Nationally, engineering opportunities are projected to grow by 7% by 2026, as reported by the Bureau of Labour Statistics. The surge in demand for engineers can be largely attributed to rapid technological advancements in recent years. As new technologies and industries emerge, the future of engineering is continually evolving. Fields such as renewable energy, artificial intelligence, and biotechnology are expected to grow in the coming years. Additionally, traditional fields like civil and mechanical engineering are experiencing a resurgence with a focus on sustainability and efficiency. Engineers of the future will need to be adaptable, innovative, and collaborative to address the complex challenges of the 21st century.

Pursuing a BTech degree full form; Bachelor of Technology is highly sought-after due to the competitive salaries and opportunities offered across various sectors. BTech programmes emphasise practical learning through internships, industrial projects, and lab work, providing students with valuable industry experience. Students with a BTech degree are poised to drive creativity and innovation in the dynamic technology sector. They can leverage their skills and technical knowledge to develop groundbreaking technologies and solve real-world problems. Let us learn more about BTech programmes in detail:

What is the full form of BTech?

The full form of BTech stands for Bachelor of Technology. BTech is a comprehensive undergraduate programme offered by recognised universities and colleges. It focuses on engineering and technology disciplines, making it highly sought-after across numerous educational institutions in India. This professional degree equips students with practical knowledge of engineering principles applicable across various specialties within the technology sector. Students have the flexibility to choose specialised streams aligned with their interests and career goals. BTech emphasises skill development, offered by both private and public institutions. Key details about the BTech degree are summarised below:

Full Form of BTech

Bachelor of Technology

Level of Education

Undergraduate degree

Introduced by

University of Mysore in 1957

Duration

Four Years

BTech Admission & Eligibility Criteria

Candidates aspiring to pursue a Bachelor of Technology, or B.Tech full form must meet specific eligibility criteria, as outlined below:

  • Students must score at least 60% in five subjects in Class X, including English, Mathematics, Science, and Social Science. The fifth subject can be of the students’ choice.
  • Students must score at least 60% or higher in core subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics/Biology.
  • Possession of a valid rank card from the relevant entrance examination.

Additionally, individual universities or colleges may have specific admission rules that students must fulfill. Admission to most BTech programmes is primarily based on performance in entrance exams. National-level exams like the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Mains are crucial for securing admission to government colleges nationwide. Similarly, private universities conduct similar structured exams to select eligible candidates. Aspiring students typically take these entrance tests after completing their Class 12 examinations. Moreover, students who have pursued a B.Sc. or Diploma in Engineering may qualify for lateral entry directly into the second year of the BTech programme.

BTech Entrance Examinations

In India, Bachelor of Technology, or BTech full form admissions are determined through various national and state-level entrance tests. These tests are open to students who have completed their higher secondary education with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects. While some universities compile their merit lists based on the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE), others conduct separate institutional exams to select candidates. Popular entrance exams like West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination (WBJEE), Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination (VITEEE), Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT), Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka (ComedK), and others play a crucial role in admission to different universities and colleges. It is advisable for Bachelor of Technology, or BTech degree full form aspirants to thoroughly prepare for these entrance exams in advance.

BTech Specialisations

BTech programmes cover a wide range of engineering disciplines, from traditional fields such as Computer Science Engineering (CSE), Civil Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering to emerging disciplines like Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML), and Robotics. Recently, BTech programmes have been integrating advanced technologies like AI and machine learning into their curriculum to better equip students for today's dynamic job market. As a result, students now have the option to specialise in emerging fields such as AI and CSE within their Bachelor of Technology, or BTech degree full form courses. Over the past few years, BTech programmes in India have seen a consistent Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of approximately 5%. Many of these programmes are accredited by the National Board of Accreditation (NBA) and the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), ensuring they maintain high-quality standards in their curriculum and teaching methodologies. The different types of specialisations offered in the Bachelor of Technology, or BTech degree full form courses are as follows:

Skills Taught in a BTech Degree

A proficient engineer needs a blend of both technical expertise and interpersonal skills to excel in their role. Technical skills are acquired through theoretical knowledge gained during a four-year BTech programme and practical experience gained through internships in various industries. Here are some essential skills taught in a BTech degree:

  • Problem-Solving: Engineers frequently encounter challenges that require assessing situations and devising effective solutions.
  • Information Technology: Proficiency in using computers and programming languages are essential across all engineering fields.
  • Attention to Detail: Precision is critical in engineering, and candidates who demonstrate meticulous attention to detail are highly sought after.
  • Handling Pressure: Engineering roles often involve high-pressure situations. Candidates who can perform reliably under pressure stand out to employers.
  • Collaboration: Engineering projects typically require teamwork. Strong teamwork skills are crucial for achieving collective goals and maximising individual potential.
  • Creativity: Engineers often face unique challenges that require creative solutions. Employers value candidates who can apply innovative thinking to problem-solving.
  • Communication: Effective communication is essential in engineering for interacting with colleagues and conveying ideas clearly. It's a skill that employers prioritise when evaluating resumes.

Career Prospects after BTech

The BTech degree offers a wide array of career opportunities both in India and abroad. With the economy soaring up over recent decades, there has been a consistent growth in technology industries and various other sectors, providing students with diverse career options. A BTech degree not only exposes students to valuable experiences but also equips them with skills and knowledge essential for various professional fields. Students have opportunities to work for multinational corporations like Microsoft, Google, and Intel, as well as emerging startups. Here are some promising career pathways that students can pursue after graduating with a Bachelor of Technology, or BTech degree, in full form:

  • Computer Science Engineer: Computer Science Engineers design and develop software applications, systems, and networks to solve complex problems.
  • Mechanical Engineer: Mechanical Engineers design, develop, and test mechanical devices and systems, including machines, tools, engines, and manufacturing equipment.
  • Civil Engineer: Civil Engineers plan, design, and oversee the construction and maintenance of infrastructure projects such as roads, bridges, buildings, and water supply systems.
  • Aeronautical Engineer: Aeronautical Engineers design and test aircraft, spacecraft, and related systems, ensuring they meet safety and performance standards.
  • Machine Learning Engineer: Machine Learning Engineers develop and deploy algorithms and models for machine learning systems, leveraging data to create automated solutions and insights.

Way Forward

The Bachelor of Technology (BTech) degree is highly esteemed for its competitive salaries and diverse career prospects across sectors. With specialisations ranging from Computer Science Engineering to Robotics and beyond, B.Tech prepares students to tackle the complex challenges of the 21st century. Accredited by bodies like the National Board of Accreditation (NBA) and the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), these programmes ensure high-quality education aligned with industry standards. Skills such as problem-solving, information technology, attention to detail, and effective communication are crucial in preparing engineers to navigate and excel in their professional fields. The future of engineering in India looks promising, with BTech students poised to lead the charge in shaping a sustainable and technologically advanced economy.

Software Engineering vs. Web Development: Code and Design
17 June 2024

Software Engineering vs. Web Development: Code and Design

The term "software engineer" is broad and encompasses various technical roles, including web development, cloud computing, mobile application creation, and video game development. While both web development and software engineering involve creating software, they require different skill sets, education levels, and work responsibilities. Web developers specialise in websites, while software engineers work on a wider range of software products across various platforms. Although these fields share similarities, they are distinct disciplines with unique objectives. Web developers create programmes and websites visible only on browsers, while software engineers develop cross-platform tools. Thus, web development specifically refers to creating websites and web applications, whereas software engineering covers a broader range of software development tasks. Let us try to understand the key differences between these two disciplines:

Software Engineering vs. Web Development: Skill Sets

Software engineering course requires a unique blend of technical expertise and soft skills to excel. On the technical side, mastering coding languages like Python, Java, and C/C++, along with understanding data structures and algorithms, is crucial. Additionally, proficiency in software testing and debugging is essential, as it ensures the reliability and functionality of software products. Object-oriented design principles, emphasising flexibility and reusability, further enhance a software engineer's skill set. Additionally, soft skills are equally vital for success in this field. Effective communication skills enable software engineers to collaborate with diverse teams and stakeholders, facilitating clear and concise exchanges of ideas. Being a team player is essential, as software development often involves working collaboratively towards common goals. Problem-solving abilities are invaluable for identifying and addressing challenges throughout the development process, while attention to detail ensures the accuracy and quality of software solutions.

Web development necessitates a diverse skill set, combining technical expertise with soft skills to craft effective and user-friendly websites. A proficient web developer should be adept at front-end coding, mastering HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to construct the user interface of websites and ensure compatibility across various devices. Additionally, familiarity with version control systems like Git facilitates efficient collaboration and code management within development teams. Understanding responsive design principles is essential for creating websites that seamlessly adapt to different screen sizes and devices, thereby enhancing the user experience and search engine optimisation (SEO) performance. Moreover, proficiency in back-end web programming languages such as PHP, Java, Ruby, C#, and Python enables developers to build server-side applications and integrate databases effectively. Effective communication skills are crucial for articulating technical concepts to non-technical stakeholders, fostering collaboration, and problem-solving. Additionally, creativity enables developers to devise innovative solutions and enhance the functionality and design of web applications.

Software Engineering vs. Web Development: Project Types

Software engineering projects encompass a wide array of types, each tailored to meet specific objectives and requirements. One prevalent type is web development projects, involving the creation of websites, web applications, and online platforms. These projects utilise languages like HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and frameworks such as React or Angular. Another common type is mobile app development projects, which focus on creating applications for smartphones and tablets using languages like Swift or Kotlin. Enterprise software projects are also significant, involving the development of solutions for businesses to streamline processes, such as CRM systems or ERP software. Game development projects, embedded systems projects, and machine learning and AI projects are further examples, each requiring specialised knowledge and skills. Open-source projects, research and development projects, quality assurance and testing projects, and legacy system modernisation projects round out the diverse landscape of software engineering endeavours, each offering unique challenges and opportunities for innovation.

Web development projects encompass a variety of tasks, ranging from crafting basic static pages to developing intricate web applications such as social networking services. One prevalent type is e-commerce website development, focused on creating online platforms for buying and selling goods or services. Content Management System (CMS) development is another common type, involving the creation of platforms like WordPress or Joomla for managing digital content. Additionally, there are web application development projects that involve building dynamic and interactive applications accessible through web browsers. Portfolio website development focuses on creating websites to showcase individuals' or businesses' work and accomplishments. Moreover, there are Blogging Platform Development projects that aim to create platforms like Medium or Blogger for publishing and sharing written content. Custom Web Solutions Development involves building bespoke web applications tailored to specific client needs. Landing page development projects focus on creating single-page websites designed to capture leads or promote specific products or services.

Software Engineering vs. Web Development: Career Prospects

Software engineering careers entail designing, developing, testing, and maintaining software by applying engineering principles and practices. Responsibilities encompass a wide range of activities, from gathering requirements and system design to ensuring quality assurance. The scope of software engineering spans across various domains, including operating systems, video games, middleware, and more. Here are some promising career options in the field of software engineering:

  • Software Engineer: Software Engineers design, develop, test, and maintain software applications using engineering principles.
  • Software Quality Engineer: Software Quality Engineers ensure the quality of software products through testing and quality assurance procedures.
  • Computer Scientist: Computer Scientists conduct research and develop algorithms and systems to solve complex computational problems.
  • Computer and Information Systems Manager: Computer and Information Systems Managers oversee the planning, implementation, and maintenance of computer systems and information technology infrastructure.
  • Web Developer: Web Developers design and build websites, including both front-end and back-end development, to meet client or organisational needs.

Conversely, web developers design and build websites and web-based applications for clients. As businesses increasingly digitise and seek an online presence, the demand for skilled web developers is rising. Careers in web development span numerous industries, including healthcare, business, and education. Opportunities exist in diverse fields such as graphic design, database administration, and cybersecurity. Here are some promising career options in the field of web development:

  • Web Developer: Web Developers design, build, and maintain websites and web applications.
  • Web Designer: Web Designers create the visual layout and aesthetic elements of websites.
  • Front-End Developer: Front-End Developers develop the user interface and experience for websites using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.
  • UX Designer: UX Designers enhance user satisfaction by improving the usability, accessibility, and pleasure of the interaction with a product.
  • Security Analyst: Security Analysts protect an organisation’s information systems by identifying and mitigating security threats.

Way Forward

While both software engineering and web development involve creating software, they are distinct disciplines with unique objectives, skill sets, and responsibilities. Software engineers work on a wide range of software products across various platforms, applying engineering principles to design, develop, test, and maintain complex systems such as operating systems, middleware, and video games. On the other hand, web developers focus specifically on building and maintaining websites and web applications, utilising skills in front-end and back-end development, responsive design, and SEO. Understanding these differences is crucial for anyone pursuing a career in one of these fields. Software engineers require a broader range of technical skills, including proficiency in multiple programming languages and software testing, as well as strong problem-solving and communication abilities. Web developers, while also needing technical expertise, particularly in front-end technologies like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, must focus on creating user-friendly and responsive designs. Ultimately, both careers offer diverse opportunities across various industries, and the choice between them depends on one's interests, skills, and career goals.

Civil Engineering vs. Transportation Engineering: Infrastructure
10 June 2024

Civil Engineering vs. Transportation Engineering: Infrastructure

The global civil engineering market is projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.9% from 2023 to 2030. This growth is driven by the increasing number of infrastructure and capital projects, supported by rising disposable incomes in emerging economies. Despite the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, innovative advancements and expanding investments in construction projects have fuelled the growth of the structural design sector. The planning and design service segment is expected to experience the fastest growth, with a CAGR of 6.2%. Additionally, increasing renovation activities and the installation of energy-efficient products contribute to market expansion.

On the other hand, the global transportation infrastructure market is forecast to grow significantly between 2024 and 2031, driven by strategies adopted by key players. Transport infrastructure, including roads, railways, ports, and airports, plays a crucial role in social and economic development by connecting individuals to opportunities and facilitating the global supply chain. Working in transportation offers an exciting career at the intersection of town planning, civil engineering, and architecture. With increasing demand for engineers and numerous upcoming projects, both civil and transportation engineering provide opportunities for fresh talent to make a meaningful impact on society. Let us explore these two engineering disciplines in depth to help make an informed career choice:

Civil Engineering vs. Transportation Engineering: A Brief Overview

Civil engineering applies physical and scientific principles to design, develop, and maintain both constructed and natural environments. This field covers a wide range of infrastructure, including airports, bridges, buildings, canals, dams, pipelines, power plants, railways, roads, and sewage systems. It is traditionally divided into several sub-disciplines and is recognised as the second-oldest engineering field after military engineering. Civil engineering projects can be found in both the public sector, ranging from municipal public works to federal government agencies, and in the private sector, from small local firms to large global companies.

Transportation engineering, a subset of civil engineering, focuses on the planning, design, operation, and maintenance of transportation systems to create smart, safe, and liveable communities. This field encompasses any system that moves people and goods, including highways, railways, oil pipelines, public transport systems, traffic control systems, automated transport systems, and even space transport systems. Transportation engineers gather data on local populations, travel patterns, socioeconomic factors, laws, ordinances, and financial resources. These professionals use this information along with decision-support tools to develop, design, and implement transportation projects that consider various performance metrics.

The Role of Civil Engineering in Urban Development

Urban planning involves creating frameworks and strategies to guide the sustainable development and growth of cities. Civil engineers play a pivotal role in this process by providing technical expertise and ensuring the feasibility of infrastructure projects. They collaborate with architects, urban planners, and decision-makers to develop infrastructure that meets the current and future needs of urban populations. Access to clean water and proper sanitation facilities is fundamental to public health and well-being. Civil engineers design and implement water supply systems, wastewater treatment plants, stormwater management systems, and sewage networks. They ensure efficient water distribution, proper waste disposal, and environmental protection. In urban areas, buildings and infrastructure must be designed to withstand various environmental factors and ensure occupant safety. Civil engineers specialising in structural engineering analyse material behaviour, design structural systems, and ensure compliance with safety codes and regulations.

The Role of Transportation Engineering in Urban Development

Transportation is a cornerstone of functional urban regions. The recent growth of suburban areas is largely due to improved transportation facilities, which have enabled the expansion of built-up areas in cities. Efficient transport networks have restructured urban forms, allowing people in urban areas to travel safely and promptly from one place to another. The interconnection between cities, their hinterlands, and metropolitan areas relies heavily on an efficient transportation system. Such a system facilitates economic and social mobility, accelerating urbanisation and economic growth. Effective transportation networks are vital for the smooth functioning of urban areas. Roads, highways, bridges, and mass transit systems are essential components that transportation engineers design and build. These engineers consider factors such as traffic flow, safety, and sustainability to create efficient transportation networks that connect different parts of the city.

Sustainable Solutions in Civil and Transportation Engineering

Civil and transportation engineering is essential for infrastructure development, shaping the way our cities and communities function. However, with environmental challenges like climate change and resource depletion, it is crucial for the field to adopt sustainable practices. Sustainability in civil and transportation engineering considers long-term environmental, social, and economic impacts. There are some sustainable solutions that can be incorporated into civil and transportation engineering:

Green Building Design

Green building design focuses on energy efficiency, reduced resource consumption, and minimal environmental impact. Features like energy-efficient lighting, renewable energy sources (e.g., solar panels), and natural ventilation systems are incorporated to reduce a building's carbon footprint and operational costs.

Sustainable Materials

Choosing sustainable construction materials is crucial for project sustainability. Civil engineers are increasingly using eco-friendly materials like recycled steel, reclaimed wood, and low-impact concrete. These materials lessen the environmental impact of construction and promote responsible resource management.

Efficient Resource Management

Efficient resource management involves minimising waste, optimising resource use, and recycling materials whenever possible. Construction sites are adopting practices like on-site material sorting and recycling to reduce landfill waste. Technologies like Building Information Modelling (BIM) help engineers plan and execute projects with greater precision, reducing material waste.

Sustainable Transportation

Transportation engineers are key to creating sustainable transportation solutions. They design and implement public transit systems, pedestrian-friendly urban environments, and cycling infrastructure. By promoting alternatives to private vehicles, such as electric buses and light rail systems, transportation engineers help reduce traffic congestion and greenhouse gas emissions.

Water Management

Sustainable water management is vital for civil engineering, especially with increasing water scarcity and extreme weather events. Engineers design innovative stormwater management systems to capture and reuse rainwater and upgrade wastewater treatment plants to produce reclaimed water for non-potable uses, conserving freshwater resources.

Resilient Infrastructure

With climate change causing more frequent and severe weather events, civil engineers focus on building resilient infrastructure. This involves designing structures that can withstand extreme conditions like hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes. Resilient infrastructure protects lives and property and reduces the need for costly repairs and reconstruction after disasters.

Final Thoughts

The global civil and transportation engineering sectors are experiencing significant growth, driven by increasing infrastructure projects and strategic investments. Despite the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, both sectors have demonstrated resilience and innovation, leading to sustained development. Civil engineering plays a crucial role in urban development, while transportation engineering focuses on creating efficient and safe transportation systems to support economic and social mobility. As demand for infrastructure continues to rise, there are abundant opportunities for professionals in both civil and transportation engineering fields to contribute to meaningful projects. Moreover, the adoption of sustainable practices is paramount to addressing environmental challenges and ensuring long-term resilience and sustainability in infrastructure development. By incorporating sustainable strategies, civil and transportation engineers can play a pivotal role in creating more liveable, resilient, and environmentally friendly cities for future generations.

Aerospace Engineering vs. Astronautical Engineering: Space Exploration
03 June 2024

Aerospace Engineering vs. Astronautical Engineering: Space Exploration

India has been home to remarkable astronauts such as Rakesh Sharma and Kalpana Chawla, whose influence extends to millions of young Indians aspiring for careers in aerospace or aeronautical engineering. Their legacies serve as beacons of inspiration for young individuals, fostering a keen interest in astronomy and space exploration. Additionally, ISRO's Chandrayaan mission, credited with the groundbreaking discovery of water on the moon, continues to shatter barriers and establish new benchmarks. Beyond its immediate scientific impact, this mission holds the potential to ignite a new wave of enthusiasm among young minds, propelling them towards careers in space exploration and scientific inquiry.

However, due to a lack of clarity, individuals often find themselves making erroneous decisions or pursuing alternative paths. Many are uncertain about the nuances distinguishing aerospace and aeronautical engineering. While both fields involve the design of aircraft, missiles, and related vehicles, there are distinct differences. Aerospace engineering serves as the overarching discipline, focusing on the design, testing, and production of aircraft, spacecraft, and associated systems. It encompasses both atmospheric and space flight, with astronautical engineering constituting a subset specialising in craft operating within and beyond Earth's atmosphere. Today, we shall learn more about these two engineering disciplines in depth to make an informed career choice.

Aerospace Engineering: Programme Overview

Aerospace Engineering, a specialised branch of engineering, furnishes students with the expertise to conceptualise, manufacture, and uphold spacecraft, missiles, and weapon systems. The curriculum of a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) in Aerospace Engineering not only imparts foundational engineering theories but also emphasises their practical application. Upon enrolment in the B.Tech degree, students dive deep into disciplines such as engineering mechanics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, aerodynamics, kinematics, propulsion, measurements and controls, and design. This B.Tech. programme encompasses the science and engineering of aircraft and spacecraft, encompassing aeroplanes, space shuttles, and other aerial vehicles operating both within and beyond Earth's atmosphere. The syllabus covers a wide array of subjects, including elements of aeronautics, aero-fluid mechanics, mechanics of solids, aircraft component drawing, machines and mechanisms, aircraft systems and instruments, air-breathing propulsion, and others.

Aerospace Engineering: Research Focus

Aerospace Research Engineering stands at the forefront of innovation, dedicated to advancing the efficiency, safety, and sustainability of aerospace systems. Within this specialised domain of aeronautical engineering, aerospace research engineers are instrumental in conducting groundbreaking research and development, pushing the boundaries of human flight and space exploration. The key research focus areas are as follows:

  • Hypersonic and Supersonic Flight: Aerospace research engineering students are challenged with developing cutting-edge systems to navigate advancements in hypersonic and supersonic technologies.
  • Electrification of Aircraft: The exploration of electric aircraft and hybrid propulsion systems aims to achieve sustainable aviation, driving research in this area.
  • Space Tourism and Commercial Space Travel: The rise of space tourism necessitates research on safe and efficient commercial space travel systems, a frontier for aerospace research engineers.
  • Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS): Researching UAS technologies for diverse applications, including delivery, surveillance, and agriculture, presents new opportunities for aerospace research engineers.
  • Space Colonisation and Exploration: Aerospace Research Engineers contribute to projects paving the way for space colonisation and exploration of distant celestial bodies.
  • Eco-Friendly Aviation Solutions: A focus on sustainable aviation will spur exploration into greener propulsion and energy systems, aligning with environmental goals.

Astronautical Engineering: Programme Overview

Astronautical engineering is a specialised branch of aerospace engineering dedicated to the design, development, and testing of spacecraft and rockets for exploration, communication, and various applications. This field emphasises the structural design and analysis of aircraft and spacecraft components, as well as the materials used in their construction. A B.Tech in Astronautical Engineering imparts a profound understanding of engineering principles, coupled with creative problem-solving skills to innovate solutions for complex engineering challenges. The curriculum provides a robust foundation in engineering, mathematics, and science, empowering students to analyse and design future aircraft and spacecraft. Core subjects in the astronautical engineering programme cover engineering mathematics, physics, chemistry, engineering graphics, mechanical engineering basics, environmental studies, and others to ensure a comprehensive understanding of key concepts and hands-on experience from the outset of the programme.

Astronautical Engineering: Research Focus

Astronautical engineering uses novel propulsion methods such as ion propulsion, solar sails, or nuclear propulsion to enhance our ability to explore space efficiently and effectively. Research in this area focuses on developing advanced algorithms and systems for spacecraft attitude control, trajectory optimisation, and autonomous navigation. Exploring these research areas is crucial for precision missions and operations. The key research focus areas are as follows:

  • Aerodynamics and Fluid Mechanics: Investigating fluid mechanics fundamentals and applied aircraft aerodynamics on projects encompassing computational fluid dynamics, wind turbine aerodynamics, and aircraft design optimisation.
  • Aircraft Control: Exploring control theory applications to aerospace systems, including adaptive control, networked system control, and controller design for unmanned aerial systems and spacecraft.
  • Aircraft Propulsion: Developing air-breathing jet engines and rocket propulsion, covering areas such as turbomachinery, jet noise, and innovative gas-turbine cycles.
  • Composite Materials: Analysing aerospace structures and materials, particularly composite materials used in aircraft, space structures, wind energy, and biomedical applications.
  • Spacecraft Engineering: Researching rocket propulsion, orbital mechanics, spacecraft design, human life-support systems in space, and mission design, with a focus on CubeSat design and space robotics.
  • Structural Dynamics and Aeroelasticity: Investigating aircraft structural dynamics, aeroelasticity, biomechanics, flow-induced vibrations, and landing recovery systems.

Aerospace Engineering: Career Paths

Aerospace engineering enables human endeavours such as piloting aeroplanes, launching satellites, and advancing defence technology. Embarking on a career in aerospace engineering necessitates a robust foundation in mathematics and science, equipping students with the requisite knowledge and skills to contribute to aircraft and spacecraft design and operation. Aerospace engineering students play a pivotal role within aerospace companies' research and development divisions, fostering innovation. Collaborating with governmental entities such as NASA, ISRO, ESA, and defence research organisations, aerospace engineering students explore space and aviation technologies. Here are some key career paths that students can pursue after the completion of their degree:

  • Aerospace Engineer: Aerospace Engineers design and develop aircraft, spacecraft, and related systems.
  • CAD Technician: CAD Technicians use computer-aided design software to create technical drawings and plans.
  • Design Engineer: Design Engineers design and develop products, systems, or structures, ensuring functionality and adherence to specifications.
  • Maintenance Engineer: Maintenance Engineers ensure the efficient operation and upkeep of machinery, equipment, or facilities.
  • Manufacturing Systems Engineer: Manufacturing Systems Engineers optimise manufacturing processes and systems to enhance efficiency and productivity.

Astronautical Engineering: Career Paths

Astronautical engineering is responsible for crafting and refining a wide array of spacefaring technologies, including rockets, satellites, planetary probes, and spacecraft capsules. These professionals work on meticulous analysis and troubleshooting to ensure the efficiency and safety of these designs. The innovative ideas generated within this field have a profound impact on both space and terrestrial travel. Leveraging their technical expertise, these engineers oversee the entire lifecycle of spacecraft, from initial design to testing and ongoing upgrades. Although distinct from astronauts, many astronauts have backgrounds in astronautical engineering. Here are some key career paths that students can pursue after the completion of their degree:

  • Flight Engineer: Flight Engineers monitor and maintain aircraft systems during flight to ensure safe and efficient operation.
  • Test Engineer: Test Engineers plan and execute tests to validate the performance and reliability of aerospace systems and components.
  • Astronautical Engineer: Astronautical Engineers design, develop, and upgrade spacecraft and related technologies for exploration beyond Earth's atmosphere.
  • Materials Engineer: Materials Engineers research and develop materials for use in aerospace applications, ensuring durability, performance, and safety.
  • Civil Aviation Manager: Civil Aviation Managers oversee and manage operations, safety, and regulatory compliance within civil aviation organisations or agencies.

Space Exploration Contributions for Aspiring Engineers

Space exploration yields a plethora of advantages for future generations, both tangible and intangible. Tangible benefits encompass the advancement of scientific understanding, the cultivation of innovative technologies, the emergence of fresh industries and employment avenues, and enhancements to life quality on Earth. For instance, space exploration unravels mysteries like the solar system's origins, confirms the presence of water on Mars, and hints at extraterrestrial life. It has also led to practical breakthroughs like satellite navigation, remote sensing, telemedicine, and renewable energy solutions. Furthermore, space exploration fosters global collaboration, economic prosperity, and educational enrichment. Conversely, some benefits are less quantifiable but no less significant. These intangible merits encompass the nurturing of curiosity, creativity, and ingenuity in young engineers. Space exploration also fosters the cultivation of a planetary perspective, environmental stewardship, and the elevation of human aspirations. Notably, space exploration ignites passion in countless students, propelling them towards careers in STEM fields as well as in the arts, humanities, and social sciences. It also encourages critical thinking, collaboration, and ethical contemplation regarding the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead.

Way Forward

Aerospace engineering encompasses the design and maintenance of aircraft and spacecraft, whereas astronautical engineering focuses specifically on spacecraft for exploration beyond Earth's atmosphere. Both disciplines offer extensive opportunities for research and career advancement. Aerospace engineering explores areas like hypersonic flight, electrification of aircraft, and space tourism, while astronautical engineering explores propulsion systems, spacecraft design, and space colonisation. Ultimately, space exploration offers myriad tangible and intangible benefits, ranging from technological advancements and economic growth to the cultivation of curiosity, creativity, and a global perspective among aspiring engineers. Embracing these opportunities can propel future generations towards fulfilling careers.

Computer Science Engineering vs. Information Technology Engineering
27 May 2024

Computer Science Engineering vs. Information Technology Engineering

Computer Science Engineering (CSE) and Information Technology Engineering (ITE) play crucial roles in developing the modern digital landscape. Although there are similarities between the two fields, their applications, areas of emphasis, and the skill sets they teach prospective engineers are different.

The more expansive of the two is computer science engineering, which includes a thorough grasp of theoretical ideas, programming languages, data structures, and algorithms. It dives deeply into the fundamentals of computers, allowing students to take on challenging issues and come up with creative solutions. Information technology engineering, on the other hand, is more application-focused and emphasises the real-world use of computer technology to solve problems. Effective management, design, and implementation of databases, networks, and information systems are the main concerns of ITE specialists.

Course duration

The course duration of a degree in computer science engineeringis four years. These four years are divided into eight semesters where different aspects of computers, such as computer programming, operating systems, hardware and software, among other concepts, are covered.

A degree in information technology engineering also takes four years to complete. Over eight semesters cover the complete software development cycle, database system, IT application development, and other technical skills.

Curriculum

Computer science engineering is a diverse field covering many topics, providing a solid foundation in theory and practical applications. Some of the subjects included in CSE are:

  • Engineering physics, chemistry, mathematics
  • Programming languages
  • Data structures and algorithms
  • Computer networks
  • Database Management Systems (DBMS)
  • Operating systems
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML)
  • Software engineering
  • Cybersecurity

Information technology engineering is a specialised domain that applies computer systems for storing, studying and transmitting data. It has a more focused curriculum, emphasising the practical application of technology in a business environment. To meet the demands of the ever-growing IT industry both technically as well as academically, some of the subjects that are covered in this engineering field are:

  • Introduction to IT
  • Database management
  • Web technologies
  • Network security
  • System analysis and design
  • Project management
  • E-commerce
  • Data structure and algorithms
  • Object-oriented programming
  • Multimedia coding and communication

Career Opportunities

CSE graduates are well-equipped for diverse roles in cutting-edge technology. Opportunities in artificial intelligence and machine learning allow them to shape the future of technology. Data science roles enable these professionals to analyse and derive insights from vast datasets. CSE opens doors to dynamic fields, fostering creativity and problem-solving skills. Graduates in CSE possess a strong foundation in both theoretical and practical aspects of computing. Here are some career opportunities that await CSE graduates:

Software developersdesign, code, test, and maintain software applications across various platforms. They may specialise in web, mobile app, or system software development.

Data scientistsanalyse large datasets, derive meaningful insights, and contribute to data-driven decision-making processes.

Machine Learning engineersdelve into creating algorithms and models that enable machines to learn and make intelligent decisions.

Cybersecurity analystsplay a crucial role in securing systems and networks by implementing measures to protect against potential breaches and ensure data integrity.

Database administratorsmanage databases, ensuring efficient data storage, retrieval, and organisation. They play a vital role in maintaining data integrity and optimising database performance.

Full-stack developerswork on all aspects of software applications, from user interface design to server-side scripting.

IT engineers play a crucial role in managing and optimising technology for businesses. They contribute significantly to businesses' technological success and resilience. IT professionals deal with the management and implementation of computer systems and networks and ensure the seamless functioning of organisational infrastructure, making them essential contributors to the efficiency and success of businesses. Here are some career opportunities for IT graduates:

Network administratorsimplement, manage, and maintain an organisation's communication infrastructure, including routers, switches, and firewalls.

System administratorsmanage and maintain computer systems, ensuring their smooth operation. They are responsible for software installations, system updates, and troubleshooting.

IT consultantsadvise businesses on utilising technology to meet their goals. They assess existing IT infrastructure, recommend improvements, and help implement solutions.

IT project managersoversee the planning, execution, and completion of technology projects by coordinating with teams, managing budgets, and ensuring that projects align with organisational objectives.

IT support specialistsassist end-users by troubleshooting hardware and software issues. They may work in help desks, responding to user inquiries and resolving technical problems.

Summary

Both CSE and IT offer dynamic career paths with ample opportunities for growth and specialisation. Ultimately, the choice between Computer Science Engineering and Information Technology Engineering depends on individual interests, career goals, and preferred skill sets. CSE offers a broader and more theoretical foundation, while ITE provides practical skills for managing and implementing IT solutions. Both fields are integral to the ever-evolving tech industry, ensuring many opportunities for aspiring engineers with diverse interests and aspirations.

Chemical Engineering vs. Petrochemical Engineering: Oil and Gas
20 May 2024

Chemical Engineering vs. Petrochemical Engineering: Oil and Gas

Chemical Engineering and Petrochemical Engineering are closely related fields that share fundamental principles but differ in focus and application. Both disciplines play crucial roles in processing and producing chemicals, fuels, and various industrial products.

Chemical engineering is a vast discipline that uses engineering concepts to design, develop, and operate processes and systems for large-scale production. Chemical engineers deal with various materials, such as chemicals, pharmaceutics, food, and materials. They emphasise a broad range of areas where chemical processes are involved, extending beyond the petrochemical industry.

Conversely, petrochemical engineering is a highly specialised branch of chemical engineering that focuses on the manufacturing and handling of petrochemicals. The extraction of crude oil, its refinement into useful products, and the subsequent processing of these products into numerous chemical derivatives are the areas in which petrochemical engineers specialise. It is primarily concerned with producing and processing chemicals from natural gas, petroleum, and their by-products.

Course duration

The chemical engineering full-time undergraduate programme spans four years, usually about eight semesters. After completing the undergraduate degree, some students may pursue further education through master's or doctoral programmes, which can take an additional two to six years.

The petrochemical engineering undergraduate course is also a four-year commitment that teaches all about crude oil refinement, extracting crude oil using cutting-edge technology, heat transfer operation, and solid-fluid operations, among other things. Advanced degrees, such as master's or doctoral programmes, can add another two to six years of study.

Curriculum

Just like many other engineering disciplines, chemical engineering is also divided into practical, theory and assignments designed to provide a strong foundation in mathematics, physics, chemistry, and engineering principles. Students are taught how to link engineering to chemistry principles to take care of the production and use of chemicals efficiently. The programme acquaints students with a detailed study of different theories, operations and developments carried out in chemical plants, the equipment used in chemical engineering processes, and the management skills needed to be a successful engineer. Some subjects that are taught in chemical engineering include:

  • Thermodynamics
  • Biochemical engineering and bioinformatics
  • Corrosion and environmental engineering
  • Materials science
  • Organic chemistry
  • Electrochemistry
  • Mechanical equipment design
  • Process dynamics and control

Petrochemical engineering, being a specialised branch of chemical engineering, focuses specifically on the processes involved in the production of petrochemicals. The curriculum includes core chemical engineering subjects but places a greater emphasis on topics related to petroleum refining, petrochemical production, and the utilisation of hydrocarbons. There are some specific areas of focus in petrochemical engineering, such as:

  • Petroleum refining
  • Chemical process optimisation
  • Polymer science and technology
  • Natural gas processing
  • Advanced thermodynamics
  • Engineering graphics
  • Material and energy balance
  • Stoichiometry
  • Introduction to technical communication

Career opportunities

The primary responsibility of a chemical engineer is to design, conceive and troubleshoot processes for producing chemicals or fuels, conduct research, ensure safety compliance, design equipment, and monitor production processes. Job profiles suited for this degree are:

Development chemical engineers design, develop, and implement industrial processes that involve chemical reactions. They then make use of these processes for the creation of new products.

Materials engineers research the structure of atoms to design and develop innovative methods to apply in chemical procedures.

Analytical chemists gather, process and analyse data on various substances to learn about chemical pollutants and their reactive properties.

Mining engineers ensure safety while extracting gases, compounds and other elements from down the planet.

Energy managers perform audits to analyse the consumption of energy to ensure appropriate measures are taken to maximise energy conservation.

Since petrochemicals is a more specialised field, these engineers focus and work directly with transforming raw petroleum and natural gas into specific chemical compounds. Here are some lucrative career options for a petrochemical engineer:

Process engineers are responsible for designing and maintaining processes that include extraction and refining of petrochemicals.

Quality control engineers ensure that the products used in petrochemical production are safe and meet the safety standards and regulations. They manage and maintain the quality of the petrochemical elements.

R&D engineers work on studying and developing new processes, technologies and other products used in this industry.

Technical sales engineers offer support on product usage and application. They also provide technical expertise to businesses that use petrochemical products.

The oil and gas sector is ever-growing; therefore, extraction, refining, and processing of chemicals from these will not end. Both chemical engineering and petrochemical engineering are dynamic and essential fields that contribute significantly to industrial processes. Ultimately, the choice between the two depends on individual interests and career goals. Whether you're passionate about designing chemical processes in a broad sense or specialising in the petrochemical industry, both fields offer exciting opportunities for exploration and innovation.

Exploring Professions: Agricultural  Engineering vs. Food Engineering
13 May 2024

Exploring Professions: Agricultural Engineering vs. Food Engineering

In the field of applied sciences, technology and engineering Agricultural Engineering and Food Engineering are two distinct yet interrelated fields crucial in ensuring an efficient food production system. Both aim to serve the food industry and help improve overall efficiency and sustainability.

Agricultural engineering combines agricultural practices with engineering principles that optimise and enhance the agricultural system. It deals with designing, developing and improving various agricultural improvements, processes, and machines used in farming. Professionals in this field work on enhancing crop cultivation techniques, irrigation systems, and farm machinery, aiming to optimise productivity while minimising environmental impact. On the other hand, food engineering deals with the post-harvest aspects of the food production chain. It involves the application of engineering principles to the processing, preservation, and packaging of food products. Food engineers work to develop innovative methods for food processing, ensuring the safety, quality, and nutritional value of the final products.

Course duration

The agricultural engineering bachelor’s course spans four years and covers various aspects of engineering, including basics, concepts of crops and soil, and practical knowledge of the course. Students also delve into core engineering principles, agricultural sciences, and specialised courses in farm machinery, irrigation systems, and crop management.

A bachelor’s degree in food engineering also takes four years to complete and provides knowledge about food engineering, food science, food packaging, and food manufacturing. The four-year-round course is valuable and worthwhile for students interested in food science, food chemistry, food processing technologies, quality control, and understanding the food industries.

Curriculum

Agricultural engineering interfaces with agronomy, environmental science, and mechanical engineering. To be responsible for developing and designing new and innovative farm equipment or machinery and to enhance productivity in the agriculture field, one needs knowledge in agricultural engineering domains. Some of the courses in this field are:

  • Engineering Physics, Chemistry and Maths
  • Crop process engineering
  • Biotechnology
  • Horticulture and field crops
  • Crop physiology
  • Soil science
  • Pest management
  • Agricultural processing technologies

Food engineering integrates aspects of chemical engineering, microbiology, and nutrition. Students who wish to pursue food engineering should have scientific knowledge, project management, problem-solving, and communication skills. To cover all of these and more, coursework in food engineering includes:

  • Food biochemistry
  • Food microbiology
  • Food processing and management
  • Instrumentation and process control
  • Food packaging engineering
  • Hazard analysis

Career opportunities

Agricultural engineering offers diverse and rewarding career opportunities, contributing significantly to different agricultural and food production stages. An agricultural engineer can work in the private and public sectors depending on one's interest. Specifically, in an agrarian economy like India, they are in high demand and play an essential role in economic development. Some of the job profiles that are suited for this course are:

Agronomists study the different practices and have knowledge of crop production principles and soil management for optimising crop yields and soil fertility.

Microbiologists research beneficial and harmful microorganisms in the soil or plants to improve soil health and decrease plant diseases. They work on improving agricultural sustainability via microbiological interventions.

Research analysts conduct experiments to analyse data that assist in developing innovative solutions for agricultural problems and evaluate the efficiency of agricultural methods and practices.

Agricultural inspectors are responsible for ensuring compliance with the standards and regulatory practices related to agriculture, food safety and the environment.

Crop engineers design and develop irrigation systems that improve crop yield and cultivation, along with focusing on engineering principles that increase crop production.

In contrast, a degree in food engineering can open doors to various job profiles. Being a versatile course, it can help those interested in food processing, packaging and distribution or safety and prevention. Professionals in this field are key in enhancing efficiency, sustainability, and safety within the agricultural and food sectors. Some of the career opportunities that one can get with this degree are:

Food engineers oversee and store agriculture-related material in the process of food manufacturing.

Food storage managers take care of the employees, goods storage facility and other day-to-day activities in the food storage business.

Quality assurance specialists help improve food safety and quality by conducting regular inspections and taking care of safety protocols about food processing plants.

The country's ever-growing population is directly proportional to the increase in demand for food. Therefore, the roles of a food engineer and an agriculture engineer are paramount now. They work towards improving crop yield for maximising agriculture output, ensuring food security, promoting sustainability, and addressing the domestic demand for sustainable and secure food systems. These very interesting fields combine engineering and science with technology to better utilise food resources.

Telecommunication Engineering vs. Network Engineering: Connectivity
06 May 2024

Telecommunication Engineering vs. Network Engineering: Connectivity

Telecommunication Engineering vs. Network Engineering: Connectivity

The fields of telecommunication engineering and network engineering fall under the broader umbrella of information and communication technology, which play crucial roles in the modern world of communication and connectivity. While these two domains might have some similarities, they are distinct in many ways. Both disciplines are essential for the seamless transfer of information, yet they focus on different aspects of the broader communication landscape.

Telecommunication engineering is more focused on mediums and devices that transmit communication information in the form of words, images or even sounds. So, the primary mediums a telecommunication engineer works on and develops are telephone, television or radio. On the other hand, network engineering is about maintaining the connectivity of networks via data, videos, calls and wireless network services. This field looks after the overall network infrastructure and maximises the same, rendering performance and security to end users.

Course duration

The course duration for pursuing a bachelor’s degree in telecommunication engineering, focusing on electrical and computer engineering, is four years. The four-year structure allows for an in-depth exploration of both theoretical concepts and practical applications.

Similarly, a bachelor's degree in network engineering generally follows a four-year timeline. This duration provides students with a solid foundation in networking principles, protocols, and technologies. The programme is structured to cover various aspects of computer networks, from basic connectivity to advanced network design and management.

Curriculum

The telecommunication engineering curriculum is designed to equip students with a broad understanding of communication systems, encompassing hardware and software. For creating, designing, implementing and maintaining communication systems, the typical course curriculum of a telecommunication engineer includes subjects such as:

  • Engineering Physics
  • Analog and digital communication
  • Signal processing
  • Modulation techniques
  • Optical communication
  • Antenna design
  • Network security
  • Digital electronic circuits
  • Transmission lines and antennas

Network engineering is a dynamic field with varying needs depending from company to company. The network engineering curriculum is tailored to provide students with a specialised understanding of computer networks and their applications, along with the knowledge of scripting language, network infrastructure, security, firewalls etc. A few of the network engineering courses are:

  • Routing and switching essentials
  • Windows network operating systems
  • Analog and digital communication
  • Modulation techniques
  • Data representation and digital logic
  • Cyber security
  • Wireless networks

Career opportunities

A degree in telecommunication engineering can lead to various career opportunities in the rapidly expanding fields of 5G and the Internet of Things (IoT). These engineers will ensure that all telecommunication systems, from smaller components to more extensive networks, function efficiently. Here are a few career opportunities after completing telecommunication engineering:

Telecom data analysts create reports and insights to help managers in decision-making by gathering and examining information on customer trends and network performance.

Technical support managers support customers facing difficulties with their telecommunication services and brief them about the business plans and services.

R&D engineers are specialists responsible for designing, developing and innovating new products and solutions for communication networks and systems.

Network security specialists implement and maintain security procedures to protect the overall network infrastructure and monitor the network traffic to avoid security flaws.

Networking engineering is a big industry, and in today’s digital world, where technology is rapidly growing, the demand for this profession is also seeing an upward swing. There are several growth opportunities for an engineer specialising in networking. Equipped with the right skills, talent and knowledge, network engineers can find themselves working in these positions:

Network specialists ensure the network works well while overseeing PCs so that the users get the right network based on their business needs. Removing and installing software or hardware also forms a part of their job.

Network administrators keep the computer network up and ensure smooth functioning. Businesses that use multiple software platforms or PCs often need a network administrator.

Network technicians monitor the everyday operations of a business’s computer systems, installing software or hardware and communicating with the clients to implement safety measures ensuring data protection.

Network solutions architects define the future networking and telecommunication infrastructure standards, offering knowledge on firewalls, Linux/ Unix configurations, and so on.

The fields of telecommunication engineering and network engineering overlap in terms of connectivity; the former revolves more around communication systems and technologies, whereas the latter is more about designing and managing the networking system concerning data exchange. Moving towards a modern interconnected environment, these fields hold immense potential and offer an exciting and rewarding career path for individuals with a passion for engineering, electronics, communications, and mathematics. Both fields are dynamic and continually evolving to meet the ever-growing demands of our interconnected world. As technology advances, professionals in both disciplines will play pivotal roles in shaping the future of communication and connectivity.

 

 

Environmental  Engineering vs. Water Resources Engineering: Sustainability
29 April 2024

Environmental Engineering vs. Water Resources Engineering: Sustainability

Environmental Engineering and Water Resources Engineering are closely related yet distinct fields within civil engineering. While both disciplines share common characteristics and often overlap, they address different aspects of our interaction with the environment, particularly concerning water.

Environmental Engineering is a multidisciplinary field that focuses on applying engineering principles to protect and improve the quality of the environment. Environmental engineers work towards designing and implementing solutions that mitigate the impact of human activities on the environment. This involves considering projects' environmental, social, and economic aspects to achieve a balance that ensures long-term sustainability.

On the other hand, Water Resources Engineering is a specialised branch of civil engineering that deals explicitly with managing and utilising water resources. This field focuses on planning, designing, and implementing systems that control and distribute water for various purposes, including irrigation, urban water supply, flood control, and hydropower generation.

Course duration

Typically, an undergraduate programme in environmental engineering spans four years, leading to a Bachelor of Technology (Civil Engineering). Postgraduate programmes in environmental engineering typically offer Master of Technology and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degrees. A Master's programme generally takes two years to complete, while Ph.D. programmes vary in duration but often take around five years, including coursework, comprehensive exams, and original research.

Undergraduate programmes in water resources engineering also commonly have a duration of four years. Postgraduate programmes in water resources engineering lead to a Master's and eventually a Ph.D. degree. The structure is similar to environmental engineering, with a Master's programme lasting around two years and a Ph.D. programme extending for several years. The emphasis in these programmes is on advanced topics and research.

Curriculum

Environmental engineering is a multidisciplinary field that addresses various environmental issues. The curriculum is designed to provide a comprehensive understanding of the principles and practices necessary to mitigate the impact of human activities on the environment. Core subjects include:

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Fluid mechanics
  • Environmental microbiology
  • Air quality management
  • Water quality management
  • Solid and hazardous waste management
  • Sustainable design
  • Environmental impact assessment
  • Environmental law and policy

Water resources engineering focuses specifically on the study and management of water-related systems. The curriculum is tailored to equip students with the knowledge and skills to address water quantity, quality, and distribution challenges. Core subjects covered are:

  • Hydrology
  • Hydraulics
  • Open channel flow
  • Water resource systems
  • River mechanics
  • Groundwater hydrology
  • Urban water management
  • Floodplain management
  • Irrigation engineering

Career opportunities

Environmental engineers play a crucial role in developing solutions to address and prevent environmental issues caused by human activities. Their job roles are diverse and often involve working on projects that aim to protect and improve the quality of air, water, and soil. Some key career job roles in environmental engineering include:
Environmental consultants advise businesses and government agencies and assess environmental impact, ensure regulatory compliance, and recommend sustainable practices.
Air quality engineers focus on monitoring and improving air quality. They design systems to control and reduce air pollutants from industrial processes, transportation, and other sources.
Waste management engineers design and implement systems for properly collecting, disposing, and recycling solid and hazardous waste. They focus on minimising the environmental impact of waste disposal.
Environmental health and safety engineers ensure workplaces comply with environmental regulations and safety standards. They develop protocols to minimise environmental risks and protect the health of workers.
Environmental scientists research to understand environmental processes, assess pollution levels, and develop innovative solutions for environmental challenges.
Water resources engineers are specialists in managing and optimising water-related systems. Their job roles revolve around ensuring the sustainable use of water resources, preventing floods, and designing water supply and irrigation infrastructure. Key career job roles in water resources engineering include:
Hydrologists study the distribution and movement of water in the environment. They assess precipitation, evaporation, and runoff to understand water availability and plan for sustainable water resource management.
Hydraulic engineers design hydraulic structures such as dams, channels, and pipelines, thereby ensuring efficient water flow, controlling flooding, and optimising water transport systems.
Irrigation engineers design systems to supply water to crops efficiently. They aim to maximise crop yield while minimising water consumption.
Water quality engineers focus on maintaining and improving water quality. They design systems for water treatment and monitor water quality parameters.

Conclusion

While environmental engineering and water resources engineering have specific areas of emphasis, they are intricately linked and share a common goal of promoting sustainable practices and minimising the environmental impact of human activities. Environmental engineering takes a broader view, tackling issues related to air and water quality, waste management, and sustainable development. On the other hand, water resources engineering narrows down to planning and managing water systems for agriculture, urban supply, flood control, and hydropower. Ultimately, the choice between the two depends on individual interests, career aspirations, and preferred skill sets.

Mechanical Engineering vs. Mechatronics Engineering: Automation Focus
22 April 2024

Mechanical Engineering vs. Mechatronics Engineering: Automation Focus

Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronics Engineering are closely related yet distinct fields within the broader engineering domain. Both fields deal with mechanical systems' design, analysis, and manufacturing, but they have unique focuses and applications. Both fields offer excellent prospects, and the decision between the two needs to align with your interests and the direction you envision for your engineering career.

Mechanical engineering is a foundational engineering discipline focusing on designing, analysing, and manufacturing mechanical systems. It forms the backbone of various industries, from automotive and aerospace to energy and manufacturing. It involves working on diverse projects, from designing machinery and thermal systems to developing components for consumer products.

Mechatronics engineering, on the other hand, is a more specialised and interdisciplinary field that integrates mechanical engineering, electronics, computer science, and control engineering. It focuses on creating intelligent systems that merge mechanical components with electronic and software elements. Mechatronics engineers work on projects involving robotics, automation, and control systems.

Course duration

The duration of mechanical and mechatronics engineering programmes is four years for a bachelor's degree. In both disciplines, the four-year duration is divided into semesters or quarters, covering a range of fundamental and specialised courses. The courses include a combination of theoretical coursework, laboratory work, and possibly internships or cooperative education experiences. The curriculum is designed to provide a strong foundation in both mechanical and electrical engineering principles.

Curriculum

The curriculum for mechanical engineering is diverse, covering a wide range of subjects within the field. Additionally, some elective courses allow students to specialise in areas like automotive engineering, aerospace engineering, energy systems, or robotics. Here are some standard courses that are taught:

  • Statics and dynamics
  • Thermodynamics
  • Materials science
  • Fluid mechanics
  • Mechanics of materials
  • Machine design

Mechatronics engineering is an interdisciplinary field that combines mechanical engineering, electronics, computer science, and control engineering. The unique aspect of mechatronics is the integration of mechanical and electronic systems to create intelligent and automated products. The curriculum includes:

  • Mechanical systems
  • Electronics
  • Control systems
  • Programming
  • Robotics
  • Sensors and actuators
  • Digital electronics

Career opportunities

Mechanical engineers have many career opportunities due to their versatile skill set. They are sought after in various industries, including automotive, aerospace, energy, and manufacturing, due to their expertise in designing, analysing, and manufacturing mechanical systems. Some common career paths include:

Automotive engineers design and improve automotive systems, vehicle performance, safety, and fuel efficiency.

Mechanical design engineers focus on creating and improving mechanical systems and products. They collaborate with cross-functional teams to ensure designs meet technical specifications and standards.

Aerospace engineers work on aircraft and spacecraft design.

Manufacturing engineers work on optimising manufacturing processes and systems and implement cost-effective solutions to improve production efficiency. They ensure that products are manufactured with high quality and within budget constraints.

Thermal and fluids engineers specialise in studying heat transfer, fluid dynamics, and thermodynamics. They design systems such as HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning) and heat exchangers.
With their combined mechanical and electronic systems knowledge, mechatronics engineers are well-suited for roles involving automation and intelligent technologies. Mechatronics engineers are in demand in the robotics, automation, telecommunications, and healthcare industries. Career options include:

Robotics engineers design and programme robotic systems for automation and various applications. They integrate mechanical components with sensors, actuators, and control systems.

Automation engineers implement automated systems in manufacturing using a combination of hardware and software. They optimise systems for increased efficiency and reduced human intervention.

Embedded systems engineers work on embedded electronics in various devices that involve hardware and software integration. They design and programme microcontrollers and microprocessors for specific applications.

IoT (Internet of Things) engineers design connected systems for IoT applications.

Control systems engineers work on designing and implementing control systems for machines and processes. They utilise feedback mechanisms to ensure the stability and performance of systems and address challenges related to automation and precision control.

Final thoughts

While mechanical engineering and mechatronics engineering share common foundational principles, they diverge in focus, course content, and career opportunities. The choice between the two fields depends on individual interests and career goals. If you are passionate about traditional mechanical systems and enjoy the broader spectrum of engineering applications, mechanical engineering might be the right fit. On the other hand, if you are intrigued by the prospect of working with cutting-edge technologies, intelligent systems, and automation, mechatronics engineering could be the path for you.

Comparing Engineering Mathematics and Engineering Physics
10 April 2024

Comparing Engineering Mathematics and Engineering Physics

The field of engineering is all about applying science or mathematics to problems or innovations that scientists come up with. It is a part of STEM education that engages students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Engineering applications are used everywhere, from prosthetics and cell membranes to construction and transportation.

Engineering physics is a blend of combined disciplines involving mathematics, engineering, chemistry and physics in multiple ways to develop and design innovative solutions. On the other hand, engineering mathematics is a branch of engineering concerned with mathematical methods and techniques that find their uses in various industries. The mutual relationship between these two fields plays a crucial role in developing innovative solutions and problem-solving in engineering.

Course duration

Typically, an engineering degree, i.e. a Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) is an academic degree that takes four years to complete. While studying for a bachelor’s in engineering, a student is offered various subjects spanning multiple disciplines. There can be specialisations or specific concentrations within the engineering field that can be studied, and mathematics and physics are amongst the common subjects that form a part of a B.E. degree. Since these are foundational courses, they usually begin in the initial semesters. They are spread across multiple semesters, going from beginner to advanced level, as they form the fundamental blocks for the engineering degree.

Curriculum

Engineering physics reduces the gap between practical engineering and theoretical science, focusing on design, analysis, research and development. Topics covered may include main areas of engineering such as:

  1. Mechanics
  2. Nanotechnology
  3. Thermodynamics
  4. Electromagnetism
  5. Quantum mechanics
  6. Ultra-fast lasers
  7. Adaptive optics
  8. Computer simulation of physical systems
  9. Magnetic storage technology

Engineering mathematics is an interdisciplinary subject that answers engineer’s needs for practical and theoretical specialisations and helps solve engineering problems. Topics that engineering mathematics consists of primarily include:

  1. Differential equations
  2. Vector and tensor analysis
  3. Calculus
  4. Linear algebra
  5. Statistics and probability
  6. Approximation theory

Career opportunities

Engineering physics bridges the fundamental laws of physics and their practical implementation in engineering design and technology. It is crucial in developing innovative solutions and advancing technology across various engineering disciplines. If you are interested or passionate about creating and testing systems or mechanical/electrical components of machines, then engineering physics is the path to take. You can find a career in various industries with a degree in engineering physics. Some career options might include:

  1. Engineering technicians take care of regular maintenance or troubleshooting for any technical issues concerning research and development. They also conduct experiments on products, tools or equipment in labs or job sites to test for quality control.
  2. Data analysts analyse data based on facts and calculations and use it to predict trends and develop solutions to innovate processes and help with engineering projects
  3. Test engineers are involved in quality control, i.e. inspection and evaluation of products before end users use them
  4. Engineering consultants design and monitor project progress, evaluate, find and solve technical issues
  5. Mechanical designers create designs for mechanical devices or models of machine parts, tools, and other equipment apart from helping project engineers, which entails a mechanical designer's job duties

Engineering mathematics is a multifaceted discipline that provides the analytical tools engineers need to understand, model, and optimise complex systems. An engineering mathematics degree can equip you with skills opening doors for various industry careers. A few potential career opportunities that you can look forward to are:

  1. Data analysts analyse statistical models and large data sets with the help of engineering mathematics methods and algorithms to help get insightful and actionable solutions
  2. Financial analysts are involved in risk assessment, predictive analysis, forecasting or financial modelling using quantitative techniques to find trends in financial performance
  3. Investment bankers advise clients on mergers or acquisitions, capital markets, investment strategies, etc., with the help of results and forecasts from quantitative analysis in engineering mathematics
  4. Statistical analysts conduct and design experiments and work on developing statistical models to analyse data sets for better decision-making

Both engineering mathematics and physics are unique in their ways, but the choice of moving forward with either of the specialisations depends on your future career goals and objectives. You can take these subjects as standalone or pursue them as a part of the integrated broader specialisation. Mathematics and physics are relevant for various job roles, as stated above. They are proficient in leveraging data-driven decision-making and can be considered good options as you embark on your engineering journey. The future of engineering solutions will undoubtedly be significantly influenced by the joint efforts of mathematicians and physicists within the engineering community as technology continues to progress.

Electrical Engineering vs. Electronics and Communication Engineering
01 April 2024

Electrical Engineering vs. Electronics and Communication Engineering

Electrical engineering and Electronics and Communication engineering are closely related disciplines in the vast engineering field. The study, design and use of equipment and appliances that use any form of electricity comes under electrical engineering. In contrast, electronics and communication engineering focuses more on information transmission across different mediums via electronic devices. If you are passionate about developing and applying capacitors, inductors, inverters or other home appliances, electrical engineering is the right choice. On the other hand, if telecommunications, sensors, and microprocessors excite you, then electronics and communication engineering is the path ahead.

Both fields offer promising career opportunities, and the decision should be based on personal passion and the specific area of interest within the vast engineering field. As technology continues to evolve, professionals with a blend of skills from both disciplines may find themselves at an advantage in the ever-changing engineering landscape.

Course duration

The course duration of these two fields of engineering is similar. To complete an electrical engineering degree, you need four years. It is considered a broader subject and can acquaint you with basic knowledge of electronics and communication as well, along with a wide range of topics related to electrical systems, devices, and networks.

Electronics and communication engineering takes four years to complete as well. It is a specific course designed to equip you with specialised skills relevant to modern communication technologies. The duration is tailored to emphasise electronics, signal processing, and communication systems.

Curriculum

The electrical engineering curriculum encompasses various topics, giving students a holistic understanding of electrical systems. Electrical engineering refers to electricity transmission and the proper and smooth production, functioning and storage of electricity when it travels from point A to point B. Some of the subjects that are taught in this field are:

  • Electromagnetics
  • Utilisation of electrical power
  • Fundamentals of electrical engineering
  • DC machines and transformers
  • Circuit analysis
  • Power systems
  • Electronics
  • Analysis of electrical power systems

While many students tend to get confused between the two subjects, electronics and communication deals with the electronics part that covers devices and chips used in electricity transmission. It focuses on the application of electronics to communication systems. The subjects that are dealt with while pursuing electrical and communication engineering are:

  • Microcontrollers
  • VLSI
  • Information theory and coding
  • Analog and digital communication
  • Signal processing
  • Digital electronics
  • Computer communication and network
  • Electronic instrumentation
  • Wireless communication

Career opportunities

Electrical engineers have the necessary knowledge of mathematics and physics and technological know-how for debugging and scrutinising situations from a technical perspective. Some of the career opportunities that are available for an electrical engineer are:

  • Test engineers perform tests on electrical systems and are involved in planning, result analysis, and research for innovative solutions in the same field
  • Design engineers form systems and products based on particular specifications with the help of experimentation and computer-based design software
  • Control engineers are responsible for designing and developing equipment and systems that assist in creating products. They test their design, detect errors and work on the solutions.
  • Project engineers manage projects in terms of budget, timeline, scope and work schedule
  • Power systems engineers design, maintain, and improve power generation and distribution systems

With the continuous development in communication technology and our increasing reliance on electronic systems, graduates with an electronics and communication engineering degree can work in telecommunication, aviation, research and development, automotive, defence and many other industries. Here are a few career opportunities that are available in this discipline:

  • Radio frequency engineers design RF circuits and optimise antennas and systems for wireless communication and satellite systems
  • Telecommunication engineers design and look after communication systems, wired as well as wireless, satellite communication, optical fibre networks, etc.
  • VLSI Design engineers work with the VLSI (very large-scale integration) technology to design integrated circuits and chips and care for layout, designing and testing
  • Network engineers manage and design computer networks such as WANs and LANs and ensure that they get optimal performance and scalability
  • Signal processing engineers work on the analysis and manipulation of signals for various applications
  • Wireless communication engineers design and implement wireless communication systems

Electrical engineering and electronics and communication engineering are disciplines that stand out independently and are considered some of the most dynamic and promising engineering fields. The choice between the two is purely out of one’s personal interests and future career goals. Although both fields have substantial overlap, the learning outcomes from these degrees are substantially different, including the particular applications they cater to in the engineering domain. Let your long-term career aspiration and aptitude shape and guide your decision!

Engineering Innovations: Aerospace vs. Chemical Engineering
25 March 2024

Engineering Innovations: Aerospace vs. Chemical Engineering

Aerospace Engineering and chemical engineering are two streams in the broad spectrum of engineering embarking on the success of scientific innovation. Engineering is regarded as the strongest pillar of technology and scientific advancements. Aerospace Engineering and chemical engineering stand out for their research progress and scientific contributions to the world. Both fields of study are filled with scopes to conquering miraculous accomplishments. Here is everything you need to know about these two streams of professional courses in detail before choosing one.

Aerospace vs. Chemical Engineering: Course Duration and Eligibility

Aerospace and chemical engineering courses are available at both bachelor’s (B-Tech) and master’s (M-Tech) levels. The course duration for these courses is listed below:

  1. Bachelor’s in Aerospace Engineering: 4 years
  2. Master’s in Aerospace Engineering: 2 years
  3. Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering: 4 years
  4. Master’s in Chemical Engineering: 2 years

The eligibility criteria for enrolling in engineering bachelor’s programmes for both streams are completion of 12th of equivalent studies with maths and science as primary subjects.
The eligibility criteria for enrolling in for engineering master’s programme for both streams is completing a bachelor’s in the respective programme with an aggregate accepted by the university.

Aerospace vs. Chemical Engineering: Course Curriculum

The branch of aerospace engineering and chemical engineering has been popular for a very long time. These streams are popular and celebrated for various reasons ranging from their significant impact on the global economy to the subject challenged. Here is a structural outline of both courses for further clarity.

The core areas of study in Aerospace Engineering are listed below:

  1. Computer application
  2. Structures
  3. Mathematics,
  4. Physics
  5. Drafting
  6. Electricity
  7. Robotics
  8. Aeronautics
  9. Aerodynamics and Fluid Mechanics.
  10. Structural Dynamics and Aeroelasticity.
  11. Composite Materials.
  12. Aircraft Propulsion.
  13. Aircraft Control.
  14. Spacecraft Engineering.

The core areas of study in Chemical Engineering are listed below:

  1. Chemical reaction engineering
  2. Organic chemistry
  3. Fluid mechanics
  4. Analytical Chemistry
  5. Nanotechnology
  6. Electrochemistry
  7. Industrial Chemistry
  8. Electrochemical engineering
  9. Inorganic chemistry

Aerospace vs. Chemical Engineering: Career Opportunities

The aerospace and chemical industry has always been a great contributor to the world’s growing economy. Since the time of the academic evolution of engineering, the course has grown to a career-promising field and below are a few of the several options available in the job market.

Career options for students after opting for Aerospace Engineering

  1. Aerospace drafter: Involved in drafting technical drawings used for building aeroplanes and their parts.
  2. Communications officer: Works at aeronautical communication centres, including both aeronautical broadcast and service fixed communications.
  3. Aerospace technician: Works by testing, and building air and space vehicles and their supportive electronic systems.
  4. Aviation manager: Works in controlling flight schedules, overseeing aircraft maintenance, flight crew management and more.
  5. Aircraft designer: Designs, constructs maintain, and rectifies aircraft and spacecraft.
  6. Aircraft mechanic: Works on analysing and diagnosing electrical and aeronautical problems of the aircraft and is engaged in rectifying and maintaining them.
  7. Inspection manager: Inspects, tests and quality assures the parts and assembling of the aircraft during manufacturing and maintenance.

Career options for students after opting for Chemical Engineering

  1. Process Engineer: They are involved with analysing and identifying the required design and operation strategies that need to be done for value addition to raw materials.
  2. Product Development Engineer: Understand the company/client requirements and engage in developing new products for scaling up the service provided by the company.
  3. Environmental Engineer: Understands, analyses, researches and updates the issues related to the environment to work on more sustainably relevant projects.
  4. Bioprocess Engineer: Detects and understands the growing concerns and solves the problem using biochemical products.
  5. Energy Engineer: Engaged in researching and designing better solutions to energy consumption.
  6. Materials Engineer: Studies the properties of various raw materials and designs useful new materials with maximum potential.
  7. Quality Control Engineer: Works on analysing and ensuring the quality of all the materials and equipment used in the company.
  8. Safety Engineer: Curates newer and safer strategies and rules to safeguard employees from possible workplace hazards.

In Short

Aerospace Engineering and Chemical Engineering are vast with the potential to bring a beneficial change to mankind. After, having a closer look at the core areas of study and career prospects of both the streams of the discussed professional course, it is inferred that both disciplines portray the transformative power of the subject relevance. and human innovations. Both fields are career-promising for the subject potential and the hefty contribution of the respective sectors towards the global economy. Hence, the right choice of stream with passion and enthusiasm can further elevate the ever-evolving landscape of science.

Chemical Engineering vs.  Bioprocess Engineering: Chemistry Applications
18 March 2024

Chemical Engineering vs. Bioprocess Engineering: Chemistry Applications

Engineering offers a vast array of specialised branches. Amidst the multitude of options available, it is often a challenging task to choose one specialisation that truly piques interest. However, the decision becomes even more complex when you encounter two closely related engineering disciplines like chemical engineering and bioprocess engineering.

Today, we will explore two such closely intertwined branches: "Chemical Engineering" and "Bioprocess Engineering." Chemical engineering focuses on the design and operation of industrial manufacturing plants, with a primary emphasis on the production of chemicals and various products that undergo chemical processing. Conversely, bioprocess engineering applies chemical engineering principles to focus on industrial processes and biological components, such as living cells and their constituents. Let us study these two engineering domains, the courses available, the curriculum, and their promising career prospects!

Courses, Duration, and Eligibility Criteria

The undergraduate courses available in the fields of chemical and bioprocess engineering comprises a Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) and a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech). For students interested in higher education, there are post-graduate programmes such as Master of Engineering (M.E) and Master of Technology (M.Tech). Moreover, students have the option to pursue diploma or certification courses to augment their expertise and proficiency in their respective sub-disciplines.

While the duration of UG programmes entails four years, PG programmes are generally two-year courses in India. The duration of the diploma and certification courses can vary, ranging from six months to one year.

The eligibility criteria for UG admissions encompass a successful completion of 10+2 with a minimum score of 50 percent from an accredited institution. The applicants should have pursued mathematics, physics, and chemistry as major subjects during their high school education. Besides this criterion, the selection process for most colleges and universities generally involves entrance examinations and personal interviews. Students interested in pursuing a lateral entry into B.Tech programmes are required to hold a diploma programme from a recognised institution. On the other hand, students applying for PG courses should hold 50% marks in their B.E/B.Tech degree, followed by a valid GATE score. Similarly, candidates who have completed a 5-year programme in science or applied sciences can also apply for M.Tech courses.

Course Curriculum

Chemical engineering courses focus on the study of processes and designs related to chemical plants and production methods. In this engineering field, students gain a robust understanding of various subjects, including chemistry, materials, mechanics, fundamental principles of chemical engineering, petrochemicals, and operational procedures. Students learn about the principles of physics and chemistry, mathematics, biology, economics, and more. Other crucial subjects covered in the curriculum are material science, renewable energy sources, fluid mechanics, and more.

Conversely, bioprocess engineering provides a strong foundation in key aspects of bioprocess research, emphasising its significance and practical applications in relevant industries. The curriculum equips students with the knowledge and skills required to produce biofuels, develop enzymes for nutritious food, and comprehend the conversion of waste materials into energy sources. The core topics addressed in this curriculum include pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, waste management, pollution control, and metallurgical processing.

Career Opportunities

In contemporary India, chemical engineering stands out as one of the most in-demand career choices. Students can harness their knowledge to pioneer innovative technologies, opening up lucrative prospects in fields such as environmental conservation and ensuring health and safety. Students can work as process engineers, optimising manufacturing processes and designing systems for chemical production. Furthermore, students can venture into research and development, contributing to innovations in pharmaceuticals, materials, and sustainable energy. Environmental engineering offers a pathway to work on critical global challenges like pollution control and sustainable resource management. Students interested in entrepreneurial ventures can explore careers in project management and consulting related to strategic planning, cost analysis, and client collaboration.

After the completion of their degree in bioprocess engineering, students will have plenty of career opportunities in the fields of vaccines, antibiotics, food and agricultural products, pharmaceutical supplements, and others. Students can contribute to research and development in biotechnology companies, advancing breakthroughs in healthcare, agriculture, and renewable energy. Environmental bioprocess engineers are responsible for developing sustainable strategies for waste management and the mitigation of pollution. Furthermore, there are career prospects available in areas like pharmaceutical and biotechnology sectors. Bioprocess engineering students can also explore roles in food and beverage production, responsible for ensuring food safety, quality, and innovation. With the growing importance of sustainable practices, bioprocess engineers play a pivotal role in the fields of bioremediation and bioenergy.

Way Forward

We can understand that prospects are promising in both fields. Both disciplines offer various career paths, from research and development to regulatory affairs. Chemical engineers play a crucial role in designing environmentally friendly technologies. On the other hand, bioprocess engineers work on vaccines, antibiotics, food, pharmaceuticals, and renewable energy. While chemical engineering deals with industrial plant design and chemical production, bioprocess engineering applies chemical principles to biological processes. Both fields offer undergraduate and postgraduate programmes, along with diploma courses. Students can align their interests and career goals before taking the final call!

Computer Engineering vs. Software Engineering: Coding Careers
11 March 2024

Computer Engineering vs. Software Engineering: Coding Careers

Over the past few years, notable technological progress has underscored the impact of computers and software in our day-to-day lives. The technology sector has become so pervasive that occupations such as computer engineers and software engineers have achieved widespread recognition across various social levels. Frequently, these terms, 'computer engineers' and ‘software engineers' are used interchangeably. While both career paths share some common features, several distinctions exist between them. Computer engineering, a broader discipline, encompasses software engineering as one of its sub-domains. While computer engineering involves the design and development of various computer systems, software engineering entails the diagnosis of issues in computer system operations. The latter emphasises designing, testing, and implementing computer software with minimal concern for computer hardware. Today, in this blog, we shall explore these two engineering disciplines in detail:

Courses and Duration

The undergraduate (UG) courses available in computer engineering include a Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) and a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in computer engineering. The duration of these specialised UG programmes is four years, further divided into eight semesters. Students can advance their studies in the same field by enrolling in a Master of Engineering (M.E) or a Master of Technology (M.Tech) programme. These postgraduate degrees have a duration of two years, divided into two semesters.

On the other hand, students interested in the field of software engineering can pursue B.E or B.Tech in this specialisation. The duration of these UG programmes is also four years, further split into eight semesters. Options for PG degrees are also available, such as M.E or M.Tech in software engineering, a 2-year engineering course.

Course Curriculum

The computer engineering curriculum provides a comprehensive understanding of coding languages, essential topics in computer architecture, artificial intelligence, and cyber security. Additionally, students learn about core computing subjects, gaining insights into principles and techniques from diverse areas such as digital image processing, digital electronics, VLSI, and basic electrical and electronics engineering. Within this curriculum, students can develop a profound knowledge of both software and hardware methodologies. The curriculum often includes other essential subjects like digital electronics, database systems, and information and network security, among others.

The software engineering curriculum offers an overview of various topics, including computer programming, web development, data structures, and project management. The programme equips students with practical knowledge for software design, development, and testing. Key subjects within the software engineering curriculum include computer science engineering, programming, mathematics, machine learning, and big data. It's worth noting that the software engineering syllabus may differ based on the academic level. For example, the UG courses introduce students to software engineering and foundational concepts in the field. However, the PG courses dive deeper into specialised and advanced topics within the field of software engineering.

Career Opportunities

Computer engineering holds a top spot as a favoured career path for many students. This popularity is primarily due to the broad spectrum of specialisations available within the field, thereby offering numerous career prospects for students. Armed with a versatile skill set, students can venture into roles like software development, hardware design, and systems engineering. Moreover, students can discover their expertise in domains like artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, data science, and network administration. Students can find employment as software developers, network engineers, system administrators, or data analysts. The growing importance of cybersecurity has opened up job roles related to safeguarding digital assets, such as ethical hacking and cybersecurity specialists. Furthermore, there is abundant scope for career progression in sectors like telecommunications, healthcare, and automotive technology.

Conversely, emerging trends suggest that transformative technologies like automation, virtual reality, and cryptocurrency will become the driving factors behind the growing demand for software engineering. Students can leverage their expertise to find employment in product development, data science, marketing, and more. Of these, software developers play a crucial role, given their crucial involvement in developing software solutions for businesses. Students will be responsible for identifying, implementing, and rigorously testing software applications, thus holding a significant position in the technology landscape. Besides this, students can specialise in front-end or back-end development, design user-friendly interfaces, or optimise the efficiency of complex systems. Furthermore, opportunities also extend into areas like mobile app development, web development, and database management.

Summing Up

In an era marked by technological advancement, the significance of computers and software in our daily routines has reached a paramount level. This has led to a growing prominence of computer engineering and software engineering in the tech industry. Computer engineering has a wider scope, involving the design of computer systems and hardware, with software development as one of its components. Conversely, software engineering focuses on the identification and resolution of software-related problems. By examining the courses, curriculum, and career prospects associated with these fields, students can make well-informed decisions regarding their educational and professional paths in these tech-driven domains.

Mechanical Engineering vs. Aerospace Engineering: Machines and Flight
04 March 2024

Mechanical Engineering vs. Aerospace Engineering: Machines and Flight

Mechanical and aerospace engineering are two highly coveted specialisations in the field of engineering. Although both the fields use mechanical systems and devices, the end products and systems that these two disciplines deal with are quite different. Mechanical engineering uses devices and systems for domestic or industrial purposes, whereas aerospace engineering focuses on building aircraft, spacecraft, missiles, and weapons systems. The end objective of mechanical engineering is to design, manufacture, and maintain power-producing and power-consuming machines. In contrast, aerospace engineering leverages the principles of physics and navigation to design missiles, helicopters, planes, drones, civil aircraft, satellites, and others. Our blog aims to dive deep into each specialisation and help students make an informed career choice!

Duration and Eligibility

Both mechanical and aerospace engineering offer undergraduate (UG) programmes such as Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) and Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) respectively. The duration of these UG degrees is four years, divided into eight semesters. Furthermore, students have the option to pursue higher education in both disciplines by enrolling in a Master of Engineering (M.E) or a Master of Technology (M.Tech) programme. These postgraduate engineering programs extend over a period of two years, divided into four semesters.

The eligibility criteria for these two engineering degrees at the UG level require 50% marks in class 10+2 from CBSE/ICSE/State Board, or equivalent. Students who are applying should have studied mathematics, physics, and chemistry (biology, optional) in their higher secondary. However, the qualifying aggregate score is 40% in the case of SC/ST/OBC candidates. Students who possess a diploma in mechanical or allied sciences after the completion of secondary education are also eligible for direct admission. Furthermore, students need to clear national (Joint Entrance Examinations) or state-level entrance examinations (ComedK/WBJEE) to secure admissions to reputed engineering colleges.

Curriculum

A mechanical engineering curriculum covers a diverse range of subjects, viz., mechanics, thermodynamics, and materials science. As semesters advance, students learn specialised topics such as fluid dynamics, heat transfer, and machine design. Other areas of study comprise control systems, manufacturing processes, and structural analysis. Moreover, students have the opportunity to take up elective courses and projects in fields such as robotics, renewable energy, and automotive engineering.

In contrast, the aerospace engineering programme allows students to develop expertise in aerospace-focused subjects. Students gain insights into areas like aerodynamics, design of aircraft and spacecraft, propulsion systems, and structural analysis. The curriculum also covers areas such as flight mechanics and orbital mechanics to gain a comprehensive understanding of flight and space exploration. Furthermore, the curriculum may offer elective courses in areas like avionics, advanced materials, and space systems engineering.

Career Prospects

Mechanical engineering is known for imparting problem-solving and innovation skills through its courses. Students can utilise their knowledge and skills to access a wide range of job opportunities in the evolving business landscape. After graduation, students can work in the automotive industry, designing, manufacturing, and enhancing the performance of vehicles. Furthermore, ample career advancement opportunities lie in the energy sector. Students can leverage their expertise in energy production, renewable energy technologies, and energy-efficient systems. On the other hand, a career in manufacturing involves supervising production processes, ensuring quality control, and implementing automation in manufacturing facilities. Students can also venture into the fields of robotics and automation, where they design robotic systems for diverse applications.

Conversely, aerospace engineering provides promising career prospects, driven by the burgeoning commercialisation of the space industry. Aerospace engineers play a crucial role in the development of aircraft, spacecraft, and propulsion systems. Furthermore, with the emergence of private space enterprises and government investments in space exploration, students can explore various areas, including satellite technology, space tourism, and planetary expeditions. Students can work as aircraft design engineers, focusing on the development of airplanes, helicopters, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Alternatively, students can work as propulsion engineers, engaged in the development of engines for spacecraft, such as jet engines and rocket propulsion systems.

Summing Up

Mechanical and aerospace engineering stand as highly sought-after specialisations within the vast field of engineering. Mechanical engineering focuses on machines for domestic and industrial use, while aerospace engineering deals with aircraft, spacecraft, and related technologies. Both mechanical and aerospace engineering offer promising career prospects across various fields. Mechanical engineers find opportunities in the automotive industry, energy sector, manufacturing, and automation, among others. Conversely, aerospace engineers are in high demand due to technological advancements and the flourishing commercial space industry. These engineers play an integral role in the development of aerospace technologies, with promising avenues in satellite technology, space tourism, and others. Both fields present exciting career opportunities for students who are passionate about innovating and solving complex engineering challenges.

Automotive Engineering vs. Industrial Engineering: Manufacturing Insights
26 February 2024

Automotive Engineering vs. Industrial Engineering: Manufacturing Insights

A recent university survey reported that automotive and industrial engineering are at the forefront of technological innovations, thereby offering promising career prospects to young professionals. These two disciplines form an integral component of production engineering, and differ from each other. Mechanical engineering emphasises developing a wide range of vehicles and their equipment. On the other hand, industrial engineering collaborates with automotive engineers to translate the ideas into action. Industrial engineering oversees the entire project life cycle, from manufacturing specifications to delivery on time. Distinguishing between these professions is vital for effective project management, spanning from design to completion. Today, we shall explore these two engineering disciplines and understand the differences between them!

Automotive Engineering vs. Industrial Engineering: An Overview

Parameters

Automotive Engineering

Industrial Engineering

Subject Focus

Focuses on the design, development, manufacturing, and maintenance of vehicles, such as cars, trucks, motorcycles, and other transportation vehicles.

Focuses on optimising processes and systems in various industries, such as, manufacturing, healthcare, logistics, and others.

Courses Available Undergraduate courses (UG):
  • Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) in Automotive Engineering
  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Automotive Engineering

Post-graduate courses (PG):

  • Master of Engineering (B.E) in Automotive Engineering
  • Master of Technology (B.Tech) in Automotive Engineering
Undergraduate courses (UG):
  • Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) in Industrial Engineering
  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Industrial Engineering

Post-graduate courses (PG):

  • Master of Engineering (B.E) in Industrial Engineering
  • Master of Technology (B.Tech) in Industrial Engineering
Duration

UG: 4 years ; PG: 2 years

UG: 4 years ; PG: 2 years

Key Skills
  • Vehicle Design
  • Automotive Systems
  • CAD (Computer-Aided Design)
  • Materials Science
  • Thermodynamics
  • Aerodynamics
  • Statistical Analysis
  • Operations Research
  • Six Sigma
  • Lean Methodologies
  • Project Management

Automotive Engineering vs. Industrial Engineering: Syllabus

Automotive engineering courses deal with designing vehicle components, improving fuel efficiency, enhancing safety features, and addressing vehicle-related challenges. Students learn to tackle issues such as engine performance, aerodynamics, and vehicle dynamics. The core subjects covered in this field of engineering are listed below:

  • Vehicle Dynamics
  • Automotive Materials
  • Automotive Electrical and Electronics
  • Automotive Thermodynamics
  • Engine Design and Performance
  • Vehicle Chassis Design
  • Vehicle Control Systems
  • Automotive Safety and Crash Testing
  • Powertrain Engineering
  • Automotive Manufacturing Processes
  • Vehicle Aerodynamics
  • Vehicle Testing and Validation
  • Automotive Control Systems
  • Automotive Power Electronics

On the other hand, the industrial engineering curriculum covers supply chain management, production line efficiency, quality control, and workflow improvements. The main aim of the course is to impart knowledge and skills on reducing costs and increasing productivity across various industries. The core subjects covered in this field of engineering are listed below:

  • Operations Research
  • Quality Control and Management
  • Production and Inventory Control
  • Facility Layout and Design
  • Supply Chain Management
  • Work Study and Ergonomics
  • Project Management
  • Systems Engineering
  • Manufacturing Processes
  • Lean Manufacturing
  • Six Sigma Methodology
  • Industrial Safety
  • Industrial Automation
  • Simulation and Modelling

Automotive Engineering vs. Industrial Engineering: Future Scope

As the automotive industry is growing rapidly, the demand for skilled automotive engineers is robust. After graduation, students can work in diverse areas such as vehicle electrification, battery technology, software development, and others. Additionally, the ongoing focus on sustainability has resulted in employers seeking skilled engineers who can innovate and optimise automotive designs. Here is an overview of exciting career opportunities in the field of automotive engineering:

  • Design Engineer: Design engineers develop and design the physical components and systems that make up vehicles.
  • Manufacturing Engineer: Manufacturing engineers optimise the production processes in automotive manufacturing plants and improve efficiency and quality in assembly lines.
  • Electrical and Electronics Engineers: Electrical and Electronics Engineers specialise in the electrical systems of vehicles, starting from navigation to safety features.
  • Mechanical Engineer: Mechanical engineers work on the mechanical aspects of vehicles, including the design of engines, transmissions, and suspension systems.
  • Testing and Validation Engineers: Testing and Validation Engineers conduct rigorous tests and evaluations to assess the performance and safety of vehicles.

Industrial engineering offers great career advancement scope due to its versatile applications across various industries. Students can leverage their expertise to enhance efficiency, reduce costs, and improve processes in diverse sectors. As industries continuously seek ways to optimise operations and remain competitive, industrial engineers play a pivotal role in streamlining workflows and resource management. Here is an overview of exciting career opportunities in the field of industrial engineering:

  • Engineering Economist: Engineering economists assess the financial aspects of projects and decisions, such as cost analysis and investment strategies.
  • Operations Research Analyst: Operations Research Analysts use mathematical models and data analysis to solve complex business and operational problems.
  • Quality Control Specialist: Quality Control Specialists ensure product and service quality by implementing and managing quality control systems and standards.
  • Inventory Control Manager: Inventory Control Managers manage production scheduling and inventory levels to ensure efficient production and supply chain operations.
  • Facility Layout and Design (FLD) Specialist: FLD specialists plan and design the layout of facilities for optimal workflow, safety, and resource utilisation.

Final Thoughts

Automotive and industrial engineering stand as dynamic fields, driving technological innovations and promising career prospects for emerging professionals. While both contribute to production engineering, they offer distinct areas of expertise. Automotive engineering focuses on vehicle design and sustainability; industrial engineering deals with process optimisation and quality control across various industries. Both fields provide undergraduate and postgraduate programmes covering a wide range of subjects and elective specialisations. The future scope of automotive engineering is robust, with career opportunities in design, manufacturing, electrical systems, testing, and validation. Industrial engineering, too, offers versatile career advancement prospects, with roles such as engineering economists, operations research analysts, quality control specialists, inventory control managers, and others. Both fields hold exciting opportunities; therefore, students must carefully align their career goals before making the final call!

Electrical Engineering vs.  Electronics Engineering: Power vs. Circuits
19 February 2024

Electrical Engineering vs. Electronics Engineering: Power vs. Circuits

Electrical and electronics engineering is often considered to be at the forefront of modern technology. Both electronic and electrical engineering focus on the development of innovative devices using new materials and address the challenges posed by the next generation of technology. Despite their similarities, they are two distinctive branches of engineering. Electrical engineering focuses on the generation and distribution of power, predominantly in the form of electricity. In contrast, electronics engineering can be regarded as a specialised subfield of electrical engineering, focusing on the design, optimisation, and management of electronic devices.

To illustrate the contrast between these engineering disciplines, let us consider the example of an audio amplifier system. An electronics engineer would be responsible for designing the intricate circuitry within the amplifier and selecting and configuring the appropriate electronic components. An electrical engineer, on the other hand, would be involved in the overall power distribution within an audio system, ensuring that the amplifier receives the necessary electrical power for operation. This example implies that while electrical engineering is a broader field, electronics engineering is more specific. Today, we shall understand the key differences between these engineering specialisations in detail:

Industry Focus

Electrical engineering deals with the generation, transmission, and distribution of electrical energy. This engineering discipline involves the design and innovation of electrical machinery and equipment for industrial structures and facilities. Typically, individuals in this field work on extensive systems, including power grids, substations, and power plants.

Conversely, electronics engineering, a subdiscipline of electrical engineering, focusing on smaller-scale electronic devices and systems. In this engineering field, individuals gain expertise in designing, developing, implementing, and maintaining electronic circuits and software. The knowledge acquired in electronics engineering is applicable to a wide range of fields, including automation and control systems, robotics, and biomedical devices, among others.

Courses and duration

The courses in electrical engineering help build a strong foundation in power systems, electromagnetics, control systems, and high-voltage engineering. Conversely, electronic engineering focuses on areas such as analogue and digital electronics, microelectronics, circuit design, and others. Let us see some of the courses covered in both of these disciplines:

Parameters Electrical Engineering Electronics Engineering
Undergraduate (UG) Courses Bachelor of Engineering (B.E)
Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech)

Bachelor of Engineering (B.E)
Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech)

Postgraduate (PG) Courses Master of Engineering (M.E)
Master of Technology (M.Tech)

Master of Engineering (M.E)
Master of Technology (M.Tech)

Duration UG: 4 years
PG: 2 years

UG: 4 years
PG: 2 years

Course Curriculum

The electrical engineering curriculum focuses on the practical applications of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. Students get trained to design electrical circuits and various equipment. The curriculum imparts expertise across a wide spectrum, from managing and optimising large-scale power plants to collaborating with smaller hardware companies. This engineering discipline covers multiple sub-disciplines, such as acoustics, speech, signal processing, automotive and vehicular technology, geoscience, remote sensing, laser and electro-optics, robotics, ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control.

Electronics engineering courses deal with electronic circuits, integrated circuits, and systems using electrical components. The curriculum covers areas of telecommunications engineering, embedded systems design, microelectronics, and electromagnetic engineering, among others. This branch of engineering imparts a robust understanding of artificial intelligence (AI), semiconductors, optoelectronics, and image and video processing. Some engineering colleges may also cover areas like robotics, embedded systems, or telecommunications in the curriculum. Other key topics that are included in electronics engineering are control engineering, VLSI design, digital signal processing, and wireless communication systems.

Career Scope

Electrical engineering offers diverse and promising career prospects across various industries, namely, construction, power generation, telecommunication, IT, and others. After graduating, individuals can work as electrical engineers, maintaining power grids, and supervising the research and development of electronic devices. Within electrical engineering, two primary career paths stand out, i.e., power engineers and telecommunication engineers. Power engineers are crucial in the generation and transmission of electricity, especially in the automobile industry. On the other hand, telecommunication engineers focus on cable design and maintenance, as well as the production of receivers and transceivers. Other job profiles within electrical engineering include instrumentation engineers, power electronics engineers, and embedded systems engineers, each contributing to different facets of technology and innovation.

On the other hand, electronics engineering offers a wealth of career opportunities, driven by the rapid scientific advancements around the world. Individuals can explore promising career prospects in laboratories and scientific experiments, government organisations such as DRDO, NASA, and ISRO, healthcare, and life-saving interventions. Alternatively, individuals can work as electronic engineers, checking the quality of electrical components and products. As electronic engineers, individuals will be responsible for designing, analysing, and conducting research to enhance electronic products. For those seeking leadership roles, technical heads in this field are responsible for effective communication and collaboration with their teams. Alternatively, individuals can take on roles such as network planning managers, planning, designing, evaluating, and implementing changes to both existing and new communication networks.

Way Forward

Electrical engineering and electronics engineering, while closely related, are distinct disciplines with diverse career prospects. Electrical engineering focuses on power generation and distribution, while electronics engineering concentrates on electronic devices and components, with applications in areas like automation and healthcare. The curricula for these fields differ, with electrical engineering covering topics such as power systems and electromagnetics, while electronics engineering explores electronic circuits and microelectronics. Career opportunities in electrical engineering span construction, power generation, and telecommunications. On the other hand, electronics engineering offers promising paths in laboratories, government organisations, and healthcare sectors. Both fields of engineering have their own unique contributions to technological advancements, offering individuals a wide range of career possibilities in a rapidly evolving world.

Civil Engineering vs. Structural Engineering: Building the Future
12 February 2024

Civil Engineering vs. Structural Engineering: Building the Future

Amidst all the engineering disciplines, civil and structural engineering play a pivotal role in our ever-growing and urbanising world. While civil engineering and structural engineering share the common goal of developing our infrastructure, they possess distinctive roles. Civil engineering encompasses the overall construction and maintenance of the built environment. On the other hand, structural engineering specialises in the specific design and analysis of individual structures, such as buildings and bridges. Today, in this blog, we shall understand the differences between these two engineering specialisations in detail:

Focus and Duration

The undergraduate courses available in civil engineering include a Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) and a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in civil engineering. These UG courses focus on building materials, construction, and planning. Upon successful completion of these programmes, students can plan, design, and construct diverse structures such as buildings, roads, bridges, and canals. The undergraduate courses span four years, organised into eight semesters. Additionally, students have the opportunity to pursue advanced degrees like a Master of Engineering (M.E) or Master of Technology (M.Tech) in this field, which usually lasts for two years, comprising four semesters.

Conversely, structural engineering is a broad specialisation within the field of civil engineering. This field of engineering deals with planning, evaluating, designing, and managing the construction of huge structures like bridges, tunnels, buildings, flyovers, etc. The UG courses offered in this stream are B.E and B.Tech in structural engineering, spanning four years in duration. Furthermore, students can opt for higher education by pursuing post-graduate degrees in relevant fields. The duration of these PG courses is also two years.

Course Curriculum

The civil engineering courses introduce a specialised curriculum that imparts learning on the planning, design, and construction of infrastructure such as roads and buildings. Often considered a conventional engineering discipline, numerous colleges are making efforts to enhance the civil engineering syllabus. Subjects like engineering graphics and design, computer-aided analysis, and design are now integral components of the curriculum. Let us see some of the core subjects covered in this curriculum:

Functions of Several Variables Engineering Drawing
Intro to Civil Engineering CE Materials and Construction
Series and Matrices Ecology and Environment
Physics I & Physics II Surveying
Physics Lab. 1 Mechanics of Materials
Engineering Mechanics Geotechnical Engineering
Chemistry I & Chemistry II Transportation Engineering
Intro to Programming Hydraulic Engineering

The curriculum in structural engineering focuses on the construction, and improvement of structures engineered to endure natural forces and the stresses of daily use. Grounded in the core principles of physics, mathematics, and materials science, students master the art of designing structures that are functional and aesthetically appealing. This engineering discipline covers a wide spectrum of specialisations, including earthquake-resistant structures, aerospace structures, nanoscale structures, and more. Let us see some of the core subjects covered in this curriculum:

Applied Mathematics for Civil Engineers Costing & Scheduling Laboratory
Advanced Theory & Design of Concrete Structures Aircraft Systems & Structures
Experimental Methods & Model Analysis Advanced Mechanics of Solids
Structural Dynamics Stability of Structures
Theory of Plates & Shells Design Studio
Design of Metal Structures Engineering Optimisation
Finite Element Analysis Seismic Design of Structures
Research Methodology & IPR Theory of Elasticity & Plasticity

Career Opportunities

In an era of ongoing global population growth, the demand for civil engineers is paramount. These engineers play a significant role in the planning, construction, and upkeep of essential infrastructure, including structures, roads, water distribution systems, and more. Furthermore, civil engineers are at the forefront of tackling contemporary challenges like sustainability, climate change resilience, and the development of smart cities. Following their graduation, students can work on different projects, spanning from designing towering skyscrapers to developing efficient water treatment facilities. Students can also pursue careers in the public sector with government agencies responsible for maintaining public infrastructure.

The potential for structural engineering in India is huge. LinkedIn data reveals that the prominent sectors actively hiring structural engineers include civil engineering, construction, oil and energy, automotive, and real estate. Within the construction industry, students have the opportunity to engage in the planning and supervision of building, bridge, and other structural projects. However, in the infrastructure sector, students can actively participate in the development of roads, dams, and transportation systems. Aerospace companies also employ structural engineers to design and analyse aircraft components. Moreover, there are ample opportunities in research and academia for students interested in higher education and innovation.

Summing Up

Civil and structural engineering stand as indispensable disciplines in our global world. While these two branches of engineering share a common goal of advancing our built environment, they maintain distinct identities. Civil engineering deals with the comprehensive construction of the built environment and tackles concerns related to sustainability and climate change. In contrast, structural engineering specialises in developing structures engineered to withstand the rigors of natural wear and tear. The civil engineering curriculum covers a spectrum of subjects, including mechanics and materials, while structural engineering offers specialisations in fields like aerospace and earthquake engineering. Furthermore, career opportunities in both of these fields are diverse, robust, and full of potential. In summary, civil and structural engineers stand as the architects of tomorrow's sustainable and resilient infrastructure.

Biotechnology Engineering vs. Genetic Engineering: Biotech Pathways
05 February 2024

Biotechnology Engineering vs. Genetic Engineering: Biotech Pathways

Biotechnology Engineering and Genetic Engineering are two closely related yet distinct biotech pathways that play pivotal roles in shaping the future of science and technology. Both disciplines harness living organisms' power and molecular processes but differ in their scopes, objectives, applications, and methodologies.

Biotechnology Engineering, often referred to simply as Biotechnology, is a broad field that integrates biological principles with engineering practices to develop innovative solutions for several industries. It encompasses multiple applications, including agriculture, medicine, environmental management, and industrial processes.

Genetic Engineering, conversely, is a subset of Biotechnology that focuses explicitly on directly manipulating an organism's genes. It involves altering the genetic material, typically DNA, to introduce desirable traits or eliminate unwanted characteristics. Genetic Engineering has revolutionised various fields, including medicine, agriculture, and industry, by allowing scientists to modify the genetic makeup of organisms. In the realm of medicine, Genetic Engineering has led to the development of gene therapies that hold the potential to treat and cure genetic disorders.

Course duration
The duration of Biotechnology Engineering and Genetic Engineering programmes can vary depending on the level of study. Both fields typically offer a four-year bachelor's degree programme at the undergraduate level. Students pursuing a bachelor's in Biotechnology Engineering or Genetic Engineering undergo a foundational curriculum that includes core courses in biology, chemistry, mathematics, and engineering principles. For those seeking advanced degrees, such as master's or Ph.D., the duration can vary. A master's programme generally takes two years to complete, while a Ph.D. programme can extend for three to five years, focusing on advanced research and specialisation.

Curriculum
Biotechnology Engineering is a broad and multidisciplinary field with a wide range of subjects that provide students with a comprehensive understanding of biotechnological applications. Primary courses in biology, chemistry, and engineering are usually included in the curriculum. Specialised electives including molecular biology, bioinformatics, bioprocess engineering, and bioethics are then studied. Additionally, students enrolled in Biotechnology Engineering programmes may work in practical laboratory work to obtain hands-on experience in bioprocessing, genetic engineering, and protein expression. Additionally, optional courses may allow students to tailor their education based on their specific interests within the field.

Core areas of study include:

  1. Biological sciences foundation
  2. Chemistry and Biochemistry
  3. Genetic engineering techniques
  4. Bioprocess engineering
  5. Microbial biotechnology
  6. Biopharmaceutical technology
  7. Bioinformatics
  8. Environmental biotechnology
  9. Ethics in biotechnology

The curriculum for Genetic Engineering is more focused and specialised, emphasising molecular biology and genetic manipulation techniques. Students delve into the intricacies of DNA manipulation, gene expression, and the ethical considerations surrounding genetic modifications. Laboratory work is a significant component of Genetic Engineering programmes, where students gain practical skills in gene editing techniques such as recombinant DNA technology and cloning. The focused nature of the curriculum prepares students for precision work in manipulating genetic material.
Core courses often include:

  1. Molecular genetics
  2. Gene editing technologies
  3. Genetic engineering principles
  4. Bioinformatics
  5. Genomic analysis
  6. Stem cell technology
  7. Medical genetics
  8. Pharmacogenomics

Career opportunities
Biotechnology engineers find diverse opportunities in pharmaceuticals, contributing to drug development and manufacturing. They play pivotal roles in agricultural biotechnology, enhancing crop yields and creating genetically modified organisms. In healthcare, they design medical devices and diagnostic tools, while environmental biotechnology offers roles in waste treatment, pollution control and sustainable resource utilisation. Food technologists work in the food industry to develop and improve processes for food production, preservation, and quality control. Research and development positions allow biotechnology engineers to explore innovative solutions like synthetic biology and bioinformatics.

On the other hand, genetic engineers focus on gene therapy, correcting genetic disorders, and advancing medical treatments. In agriculture, they contribute to genetically modified crops, creating plants with improved traits. Biomedical research offers opportunities to delve into the genetic basis of diseases. The field extends to genomic counselling, guiding individuals through the implications of their genetic information. Stem cell researcher explores the use of stem cells in genetic engineering applications, including regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. Genomic data analyst utilises bioinformatics tools to analyse genomic data, contributing to research in genetics and personalised medicine.

Conclusion
Both Biotechnology Engineering and Genetic Engineering open doors to impactful careers, shaping the future of medicine, agriculture, and biotechnology. While Biotechnology Engineering and Genetic Engineering share common roots and goals, they represent distinct branches with unique focuses and methodologies. Both fields contribute significantly to advancements in science and technology, driving innovation and shaping the future of various industries. Ultimately, the choice between Biotechnology Engineering and Genetic Engineering depends on individual interests and career aspirations within the broader realm of biotechnology and genetic sciences.

Materials Engineering vs. Environmental Engineering: Sustainability Focus
29 January 2024

Materials Engineering vs. Environmental Engineering: Sustainability Focus

Engineers play an important role in refining the raw materials that occur naturally to create useful devices and solutions. Engineering studies hone problem-solving skills, which can be applied in many fields. If you are passionate about protecting the planet and smartly using its limited resources, environmental engineering and materials engineering are two streams to learn about creating sustainable solutions to reduce pollution, minimise waste, recycle and reuse, create efficient waste management systems and so on. Engineering is the process of improving the system, increasing efficiency, and applying design processes to create solutions.

Course Eligibility and Duration: Materials Engineering vs. Environmental Engineering

Engineering courses can be pursued after 10th grade through a Diploma in Engineering. After a Diploma in Engineering, the Bachelor of Engineering programme is of 3 years duration. After 12th grade, the Bachelor of Engineering (BE) or Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) courses are of 4 years duration.

To be eligible for the programme, in 12th grade, the candidate must score a minimum of 50% with Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as compulsory subjects.

Curriculum and Syllabus: Materials Engineering vs. Environmental Engineering

Materials Engineering, or Material Science Engineering is an interdisciplinary field where one studies properties of matter and its application in various engineering and sciences. Students learn about ceramics, metals, polymers, composites, and semiconductors along with chemistry, physics, and life sciences. Students will understand the science of structures. The syllabus covers Basic Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, Chemistry, Engineering Drawing, Materials Characterisation, Phase Equilibrium in Materials, Computer Programming, Engineering Mechanics, Iron and steel-making, Thermodynamics, Kinetics of Materials, Mathematics and Physics, Industrial Economics, Electronic and Optical Materials, Corrosion and Degradation of Materials, Fundamentals of Materials Processing, Principles of Powder Processing, HeatTreatment of Metals, Diffusion in Solids, Manufacturing Processes: Selection and Design and so on.

Environmental engineering is a sub-branch of Chemical Engineering and Civil Engineering courses. It concerns itself with natural resource management, environmental pollution, and water resource management among other things.

The subjects studied in the courses are Engineering Maths, Engineering Physics, Elements of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Basic Electrical Engineering, Environmental Chemistry, Environmental Biology, Strength of Materials, Surveying Construction, Elements of Environmental Protection, Municipal Solid Waste Management, Origin and Characterisation of Environmental Pollution, Hydraulics and Hydraulic Machines, Applied Engineering Geology, Wastewater Collection and Drainage System, Water Treatment Engineering, Water Supply and Distribution System, Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Management and Entrepreneurship and so on.

Career Scope: Materials Engineering vs. Environmental Engineering

As a materials engineer, one can work in technical areas research and development, and manufacturing. One can also enter managerial roles in sales, marketing, consultation, or entrepreneurship. The roles available for Materials Engineer are -

  • Material handler - Work with manufacturing materials
  • Material scientist- research various fibres and naturally occurring materials Research scientist
  • Professor - teaches Material Engineering subjects

You can work in the transport industry, universities, space research organisations, mining industry, manufacturing industry, or FMCG companies to name a few. They can become an entrepreneur who manufactures clean and environment-friendly substitutes for harmful or expensive materials. Environmental Engineers work in roles such as -

  • Policy specialists - Provide policies and solutions
  • Hydrogeologists - work with ocean-based environment research
  • Safety design managers - design safe manufacturing standards
  • Ecologists - create eco-friendly solutions
  • Air quality engineers - assess air quality and specify measures to maintain optimum air quality
  • Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) specialists - design and execute sanitation and hygiene infrastructure and measures

Environmental engineers can work with non-government organisations, international environment conservation organisations and government bodies, they are in demand with the corporate social responsibility teams of multinational companies. They can work with financial institutions and law firms as expert consultants.

Sustainable development, sustainable manufacturing, clean energy sources, and recycling are strong terms and there is ample scope for engineers to contribute towards conservation and sustainability.

Both Materials Engineers and Environmental Engineers provide solutions for responsible development through innovative engineering solutions. If you feel strongly about conservation and environment protection, then merge your passion and talents to create actionable solutions as an engineer.

Comparing Software Engineering and Data Science in Engineering
22 January 2024

Comparing Software Engineering and Data Science in Engineering

Engineering is the application of science to amend the problems of real-life world problems that make day-to-day life a smoother process. Software engineering and Data Science engineering are two engineering branches of the new world. Software engineering is the field of science that deals with the systematic approach to the development, maintenance, and innovation of software. The course of B-Tech Software Engineering is designed to equip students to use various programming and software technologies to create scalable and reliable applications for the advancement of the world.

Data Science Engineering is a highly integrated field with a flexible approach to its purpose with respect to the industry chosen to work with. In short, Data Science Engineering helps with meaningful and adequate extraction of data and analysis of metrics with the respective requirement. The curriculum of Data Science Engineering is comprehensive after considering the industry's emerging needs and demand.

Software Engineering vs. Data Science Engineering: Course Duration and Eligibility

Software Engineering and Data Science Engineering are professional courses and the curriculum is designed for a span of 4 years. These four years are inclusive of theoretical classes, practical classes, internships, projects, and industrial visits.

The minimum eligibility criteria for enrolling in Software Engineering is passing Grade 12 or equivalent studies as accepted by the University with a percentage falling under the cut-offs.
The minimum eligibility criteria for enrolling in Data Science Engineering is passing Grade 12 or equivalent studies as accepted by the University with a percentage falling under the cut-offs.

Getting qualified for national engineering entrance exams like JEE is a plus criterion when considering the application for admissions.

Software Engineering vs. Data Science Engineering: Course Curriculum

The course Curriculum for the Bachelor of Technology in Software Engineering and Data Science Engineering is enhanced and extensive.

Below are the subjects learned throughout the course duration:

Software Engineering Course Curriculum:

Semester I

  • Soft Skills I
  • Calculus and Solid Geometry
  • Physics
  • Physics Lab
  • Chemistry
  • Chemistry Lab

Semester II

  • Soft Skills II
  • Advanced Calculus and Complex Analysis
  • Material Science
  • Principles of Environmental Science
  • Programming using C AND C++

Semester III

  • Language
  • Aptitude -I
  • Transforms and Boundary Value Problems
  • Computer Organisation & Architecture
  • Data Structures & Algorithms
  • Software Engineering
  • Programming using JAVA
  • Data Structures & Algorithms LAB
  • JAVA Programming Lab

Semester IV

  • Language
  • Aptitude II
  • Probability and Queuing Theory
  • Principles of Operating System and Compiler
  • Computer Networks
  • Software Architecture
  • Software Design
  • Software Project Management
  • Dep. Elective –I

Semester V

  • Aptitude III
  • Discrete Mathematics
  • Data Base Management Systems
  • Cloud Computing
  • Software Testing
  • Software Measurements and Metrics
  • Industrial Training
  • Dep. Elective -II
  • Open Elective I

Semester VI

  • Aptitude IV
  • Web Programming
  • Analysis of Software Artefacts
  • Software Quality Management
  • Software Maintenance and Administration
  • Minor Project
  • Dep. Elective III
  • Open Elective II
  • Open Elective III

Semester VII

  • Service Oriented Architecture
  • Software Process Maturity Models
  • Agile Software Process
  • Industrial Training II (Training to be undergone after VI semester) -
  • Dep. Elective IV
  • Dep. Elective V

Semester VIII

  • Major Project/ Practice School

Data Science Engineering Course Curriculum

Semester I

  • Professional English and Soft Skills
  • Matrices and Calculus
  • Engineering Physics/Engineering Materials
  • Problem-Solving Using C
  • Introduction to Digital Systems / Engineering and Design
  • Engineering Immersion Lab

Semester II

  • Analytical Mathematics
  • Engineering Physics/ Engineering Materials
  • Engineering Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Engineering and Design
  • Sustainable Engineering Systems
  • Data Structures
  • Python for Data Science
  • Engineering Immersion Lab
  • Engineering Physics Lab/ Materials Chemistry Lab

Semester III

  • Applied Linear Algebra
  • Design and Analysis of Algorithms
  • Database Management Systems
  • Java Programming
  • R for Data Science
  • Department Elective-I
  • Non-Department Elective- I
  • Database Management Systems Lab

Semester IV

  • Discrete Mathematics
  • Digital Marketing Analytics
  • Data Wrangling
  • Data Handling and Visualisation
  • Department Elective-II
  • Non-Department Elective–II
  • Data Wrangling Lab
  • Data Handling and Visualisation lab
  • Design Project-I
  • Internship

Semester V

  • Probability and Statistics
  • Business Intelligence and Analytics
  • Predictive Modeling and Analytics
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Professional Ethics and Life Skills
  • Department Elective-III
  • Non-Department Elective–III
  • Business Intelligence and Analytics Lab
  • Design Project with IoT

Semester VI

  • Software Project Management
  • Machine Learning
  • Data Warehousing and Data Mining
  • Modern Software Engineering
  • Business Economics
  • Department Elective-IV
  • Non-Department Elective–IV
  • Data Mining Tools Lab

Semester VII

  • Text Analytics and Natural Language Processing
  • Big Data and Analytics
  • Time series analysis and Forecasting
  • Deep Learning
  • Department Elective–V
  • Non-Department Elective-V
  • Real-time Case Study Lab
  • Design Project-III

Semester VIII

  • Project & Viva – voce

Software Engineering vs. Data Science Engineering: Career Opportunities

Software engineering as well as Data Science Engineering, these professional courses are booming and promising multiple career opportunities. Listed below are a few among the numerous career opportunities available:

Software Engineering Career Opportunities:

  • Video game designer: Incorporates the knowledge of software, computer science, graphic designing, and storytelling to create an engaging narrative-based video game
  • SQA engineer: Involves with evaluating and testing software to ensure it meets the quality standards and other specifications
  • Cyber security engineer: Designs and crafts secure network solutions to protect data against cyber attacks, hackers, and other data invasion threats
  • Applications Engineer: Engages with understanding the requirements, designing and improvising the software through multiple revisions and quality checking
  • Software project manager: Understands the client needs and assigns the software projects to various teams and guides them over the same
  • Software test engineer: Works with newly created software and applications and runs trial runs and tests to ensure the proper work and accuracy of the software

Data Science Engineering Career Opportunities:

  • Data analyst: Involves in gathering the data and interpreting the results to solve a specific or target problem faced by the venture
  • Data Engineer: Analyses and drafts data for operational usage of the enterprise
  • Business intelligence: Analyses a set of business strategies and converts it to actionable with impact (for boosting revenue generation)
  • Data Architect: Visualises and crafts an organisation’s data framework
  • Software Developer: Creates and crafts computer and mobile applications that the clients require as per their needs

In Short

After having gone through the course curriculum and other details of both subjects, it is understood that software engineering and data science engineering are two distinct in themselves but with certain cross-overs in specific areas. Both these professional courses are career-promising and in high demand in the industry for the pivotal role played by technology in almost all industries these days. The continuous progress and evolution of technology as a science and sector is indeed an insight into the subject’s existence in the world from a future perspective.

Aerospace Engineering vs. Biomedical Engineering: Making the Right Choice
16 January 2024

Aerospace Engineering vs. Biomedical Engineering: Making the Right Choice

Aerospace Engineering and Biomedical Engineering represent two fascinating and distinct branches of engineering that cater to diverse aspects of human life and technological innovation. There are various career opportunities in these fields, which reflect their unique contributions to technological innovation and societal well-being, from aircraft design to healthcare device development.

Aerospace Engineering focuses on designing and developing aircraft and spacecraft, involving aerodynamics, propulsion systems, and flight mechanics. It explores the skies and beyond, contributing to aviation and space exploration. Aerospace Engineering fascinates students with the awe of flight, spacecraft, and cutting-edge technology. On the other hand, Biomedical Engineering merges engineering principles with biology and medicine to address healthcare challenges.

Course duration
Aerospace Engineering programmes typically span four years at the undergraduate level, with students undergoing a comprehensive curriculum covering aerodynamics, propulsion systems, flight mechanics, and spacecraft design. A master's in Aerospace Engineering can take an additional two years, offering specialisation in avionics, aerospace systems, or propulsion, among other options. A doctoral programme in Aerospace Engineering generally requires an additional 3-5 years, emphasising advanced research and the development of expertise in a specialised area.

Biomedical Engineering undergraduate programmes typically also last four years. The curriculum is designed to include engineering, biology and medicine principles with an overview of biomechanics, bioinformatics and medical imaging. A master's in Biomedical Engineering is usually for two more years, which allows the students to gain an increased familiarity with particular areas of health and medical device design or tissue engineering. Doctoral programmes in Biomedical Engineering, similar to Aerospace Engineering, can take 3-5 years, emphasising original research and advancing knowledge in a specialised area.

Curriculum
Aerospace engineers are focused on studying the behaviour of air and gases in motion, essential for designing aircraft and spacecraft with optimum efficiency and performance. They contribute to developing and producing engines and propulsion systems for aircraft and spacecraft to ensure that they comply with relevant performance and safety standards. The study of aerospace engineering also includes analysing flight dynamics, including the control and stability of aircraft and spacecraft during different operation phases. Core subjects of study include:

    1. Mathematics and Physics foundations
    2. Engineering mechanics
    3. Materials Science
    4. Thermodynamics and fluid mechanics
    5. Aerodynamics
    6. Aerospace structures
    7. Propulsion systems
    8. Flight dynamics and control
    9. Aerospace design and project

Biomedical engineers study the mechanics of the human body to figure out how forces and structures interact. This is essential for the design of prosthetic limbs and ophthalmological implants and knowledge of musculoskeletal systems. They use computational tools to analyse biological data and help synthesise genomics, medical imaging and drug discovery. They also study more advanced imaging technologies such as MRI, CT scan and ultrasound, contributing to disease diagnosis and treatment planning. Biomedical engineers also study artificial tissues and organs, merging principles of engineering and biology to address organ transplantation challenges. Core areas of study include:

    1. Mathematics and Biology foundations
    2. Biomaterials
    3. Anatomy and physiology
    4. Biomechanics
    5. Medical imaging
    6. Biological signal processing
    7. Biomedical instrumentation
    8. Rehabilitation engineering


Career opportunities
Aerospace engineers contribute to the design and manufacture of aircraft, which ensures that the latter meets safety and performance requirements as well as regulatory standards. Opportunities exist in the design and development of spacecraft for exploration missions, satellite systems, and space station components. Electronic systems for aircraft and spacecraft, such as navigation, communication systems or controls, are also worked on by aerospace engineers. Careers in research institutions involve pushing the boundaries of aerospace technology, exploring new materials, and enhancing propulsion systems. Potential career opportunities include:

    1. Aircraft design engineer works on designing and developing aircraft, including commercial aeroplanes, military jets, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)
    2. Spacecraft systems engineer designs and optimises spacecraft systems for satellite missions, space exploration, and satellite communication
    3. Propulsion engineer focuses on designing and developing propulsion systems, including jet engines, rockets, and advanced propulsion technologies
    4. Avionics engineer works on the electronic systems of aircraft, including navigation systems, communication systems, and flight control systems
    5. Flight test engineer conducts and analyses flight tests to evaluate the performance and safety of aircraft and spacecraft
    6. Aerospace researcher studies advanced aerospace technologies, explores new materials, and contributes to the scientific understanding of aerodynamics and space exploration

In contrast, biomedical engineers are crucial in developing and manufacturing medical devices such as diagnostics tools, high-tech prosthetics or implants. They use their expertise in bioinformatics, genetics and tissue engineering to contribute to drug development in the pharmaceutical sector. Opportunities exist in research organisations focused on advances in medical technologies, genomics and regenerative medicine.

    1. Medical device design engineer works on designing and developing medical devices, such as prosthetics, implantable devices, and diagnostic equipment, to improve patient outcomes
    2. Biomechanical engineers apply engineering principles to understand the mechanical aspects of the human body, contributing to the design of orthopaedic implants and rehabilitation technologies
    3. Clinical engineers work in healthcare institutions to manage and maintain medical equipment, ensuring its proper functionality and safety
    4. Biomedical imaging engineers work on designing and improving medical imaging technologies, such as MRI, CT, and ultrasound, to enhance diagnostic capabilities
    5. Rehabilitation engineers designs technologies and devices to assist individuals with disabilities, such as mobility aids, communication devices, and adaptive technologies

In the broader range of engineering, Aerospace Engineering involves designing and developing aircraft and spacecraft that require technical expertise in aeronautics, propulsion systems, and flight mechanics. Those interested in improving patient outcomes and investigating the complex nature of human bodies can choose Biomedical Engineering. Both Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering offer exciting opportunities for exploration and innovation in an evolving engineering landscape, whether one is drawn to the sky and beyond or is passionate about improving healthcare outcomes.

Navigating Engineering Streams: Electronics vs. Chemical Engineering
08 January 2024

Navigating Engineering Streams: Electronics vs. Chemical Engineering

The demand for Engineering graduates has only grown over the years, prompting a drastic increase in students opting to pursue a Bachelor of Engineering (BE), Bachelor of Science (BS), Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) or similar graduate programmes. If you find science and technology interesting, whether it is working with a screwdriver or mixing chemicals in a laboratory, you must consider Engineering for graduation. We will look at Electronics Engineering and Chemical Engineering in this blog.

Course duration and eligibility: Electronics vs. Chemical Engineering

To join an Engineering graduate programme, you can do a Diploma in Engineering after the 10th grade and then transfer to a graduate programme in the same course. Or, to qualify for an undergraduate engineering programme after high school, you must complete 12th grade with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology or Computers as compulsory subjects. The minimum scores are 50% in the 12th board exams and appear for entrance exams such as CET, JEE, or GATE. For international colleges, you must appear for SAT and TOEFL or IELTS.

Available Courses: Electronics Engineering and Chemical Engineering

Depending on a student’s interest and aptitude they can choose either stream or opt for integrated courses with these subjects. Some options are –

Electronics Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Biochemical engineering

Electronics and communication engineering

Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology

Sound Engineering

Material Science

The BE/ B.Tech courses curriculum will include classroom time, lab time, theoretical exams, practical exams, viva voce, and projects. Some institutes also offer internship programmes.

Course Curriculum and Syllabus: Electronics Engineering and Chemical Engineering

Electronics engineering is the study of nonlinear and active electrical components for designing electronic circuits, integrated circuits, devices, and other equipment and systems. It is a branch of electrical engineering that deals with all types of consumer electronic devices, industrial electronics, or research-related electronic equipment. The subjects covered in Electronics engineering are Applied Physics, Mathematics, Electrical Engineering, Electronic Devices and Circuits, Engineering Linear, Engineering Drawing Laboratory, Digital Communication, Digital System, Mechanics of Engineering Design, Circuit and Networks, Control Systems, Instrumentation Systems, Computer organisation, Power Electronics, Micro Electromechanical Systems and Industrial Automation.

Chemical engineering is the study of ideas and techniques for transforming chemicals and raw materials into finished goods. These finished goods can be fuel, paint, textile fabric, or industrial raw materials. Chemical engineers understand the nature of chemicals and naturally occurring materials and how they can be used for solving problems such as developing technology to harness clean energy, increasing food production or making essential goods for society. The subjects studied in a chemical engineering course are Engineering Mathematics, Engineering Physics, Engineering Chemistry, Engineering materials, Fluid mechanics, Mechanical operations, Instrumental methods for analysis, Chemical Engineering, Thermodynamics, Mathematics, Heat Transfer, Optimisation Techniques, Equilibrium, Staged Operations, Polymer Technology, Diffusional Mass Transfer Operations, Statics and Strength of Materials, Process Dynamics and Control, Modelling, Computer simulation & Optimisation, Chemical Technology and Membrane Separation Technology.

Scope after graduation: Electronics Engineering and Chemical Engineering

With graduation in electronics engineering, you can consider a post-graduate course with a specialisation in –

  • Communication electronics
  • Analogue electronics
  • Microprocessors
  • Mobile technologies
  • Embedded Electronic system design
  • Electronics and telecommunication
  • Textile engineering
  • Nanotechnology

You can consider careers with MNCs, academics, and public sector organisations. You can work in roles such as –

  • Test Engineer - test the products for usage, efficiency, quality etc.
  • Product designer - design new electronics products and their various parts
  • Electronics Engineer - Work in manufacturing and development of electronic goods
  • Project manager - Manage projects on product development and manufacturing
  • Electronics technologist - innovate technologies for electronics manufacturing
  • Network planning manager - Plan, design, and build electronic networks.
  • Development Engineer - Develop new products to serve unique functionalities.
  • Communication systems designer - Design electronic communication channels and implement them

You can look at job opportunities in research and development, consumer electronics manufacturing companies, the telecommunication industry, defence organisations, IT and software companies, space research companies, and other similar companies.

Scope after graduation in Chemical Engineering

After graduation, you can choose a postgraduate course with specialisation in domains such as –

  • Food engineering
  • Ceramic engineering
  • Petroleum engineering
  • Food engineering
  • Crystal engineering
  • Nuclear engineering
  • Biological engineering

You can work in roles such as -

  • Material engineer - Study materials for use and application in various functions
  • Chemical engineer - work with different chemicals for industrial use
  • Energy manager - Design efficient energy usage paradigms
  • Mining engineer - Design and execute mining implements and more
  • Oil & gas engineer - Work in extraction and purification of oil
  • Analytical chemist - analyse chemical and their application

You can work in industries such as plastic, rubber, textile, chemical manufacturing, petroleum industry, fertiliser, or aerospace industry.

Both electronics and chemicals are interesting fields with incredible scope and interesting opportunities. You can also consider pursuing a management or entrepreneurship programme and building a business in the chemical or electronics fields.

Exploring Core Disciplines: Civil Engineering vs. Computer Science Engineering
11 December 2023

Exploring Core Disciplines: Civil Engineering vs. Computer Science Engineering

A recent survey claimed that civil engineering witnessed a job growth of 15%, while computer engineering accounted for 16% in the last two years. LinkedIn also mentioned that these two engineering disciplines are one of the top career choices in India and abroad. Civil engineering involves the planning and supervision of infrastructure projects like roads, bridges, airports, and water systems. On the other hand, computer science engineering focuses on designing algorithms and software. Both disciplines involve critical thinking and problem-solving and offer rewarding career opportunities across different fields.

While both disciplines have their own unique benefits and opportunities, civil engineering tends to be more physically demanding than computer science. This means that civil engineers frequently involve themselves in physically demanding tasks such as architectural projects, construction management, land surveying, and transportation engineering. Conversely, the majority of computer science engineers work in areas that are not physically strenuous, such as software developers, database administrators, and web developers. In addition to this contrast, there are other characteristics that set these engineering disciplines apart. Today, we shall explore these two core disciplines and help make an informed career choice!

Civil Engineering vs. Computer Science Engineering: Duration and Eligibility

The undergraduate (UG) programmes offered in civil engineering and computer science engineering include a Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) and a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) respectively. The duration of both of these UG degrees is four years, divided into eight semesters. Students can pursue higher education by opting for a Master of Engineering (M.E) or a Master of Technology (M.Tech) in the respective fields. The duration of these post-graduate (PG) programmes is 2 years, split into 4 semesters.

The eligibility criteria to enrol in engineering courses require successful completion of 10+2 from a recognised board with a minimum of 50% marks. Moreover, students are encouraged to focus on subjects like mathematics, physics, and chemistry during their high school education. Admission to prestigious engineering colleges typically necessitates a satisfactory score in national entrance exams like the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) or state entrance exams such as the Consortium of Medical, Engineering, and Dental Colleges of Karnataka (COMEDK), among others. For admissions in PG programmes, students need to hold 50% of their bachelor degree, followed by scoring cut-off marks in the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) exam.

Civil Engineering vs. Computer Science Engineering: Curriculum

Civil engineering encompasses the field of planning, constructing, and maintaining critical infrastructure, including highways, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewage systems, railway systems, and more. Students leverage their expertise in mathematics, science, and engineering to confront challenges and develop durable and efficient structures. Essential components of the curriculum include disciplines like structural engineering, geotechnical engineering, transportation engineering, environmental engineering, and construction management. Beyond theoretical knowledge, students frequently participate in industrial training and on-site projects. The civil engineering curriculum is meticulously crafted to equip students with the knowledge and skills required to tackle a wide range of challenges in the field, from smaller-scale structures to large-scale infrastructure projects.

Computer Science Engineering (CSE) is an academic programme that blends the fields of computer engineering and computer science. The CSE curriculum covers a diverse range of subjects, with a strong focus on computer programming and networking. Throughout the course, students explore various topics, including computation, algorithms, programming languages, programme design, computer software, computer hardware, and more. CSE students engage with various aspects of computing, spanning from the intricate design of microprocessors and supercomputers to circuit design and software development. Students also gain exposure to advanced concepts in artificial intelligence, machine learning, and cybersecurity. The curriculum often integrates experiential learning through coding assignments, projects, and internships.

Civil Engineering vs. Computer Science Engineering: Career Opportunities

Civil engineering plays a significant role in developing a region's infrastructure, rendering it one of the most highly demanded courses in India. Following their graduation, students can work in both the private and public sectors, engaging in construction projects and upholding rigorous safety standards. Students can also specialise in specific domains like geotechnical or design engineering or take on managerial roles within the field. Students can work as surveyors, responsible for measuring and recording property boundaries and locations to establish building site specifications. Additionally, students can explore a career role as a CAD technician, utilising computer-aided design software to plan projects. Building engineering is another prominent career choice where students apply their extensive knowledge of heating and cooling systems to ensure compliance with local fire and building codes. Water hygiene engineers work in water treatment plants, overseeing system operations and treatment protocols. Students can also pursue careers as urban planners, where they collaborate with public officials, developers, and communities to create land development strategies.

In the era of increasing dependence on digital technology, computer science engineers lead the way in innovation and addressing challenges. The rising prevalence of smartphones and the Internet of Things has further increased the demand for computer science engineers. Opting for a profession in CSE equips students with the technology, analytical, and communication skills required to transition to various other tech-related occupations. After graduation, students can work as multimedia programmers, responsible for writing code to ensure video, animation, and graphics work seamlessly. Students can also consider a career as a technical support specialist, where they collaborate closely with end-users to troubleshoot and resolve hardware, software, and technical issues. Web developers are tasked with the design, construction, and maintenance of websites and web applications, employing a variety of technologies and programming languages. Furthermore, students can work as forensic computer analysts, using specialised software and methodologies to investigate and secure data associated with criminal activities. Lastly, students can opt for the position of a computer programmer, responsible for transforming software designs into code and developing operating systems (OS) and software applications.

Way Forward

In summary, the recent job market statistics indicate a strong demand for both civil engineering and computer science engineering. These disciplines are not only highly sought-after in India but also offer promising career opportunities globally. When considering a career in either field, students must assess their preferences, strengths, and aspirations. Both civil engineering and computer science engineering offer undergraduate and postgraduate programmes, with specific eligibility criteria and entrance examinations. The civil engineering curriculum emphasises infrastructure planning and development, while computer science engineering covers a broad spectrum of subjects, including programming, networking, and advanced technologies. The choice between civil engineering and computer science engineering should align with students’ interests and career goals, as both fields provide ample opportunities for personal and professional growth!

Computer Engineering vs. Electronics Engineering: Which is the Right Course for You?
04 December 2023

Computer Engineering vs. Electronics Engineering: Which is the Right Course for You?

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, by 2029, there is an anticipated growth of 11% in the employment opportunities in computer engineering professions. The deployment of 5G networks and the advancement of 5G-compatible devices are causing a huge demand for electronics and telecommunications engineers on a global scale.

The tremendous growth of computer engineering and electronic engineering is inspiring numerous students to pursue a career in these two domains. Computer engineering covers the intricate fusion of hardware and software that powers our computing devices. On the other hand, electronics engineering explores the vast landscape of electronic circuits, components, and systems. Both fields play a crucial role in advancing innovation, however, they specialise in different segments of the technological landscape. In this blog, we will dive deep into each discipline to help identify which course is the ideal choice for you.

Courses, Certification, and Duration

In the field of computer engineering, you can opt for undergraduate (UG) programmes such as Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) and Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in computer engineering. Both the UG programmes have a duration of 4 years, organised into 8 semesters. Furthermore, you can pursue a Master's degree in this field, which is a 2-year course divided into 4 semesters.

Conversely, if you are interested in pursuing a career in electronics engineering, there are two undergraduate options available: Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) and Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in electronics engineering. Each of these options have a 4-year duration, followed by a 2-year postgraduate degree programme in the respective stream.

Additionally, you can augment your earning potential, expertise, and career opportunities by pursuing further licensure and training. Some companies may require electronic or computer engineers to hold specific certifications or licenses, so it is advisable to review the prerequisites of the company you wish to join. For instance, as an electronic engineer, you can obtain additional certifications through organisations like the International Society of Certified Electronics Technicians (ISCET) or the Electronics Technicians Association (ETA). In the case of computer engineering, you can expand your qualifications through various online certification programmes encompassing hardware, software, networking, and related fields.

Course Curriculum

The curriculum for computer engineering comprises a wide spectrum of subjects that pertain to both computer hardware and software systems. You will dive deep into subjects such as digital logic design, microprocessor systems, computer architecture, and computer organisation. You will also study the programming languages, algorithms, data structures, and software engineering principles. To ensure a well-rounded education, mathematics and physics courses are often included to provide a solid theoretical foundation for the field. Additionally, you may explore specialised areas such as computer networks, embedded systems, and artificial intelligence. Hands-on practical experience is a vital component, involving laboratory work and internships. This comprehensive curriculum equips you with the knowledge and skills required to design, develop, and maintain both hardware and software components of computing systems..

On the other hand, the electronics engineering curriculum is tailored to impart you with the knowledge and skills essential for working with electronic circuits, devices, and systems. The curriculum encompasses fundamental subjects like circuit theory, analog and digital electronics, and semiconductor devices. You will gain insights into electromagnetic fields, signal processing, and control systems, establishing a strong foundation in electrical engineering principles.In addition to these core subjects, you will often study microelectronics, digital signal processing, and embedded systems. The curriculum may also include courses in communication systems, power electronics, and robotics, depending on the programme's specialisation. You will gain practical experience through hands-on laboratory work and projects. This comprehensive curriculum prepares you to design, analyse, and troubleshoot electronic systems, making it essential for today's technology-driven world.

Future Scope

The future scope of computer engineering is incredibly promising and dynamic. With the increasing integration of technology into various aspects of our lives, you will play a crucial role in developing innovative solutions. Areas like artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, data science, and the Internet of Things (IoT) present enticing career prospects for computer engineers. Furthermore, the expansion of cloud computing, mobile technology, and software development guarantees a diverse array of opportunities in both hardware and software fields. As industries become increasingly reliant on automation and digital systems, you will be at the forefront of creating cutting-edge applications. Moreover, the growth of cloud computing, mobile technology, and software development ensures a wide range of options in both hardware and software domains.

The future scope of electronics engineering is marked by a wealth of exciting and evolving career opportunities. Fields like integrated circuit design, renewable energy systems, and telecommunications offer compelling career prospects for electronics engineers. With the increasing emphasis on sustainability, electronics engineers specialising in green technologies and energy-efficient systems are in high demand. The emergence of 5G technology and the proliferation of the Internet of Things (IoT) offer career roles for engineers in the development and enhancement of communication systems. Additionally, progress in the field of medical devices and automation technology has enabled the electronics engineers to pioneer innovations in the healthcare and manufacturing industries.. The role of electronics engineering is integral to developing new electronic components and systems that drive progress in various industries.

Way Forward

The fields of computer engineering and electronics engineering hold promising career avenues in the field of technology. These two disciplines offer unique pathways, each with its own set of opportunities and areas of specialisation. Computer engineering covers both hardware and software systems, while electronics engineering focuses on electronic circuits, semiconductors, and practical applications. Future prospects are bright, with computer engineers driving innovations in AI, cybersecurity, and software development. Conversely, electronics engineers play a key role in the development of integrated circuits, renewable energy solutions, and 5G telecommunications. Irrespective of the path chosen, both of these engineering disciplines provide an opportunity to be at the forefront of innovation, actively shaping the future of technology in distinctive and meaningful ways.

Architectural Engineering vs. Civil Engineering: Which is the Right Course for You?
27 November 2023

Architectural Engineering vs. Civil Engineering: Which is the Right Course for You?

Are you passionate about pursuing a career in designing and construction? If so, both civil engineering and architectural engineering are promising career avenues. These esteemed fields are involved in the creation of diverse structures, ranging from buildings and roads to bridges and dams. However, while their shared focus on construction may seem similar, these two disciplines possess features that sets them apart. If you are curious to know which is the right course, read on!

Course Focus and Duration

Architectural engineering encompasses conceptualisation and arrangement of structures such as buildings, industrial facilities, art galleries, sports arenas, corporate towers, and more. The courses available in this discipline are Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) and Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in architectural engineering. Both of these undergraduate (UG) degrees are four years long, divided into eight semesters. You can also pursue a 2-year Master degree in relevant domains if you are interested in higher education.

Civil engineering is a broader field that deals with the planning, design, construction, and maintenance of various infrastructure projects. These are large-scale projects such as roads, bridges, dams, tunnels, and water supply systems. You can pursue a UG degree in this field by opting for B.E or B.Tech in civil engineering followed by a master degree. The duration of the UG programmes is 4 years, while that of a master degree is 2 years.

Course Curriculum

The curriculum of architectural engineering comprises core subjects such as mathematics, physics, and basic engineering principles. The courses cover the principles of architectural design, including concepts of aesthetics, space planning, and functional design. You will learn about the various building systems, structural systems, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning), electrical systems, and plumbing. Environment management is also a crucial component of the curriculum that deals with sustainable design, energy efficiency, and indoor air quality. You may need to participate in internships, industrial visits, and projects as a part of the curriculum’s practical learning experience.

Civil engineering, on the other hand, covers basic engineering concepts and structural engineering. You will learn to design and analyse various structural elements, such as bridges, buildings, and others. Geotechnical engineering and transportation engineering are two important topics covered in a civil engineering curriculum. While the former teaches about soil mechanics and geotechnical principles, the latter focuses on topics like hydrology and water supply systems. Similar to architectural engineering, civil engineering often includes environmental subjects, covering topics like wastewater treatment and environmental impact assessment. Additionally, you need to attend internships and workshops to learn about construction methods, project management, and cost estimation.

Career Opportunities

Architectural engineering offers a range of compelling career opportunities in areas of architectural design and engineering techniques. After graduation in this field, you can work for design firms, construction companies, and public agencies. One primary career path is that of an architectural engineer, where you will work closely with architects to ensure that building designs are both aesthetically pleasing and structurally sound. Architectural engineers are involved in the design and integration of building systems such as HVAC, electrical, and plumbing. Moreover, you will play a significant role in improving energy efficiency and sustainable building practices. Other career options include working in construction management, where you oversee projects from concept to completion, ensuring they meet safety standards and design specifications. With the increasing focus on green building practices, you can also specialise in promoting eco-friendly building solutions.

Civil engineering is a diverse field that presents a wide array of career opportunities after graduation. You can work as a civil engineer, responsible for the planning, design, construction, and maintenance of infrastructure projects. You will be highly sought after by government agencies in the public sector to manage large-scale public works projects. Private consulting firms will also hire you to provide specialised services to a variety of corporate clients. Some civil engineers become structural engineers, focusing on the design and analysis of buildings and other structures. Geotechnical engineers deal with the mechanics of soils and foundations, ensuring the stability of structures. Transportation engineers work on transportation systems, including traffic management and road design. Additionally, you can also work as a water resources engineer, dealing with projects related to water supply, and wastewater treatment.

Which One to Choose?

So far, you have understood the intricacies of each discipline. However, when considering the choice between architectural and civil engineering, it is important to understand that there isn't a definitive "better" option. You should opt for the courses based on your preferences and long-term goals. If your passion lies in the design and planning of traditional structures, architectural engineering is a suitable option. If you are inclined towards an office-based role and prefer not to engage directly in the construction process, you must pursue this engineering!

On the other hand, if you want to engage in every stage of construction, civil engineering is a recommended pathway. Civil engineering offers a dynamic career that combines office work with hands-on field experience. Therefore, you must carefully assess your individual interests and career objectives before making the final call!

Mechatronics vs. Robotics: Navigating the Future of Automation
20 November 2023

Mechatronics vs. Robotics: Navigating the Future of Automation

The future of mechatronics and robotics in India and around the world appears promising and dynamic. The potential of both these domains is propelled by rapid technological advancements, a constant need for automation, and the call for innovative solutions across various sectors. As manufacturing and production processes become progressively automated, the demand for skilled professionals in industries such as automotive, electronics, and pharmaceuticals is set to continually expand. Recent emphasis by a defense council has underscored the critical role of mechatronics and robotics in India and globally, particularly in operating unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), bomb disposal robots, and surveillance drones for both national and international security.

While the term 'robotics' is familiar to many, 'mechatronics' might be less well-known. Mechatronics is an emerging engineering discipline that is gaining traction in response to the growing automation of tasks previously carried out by humans. This engineering discipline focuses on the principles behind creating and producing automated machinery. Robotics is often considered a subset of mechatronics engineering; however, these two are considered separate disciplines in general. Let us delve further into these two engineering fields and understand which is a better career in automation:

Mechatronics vs. Robotics: Course Duration and Eligibility

The undergraduate (UG) courses offered in mechatronics are a Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) and a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in mechatronics. These two specialised UG programmes have a duration of 4 years, divided into 8 semesters. As far as post-graduation (PG) is concerned, students can pursue a Master of Engineering (M.E) and a Master of Technology (M.Tech) in mechatronics. The duration of these PG courses encompasses 2 years, split into 4 semesters. Besides these courses, there are other 1-year diploma courses in mechatronics in India, including automation systems, CAD/CAM, and electrical systems.

Robotics, on the other hand, offers UG courses such as B.E and B.Tech in robotics, respectively, each entailing a duration of 4 years and 8 semesters. Additionally, students can also pursue a Master degree in a relevant field, which consists of a duration of 2 years, divided into 4 semesters. There are other diploma courses in the field of robotics, encompassing a duration of one year. The specialisations offered by these diploma courses include industrial robotics, mobile robotics, and medical robotics.

Admissions to UG mechatronics and robotics programmes are determined after attaining the benchmark score from either of the entrance examinations and merit lists. Entrance exams such as Joint Entrance Examinations (JEE) (Main and Advanced) and JoSAA Counselling are administered to secure admission to IITs, NITs, IIITs, and GFTIs. State-level entrance exams are organised for admission to government engineering colleges or universities at the state level. To gain entry into private engineering courses, students can utilise state-level entrance exams, direct admission, or management quota options. For admission to deemed universities, either JEE Main or university-level entrance exams are conducted. Furthermore, students must have completed their Class XII education at a school affiliated with a recognised board and obtained a minimum of 50% marks in the science stream.

Mechatronics vs. Robotics: Course Curriculum

Mechatronics is a multi-disciplinary domain that combines aspects of mechanical engineering, electronics, and computer science. This engineering field focuses on blending mechanical and electronic systems to produce intelligent and automated products and procedures. Students learn about different topics such as mechanical design, electronics and circuits, microcontroller programming, and control systems. To bridge theory with practice, mechatronics programmes often emphasise internships and practical training. These internships provide students with valuable hands-on experience in real-world engineering settings. Practical training may encompass working with industrial automation systems, electronic components, and integrated control systems.

Conversely, robotics is a specialised branch of mechatronics that primarily focuses on the design, construction, and programming of robots. While robotics is a part of mechatronics, it has a more specific focus on creating robotic systems. The curriculum of a robotics course covers topics such as robot kinematics, dynamics, sensor integration, and robot programming. Students often engage in internships or cooperative experiences with companies or research institutions specialising in robotics. These opportunities expose students to the intricacies of robotic design and operation, and they may involve hands-on work with various types of robots, such as industrial robots, autonomous vehicles, or robotic arms.

Mechatronics vs. Robotics: Career Opportunities

The growth of industrialisation has led to a notable upsurge in the requirement for mechatronics specialists within a broad spectrum of industries. As sectors like automotive, aerospace, consumer electronics, and healthcare consistently expand and embrace automation, employers will perpetually seek out mechatronics professionals. With the growing focus on automation and robotics in manufacturing and logistics, there will be an increased demand for mechatronics engineers capable of developing and deploying automated systems and robots. A career in mechatronics offers abundant job opportunities across various sectors. Upon graduation, students can explore careers as mechatronics engineers, where they design, develop, and maintain complex automated systems, manufacturing processes, and robotic applications. Other roles include control systems engineering, specialising in the creation and management of integrated control systems that regulate machinery and processes. As the Internet of Things (IoT) gains prominence, there is a growing need for mechatronics experts to engage in IoT development, integrating sensors and data analytics into smart devices and industrial applications.

Conversely, the field of robotics also presents substantial career prospects, with a multitude of job openings spanning various industries. With the expanding utilisation of automation and intelligent systems in fields as diverse as manufacturing, healthcare, logistics, and space exploration, the demand for robotics professionals is on a continuous upswing. Robotic engineers and specialists design, build, and programme robotic systems, whether for industrial automation, autonomous vehicles, or medical applications. Upon graduation, students can advance their career as robotics software engineers, responsible for developing the software and algorithms that control and coordinate robotic systems. Another interesting career avenue is that of an autonomous vehicle engineer, designing self-driving vehicles and related technologies, such as sensors and computer vision systems. Students can also pursue a career as robotic process automation (RPA) developers, responsible for creating automated software bots that mimic human actions. Lastly, students can also become human-robot interaction (HRI) designers, developing user-friendly interfaces and interactions between humans and robots in applications like customer service or healthcare.

Mechatronics vs. Robotics: A Way Forward

The oscillating demand for automation and innovative solutions has elevated mechatronics and robotics as appealing career pathways in India and abroad. Mechatronics, a rising discipline, combines mechanical, electronic, and computer engineering, offering multidisciplinary expertise. Meanwhile, robotics focuses on designing, building, and programming robotic systems for various applications. As students explore these fields, they can expect diverse and engaging career opportunities across industries like aerospace, healthcare, and others. The students’ expertise in developing and maintaining automated systems and robotic applications is indispensable in today’s evolving landscape. Therefore, students should align their areas of interest and explore careers in robotics software engineering, autonomous vehicle engineering, and various other disciplines.

Psychology vs. Computer Science: Which is the Right Course for You?
07 November 2023

Psychology vs. Computer Science: Which is the Right Course for You?

A survey by a reputed university found that several students are opting for psychology and computer science majors for their undergraduate degrees in India. Factors such as societal pressures, digital connectivity, and global events like the COVID-19 pandemic have contributed to the demands of psychologists in recent times. Conversely, technological advancements that have revolutionised sectors such as healthcare, finance, transportation, and entertainment have created opportunities for lucrative careers in the field of computer science. If you are contemplating which course aligns best with your aspirations, today we will conduct an in-depth examination of each discipline, shedding light on the distinctions between them!

Psychology vs. Computer Science: Course Duration

In the field of psychology, undergraduate (UG) programmes include Bachelor of Psychology (B.Sc), a specialised 3-year degree programme. You also have the option to pursue higher education with a Master of Science (M.Sc) in the same field, which is a 2-year course. Additionally, there's the opportunity to apply for a Master of Philosophy (M.Phil), a 2-year academic research programme.

As for computer science, UG courses encompass the B.Sc in Computer Science and the Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Computer Science. The former spans 3 years, while the latter covers 4 years, divided into 8 semesters. Furthermore, post-graduation (PG) options in this field include M.Sc. and M.Tech in Computer Science, respectively. The duration of these two PG courses is two years.

Psychology vs. Computer Science: Course Curriculum

The curriculum of psychology explores scientific areas of human behaviour and mental processes. The programme explores various facets of the mind, including emotions, cognition, behaviour, and underlying psychological processes. The syllabus covers fundamental subjects such as an introduction to psychology, research methods in psychology, biological psychology, developmental psychology, cognitive psychology, and social psychology. Additionally, the curriculum covers other essential areas like statistics for psychology, experimental psychology, psychopathology, behavioural neuroscience, and more.

On the contrary, computer science programs concentrate on the study of algorithms, data structures, computation, and the design and evaluation of software and hardware systems. The course also encompasses the theoretical and practical aspects of computer technology. The primary subjects covered in a computer science curriculum include an introduction to computer science, programming fundamentals, data structures and algorithms, computer architecture, operating systems, database management systems, and software engineering. Furthermore, the course delves into topics such as object-oriented programming, web development, networks and data communications, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, and machine learning.

Psychology vs. Computer Science: Career Opportunities

A career in the field of psychology helps you gain insights into human behaviour, develop therapeutic skills, and cultivate empathy and active listening. Throughout the programme, you will also develop competence in research methodologies, statistical analysis, and ethical principles. Learning these skills will help you forge a rewarding career in both clinical practice and scientific research. Upon completion of your studies, you can pursue roles as clinical psychologists, counsellors, and therapists within settings such as hospitals, clinics, rehabilitation centres, and private practices. There's also the opportunity to serve as educational counsellors in schools, colleges, and universities, aiding in the support of student's academic and emotional well-being. Additionally, you can take on the role of a forensic psychologist, assisting in criminal investigations, working in correctional facilities, and providing expert testimony in legal proceedings. As trained psychologists, you can also pursue research and teaching careers in universities, research institutions, and academic publishing.

As computer science experts, you will develop proficiencies in programming, software development, algorithms, and problem-solving capabilities. In addition to these competencies, you will also gain expertise in domains like cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, and data analytics. Your domain knowledge and experience will pave the way for rewarding career opportunities in the areas of technology solutions and addressing complex computing challenges. Lately, computer scientists and engineers are in demand in the tech industry, working for companies ranging from startups to tech giants. The financial institutions also employ computer scientists for algorithmic trading, risk assessment, and financial software development. Given the rising occurrence of cyber threats, there is a growing demand for cybersecurity experts who can safeguard data and systems across various organisations. Moreover, as businesses transition to cloud-based operations, there will also be a surge in the need for cloud architects and engineers to design and oversee cloud infrastructure.

Conclusion

Psychology and computer science present promising career pathways across diverse industries. While a degree in psychology programmes equips individuals with deep insights into human behaviour, a computer science programme renders expertise in programming algorithms and technology solutions. Upon graduation in psychology, you can utilise your clinical skills and research proficiency to explore careers in clinical practice, counselling, and education. Conversely, the versatility of computer science knowledge will allow you to explore roles in software development, data analytics, and cybersecurity. Although distinct, both fields offer opportunities for personal growth, societal impact, and fulfilling careers in the rapidly evolving landscape of the 21st century.

Engineering Specialisations: A Detailed Comparative Analysis
30 October 2023

Engineering Specialisations: A Detailed Comparative Analysis

Engineering has historically been a preferred career choice for many students worldwide due to its features like job stability, and high earning opportunities. The engineering programmes impart practical and skill-focused training that prepares the students for a bright future in the field of technology and innovation. Given the variety of programmes offered within the engineering courses, choosing the appropriate specialisation can often pose a considerable challenge. Our blog aims to delve into All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) approved engineering specialisations, which can lead to a multitude of career paths.

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineering utilises the principles derived from physics and mathematics to design, analyse, manufacture, and maintain mechanical systems and apparatus. This field of engineering caters to developing solutions for a diverse array of mechanical challenges. Mechanical engineering encompasses various domains of study, including machinery, engines, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) systems, manufacturing machinery, and more.

Civil Engineering

After military engineering, civil engineering is the second-oldest engineering branch in the world. Civil engineering applies physical and scientific principles to plan, construct, and sustain both human-made and natural environments. This field of engineering encompasses infrastructure such as airports, bridges, buildings, canals, power plants, railways, sewage systems, and others. Civil engineers employ scientific and engineering principles to develop secure, efficient, and sustainable infrastructure that fulfils community needs and bolsters economic growth.

Electronics & Communications Engineering

Electronics & Communications Engineering (ECE), commonly known as ECE, represents a specialised engineering branch dedicated to the examination, design, and application of electronic and communication systems. ECE emphasises diverse technologies, such as electronic circuits, microprocessors, telecommunications, and more. ECE graduates contribute to the development of communication devices and systems such as smartphones, satellites, radio and television broadcasting, and internet connectivity.

Electrical & Electronics Engineering

Electrical and Electronics Engineering (EE) constitutes a branch of engineering focused on the study, design, and application of electrical and electronic systems. EE Engineering encompasses a broad spectrum of technologies, covering aspects like electrical power generation, distribution, microelectronics, and digital systems. EE engineers engage in various applications, ranging from electrical grids and power networks to crafting electronic devices and integrated circuits.

Computer Science Engineering

Computer Science Engineering (CSE) specialises in the planning, implementation, and management of both software and hardware components within information systems. Computer science engineers tackle a diverse array of computing systems, encompassing activities such as designing software applications and algorithms, as well as maintaining computer hardware components. These engineers play a crucial role in developing cutting-edge technology in domains like artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, software development, and computer networking.

Information Science Engineering

Information Science Engineering focuses on the study, design, and application of information systems and technology. This engineering discipline focuses on managing and processing data, information retrieval, and the development of software to facilitate efficient information handling. Information Science Engineers work on designing databases, information systems, web applications, and data analytics tools.  Information Science engineers play a vital role in managing and optimising the flow of information in various industries, such as healthcare, finance, and e-commerce.

Aerospace Engineering

Aerospace Engineering is an engineering specialisation aimed at developing aircraft and spacecraft. This discipline is bifurcated into two primary categories, aeronautical and astronautical engineering, offering comprehensive training in designing, fabricating, and maintaining aircraft, spacecraft, and missiles. Aerospace engineers engage in diverse aspects of aerospace technology, including aerodynamics, propulsion systems, materials, control systems, and structural design.

Food Technology

Food Technology, on the other hand, falls under the engineering branch and concentrates on aspects like food product manufacturing, preservation, quality assurance, and research and development. Food technologists are dedicated to enhancing and innovating food products, ensuring compliance with safety standards, nutritional requirements, and consumer preferences. These professionals employ a wide array of techniques and technologies to create new food items, refine food processing methodologies, and extend product shelf life while upholding quality and safety standards.

Biotechnology Engineering

Biotechnology combines biology and technology for practical applications to develop innovative products and solutions. This field of engineering is often branched into different specialisations such as genetic engineering, agricultural biotechnology, medical biotechnology, and others. Graduates in biotechnology engineering play a vital role in improving agriculture practices, environmental conservation and waste management. Biotechnology is a dynamic and impactful discipline with applications spanning healthcare, agriculture, industry, and the environment.

Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical Engineering is a multidisciplinary field of study that combines engineering principles in healthcare settings. The application of this field includes creating prosthetic limbs, medical imaging devices, artificial organs, and healthcare software. Biomedical Engineering plays a vital role in advancing medical technology, improving patient outcomes, and enhancing healthcare delivery. Biomedical engineering bridges the gap between engineering and healthcare, fostering innovations that save lives and enhance quality of life.

Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering applies principles of chemistry, physics, and mathematics to design and optimise processes for producing chemicals, materials, and energy. This branch of engineering plays a crucial role in various industries, namely, pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, food, and energy production. Chemical engineers develop processes for manufacturing products like pharmaceutical drugs, plastics, and fuels efficiently and sustainably. These experts work extensively towards environmental protection and safety in handling hazardous materials.

Summing Up

In conclusion, engineering is a promising career choice that offers opportunities across different industries. Engineering programmes provide students with practical, skills-focused training, positioning them for a promising future in technology and innovation. However, the diversity of engineering specialisations can present a significant challenge when it comes to choosing the right path. With AICTE-approved specialisations such as mechanical, civil, electronics & communications, computer science, aerospace, and others, students can remain at the forefront of shaping the future of technology and infrastructure.

Mechanical Engineering vs. Electrical Engineering: Which Course is Right for You?
20 October 2023

Mechanical Engineering vs. Electrical Engineering: Which Course is Right for You?

A survey by NASSCOM reveals that around 15 lac engineering students graduate every year in India. This data is a testament that engineering has been one of the popular career choices for Indian students for a long time. We can see the impact of engineering around us, starting from the creation of a satellite to the mechanics inside our smartphones. Engineering is one such field that always empowers the development and maintenance of all technological innovations that influence our daily existence. Its ever-increasing popularity in our daily lives makes engineering a great field to explore diverse careers.

Amidst a multitude of specialisations available to pursue in the field of engineering, one may wonder which is the right engineering for them. Most of the time, students might find themselves at a critical juncture trying to choose between two major engineering disciplines, viz., mechanical engineering and electrical engineering. If you are one of them, this article is just for you!

In this article, we shall delve into these two disciplines to help you determine the most suitable career pathway!

Mechanical Engineering vs. Electrical Engineering: Course Duration
The undergraduate (UG) courses offered in mechanical engineering include a Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) in mechanical engineering and a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in mechanical engineering. Both of these UG programmes have a course duration of 4 years, further divided into 8 semesters. You can pursue post-graduation by opting for a Master of Engineering (M.E) or a Master of Technology (M.Tech) in the same field, which is a 2-year course split across 4 semesters.

The UG programmes offered in electrical engineering include a B.E or B.Tech in electrical engineering. Both of these courses span 4 years, further divided into 8 semesters. To pursue higher education, you can opt for an M.E or M.Tech in electrical engineering, which is a 2-year course divided into 4 semesters.

Mechanical Engineering vs. Electrical Engineering: Course Curriculum

Pursuing a mechanical engineering degree provides you with expertise in the intricacies of designing, analysing, producing, and maintaining mechanical systems and components. You also develop an understanding of mechanics, materials, thermodynamics, and fluid dynamics. Besides theoretical exposure, the curriculum also nurtures practical learning through internships, onsite project visits, experiments, and so on. The core subjects included in a mechanical engineering curriculum include:

  • Thermodynamics
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Strength of Materials
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Machine Design
  • Heat Transfer
  • Materials Science and Engineering
  • Manufacturing Processes
  • Dynamics and Kinematics of Machinery
  • Control Systems
  • Mechanical Vibrations

On the other hand, electrical engineering fosters expertise in circuit design, control systems, digital electronics, and signal processing. You will learn to work with software for simulation and programming microcontrollers for embedded systems. Just like mechanical engineering, this course also exposes you to practical learning through experiments, internships, and projects. The core subjects included in an electrical engineering curriculum include:

  • Circuit Analysis
  • Digital Electronics
  • Electromagnetic Fields and Waves
  • Signals and Systems
  • Power Systems
  • Electronics and Semiconductor Devices
  • Control Systems
  • Electrical Machines
  • Microelectronics
  • Communication Systems
  • Electric Power Generation and Distribution

Mechanical Engineering vs. Electrical Engineering: Career Opportunities

After completing their mechanical engineering degree, graduates can discover attractive employment prospects in diverse sectors, such as aerospace, automotive, and renewable energy industries. Employers will highly value their abilities and proficiency in designing and creating products like engines, HVAC systems, turbines, and mechanical components for a wide range of applications. Let us see some of these career prospects in the field of mechanical engineering:

  • Mechanical Engineer: Mechanical engineers design and create mechanical systems, products, and components using CAD (computer-aided design) software.
  • Manufacturing Engineer: Manufacturing engineers are responsible for designing, implementing, and reviewing the procedures involved in manufacturing processes.
  • Aerospace Engineer: Aerospace engineers design, develop, and test aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, and missiles.
  • Automotive Engineer: Automotive engineers are involved in the design, manufacture, distribution, and after-sales care of cars, motorbikes and other commercial vehicles
  • HVAC Engineer: HVAC engineers specialise in designing heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems for buildings.

Industries today need experts who can design and develop electrical systems and electronic devices in this rapidly evolving business landscape. Therefore, after graduation, you can find rewarding career opportunities in the fields of electronics, telecommunications, computer hardware, and others. Let us see some of these career prospects in this domain:

  • Electrical Engineer: Electrical engineers design, develop and maintain electrical systems for buildings, transport systems and power distribution networks.
  • Power Engineer: Power engineers operate and maintain reactors, turbines, boilers, and auxiliary equipment to generate electrical power, heat, light, and other utility services.
  • Electronics Engineer: Electronic engineers design electronic components, software, products, or systems for commercial, industrial, medical, military, or scientific applications.
  • Control Engineer: Control engineers design and implement control systems used in various industries.
  • Telecommunications Engineer: Telecommunications engineers design and maintain communication networks, such as voice, data, and wireless systems.

Mechanical Engineering vs. Electrical Engineering: Final Thoughts

To summarise, both the fields of mechanical and electrical engineering offer ample career advancement opportunities. However, you must choose the path after assessing their area of interest and future aspirations. While electrical engineering demands strong mathematical skills and an interest in computer programmes, mechanical engineering emphasises calculus and trigonometry. Hence, if you have a curiosity to learn about electricity and electronics and better knowledge of physics, a profession in electrical engineering could be the perfect fit. Alternatively, if you are inquisitive about understanding the functioning of vehicles, media devices, or robotics, then embarking on a career in mechanical engineering is the most suitable decision!

Engineering the Future: Civil vs. Mechanical Engineering
16 October 2023

Engineering the Future: Civil vs. Mechanical Engineering

One of the most confusing yet important decisions for students is to choose the right engineering stream!

Amidst the multitude of options prevalent, two most common streams emerge, i.e., civil and mechanical engineering. While civil engineering is concerned with the development of infrastructure around us, mechanical engineering explores areas of the design and operation of machinery. Today, in this blog, we shall understand the differences between these two areas of engineering!

Civil vs. Mechanical Engineering: Course Duration

The undergraduate (UG) course offered in civil engineering is a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in civil engineering. This programme has a duration of 4 years, further classified into 8 semesters. Additionally, students can pursue a Master of Technology (M.Tech) in civil engineering. This post-graduate programme with course duration of 2 years, split across 4 semesters. Students can also pursue higher education in the same field by opting for a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D).

In mechanical engineering, the UG programme entails a  B.Tech. in the same field, which has a duration of 4 years, divided into 8 semesters. Students can also pursue higher education by enrolling on a master's programme, which is a 2-year course.  Similarly, students can also pursue a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering, with a total duration of one year.

Civil vs. Mechanical Engineering: Course Curriculum

Civil engineering curriculum imparts knowledge on the design, development, and maintenance of large-scale infrastructure. Besides theoretical exposure, the curriculum also ensures that students gain practical experience through internships, industrial projects and case studies. The core subjects included in a civil engineering curriculum consist of geotechnical engineering, mathematics, civil mechanics, structural analysis and design, hydraulics, transportation engineering, environmental engineering, geomatics, and others.

The curriculum of mechanical engineering is a combination of theoretical and practical exposure. While the theory part focuses on the design, analysis, and manufacturing of mechanical systems and devices, students gain experiential learning through experiments, case studies, and internships. The core subjects included in a mechanical engineering curriculum consist of engineering mathematics, engineering mechanics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, material science and engineering, machine design, the dynamics of machinery, manufacturing processes, mechanical vibrations, and others.

Civil vs. Mechanical Engineering: Career Opportunities

Civil engineering offers exciting career advancement opportunities across different industries. Upon graduation, students can work on the construction of buildings, bridges, roads, and infrastructure projects. They can also work in the transportation industry to design and manage transportation systems. Let us see some of the promising career roles in this domain:

Construction engineers oversee construction projects, thereby ensuring that these projects are completed safely, on time, and within budget. Structural engineers design and analyse structures like buildings and bridges for stability and safety. Geotechnical engineers study soil and rock mechanics, which are essential for foundations and underground structures. Transportation engineers plan and design transportation systems, such as roads and public transit. Environmental engineers address environmental challenges such as water and air quality and sustainable development.

Mechanical engineering offers lucrative career opportunities for students across different sectors. After completing the course, students can explore diverse career opportunities in the manufacturing, aerospace and automotive industries. Let us see some of the top career prospects in this domain:

Mechanical engineers design and analyse mechanical components and systems using CAD software and engineering principles. Manufacturing engineers enhance manufacturing processes and ensure that the product maintains optimum quality and efficiency. Aerospace engineers develop aircraft, spacecraft, and related systems, ensuring that they meet safety, performance, and regulatory standards. Automotive engineers conceptualise, design and develop vehicles and their components They design, analyse, and optimise thermal solutions to ensure efficient heat dissipation, temperature control, and thermal performance.

Civil vs. Mechanical Engineering: Final Thoughts

Although both civil and mechanical are two branches of engineering and offer exciting career prospects in their respective domains, they are very different from each other. Expertise in structural analysis, construction management, hydraulics and AutoCAD are some of the key skills that students can learn in a civil engineering course. On the other hand, students will gain valuable knowledge and skills in areas such as mechanical design, thermodynamics and heat transfer, manufacturing processes, and fluid mechanics. Therefore, students must carefully analyse their area of interest and the type of expertise they want to develop before making the final call!

Technology Titans: Computer Engineering vs. Electrical Engineering
09 October 2023

Technology Titans: Computer Engineering vs. Electrical Engineering

Although computer engineering and electrical engineering are both tech-driven fields that offer rewarding career opportunities, these are two completely distinct disciplines.

The field of computer engineering focuses on both hardware and software aspects of computing and specialises in areas such as microprocessors, embedded systems, and digital circuitry. On the other hand, the field of electrical engineering focuses on areas such as power generation, electronics, control systems, and telecommunications. Today, in this blog, we shall discuss the differences between these two technology titans. Read on to learn more!

Computer Engineering vs. Electrical Engineering: Course Duration and Eligibility

The undergraduate programmes offered in computer engineering include a Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) in computer engineering and a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in computer engineering. The duration of these courses is 4 years each, divided into 8 semesters. The eligibility criteria to enrol for these programmes is to have a minimum of 60% marks (55% for SC/ST) in 12th PUC/ISC/CBSE or equivalent board with physics and mathematics as compulsory subjects with chemistry, electronics, computer science, and biology. Alternatively, students need to have a valid score from entrance exams such as the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE), Under–Graduate Engineering Entrance Exam (Uni-GAUGE), or the Consortium of Medical, Engineering, and Dental Colleges of Karnataka (ComedK). The students can pursue their postgraduation in this field by opting for a Master of Engineering (M.E) in Computer Engineering and a Master of Technology (M.Tech) in Computer Engineering, both of which have a duration of 2 years, split across 4 semesters.

The undergraduate programmes offered in electrical engineering include a B.E in electrical engineering and a B.Tech in electrical engineering. The duration of these courses is 4 years each, divided into 8 semesters. The eligibility criteria to enrol in these programmes is to have a minimum of 60% marks (55% for SC/ST) in 12th PUC/ISC/CBSE or equivalent board with physics and mathematics as compulsory subjects with chemistry, electronics, and computer science. Alternatively, students need to have a valid score from entrance exams such as JEE, Uni-GAUGE, or ComedK. The students can pursue their postgraduation in this field by opting for a Master of Engineering (M.E) in Electrical Engineering or a Master of Technology (M.Tech) in Electrical Engineering, both of which have a duration of 2 years, split across 4 semesters.

Computer Engineering vs. Electrical Engineering: Course Curriculum

The curriculum of computer engineering focuses on the design, development, and integration of computer systems and digital devices. On the other hand, the curriculum of electrical engineering explores a broader range of topics, such as the generation, transmission, and distribution of electrical power, as well as the design of electrical systems and devices. Both courses expose the students to a holistic education approach encompassing theoretical and practical learning experiences.

Core Subjects in Computer Engineering

  • Digital Logic and Design
  • Microprocessors and microcontrollers
  • Computer Organisation and Architecture
  • Data Structures and Algorithms
  • Operating Systems
  • Programming Languages
  • Software Engineering
  • Computer Networks
  • Embedded Systems
  • Electronics

Core Subjects in Electrical Engineering

  • Electrical Circuits
  • Electromagnetic Fields
  • Analogue Electronics
  • Digital Electronics
  • Power Systems
  • Control Systems
  • Signals and Systems
  • Electric Machines
  • Microelectronics
  • Communication Systems

Computer Engineering vs. Electrical Engineering: Career Opportunities

Upon graduation, students in computer engineering can find lucrative career opportunities in industries related to computer hardware and software development, embedded systems, networking, and consumer electronics. On the other hand, graduates in electrical engineering can pursue their careers in a wide range of industries, such as power generation and distribution, telecommunications, aerospace, automotive, and automation. Let us see some of the common job opportunities in each field:

Career Prospects in Computer Engineering
As organisations are relying on technological transformation to scale up their business processes, students with computer engineering knowledge and skills are highly valuable. With the rise of artificial intelligence, machine learning, the Internet of Things (IoT), and cybersecurity systems, there is a growing demand for computer engineering specialists across the country. Following are some of the high-demand career roles in computer engineering:

  • Software Developer: Software developers design, code, test, and maintain software applications and systems.
  • Network Engineer: Network engineers design, implement, and manage computer networks, including local area networks (LANs) and wide area networks (WANs).
  • Cybersecurity Engineer: Cybersecurity engineers protect computer systems and networks from cyber threats and attacks.
  • Machine Learning Engineer: Machine learning engineers focus on developing machine learning models and algorithms to solve complex problems.
  • Cloud Engineer: Cloud engineers design, implement, and manage cloud computing infrastructure and services.

Career Prospects in Electrical Engineering
The rise of electrical appliances and renewable sources of energy has created a demand for specialists who can design and maintain the required systems. Moreover, professionals in this field have a stable demand in industries such as power generation, telecommunications, and electronics manufacturing. Following are some of the high-demand career roles in electrical engineering:

  • Power Systems Engineer: Power systems engineers design and maintain electrical grids, ensuring a reliable and efficient supply of electricity.
  • Electronics Engineer: Electronics engineers design and develop electronic components, circuits, and systems.
  • Control Systems Engineer: Control Systems Engineers design and implement systems that regulate and control processes in industries such as manufacturing, aerospace, and automotive.
  • Telecommunications Engineer: Telecommunications engineers are responsible for designing, developing, and maintaining communication networks and systems.
  • Renewable Energy Engineer: Renewable energy engineers focus on sustainable energy sources such as solar, wind, and hydroelectric power.

Computer Engineering vs. Electrical Engineering: Final Thoughts

To summarise, computer engineering emphasises programming languages and software design principles, whereas electrical engineering focuses on developing electrical and electronic systems. Both of these fields share distinct features and offer exciting career advancement opportunities for students. If a student is interested in learning programming, software development, and cybersecurity, then a career in computer engineering is recommended. On the other hand, if a student is interested in working on power systems, electrical systems, and renewable sources of energy, then they must pursue a career in electrical engineering. Therefore, a student must carefully assess their career aspirations and interests before making the final decision!

B.E Vs B.Tech: Which Engineering Degree Should You Choose?
03 October 2023

B.E Vs B.Tech: Which Engineering Degree Should You Choose?

Engineering is one of the top degree choices for most students after completing their 12th pre-university in the science stream. Catering to this demand, there are two popular degree programmes that have emerged in the engineering domain, i.e., a Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) or a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech).

Although these courses share several common aspects, they are very different educational models. A B.E curriculum is a theoretical model that focuses more on ideas and theories of engineering, whereas a B.Tech is more application-centric and caters to industry trends. Besides this crucial difference, there are several other factors that make both of these courses distinct from each other. Well, this brings us to the main question, ‘Which engineering degree should one choose? Today, we will explore the differences and help our readers make the right career choice!

B.E Vs B.Tech: An Overview

Parameters

B.E

B.Tech

Focus

B.E is a theoretical course that focuses on engineering principles and theories.

B.Tech is a skill-focused course that emphasises hands-on learning and technological advancements.

Industry Exposure

May excel in research, teaching, or roles that require a strong theoretical background.

May transition directly into industry roles due to practical training and up-to-date knowledge.

Courses Offered

B.E in Electrical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and others.

B.Tech in Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, and others.

Eligibility

60% score in Class 12th Science (with Mathematics as a subject). Additionally, need to clear the Joint Entrance Examinations (JEE) to apply for colleges.

60% score in Class 12th Science (with Mathematics as a subject). Additionally, need to clear the JEE to apply for colleges.

B.E vs B.Tech: Course Duration

The course duration for a B.E degree is four years, divided into 8 semesters. A student may also pursue a Master of Engineering (M.E) later, which is again a 2-year course programme.

The course duration for a B.Tech degree is also four years, split across 8 semesters. Individuals may pursue post-graduation by applying for a Master of Technology (M.Tech) in the relevant field. The M.Tech is a 2-year degree programme, divided into 4 semesters.

B.E Vs B.Tech: Curriculum

As already explained, a B.E is a theoretical and data-driven course, while a B.Tech focuses more on real-life applications. The curriculum for a B.Tech degree is regularly updated to align with market demands and trends, whereas the same is not applicable for a B.E degree. Industrial visits and internships are compulsory for a student in a B.Tech programme, whereas these are recommended but not mandatory in a B.E programme. Besides these differences, both have a different curriculum that sets them apart. Let us see some of the core subjects taught in each discipline:
There are different specialisations in a B.E programme such as mechanical, civil, electronic engineering and various others. Although the main curriculum may vary from one specialisation to another, the core subjects in covered in a B.E syllabus consist of Engineering Mathematics, Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Electromagnetism, Fluid Mechanics, Material Science, Structural Analysis, And Electronics, among others. Additionally, students also study Engineering Drawing, Manufacturing Processes, Control Systems, Circuits And Networks, Heat Transfer, and Environmental Engineering.

Similarly, there are various types of specialisations in a B.Tech programme such as computer science, aerospace, chemical, civil, mechanical engineering and many more. Despite the differences in the curriculum in each specialisation, the fundamental subjects covered in a B.Tech degree consist of Mathematics, Physics, And Chemistry. There are different branches of the B.Tech degree, such as Computer Science, Electronics, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, and others, based on which the curriculum might change and differ.

B.E Vs B.Tech: Career Opportunities

Upon graduation, students can bag lucrative job opportunities across different industries. Let us see some of the common career opportunities in each field:

Career Prospects After B.E
B.E graduates are one of the most sought-after professionals in the technical world because of their ability to research and offer innovative solutions to complex challenges. We have listed some of the common career prospects students can pursue after completion of their B.E programme:
Electrical engineers focus on electrical systems, from power generation to electronics and telecommunications. Computer engineers design and develop computer systems, hardware, and software to meet various technological needs. Structural engineers specialise in designing safe and efficient structures like buildings and bridges. Automotive engineers focus on designing and improving vehicles and automotive systems. Manufacturing engineers optimise production processes to improve manufacturing efficiency.

Career Prospects After B.Tech
B.Tech graduates not only possess the theoretical knowledge but also have the necessary skills to design path breaking technical solutions. They are often at the forefront of digital innovation. We have listed some of the common prospects one can pursue after the completion of their B.Tech programme:

Civil engineers design and oversee the construction of infrastructure projects like buildings, bridges, and roads. Mechanical engineers are responsible for designing, testing, and manufacturing machinery and mechanical systems. Software developers create, test, and maintain computer software and applications. Aerospace engineers design and develop aircraft, spacecraft, and related technologies. Data analysts interpret and analyse data to help organisations make informed decisions.

B.E Vs B.Tech: Which One to Choose?

To summarise, a B.E programme is recommended for students who are looking for theoretical knowledge. For example, if a student wishes to learn theoretical concepts a BE degree is the most appropriate career choice. On the other hand, if an individual wants a more hands-on learning experience, they should opt for a B.Tech degree. For example, if a student wishes to design real-world practical applications for computer applications, then a B.Tech degree in the relevant field will be more appropriate. Both degrees offer  similar career advancement opportunities, and thus, one must align their interests and aspirations before making the final decision.

Exploring Specialisations in B.Tech Civil Engineering: Finding Your Area of Expertise
25 September 2023

Exploring Specialisations in B.Tech Civil Engineering: Finding Your Area of Expertise

Do you know that civil engineering is one of the sought-after professions in India? As India has been investing immensely in infrastructure projects such as roads, bridges, airports, railways, and other forms of development, civil engineers are in high demand to plan, design, and manage these projects. Moreover, due to urbanisation, there has been increased demand for real estate across the country. Besides these, the initiatives taken by the Government of India, such as the "Smart Cities Mission" and the "Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)," have increased the demand for civil engineers.

There is immense scope to pursue a career in the field of civil engineering. The first step is to apply for a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) degree in civil engineering. However, there are many specialisations offered under this programme. It is very important for you to choose the right specialisation, as it will determine your career path. We have come up with this guide to help you understand the different specialisations you can pursue in the future!

Structural Engineering

If you choose structural engineering your curriculum will cover topics such as ways to withstand high winds and natural disasters like floods and earthquakes. You will also study the gravitational features of these buildings to understand how much weight they can handle and develop support mechanisms through beams and columns. Upon graduation, you can pursue further specialisation in bridge design, building, or aircraft engineering. As a structural engineer, you will be capable of undertaking projects such as site inspection, home improvements, skyscraper and vehicle design, and so on.

Environmental Engineering

In this discipline, you will learn how to reduce the overall impact of a man-made system on the natural ecosystem. Moreover, you will also learn to manage natural resources for a construction project. As environmental engineers, you will study the chemical properties of water, soil, and air so that you can design the technical mechanisms that can mitigate pollution issues. After graduating, you can use your knowledge and skills to help organisations improve their sustainability and advise legislators on environmental policies. Upon completing your B.Tech. degree, you can take up projects such as solid waste management, recycling systems, wastewater treatment, drainage systems, crop irrigation, and various others.

Construction Engineering

Under this specialisation, you will gain knowledge of the design principles of construction, building code regulations, and operation steps for a project. You will also learn how to manage the resources and devices used in a project and develop skills to build safe and sustainable buildings. In this speciality, you will master the art of organising each step of the construction process, such as planning the project, setting a deadline, maintaining inventory, and so on. Upon graduation, you can undertake the projects of constructing residential buildings, commercial buildings, roads and bridges, water treatment plants, and others.

Geotechnical Engineering

In geotechnical engineering, you will learn about the importance of rocks, soil systems, and artificial materials that support an engineering process. For example, you may be asked to oversee the construction of an underground mining facility. In order to succeed in this role, you will need to learn about the chemical properties of the earth, as different types of rock may require different building techniques. Upon graduation, you can undertake projects such as designing water tank reservoir systems, sewer tunnel systems, pavements and roads, natural embankments, and so on.

Way Forward

In conclusion, there is an increased demand for civil engineers in India. The dynamic landscape of construction and development allows you to explore a plethora of opportunities in the field of civil engineering. However, choosing the right specialisation can determine your career trajectory. While, you will learn to design safe buildings in structural engineering, on the other hand, you will manage ecological preservation in environmental engineering. Therefore, each specialisation serves a vital role in addressing the complex challenges of modern society. Therefore, the field of civil engineering offers a rewarding career if you wish to contribute to the nation's progress and development in a meaningful way.

Why Pursuing a B.Tech in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning is a Smart Move
19 September 2023

Why Pursuing a B.Tech in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning is a Smart Move

According to a recent survey by McKinsey & Company, it has been found out that several organisations are adopting artificial intelligence (AI) in at least one of their business vertical. Additionally, a report by CB Insights also claims that global funding for AI start-ups is expected to rise by $73.3 billion in the next few years.

When corporations are turning to AI and machine learning systems to optimise their business functions, a career in this field is surely the right decision. Pursuing a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in AI and Machine Learning can be a potential career pathway for you. However, before we dive deeper into the topic, let us understand what the course is about!

What is B.Tech in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning?

A Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning is an undergraduate degree programme that provides you with knowledge of the concepts of artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms. The course curriculum helps you build smart machines that can aid in the decision-making process without human intervention. Besides this, the programme also helps you build self-learning computer systems by combining algorithms and statistical models.

Why should you pursue a B.Tech in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning?

AI and ML are two important technologies that have taken the world by storm. Several firms are adopting AI-powered predictive analytics to predict market trends, supply chain disruptions, and customer behaviour. In this light, a B.Tech. in AI and ML is a compelling career option because the technology will stay in trend for a long time, will not fade away soon, and will offer multiple career opportunities for you. Let us see some of the reasons that prove that a B.Tech. in AI and ML is a good career move for you:

A Bright and Promising Career Prospect

Since several companies are introducing AI into their ecosystems, studying AI and machine learning opens up lucrative career opportunities for you. You can create cutting-edge technologies in diverse sectors, such as computer protection, image recognition, pharmacy, or face recognition. Your unique skill set and knowledge will make you a desirable candidate for top positions across different industries.

Highly Rewarding Salaries

All the recent surveys prove that AI is one of the fastest-growing technologies in the business world. The data also suggests that AI engineers are the most sought-after professionals around the world these days. In India, the average annual salary for an entry-level AI engineer exceeds the average salary for an engineer in any other discipline. Therefore, opting for a career in AI and ML can bring in handsome salary packages for you upon your graduation.

A Versatile Discipline

AI and ML are two fields that can be applicable across any industry or field such as healthcare, finance, retail, hospitality, manufacturing, and many others. As these two disciplines have a broad spectrum of applications,  you can find a plethora of career options to choose from based on your interests and aspirations.

Skill of the Century

AI and ML are often referred to as the skills of the century because of their profound impact on the global market. In the coming days, AI will eventually reduce manual labour while also creating new career options in related fields. As the world is constantly progressing towards an AI-centric world, it is imperative that you have at least some knowledge of AI in order to remain relevant in the industry!

Way Forward

As the world is gravitating towards AI-driven solutions, pursuing a B.Tech in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning can be a smart career move for you. The diverse application of AI and ML in our daily lives has successfully underscored the indispensability of AI in modern life. Therefore, a career in AI and ML offers a bright and promising career by offering lucrative opportunities across different industries. Therefore, if you want to be at the forefront of the technological revolution, a B.Tech in AI and ML is the right career option for you!

Computer Engineering vs. Software Development: Exploring Differences
11 September 2023

Computer Engineering vs. Software Development: Exploring Differences

One of the biggest dilemmas in pursuing a career in the tech industry is to choose between a degree in computer engineering or a degree in software development. Although both fields might be interconnected, there are subtle differences. Moving on to the next question, one would think about which field is more appropriate and best to pursue.

Computer engineering and software development might be the two sides of the same coin, but they are not the same fields. Computer engineering is a discipline that focuses on the design and development of computer systems, that includes both hardware and software components.

On the other hand, software development focuses on building, designing, testing, and maintaining software applications and systems. While computer engineers may work on both hardware and software aspects, software developers primarily focus on writing code and deploying software solutions to meet specific user needs. Let us understand each aspect of these two fields in detail:

Computer Engineering vs. Software Development: Course Duration

A Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Computer Engineering is a 4-year programme. The programme includes both theoretical coursework and practical hands-on experience through laboratory work, projects, and internships. Furthermore, one can also pursue higher education by opting for a Master's degree in the same field, which is again a 2-year degree programme.

A B.Tech in Computer Science is an undergraduate degree that one can pursue in the field of Software Development. This undergraduate programme is a 4-year course split into 8 semesters. They can also pursue a Master’s degree in the same field, which is a 2-year programme.  Alternatively, there are different other courses available for students to learn software development, such as Introduction to Programming (4–8 weeks), Web Development Bootcamp (8–12 weeks), Mobile App Development (6–10 weeks), Software Engineering Fundamentals (8–12 weeks), Full Stack Development (12–20 weeks), Object-Oriented Programming (4–8 weeks), Data Structures and Algorithms (8–12 weeks), Python Programming (6–10 weeks), and many others. However, these durations may vary depending from one institution to another.

Computer Engineering vs. Software Development: Course Eligibility

For an undergraduate degree in computer engineering, the candidate must have studied their 10+2 with a PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Maths) background and must have a minimum percentage between 50 and 60 in their 12th examinations. They must also clear entrance exams, such as JEE Main (Joint Entrance Examination-Main), state-level engineering entrance exams, the Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSA), and other university-specific entrance exams. Similarly, for the postgraduate degree, the minimum percentage requirement is around 50% to 60% aggregate in the undergraduate degree. Additionally, some institutions may require a valid Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) score or equivalent entrance exam score for an M.Tech degree.

To qualify for the software development courses, one should have a high school diploma or equivalent and possess basic computer literacy and familiarity with programming concepts. Some institutions may require a prerequisite understanding of certain topics in mathematics, computer science, or related subjects if the candidate has completed their undergraduate degree. Furthermore, meeting the admission criteria set by the university or institution, which may include a certain GPA, letters of recommendation, and possibly a relevant work or research background.

Computer Engineering vs. Software Development: Course Curriculum

The course curriculum for degrees and courses in Computer Science and Software Development can vary with institutions. However, let us go through some of the common topics and subjects that are taught in the respective fields.

The subjects that are taught in the Computer Engineering course curriculum are Digital Logic Design, Computer Architecture, Programming Languages and Software Engineering, Data Structures and Algorithms, Operating Systems, Computer Networks, Database Systems, Microprocessors and Microcontrollers, Digital Signal Processing, Computer Graphics and Visualisation, Embedded Systems, Computer Security, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, Electronics and Circuits, Mathematics and Engineering Mathematics, Engineering Ethics and Professionalism.

The subjects that are taught in the Software Development course curriculum include Programming Languages, Software Engineering Principles, Data Structures and Algorithms, Object-Oriented Programming, Database Management, Web Development, Mobile App Development, Version Control Systems, User Interface (UI) and User Experience (UX) Design, Software Testing and Quality Assurance, Agile Development Methodologies, Software Project Management, and Computer Science Fundamentals.

Computer Engineering vs. Software Development: Career Opportunities

As the tech industry is growing rapidly, one can find lucrative career opportunities lurking in both the fields of computer engineering and software development. The individuals must utilise the knowledge and skills gained during these programmes to navigate career opportunities across various industries and sectors. Let’s observe some of the potential career paths one can pursue in each field:

Career Prospects after Computer Engineering
Computer engineering offers a wide range of career opportunities in various sectors. Let us see some of the prominent career options for computer engineering graduates, including:

Software Engineers are responsible for designing, coding, testing, and maintaining software applications and systems for different platforms, industries, and purposes. Hardware Engineers develop and design computer hardware components, including processors, memory systems, and circuit boards. Network Engineers work on designing, implementing, and managing computer networks and communication systems to ensure efficient data exchange. Systems Analysts are responsible for analysing an organisation’s IT needs and designing solutions that address business requirements and improve efficiency. Embedded Systems Engineers create software for embedded systems used in devices like IoT devices, medical equipment, and automotive systems.

Career Opportunities after Software Development
There are ample career advancement possibilities after completing a course in software development. Let us see some of the prominent career paths in the field of software development:

Front-end developers specialise in creating user interfaces and interactive elements for websites and applications. Back-end developers focus on the server-side logic, databases, and application architecture that power software systems. Full-Stack Developers utilise their proficiency in front-end and back-end development to build web applications. Mobile App Developers are responsible for creating applications for smartphones and tablets on platforms such as iOS or Android. Game Developers design and code video games for consoles, PCs, or mobile devices.

Way Forward

In conclusion, a career in computer engineering encompasses involvement in both hardware and software, whereas a career in software development is a subset that concentrates solely on creating software applications. Therefore, the decision to choose a career in any of these fields solely depends on one’s interests and passions. If anyone is passionate about designing and developing computer hardware and software systems, then computer engineering is the right career choice for them. However, if an individual is interested in creating, testing, and designing software applications, then software development is the right career choice for them.

Tech Career Perspectives: Computer Science vs. Software Engineering
04 September 2023

Tech Career Perspectives: Computer Science vs. Software Engineering

Did you know that the global IT industry is expecting a massive growth projected at around $3.8 trillion? Yes, you heard us right. There has been an increased demand for IT services in the last few years. With the development of new technologies like artificial intelligence, machine learning, and blockchain, the demand for professionals skilled in computer engineering has skyrocketed.

In today's fast-paced world, computer science and software engineering serve as crucial pillars of technological innovation. As our world becomes more interconnected and data-driven, there is an increasing demand for individuals in both these fields. However, we must understand that both these fields are different from each other. In this blog, we shall explore the intricacies of pursuing a career in computer science, versus software engineering. Come, let's navigate the differences between these two domains.

Computer Science vs. Software Engineering: Course Duration

A Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Computer Science typically has a duration of 4 years in most educational institutions. The programme is divided into 8 semesters and includes both theoretical coursework and practical hands-on experience through laboratory work, projects, and internships. Furthermore, one can also pursue a Master's degree in the same field, which is again a 2-year degree programme that is again divided into 4 semesters.

A B.Tech in Software Engineering is a 4-year undergraduate programme across most of the engineering colleges in India. Along with theoretical coursework, the course also exposes the students to practical projects, onsite visits, and internships divided into 8 semesters. After completing their undergraduate, one can also apply for a two-year postgraduate degree in Master of Technology (M. Tech.) in Software Engineering, which is again divided into 4 semesters.

Computer Science vs. Software Engineering: Course Eligibility

For an undergraduate degree in both fields, the candidate must have taken a PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Maths) combination in their 10+2 and must have a minimum required percentage between 50 and 60. They must also clear their entrance exams, such as JEE Main (Joint Entrance Examination-Main), State-Level Engineering Entrance Exams, the Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSA), and other university-specific entrance exams.

Similarly, for the postgraduate degree in both fields, the minimum percentage requirement is around 50% to 60% aggregate in the undergraduate degree. Additionally, some institutions may require a valid Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) score or equivalent entrance exam score for an M.Tech degree.

Computer Science vs. Software Engineering: Course Curriculum

Both Computer Science and Software Engineering have similar foundations that intertwine with coding and computation. However, each of the curricula follows distinct trajectories.

The core subjects in the Computer Science curriculum are Programming Fundamentals, Data Structures and Algorithms, Computer Architecture, Operating Systems, Database Management Systems, Discrete Mathematics, Software Engineering, Computer Networks, Artificial Intelligence, Theory of Computation and various others.

The core subjects in the Software Engineering curriculum are Software Development Lifecycle, Requirements Engineering, Software Design, Software Testing and Quality Assurance, Software Project Management, Software Maintenance and Configuration Management, Software Security, User Experience (UX) Design, Software Metrics and Measurement, Agile and DevOps Practices and many others.

Computer Science vs. Software Engineering: Career Opportunities

Both Computer Science and Software Engineering offer a plethora of rewarding career opportunities. While Computer Science equips an individual with the core principles of computation, Software Engineering hones your software development skills. These paths enhance their problem-solving abilities, innovation mindset, and adaptability, thus making them competent candidates. Let us explore some of the high-demand career prospects in each field:

Career Prospects in Computer Science

Individuals pursuing a career in Computer Science are often called the frontiers of technology as they are pioneering breakthroughs in artificial intelligence, machine learning, and cybersecurity systems. Let us see some of the key roles in the Computer Science industry:

Data Analysts are responsible for analysing data in order to extract valuable information and make well-informed business choices. Web developers design and maintain websites, and web applications with the help of programming languages, and other design tools.

Cybersecurity analysts play an important role in safeguarding computer systems and networks against cyber threats. Database administrators manage and maintain databases, ensuring efficient storage, retrieval, and security of data for organisations. Machine learning engineers develop and deploy machine learning models to extract insights and drive data-driven solutions.

Career Prospects in Software Engineering

Individuals who are interested in pursuing a career in software engineering are known as the architects of the virtual world. They use their knowledge and skills to develop codes that breathe life into our devices, applications, and systems. Software engineers can work across borders and industries, thus helping the way we communicate, conduct business, and experience the world around us. Let us see some of the key roles in the Software Engineering:

Software Engineers design, develop, and maintain software applications, translating concepts into functional code. Software Architects create high-level software designs and guide teams in implementing complex systems. Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer ensures software quality through rigorous testing and quality control processes. UI/UX Designers design intuitive user interfaces and seamless user experiences for digital products. DevOps Engineers streamline software development and deployment through automation and collaboration.

What to Choose and the Way Forward

In conclusion, computer science lays emphasis on the design and understanding of computational processes, whereas software engineering focuses on the analysis, design, construction, and testing of software applications. If an individual is eager to learn about AI and machine learning, they should choose computer science, whereas if they wish to pursue a career in understanding software functionalities, they should choose software engineering. Despite their differences, both fields open doors to great career advancement opportunities for tech-savvy professionals. In today’s technological age, both fields are in high demand and never have a shortage of job opportunities. Therefore, one must understand their key strengths and drive their career in such a field that they have an interest in!

Navigating Tech Careers: Computer Engineering vs. Computer Science
28 August 2023

Navigating Tech Careers: Computer Engineering vs. Computer Science

As per recent survey reports, the tech industry is expected to have a massive growth of 15% in the coming years. Another research predicts that there will be over 75 billion Internet of Things (IoT) connected devices by 2025 that will drive our homes, cities, and workplaces.

When we come across these astounding figures, we realise that we are soon transforming into a society that will be driven by technology. With that being said, the demand for skilled tech professionals will also increase rapidly. Now that we know that the demand will surge, it brings us to another question: Which one is a better tech career - Computer Engineering or Computer Science? Which course offers better career opportunities and how should one align their interests accordingly?

Today, we shall dive into the nuances of both fields, exploring the educational paths, curriculum, and career trajectories that set Computer Engineering and Computer Science apart. So, whether one is drawn to constructing hardware or possesses a knack for coding, let's navigate the crossroads of tech careers together!

Computer Engineering vs. Computer Science: Course Duration

A Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Computer Engineering typically is of 4 years. The programme includes both theoretical coursework and practical hands-on experience through laboratory work, projects, and internships. Furthermore, one can also pursue a Master's degree in the same field, which is again a 2-year degree programme.

A B.Tech in Computer Science is a 4-year undergraduate programme across most of the engineering colleges in India. Along with theoretical coursework, the curriculum also exposes the students to practical projects, onsite visits, and internships. After completing their undergraduate programme, students can apply for a two-year postgraduate degree in Master of Technology (M. Tech) in Computer Science.

Computer Engineering vs. Computer Science: Course Eligibility

For an undergraduate degree in both fields, the candidate must have studied their 10+2 with PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Maths) background and must bear a minimum percentage between 50 and 60 in their 12th examinations. They must also clear entrance exams, such as JEE Main (Joint Entrance Examination-Main), State-Level Engineering Entrance Exams, the Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSA), and other university-specific entrance exams.

Similarly, for the postgraduate degree in both fields, the minimum percentage requirement is around 50% to 60% aggregate in the undergraduate degree. Additionally, some institutions may require a valid Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) score or equivalent entrance exam score for an M.Tech degree.

Computer Engineering vs. Computer Science: Course Curriculum

The course curriculum for B.Tech and M.Tech in Computer Science and Computer Engineering can be different across various institutions of the country. However, let’s see a general overview of the subjects and topics that are commonly covered in each of the undergraduate and post-graduate programmes.

Core Subjects in B.Tech in Computer Science Core Subjects in B.Tech in Computer Engineering
Data Structures Data Structures
Computer Organisation and Architecture Digital Logic Design
Digital Logic Design Computer Organisation and Architecture
Object-Oriented Programming Object-Oriented Programming
Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Microprocessors and Microcontrollers
Database Management Systems Database Management Systems
Operating Systems Operating Systems
Algorithms Algorithms
Computer Networks Computer Networks
Software Engineering Software Engineering
Web Technologies Web Technologies
Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Artificial Intelligence

 

Core Subjects in M.Tech in Computer Science Core Subjects in M.Tech in Computer Engineering
Advanced Algorithms Advanced Computer Architecture
Machine Learning VLSI Design and Testing
Artificial Intelligence Advanced Digital Signal Processing
Data Mining and Warehousing Embedded Systems
Advanced Computer Networks High-Performance Computing
Distributed Systems Network Protocols and Security
Advanced Operating Systems Advanced Algorithms
Software Engineering Cloud Computing and Virtualisation
Cloud Computing Internet of Things (IoT)
Natural Language Processing Cybersecurity and Privacy
Cryptography and Network Security Internet of Things (IoT)
Advanced Database Management Systems Advanced Artificial Intelligence

Computer Engineering vs. Computer Science: Career Opportunities

There are ample opportunities in both the fields of computer science and computer engineering. One can utilise the knowledge and skills gained during undergraduate and postgraduate programmes to navigate career opportunities across various industries and sectors. Let’s observe some of the potential career paths one can pursue after completing a degree in computer science or computer engineering!

Career Prospects after Computer Engineering
Machine Learning Engineers use their strong programming skills and knowledge of data science to design and develop machine learning systems, implement appropriate ML algorithms, and conduct experiments. An artificial intelligence engineer creates algorithms that are capable of learning, assessing, and forecasting future events. Network engineers are expert professionals who establish and maintain networks within an organisation or between organisations. Mobile app developers build applications for mobile devices, working on platforms like iOS and Android, using programming languages and tools. UI/UX designers create user interfaces and experiences that enhance the usability and visual appeal of software applications and websites.

Career Prospects after Computer Science
Software Developers build and design computer programmes that power desktop computers, smartphones, and even cars. Web developers create and maintain websites, and web applications with the help of programming languages, and design tools. Data analysts analyse and interpret complex data to extract important information. Database Administrators manage and maintain databases, ensuring efficient storage, retrieval, and security of data for organisations. Cybersecurity Analysts protect computer systems and networks from cyber threats by implementing security measures and monitoring for vulnerabilities.

Way Forward

Both computer science and computer engineering are technology-driven domains centred around computer and information systems. While we learn about the development of computer systems in computer engineering, on the other hand, we build innovative solutions with the help of computer science. For individuals who like delving into hardware intricacies or envisioning user interfaces, computer engineering might resonate more deeply. However, if an individual likes data analysis and computer networks, computer science might hold greater appeal.

Exploring the Benefits of a B.Tech in Cloud Technology and Mobile Application
21 August 2023

Exploring the Benefits of a B.Tech in Cloud Technology and Mobile Application

A recent survey observed that more than 20 million mobile application developers will be needed in India alone by 2030. The research conducted by NASDAQ suggests that investments in cloud technology are projected to surpass $40 million in the coming years.

All of these statistics point out a common result, i.e., there is an increasing demand for professionals with expertise in cloud technology and mobile applications. As technology continues to reshape the landscape of industries around the world, the demand for skilled professionals in cloud technology and mobile application development has increased significantly.

In response to this evolving landscape, if you pursue a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Cloud Technology and Mobile Application, you will be exposed to a myriad of advantages in your career. Let us understand the benefits of this specialised B.Tech programme and uncover the degree’s potential in shaping your careers in this digital era!

Relevance in the Tech Industry
The IBM statistics show that about 85% of new applications are being developed around cloud computing. The industry is expected to grow tremendously, driven mainly by the services that allow users to back up their files including photos and music. As the industry is rapidly evolving, enrolling in a B.Tech programme focused on these areas can help you stay relevant and aligned with industry trends. This increases your chances of finding employment in technology-driven organisations.

Culminates a Diverse Skill Set
The curriculum of a B.Tech programme in Cloud Technology and Mobile Application covers a wide range of subjects. The curriculum covers topics in cloud infrastructure management, mobile app development, user experience (UX) design, coding languages, frameworks, and many more. This variety of subject exposure helps you to gain proficiency in multiple areas and excel in different types of career roles.

High-demand Career Scope
Due to globalisation, cloud computing and mobile app development have become fundamental components for businesses across industries. According to IDC, worldwide spending on public cloud services and infrastructure is projected to reach $210 billion in the coming years. This prediction is a testament that more firms will be turning to skilled professionals in the cloud domain to steer their organisations toward success. Therefore, if you are skilled in cloud computing, you will become a potential candidate for several industries seeking expertise to deliver seamless user experiences.

Options for Flexibility and Scalability
The programme teaches you concepts like designing cloud-based systems, auto-scaling and load balancing, which can scale up your demand in the changing business landscape. Moreover, understanding cloud resource management helps you optimise usage and costs which can turn out to be handy during a company crisis. So, by understanding how to manage cloud resources, contribute to the operations of an organisation in the best way and help it to adapt to changes efficiently.

Expertise in Mobile App Development
In the next few years, it is expected that billions of devices like home appliances, LED bulb lights, power sockets, etc. can be integrated and controlled by mobile applications. There will be an increased demand for mobile applications. That is why a B.Tech degree in Cloud Technology and mobile application development can help you learn about user interface (UI), user experience (UX) design, coding languages, and frameworks.

Way Forward
In conclusion, the rising demand for professionals skilled in cloud technology and mobile application development is evident from various statistics and industry trends. Through a B.Tech degree in Cloud Technology and Mobile Application, you'll learn about the latest trends in today's digital world. The different subjects you'll study will help you gain skills to do well in jobs like cloud engineers or mobile app developers. Therefore, a B.Tech degree in Cloud Technology and Mobile Application empowers you to embrace the evolving landscape of technology and pursue a successful career in a digital ecosystem.

Unlocking the Future: Exploring the Benefits of a B.Tech in Cloud Technology and Information Security
14 August 2023

Unlocking the Future: Exploring the Benefits of a B.Tech in Cloud Technology and Information Security

Do you have a burning desire to explore the world of innovation and technology? If your answer is yes, then we highly recommend you apply for a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Cloud Technology and Information Security. This undergraduate programme is well-designed to equip you with the knowledge and skills to thrive in the ever-evolving cloud industry. In today's digital age, businesses rely heavily on technology and information security to safeguard their data and operations. As organisations tend to search for highly skilled professionals and manage their data on a daily basis,  you will stay in demand for your extensive skills and knowledge. Let us help you understand the benefits of studying B.Tech in Cloud Technology and Information Security:

Diverse Career Scope

The programme equips you with relevant skills and knowledge that are aligned with the current trends in the IT security sectors. You will possess a comprehensive understanding of network security, cryptography, ethical hacking, and many more crucial areas. Having knowledge on such holistic topics will help you gain a competitive edge over others. You can pursue diverse career roles such as information security analyst, network security specialist, information security consultant, and so on. You can also progress into leadership roles, such as security managers or cloud architects, as you gain experience and expertise in the field over the years.

Great Remuneration

Information technology and information security are integral to the smooth functioning of modern businesses. The companies recognise the importance of safeguarding their sensitive data and ensuring seamless business operations. As a result, they are willing to invest in skilled professionals who can handle these critical responsibilities. Therefore, as cloud technology and information security professionals, you will be able to draw competitive salaries that are the best in the industry. However, you must bear in mind that the earning potential can vary based on the skill set, industry and size of the company.

Exposure to Continuous Learning

Cloud technology and information security are dynamic domains that witness frequent updates and innovations. As new services, tools, and best practices emerge regularly, you need to keep pace with these changes to remain relevant in your field. During your course, you will have several opportunities for continuous learning through certifications and workshops. You can obtain certifications like Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP) or Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) that will help you demonstrate your expertise in specific areas, and increase your overall marketability.

Contribution Towards Innovations

As businesses adopt cloud services, there will be an increased demand for robust data security measures. Therefore, as cloud technology professionals, you will be responsible for developing and implementing advanced security protocols to protect data. You will also explore new encryption algorithms, authentication methods, and access controls to fortify the security posture of cloud systems. Additionally, you will explore innovative Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) methods, such as biometrics, and adaptive authentication, to enhance security while maintaining user privacy.

Way Forward

In conclusion, pursuing a B.Tech. in Cloud Technology and Information Security is a highly recommended career path if you aspire to be at the forefront of innovation. This undergraduate programme is meticulously designed to equip you with the knowledge and skills necessary to excel in the rapidly evolving cloud industry. The diverse career scope offers you abundant opportunities for growth and specialisation across different industries. Moreover, the field presents great earning prospects as businesses understand the significance of safeguarding data and seamless operations. The continuous learning aspect is equally crucial, and the programme encourages you to pursue additional certifications to enhance your skill and knowledge levels. As a B.Tech graduate in this field, you will be well-prepared to make a significant impact, protect vital data, and drive progress in this rapidly evolving and impactful domain.

Unlocking Opportunities: Why Pursuing a B.Tech in Computer Science & Engineering is a Smart Career Move
07 August 2023

Unlocking Opportunities: Why Pursuing a B.Tech in Computer Science & Engineering is a Smart Career Move

According to a recent survey, India produces more than a million Computer Science Engineers (CSE) every year!

The staggering number indicates the rising demand for CSEs in the country to fill the talent gap in today's digitised business landscape. The field is in high demand due to the myriad of exciting opportunities it offers students. The young graduates are equipped with essential technical skills like programming and operating systems, along with the ability for creative problem-solving and leadership. With relevant knowledge and skills, the CSEs have been able to penetrate across various industries, such as hospitals and financial institutions.

With an impressive 72% employment rate and the highest placement records, the computer science industry is poised for continuous expansion in the coming decades. As nearly every business embraces digital technology, the importance of computer science will only increase. This rising popularity will make it a promising and rewarding career choice for aspiring students. Let’s understand in detail how pursuing a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Computer Science and Engineering can be a smart career choice for youngsters these days!

Booming Tech Industry

The tech industry is witnessing explosive growth with innovations in artificial intelligence, data science, cybersecurity, and more. As a result, there is a soaring demand for skilled professionals in the fields of computer science and engineering. The CSEs’ expertise in programming languages, algorithms, software development, and system design makes them invaluable assets for businesses seeking to implement and optimise technology solutions.

Diverse Career Pathways

A B. Tech in computer science and engineering offers diverse career pathways for graduates to work across various sectors. For example, they can work in software development, where they will be involved in the design, coding, and testing of software applications and systems. Alternatively, they can also work as IT consultants, where they will help businesses optimise their technology infrastructure and strategise IT initiatives.

High Earning Potential

CSE professionals are known for their high earning potential, making it one of the most financially rewarding fields in the market. In today's digital age, nearly every business relies on technology, and therefore they need to rely on CSEs to design, develop, and implement innovative solutions for them. As a result, companies are willing to pay lucrative remuneration to attract and retain top talent in the field. Alternatively, professionals can also embark on entrepreneurial journeys and earn well from their profits.

Global Opportunities

The tech industry is widespread across countries, so there are a plethora of global opportunities for CSE graduates. Several multinationals and tech start-ups have a global presence and are constantly seeking top tech talent to drive innovation for their companies. These professionals can collaborate with teams worldwide and enrich their knowledge and skills. Furthermore, international conferences, seminars, and workshops provide platforms for CSE professionals to showcase their expertise and network with global leaders and researchers in the field.

Flexibility at Work

The tech industry often offers flexible work arrangements, including remote and hybrid work options. Many companies in the tech sector recognise the importance of work-life balance and provide flexible working hours. By having this arrangement, it enables CSE professionals to manage their time efficiently, thus catering to personal commitments without compromising their professional responsibilities.

Way Forward

In conclusion, the increasing number of Computer Science Engineers (CSE) produced annually in India highlights the growing demand for skilled professionals in the tech sector. With an impressive employment rate, a bachelor’s in Computer Science and Engineering offers a promising and rewarding career choice for aspiring students. The booming tech industry presents a plethora of opportunities for CSE professionals to implement and optimise technology solutions. The high earning potential in the tech industry further reinforces its appeal, as companies are willing to invest generously in attracting top CSE talent. Additionally, CSE professionals have the flexibility to work remotely or in a hybrid model, thereby having a balanced work-life balance. With a dynamic and promising career outlook, a B.Tech in Computer Science and Engineering remains a smart and forward-thinking career move for young talents.

Choosing the Right B.Tech College: A Comprehensive Guide to Admissions
25 July 2023

Choosing the Right B.Tech College: A Comprehensive Guide to Admissions

Are you looking for the right B.Tech College to elevate your engineering aspirations to the next level?
Selecting the right college is a crucial task as it lays the groundwork for your career. With numerous factors to consider, the process can be daunting. Your choice directly influences the quality of education you receive. A well-designed curriculum, experienced faculty, and modern infrastructure can enrich your learning journey and provide a strong foundation in your chosen field.

Moreover, top-tier colleges often have strong industry connections and a robust placement cell. A reputable college can increase your chances of landing internships and job placements easily. Well, if you are wondering how to choose the right B.Tech college, we have come up with a comprehensive guide that will aid you in your admissions:

Accreditation

Accreditation plays an important role in choosing the right B.Tech college. Accredited colleges ensure that they meet the academic standards. Accreditation ensures that the college has undergone evaluations by recognised accrediting bodies that verify the quality of education they offer. Therefore, you must choose the B.Tech colleges that are accredited by regulatory bodies such as the National Board of Accreditation (NBA) or the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE).

Reputation and Ranking

A college's reputation and ranking play a significant role in shaping your academic and professional journey. A college with a strong reputation automatically earns you respect from employers. Possessing a reputable educational background enhances your likelihood of securing excellent internships and job placements. Therefore, choose  B.Tech colleges that are ranked under 100 by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF).

Faculty and Infrastructure

The faculty members are the first point of contact for your engineering curriculum. Therefore, the expertise and experience of faculty members will directly impact your learning experience. You must choose those colleges with highly qualified and experienced professors, as they can provide valuable insights and guidance during your engineering journey. Besides this, a college with well-equipped infrastructure, modern facilities, laboratories, and libraries can enhance your learning and research opportunities.

Course Curriculum

It is very important to consider your course curriculum before applying to any B. Tech college as your curriculum should align with your academic and career goals. Different colleges might offer variations in the B.Tech programmes, with some focusing on specific specialisations or industries. You must ensure that the college you choose offers a curriculum that matches your interests and aspirations. A well-designed curriculum should cover a wide range of topics relevant to your field of study, including both theoretical knowledge and practical applications.

Internship and Placement Support

The college's tie-ups with industries and its track record of internships and placements are vital factors to consider before choosing a B.Tech college. A college that emphasises internships helps you bridge the gap between theoretical knowledge and practical application, making you job-ready. Secondly, a college with a dedicated and effective placement cell can assist you in finding suitable job opportunities. Placement cells organise placement drives, connect with companies, and help match your skills with potential employers. You must look for colleges that can provide internship opportunities, have active placement cells, conduct placement drives, and have a history of successful placements.

Way Forward

To put it in a nutshell, choosing the right B.Tech college is a critical decision that lays the foundation for your engineering career. It can significantly impact the quality of education you receive, your exposure to the industry, and your job prospects after graduation. By considering factors such as accreditation, reputation, faculty expertise, and course curriculum, you are bound to receive a comprehensive and industry-relevant education. Besides this, the availability of internships and robust placement support can open doors to practical experiences, industry connections, and diverse career opportunities. So, you must invest your time and effort appropriately to find the best B.Tech college that is the right fit for your aspirations and ambitions.

Important Tips to Have Successful Semesters in B. Tech College
17 July 2023

Important Tips to Have Successful Semesters in B. Tech College

Congratulations on passing your engineering entrance exams with flying colours! You must be appreciated for putting in a lot of hard work and dedication for your entrance examinations. The long hours of study and hard work have enabled you to enrol for your dream degree, i.e., Bachelor of Technology (B. Tech)!

Although you must be elated now, you must bear in mind that your B. Tech journey will require utmost dedication and hard work. If you think that the hassle of studying has ended after clearing your entrance, then you are wrong. The programme is considered prestigious because of its academic rigour and the long-term career opportunities it brings. Engineering is recorded as one such discipline that offers the highest number of career opportunities. You can start earning well and your salary can also increase over the years based on your skill, knowledge, expertise, and experience.

However, if you don’t score well in your semester examinations, then you might have to face tough competition during your job search. You need to follow some clever tips that will help you prepare for your semesters successfully. Read on to know more!

In-depth Understanding of the Concepts

Your journey towards scoring better than your peers becomes easier when you have a better understanding of engineering concepts. If you choose to mug up your answers without any comprehension, it makes the learning process tedious, clumsy, and difficult to grasp. If you try to mug up answers, you may not be able to retain the information longer. Because of this, you might not be able to answer your questions accurately and may underperform during the actual examinations. Therefore, it is always advised to read the chapters, understand the concepts, make notes, and seek clarity from professors wherever you are struggling.

Set Clear Goals

You must be pursuing your degree with a certain vision in mind. It's crucial to back up any long-term objectives you establish for yourself with more compact, doable objectives. For example, you have a B. Tech in computer science engineering and wish to pursue a career in that area. You might make a plan with reachable milestones instead of concentrating just on your long-term objective. However, you can achieve this by setting smaller, more attainable goals. These can be scoring well in internal examinations, fetching the highest marks in practical assignments, or performing well during your internships. You can create a well-structured schedule that balances classes, study time, and extracurricular activities. This will help you achieve your goal effortlessly.

Smart Answering Approach in Examinations

Writing answers in a presentable manner is crucial for scoring well in exams. When answers are organized, neat, and easy to read, it creates a positive impression on the examiner. Clear and legible handwriting, proper spacing, and logical structure make it easier for the examiner to understand your thoughts and ideas. This helps the evaluator concentrate on the keywords in the answer and provides better clarity about the flow of your solutions. Additionally, if you can combine your answers with relevant, neatly labelled diagrams, it shows that you have a better understanding of the concept. This move can create a lasting impression on the examiner, and you may end up scoring more than your peers!

Regular Attendance and Time Management

Regular attendance ensures that you stay engaged with the course material. You must participate actively in discussions, ask questions, and take detailed notes. Moreover, if you learn to master time management, you will be able to prioritise your tasks and assignments. You will never miss a deadline and can score well at the end of the semester examinations. You can do this by planning your deliverables ahead of time and setting a deadline for each task. This will help you complete your assignment on time, and you might also get some time to improvise or review it later.

Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle

As an engineering student, you may dedicate extensive hours to studying or working on projects. Consequently, this often entails prolonged periods of sitting without much physical activity. Furthermore, the ongoing stress and pressure to excel can have a significant impact on your mental well-being. However, maintaining a proper and healthy lifestyle, such as eating balanced and nutritious food and exercising or yoga, can help you stay physically and mentally fit. You can also take breaks during your studies to engage in your hobbies or recreational activities to maintain a balance between your studies and personal life. This will help you rejuvenate your mind and enable you to give your best during your examinations.

Way Forward

Although the B. Tech journey can be exciting for you, you need to be ready for what lies next. It is important to remember that your journey is fueled by dedication and hard work. To prepare successfully for your semesters, consider practising writing your answers concisely and in a visually appealing manner. You must also focus on understanding concepts deeply and setting clear goals aligned with your long-term aspirations. By attending classes regularly and prioritising your physical and mental well-being, you will move a step closer to your goal. By following these tips, you can excel academically and pave the way for a successful engineering career.

Essential Advice for First-Year Engineering Students
10 July 2023

Essential Advice for First-Year Engineering Students

Essential Advice for First-Year Engineering Students

Are you a first-year engineering student looking for a guide to help you through your engineering journey?

If yes, this blog is for you. You must have heard that all your ordeals might end after your 12th, but this is a myth. The real struggle starts from the time you enrol in a college, especially if you are in a technical field like engineering. We all know that engineering is one of the most sought-after degrees in the world today.

Passing the strict entrance examinations and going through all the preparation to be where you are today is definitely something to be proud of. However, one must not think that the journey ends here because this is where the race for the future begins. With rapid globalisation and increased competition in the sector, securing a career is no longer easy.

We understand the gravity of the situation because, at JAIN’s (Deemed-to-be-University) Faculty of Engineering and Technology, we help our engineering students navigate through this journey seamlessly. From our experience and expertise throughout the years, we have come up with some valuable advice to help first-year engineering students like you! Read on.

Become Organised

Staying organised helps you streamline your priorities and stay on track. For example, keeping a weekly or monthly planner helps you plan the days prior so that you are well-prepared for an exam or assignment or project submission. Also, by creating a well-planned study schedule, you can cover your syllabus, prepare for mock tests, and score well on your assessments. Besides this, you can also break down larger tasks, such as projects or assignments, into smaller, manageable tasks. This will make them less overwhelming and easier to tackle. You can do this by creating a to-do list and prioritising tasks based on urgency and importance.

Keep Your Base Strong

Many of you might skip revising the fundamental concepts once you join the engineering college. Revisiting the important topic you studied earlier is recommended because these concepts set the foundation for the next four years of your engineering programme. You need to concentrate on the fundamentals of physics, mathematics, and chemistry to be prepared for future subjects and topics. It’s never a bad idea to polish your knowledge as this will enhance your basic engineering skills.

Engage in Hands-on Learning

As an engineering student, it's crucial to understand that engineering goes beyond memorization. Remember, it involves both theoretical knowledge and practical application. These will allow you to implement practical learning in real-world settings during your internship or job in the future. Therefore, you must grab every opportunity that comes your way, allowing you to access hands-on learning practices. You can participate in laboratory sessions, workshops, or projects that allow you to apply theoretical knowledge to real-world scenarios. This will enhance your understanding and make the learning experience more enjoyable.

Build a Strong Network of People

Engineering, once perceived as purely technical, now incorporates a corporate aspect. In today's competitive market, networking with specialists is vital for seizing timely opportunities. For instance, maintaining a positive relationship with mentors or trainers during internships can lead to job opportunities through referrals. You must make connections with professors, alumni, mentors, industry professionals, guest lecturers, and anyone else you come across during your journey who can add value. You can do this by participating in engineering conferences, seminars, workshops, and career fairs. These events provide opportunities to connect with professionals, learn about industry trends, and explore potential job opportunities.

Practise a Healthy Lifestyle

An engineering programme can be physically and mentally cumbersome for any young adult like you. Long hours of project work, assignments, and critical assessments can often lead to physical and mental exhaustion. By maintaining a healthy lifestyle, you allow your body and mind to free itself from unnecessary stress and pressure. You can prioritise tasks, set realistic goals, and avoid excessive procrastination to create a well-balanced routine and avoid last-minute stress. Engage in moderate physical activities such as swimming, cycling, jogging, or yoga for at least 30 minutes every day to keep yourself physically fit. You must eat a balanced diet and maintain a proper sleep schedule for your overall well-being.

Way Forward

 As exciting as your engineering journey can be, it can also be challenging and demanding at times. However, by implementing the tips mentioned above, you can navigate through your engineering journey more smoothly. While staying organised helps you manage your time effectively, exposing yourself to hands-on learning opportunities allows you to stay prepared for real-world scenarios. Most importantly, building a strong network of connections with professors, mentors, and industry professionals opens doors to potential opportunities in the future. Lastly, practising a healthy lifestyle will help you manage stress. By following these guidelines, we are sure that you can make the most of your engineering journey and lay a strong foundation for your future career.

The Future of Engineering Education: Adapting to Technological Advances
04 July 2023

The Future of Engineering Education: Adapting to Technological Advances

Has anyone wondered how technology can change the dynamics of engineering education?

Yes, we are talking about engineering students. We all know that engineers are the driving force behind the immense technological advancements around us. This modern world is propelled by engineers who have made our lives better and more convenient with the development of new products and services. So, is it possible that these creators of technological advancements can also be recipients of this significant global impact?

Of course, the answer is yes. Engineers implement the skills of critical thinking, innovation, and curiosity to prepare for what lies ahead. They utilise their knowledge of mathematics and science to bring revolutionary answers that can solve the pressing technical questions of our world today. Being the flag-bearers of technological transformation, we can definitely say that engineering students too shall not be exempted from the impact of technology when it comes to education. In the era of automation, and digitalisation, engineering students shall be equipped with the modern technology and skills necessary to succeed in the ever-changing academic and professional landscape.

Let us understand in depth how the future of engineering education is immensely dependent on adapting to technological developments.

Growing digital space

We are all well aware of the evolving digital advancements that are transforming our lives. Almost everything around us has become digital in the past few years. These digital spaces can create opportunities for remote collaborations among engineering students, enabling them to work together on projects, share ideas and solve problems. The digital space also contains repositories of open educational resources that can help students access them anywhere and at any time. The intervention of Augmented Reality (AR) can help engineering students indulge in immersive learning experiences. For example, they can overlay virtual objects onto the real world, thereby allowing them to visualise complex engineering concepts. The usage of online design and collaborative tools like computer-aided design (CAD) allows students to co-create 3D models on a cloud-based platform. The real-time feature of editing and designing the files enhances teamwork and streamlines the design processes seamlessly.

Introduction to Gamification

Education has evolved completely in the past few years. It is no longer restricted to just blackboards or whiteboards alone. With the introduction of digital or smart classes, we are witnessing a rise in the implementation of virtual reality in the engineering education sphere. Gamified simulations can be used in engineering courses to learn engineering principles in an interactive way. For example, civil engineers can use these simulations to create a virtual environment to construct and analyse the structural integrity of bridges. Besides this, the students can also present engineering challenges in the form of game-like scenarios. This can be done by students designing a fictional city to check how they can implement the concepts of resource sustainability in virtual reality.

Rise of Education 4.0

Education 4.0 is the concept of integrating advanced technologies and innovative teaching and learning methods in the field of education. It represents a shift from traditional educational approaches to more personalised, flexible, and technology-driven models of education. In India, Education 4.0 aims to disrupt the disparities in the education realm by empowering the youth to learn beyond the four walls of a classroom. This form of education aspires to prepare students for the challenges and opportunities of the digital age and the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Education 4.0 shall leverage powerful computational tools and software packages that can benefit engineering students. They can use these tools for finite element analysis or circuit simulations to solve complex engineering problems, analyse big data and gain insights. With the help of this technology, we can see engineering students adapt to intelligent learning and tutoring systems that can deliver customised content, assessments, and feedback to students, enabling them to learn at their own pace and in their preferred style.

Way Forward

We can therefore conclude that, as an education segment, engineering is all set to witness a big change, and this will influence the way courses are designed in the future. The rapid expansion and popularity of the digital space will facilitate promising job opportunities for engineers in fields such as computers, IT, analytics, big data, and electronics. Furthermore, we are all set to observe the introduction of gamification in education, which will transform the way students comprehend their lessons and adapt to interactive learning experiences. The introduction of Education 4.0 will also inculcate personalised and immersive learning environments for engineering students in the future.

Career opportunities after M.Tech Computer Science
26 June 2023

Career opportunities after M.Tech Computer Science

Did you know that there are currently 80,000+ computer engineering jobs in India?

Yes, you heard us right, and all of these jobs are ready to pay handsome salaries; but to efficient engineers! However, the next question that will come to your mind is, "How do I become one of those potential engineers who can come under the radar of potential employers?

Well,  a master’s degree like M.Tech in computer science from any top-reputed engineering college in India can help solidify your career prospects! This is because most Fortune companies in India or abroad prefer candidates who have advanced degrees and skills in their respective fields.

So, if you are looking for an answer about what could be your potential career opportunities after an M.Tech in computer science, we have listed down the different options. Read on.

Big Data Engineer

As the name suggests, “big data engineers” are individuals who work primarily with big data ecosystems, tools, and technologies. You will be responsible for upgrading, troubleshooting, and optimising big data systems and software to improve the efficiency of the databases. You will work collaboratively with data scientists, data architects, and data analysts to help organisations acquire meaningful insights from big and complex datasets that can be transformed into actionable business decisions.

Machine learning engineer

Being one of the most in-demand professions these days, machine learning engineers are experts who specialise in building and designing intelligent machines and systems. You will be responsible for creating advanced ML algorithms that can teach computers how to perform specific tasks without being programmed for them.

Data Scientist

Data scientists are the talk of the town these days. You will be referred to as the maestro of the data science domain. You will work extensively to derive value from complex data, followed by cleaning, organising, and processing this data to further analyse it and extract the hidden patterns within it. Moreover, you will also work closely with data analysts to uncover meaningful insights from data and provide real-world business solutions to organisations.

Data Analyst

Data analysts are the missing piece of the link that bridges the gaps between the two worlds of data science and business. As a data analyst, you will munge, process, visualise, and optimise data to ensure its quality and accuracy. You will create algorithms and modify them to extract information from large databases without corrupting the data stored within.

Blockchain Developer/Engineer

Going by the name, "blockchain developer/engineer" refers to individuals who are experts in the field of blockchain technology. In other words, you will be responsible for the entire life cycle of blockchain applications. You shall also utilize different programming languages (Simplicity, Solidity, Rholang, JavaScript, C++) to create advanced interfaces, features, and architecture to protect the systems from cyber-attacks.

Software Developer

If you love coding and programming, software development is the ideal career option for you! That’s because you will specialise in multiple programming languages like C, C++, C#, Java, Python, etc. and develop innovative software programmes and applications with unique use cases and functionalities that cater to specific customer needs. Software developers are always in high demand in the IT/ITES sector and are one of the preferred career options after computer engineering.

Computer Network Architect

Referred to as "network architects" or "network engineers”, computer network architects are professionals who design, implement, and maintain computer networks for organisations. You will be tasked to develop efficient and secure network infrastructures to support the communication needs of businesses. As a network engineer, you will also research new networking technologies to analyse current data traffic and estimate how growth in traffic might affect the network.

Wrapping it Up!

As far as career prospects are concerned for M.Tech graduates in computer science, it is safe to say that the sky's the limit for you! Pursuing an M.Tech (Master of Technology) in Computer Science opens up many new avenues to explore different career opportunities in the field of technology and computer science. Getting an M.Tech degree helps you possess advanced knowledge and specialised skills that make you highly sought-after in the industry. You will have the opportunity to work on cutting-edge technologies and contribute to fields such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, data science, computer vision, and robotics.

What are the Important Things to Consider Before Choosing a B.Tech College in Bangalore?
13 June 2023

What are the Important Things to Consider Before Choosing a B.Tech College in Bangalore?

Are you looking for renowned colleges in Bangalore to pursue your B.Tech degree? If your answer is yes, then you have landed at the right place because our blog covers the important things that you must consider before choosing the right college for your B.Tech journey in Bangalore!

It is undeniable that the scope of an engineering degree is immense, as it offers you great placements with lucrative salary packages. Moreover, if you have aspirations to establish a career in a bustling tech hub like Bangalore, the endeavour becomes even more rewarding. The first step is to find a good college because that’s where you will build the foundation for your career.

We understand that choosing the right college can be a tricky and challenging task, as you might be overwhelmed with too many options at hand. However, we have made it easy for you by narrowing down the points that you must consider before choosing a B.Tech. college in Bangalore.

Accreditation and NIRF ranking
The first thing that you must always consider before choosing any engineering college is whether it is accredited by recognised bodies like the NBA (National Board of Accreditation), the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC), and the AICTE (All India Council for Technical Education). These accreditations are a reflection of the quality of education offered by engineering institutions. Besides this, you must also look out for the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranking published by the Government of India. NIRF promotes excellence amongst the educational centres and institutions of the country with respect to ‘teaching, learning, and resources.’

Scope of your specialisation
The next thing on your list should be specialisation options. Look out for colleges that offer diverse options for your B.Tech degree. You can choose the area of specialisation based on your interest, such as mechanical, civil, computer science, electronics, communication engineering, and so on. A diverse range of specialisations gives you a broader perspective to make the best choice rather than being restricted to limited options.

Internships and placements
Internships are an important part of the B.Tech course as these programmes provide practical exposure, industry insights, skill development, networking opportunities, industry-ready skills, and self-exploration. You should also look for colleges that offer good placement opportunities in big companies like IBM, Genpact, Dell, Infosys, and so on.

Financial Assistance
Pursuing a B.Tech degree can be financially challenging for many students like you and your families. However, scholarships can provide financial assistance to students and help reduce the burden of tuition fees and other educational expenses. Students who have been awarded scholarships also create a meaningful impact on employers as it demonstrates their dedication, hard work, and commitment to excellence, which are highly valued in the job market.

Industry-Relevant Curriculum
It is advisable to evaluate the curriculum of the B.Tech programme offered by the college so that you can stay industry-oriented, up-to-date, and aligned with current trends and advancements in the engineering field. A curriculum aligned with industry requirements enhances your employability prospects. Employers often seek candidates with practical skills and relevant knowledge, and a curriculum that incorporates industry-relevant topics and technologies can give you a competitive edge in the job market.

Alumni Network
The significance of an alumni network in college selection cannot be overstated. It serves as a testament to the educational excellence upheld by the institutions through their notable achievements. You must consider the strength and involvement of the college's alumni network because it provides valuable support, mentorship, and networking opportunities for you during and after your studies.

Campus life and extracurricular activities
Since you will be spending a couple of years at the college, it is very important that you assess the overall campus life and extracurricular activities offered by the college. You can look out for opportunities to engage in clubs, volunteering activities, community programmes, cultural festivals, and technical events. Engaging and vibrant campus life can contribute to your personal development and provide a well-rounded educational experience.

Wrapping it up!
Pursuing an undergraduate degree is one of the most important decisions of your life, and therefore we advise you to thoroughly research the colleges, attend open houses, interact with alumni, current students, and faculty, and gather as much information as possible before making a decision. This will help you make an informed decision and select the right B.Tech college in Bangalore that best suits your academic and career aspirations.

Career Opportunities after Mechanical Engineering
13 April 2023

Career Opportunities after Mechanical Engineering

Have you always been interested in building machines or understanding how they work? If you are someone who is passionate about designing and developing machines that are of industrial grade, mechanical engineering can be the captain of your ship!

Yes, a Bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering, also known as a B.Tech. in Engineering, can help you get a step closer to your affinity for machines. Mechanical engineers are responsible for making cost-effective designs, followed by testing and implementing them for construction. Their technical expertise allows them to plan, design, build, and implement innovative technologies with the help of technical reasoning.

They are also known as technical doctors, who can solve any problem related to machines and are credited with making human life more simple and efficient with their innovations. Therefore, because of the diverse range of skills and expertise they have, they can enjoy lucrative career options after mechanical engineering.

Although challenging and demanding, a degree in mechanical engineering can open bright paths for your future. If you are considering getting a degree or have recently graduated, this article will help you understand what the best career opportunities are out there waiting for you once you are done with your graduation in mechanical engineering!

Mechanical Engineer

How often have we heard this term in our day-to-day lives? As common and generic as it may soundou mechanical engineers shoulder immense responsibilities for designing, developing, operating, and maintaining machinery across different industries. Mechanical engineers are generally hired to test or install new machinery or can work as technical consultants to guide on structural engineering or machine maintenance questions.

Automotive Engineers

Automotive engineers are responsible for researching, designing, and developing the mechanical components and machines related to trains, cars, and other automated vehicles. India’s automotive industry is one of the largest in the world, so one can understand the diverse scope of career opportunities that are available for pursuers of mechanical engineering. 

Maintenance Engineers

Maintenance engineering applies engineering concepts to optimise the existing equipment, procedures, and departmental budgets to achieve better sustainability, maintenance, reliability, and availability of the equipment.

 Aerospace Engineer

Mechanical engineers are often hired to implement their domain knowledge and expertise to design aircraft and allied machinery that are compatible with airports and other production needs. They can work along with aerospace engineers in this field and can also assist in national defence projects like working with spacecraft, satellites, or missiles. 

Control and Instrumentation Engineer

Control and instrumentation engineers, or C&I engineers, apply the concepts of mechanical engineering to design, develop, install, maintain, and manage the equipment responsible for monitoring and controlling other machines and systems. C&I engineers are tasked with measuring and controlling process variables like pressure, pH levels, speed, force, etc. to ensure that all the other machines and processes are running safely and efficiently.

Research and Development Supervisors

A B.Tech. in Engineering allows you to become research and development supervisors, where you oversee processes related to designing new systems, improving existing technology, analysing customer reactions to prototypes, and researching new advances in the field.

Construction Engineer

Construction engineers supervise big construction projects where they are responsible for servicing and maintaining the machines. They also advise on the installation of heavy equipment, suggest device optimisation, and perform cost calculations. Mechanical engineers are often hired by construction companies as consultants to advise on commercial building layout and design.

Nuclear Engineer

Mechanical engineers assist the nuclear engineers for technical support at nuclear power stations. They are responsible for designing, creating, maintaining, and disassembling different parts of machines related to operating a nuclear power station. You can take on the roles of process engineers, quality engineers, reactor operators, C&I engineers, and other managerial roles.

Manufacturing engineer

Manufacturing engineers apply the technical aspects of mechanical engineering to design and develop integrated systems used in the manufacturing industry. They help produce high-quality products that are in high demand in the marketplace.

Gearing up for Future!

Looking at how the world is moving at a fast pace, we can realise that humans will bring more innovations and inventions to the table to make their lives hassle-free and less complicated. To do that, they would require skilled professionals who know how efficient machines can be designed, upgraded, operated, and maintained. Therefore, it is safe to say that mechanical engineers will have ample opportunities and a futuristic career waiting for them.

If you are someone who loves machines and is keen to develop them, a B.Tech. in Engineering is the ideal path for a promising future ahead. So, grab the opportunity and get enrolled now!

Trending Technologies in 2023
21 February 2023

Trending Technologies in 2023

Are you into gadgets and love them way too much? Are you the person who always searches for new technological developments on YouTube and Google? In other words, are you a futurist?

If your answer is yes to any of these questions, then let me tell you – you have landed at the right place! Technology has developed and transformed humongous in the past few decades; the fun part is that it’s still evolving. Have we ever thought that from a stereo recorder, we could transcend to AirPods or Bluetooth earbuds, from talking on a landline phone to owning a multi-purpose smartphone that can do anything you name? We have come a long way – thanks to technology, and there is still a long way to go.

So, to feed your increasing curiosity, today, we will discuss the trending technologies set to conquer 2023!

The AI Dominance

In 2023, artificial intelligence will become the real deal in organizations. No-code AI, with its easy drag-and-drop interfaces, will help businesses to leverage its power to create more intelligent products and services. It will change the dynamics of the e-commerce business as contactless autonomous shopping and delivery will take over the market. Several retailers will use AI to manage and automate the complex inventory management processes that will set the bar high for other industries and verticals.

Parts of the Metaverse Will Become Real

Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) will continue to advance, and collaborative platforms will emerge for digital projects. Metaverse will revolutionise the internet by creating learning spaces where one can work, play, and socialise on a persistent platform. A leading corporate company has already created its metaverse to virtually carry out HR-related tasks, such as onboarding, training, etc.

Progress in Web3

As organisations focus on making more decentralised products and services, blockchain technology will also advance significantly in 2023. Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) will become more usable and practical, giving you access to backstage experiences for your concert tickets. This will also help us decentralise data storage and encrypt that data using blockchain technology.

The Unification of the Digital and Physical World

We will be witnessing an emerging bridge between the digital and physical worlds in 2023. There are two components of this unification, i.e., digital twin technology and 3D printing. Digital twins are virtual simulations of real-world processes, products, or operations that can be used to test new ideas in a safe digital environment. After testing in the virtual world, engineers can modify and edit components, then create them in the real world using 3D printing technology.

Quantum Progress

Quantum computing is the concept of using subatomic particles to create new ways of processing and storing information. Currently, the trend around us is to develop quantum computing at a large scale. This step is expected to bring us computers capable of operating a trillion times faster than the fastest traditional processors available today. Although there is a drawback that quantum computing at scale has the potential to break the encryption of other nations, businesses, security systems, and more, still several countries are investing billions of dollars into this idea.

Adoption of Green Technology

Despite all forms of progress and growth, we are facing a climate crisis due to increased carbon emissions in the past few decades. 2023 can bring hope for the planet as we develop green hydrogen, a new clean-burning energy source that produces close to zero greenhouse gas emissions. We will also see progress in developing decentralised power grids that distribute power worldwide with reduced carbon emissions.

Robots Will Become More Human

In 2023, we will see robots becoming more human-like in appearance and capability. These robots will be used in the real world as event greeters, bartenders, concierges, and companions for older adults. They will also perform complex tasks in factories and warehouses as they work alongside humans in manufacturing and logistics.

Wrapping it Up

We have heard that time and tide wait for none, and it will not wait for us to cope with the emerging new technology. With so much AI and machine learning penetrating the environment around us, we must stay updated with the current trends to utilise the services to the optimum potential and secure the best future for us in the coming days.

Questions you should ask yourself before taking up Engineering
13 February 2023

Questions you should ask yourself before taking up Engineering

Engineering is a significant field of study that has revolutionised our Earth since immemorial. With so many great things built because of engineering, many of us also want to contribute towards this journey. Engineering is a field with curiosity and an inclination toward creating something new and innovative for humanity.

So, if you are a student with questions about why you should take engineering, you are at the right place! Today, we will answer your questions and help you understand how engineering is the stepping stone to a well-organised and educated 'next-generation' of the country and the world.

Question 1: Why am I taking up Engineering?

Often youngsters take up a field of study due to parental or peer pressure and have no personal interest in it. As a student, you must know your academic strengths and weaknesses and channel your career in that direction. There is no better judge than yourself.

So, if you want to ask yourself why you want to take up engineering, you can look at the following pointers that can help you decide.

  • Can I make a sustainable career out of it?
  • Will it provide me with job security?
  • Should I go for a master's after this?
  • Can I crack the exams with my academic abilities?
  • Am I doing this because of what society thinks of me?
  • Am I doing this out of peer pressure and parental pressure?

If you are unclear about the answers and feel this is solely because you want to score a great job and make your parents happy, then engineering is not for you. None of it will help you because your passion drives engineering to learn and live the subject wholeheartedly and not treat it as a trophy degree.

Question 2: Do I possess the required skill set to complete engineering?

Passion alone cannot be everything. Of course, you need an inner drive to propel you in this, but apart from this, you also need to develop a certain skill set to become an engineer. It would help if you were a good problem solver, as you will encounter several critical problems and obstacles during your experiments. You need to focus and be a detailed person. You should also be able to work in a team and exhibit good communication skills. You can also lead a team of engineers in the future, so you should possess the leadership skills to lead everyone around you.

Question 3: Can I stay motivated throughout the journey?

You can be motivated when you have a fixed goal. Once you define your goal, it will become easier for you to conquer the obstacles standing in your way.

Like any other field of study, engineering to requires effort, dedication, and hard work. However, during your journey, you may encounter subjects or projects that may not guarantee success or the upper hand. In such situations, you have to keep moving forward without getting demotivated.

Question 4: Am I ready to invest my four years?

Most youngsters take up their degree courses to get a good and stable job that can help them achieve their goals. So, if you are interested in pursuing engineering, you must make clear that in these four years, you must maintain your grade card consistently.

Engineering invests multiple years in learning and improving their skills. The journey is of 8 semesters and 4 years, wherein you will come across several projects, assignments, exams, etc. Therefore, if you want to be an engineer, you must ask yourself if you are ready to invest four years dedicatedly.

Therefore, engineering may be an attractive field of study if we look at its returns, but it also demands dedication and determination to make it through. Your love for machines should drive your desire to become an engineer. Sometimes, you may feel demotivated, but you must never regret your choice and accept all the challenges as a lesson.

How to Achieve Long-term Career Goals at Engineering Colleges
07 February 2023

How to Achieve Long-term Career Goals at Engineering Colleges

Congratulations on passing your entrance examinations! You are just a few steps away from becoming an engineer.

Or wait…. Are you?

Getting through the entrance exams is very stressful and challenging but being able to continue and be consistent in your academic performance demands a lot of commitment and dedication. But, hey, don't get worked up. It is easy to create goals and a roadmap to achieve them. As an engineer, you need to identify these career goals and take the necessary actions to reach them.

Setting your career goals can help you achieve your desired accomplishments and advance your career. In this article, we help you understand how to achieve long-term career goals at engineering colleges.

Identify your long-term career goals

Whatever you want to achieve, the most important step is determining your desired long-term outcome. For a career, this goal can consist of your skillset, positions, and accomplishments that you want. When you list your goals with a roadmap, you can move towards them to achieve your ultimate career goal.

Integrate your professional and personal goals

After you are done with writing your long-term professional and personal goals, you can identify the common intersection factors that can either benefit or create conflict. For example, if your career goal is to become an engineer and you personally like building things, then you can be a civil engineer.

Determine long-term personal goals

There is no point in having such goals that do not align with your thinking or lifestyle. You must identify your personal goals and check if they can fit well with the career goals that you have set for yourself. Your personal goals should include character traits, habits, and mental synergy that you hope to develop and practice. These elements are important for you to have a healthy work-life balance. If your personal goals conflict with your long-term career goals, then you may re-evaluate the ones more important to you and come to a mutual understanding about your priorities.

Create short-term goals

You must have heard this saying that little drops of water make up an ocean one day. It is often advised to divide your big goals into smaller fragments so that you can achieve small things, and in the end, they will accumulate and bring you bigger success. Short-term goals can help you plan your long-term career or personal goals and make the process more manageable. You can do this by setting short-term goals that you are sure you can achieve within a day, week, month, or year. Once you accomplish this, it will give you a sense of encouragement and motivation to move ahead faster in your life. For example, if your long-term goal is to improve your efficiency at engineering drawing by 50%, you may set a short-term goal of improving by 2% per month until you reach the end of the semester.

Adjust your goals as needed

You may not always succeed, and that is why you should accept that your goals can also change with time and circumstances. This should not affect your progress. Keeping your goals flexible allows you to take the time to accomplish each goal. This will also help decrease stress and motivate you to work toward your desired outcome.

Wrapping Up

Therefore, there could be multiple goals for engineers, but the main goal is to learn the appropriate skill to be good at what they do. Refining talent and skills are vital to achieving your dreams. So, if you want to accomplish something that you have dreamed of for a very long time, you must set your goals in the right direction and follow the tips mentioned above!

Easy Pointers to Help You Choose the Right Undergraduate Engineering Programme
19 January 2023

Easy Pointers to Help You Choose the Right Undergraduate Engineering Programme

Engineering is a well-known field of study offering education and training on designing and improving several organisations' systems, products, and processes. The right engineering program allows exploring and grabs exciting opportunities to help you achieve your personal and professional goals in life.

An engineering program covers a wide range of subjects, from Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology, and Computer Science. The curriculum covers design theory, advanced mathematics, core engineering principles, diagrammatic representations, etc.

A student who receives the right direction will become a good engineer. Therefore, it is important to ponder certain points before opting for an undergraduate engineering programme. Even if you are meticulous and dedicated, the right engineering program will propel your career toward excellence.

How to Choose the Right Undergraduate Engineering Program?

Accreditation

Go for engineering programs only if they come with certified accreditation. The presence of an accreditation implies that the institute or university meets the global or national standards of that particular academic field. For example, if you are looking for jobs in the field of mechanical engineering, many employers consider this a point while recruiting candidates only from NBA (National Board of Accreditations). Besides this, if you are applying for an education loan for your mechanical engineering degree, a NBA accreditation makes the process seamless and effective.

Specializations and Sub-Specializations

Studying the various specializations and sub-specializations that the engineering colleges/universities around you offer is crucial. Students can now pursue engineering programmes in varied specializations – thanks to the new National Education Policy (NEP 2020) in force in various states of the country!

Curriculum

Every student interested in engineering must research the curriculum of any prospective school or institute before applying. As the curricula for engineering programme is diverse concerning the range of topics, electives, and practical elements, one must ensure that the programme they are opting for covers the topics of their interest and need.

Growth Opportunities

Every student studies any course to fulfill their goals in the end. Be it a good job, higher studies, or any entrepreneurial venture, your engineering programme should provide you with potential growth opportunities post the completion of the degree.

Reputation

One must consider the reputation of any engineering program that one opts for. You can do this by researching the professional reputations of the professors teaching the program. Quality engineering professors are always more than just ‘graduates’ and possess great years of experience. Researching notable alums can also testify to the programme’s reputation and quality.

Internships

An engineering programme without internships is like a boat without a sailor. It would be best if you had practical training and exposure from industry experts to sharpen your technical skills and help you score a good post-graduation job. Always opt for schools or institutes with tie-ups with prominent corporations or organisations willing to provide internships to undergraduate engineers.

Affordability

 An expensive undergraduate programme can often lead to long-term debts even after graduation. Therefore, it is very important to compare and contrast the cost of the affordable and cost-effective curriculum. No programme should have opted that can create a hole in your pocket for the next ten years. Even if you are going for an engineering programme with higher fees, the quality and outcome of the programme should compensate for the same.

Infrastructure and Ancillary Support

A good engineering institute or school provides students with infrastructural support to help them excel in their studies. This includes access to the well-equipped library, laboratory, practical rooms, sports room for extra-curricular activities, a medical room for emergency first-aid, and financial aid such as scholarships to help the students during their financial crunch.

Location

Location is important in determining the programme you are opting for (unless it is an online course). Spending hours in travel will affect the productivity of the students and can also impact your networking initiatives post-study hours. A student must opt for programmes close to their residence or easily accessible, whichever is earlier.

As engineering is a domain area with lucrative career opportunities, it is advised that one research a college or institute properly and consider the pointers mentioned above before selecting their undergraduate engineering programme.

Reasons Why Engineers Make Great Entrepreneurs
19 December 2022

Reasons Why Engineers Make Great Entrepreneurs

Do you wonder why engineers make extraordinary entrepreneurs? You are not alone, as many people have the same question in their minds when they witness more and more engineers translating their innovative ideas into successful business ventures. Therefore, it can be concluded that engineering graduates have a certain advantage over candidates from other disciplines.

We all know that today’s age is witnessing a revolution, called start-up culture. And engineering graduates are contributing a lot to keep this culture going with immense success and outstanding popularity.

Moreover, engineering students and graduates have been coming up with diverse competitive and innovative ideas for quite some time to start their entrepreneurial journey. Today’s majority of well-known start-up brands are the brainchildren of engineering students as well as graduates.

Why do Engineers make Excellent Entrepreneurs in today’s world?

It is time to check out some key reasons why engineers are making the majority of successful entrepreneurs in almost every industry in today’s world:

Engineers have proved themselves as Excellent Innovators:
Needless to say, innovation is among the prime skills that can transform an idea into a successful business venture. And engineers come with adequate skills and expertise to brainstorm innovative ideas and strategies to turn their dreams into reality. In other words, innovation is one of the main reasons why more and more engineers are managing to prove themselves as outstanding entrepreneurs.

Engineers can scan opportunities with ease:
Needless to say, engineers can find opportunities even in difficult situations and leave no stone unturned to come up with an innovative and effective solution to ease the situation. Needless to say, engineers study, acquire knowledge, and prove themselves in a too much competitive environment throughout their academic years.

As a result, they become capable of extracting opportunities from almost every situation and work accordingly to get success. In other words, the skill of scanning opportunities and brainstorming innovative ideas is another prime reason for engineers becoming great entrepreneurs.

Engineers have Commendable Perseverance:
Engineers, who aspire to become successful entrepreneurs, do not give up on their dreams despite difficulties and challenges. In other words, engineers hold the power to face and survive hardships to make their dream come true.

That is why they can overcome failures with ease and start scanning for alternative ways to find an effective solution to the current problem in no time. In other words, engineers have immense emotional strength that motivates them to keep going and become excellent entrepreneurs.

Engineers are Outstanding Planners:
No one can dream to become an entrepreneur without solid planning. And engineers have excelled in this department as well. The reason is that engineering students work on diverse assignments and projects throughout their academic years. Thus, they become excellent planners and come up as top-class entrepreneurs as a result.

Moreover, when it comes to turning their dreams into reality, engineers have backup plans as well. That is how more and more engineers are getting success in their entrepreneurial journey.

Moreover, engineers know how to be excellent team players and accomplish a task by working together.

A Complete Guide on Different Specialisations Under B.Tech Courses
12 December 2022

A Complete Guide on Different Specialisations Under B.Tech Courses

Are you interested in pursuing a career in engineering? If yes, then you have to complete a B.Tech degree in your chosen stream as a first step. In short, engineering is one of the most preferred and evergreen courses available after 10+2 when it comes to having a fulfilling, soul-satisfying, and sustainable life.

Nonetheless, the course has been witnessing many changes with time as newer specializations are getting introduced to keep pace with the latest trend and technology. Needless to say, you have to prove your worth and competency while enrolling in an engineering course by cracking the applicable entrance exam (s). Note that only students with PCM (Physics/Chemistry/Mathematics) or PCMB (Physics/ Chemistry/ Mathematics/ Biology) can choose to study engineering.

Different Specializations under B.Tech Courses

Nowadays, diverse specializations are available to make students industry-ready and future-proof. However, it might seem to be a cumbersome and confusing task for some students to select their specializations in the B.Tech curriculum. Don’t worry! The following options help you choose your B.Tech specialization based on your passion and interests:

B.Tech in Computer Science & Engineering:
You can choose to achieve your B.Tech degree in computer science and engineering if you are passionate about making your career in this domain. Needless to say, the degree attracts an abundance of job opportunities in various industries (such as the IT industry) for competent candidates.

Once you complete your course, you can make your career as a software developer, software engineer, test engineer, content developer, or programmer analyst.

B.Tech in Aerospace Engineering:
If you aspire to become an aerospace engineer, then you should go for aerospace engineering. The demand and popularity of competent aerospace engineers are on the rise, so you can expect to have many golden opportunities throughout your career.

Once you obtain the degree, you can start your career as an Aerospace Engineer, Welding Engineer, Aircraft Technician, or Researcher in a top-notch organization.

B.Tech in Civil Engineering:
The demand for competent civil engineers is evergreen due to the growth and development of industrial projects, real estate projects, Smart City projects, and so on. Eligible candidates after completing a B.Tech degree in Civil Engineering can start working as a Civil Engineer, Executive Engineer, Site Engineer, or Structural Engineer.

B.Tech in Cloud Technology & Information Security:
A B.Tech degree in Cloud Technology & Information Security comes with a curriculum in ethical hacking, cloud security, and computer forensics to name a few. If you choose to complete your degree in this specialization, you can expect to work as a Cloud Project Manager, Cloud Security Specialist, Cloud Support Engineer, and so on in the upcoming years.

B.Tech in Cyber Security & Forensic:
Since the inclination toward online financial transactions is on the rise, the demand for competent cybersecurity and forensic candidates has also increased. That means if you would like to contribute to securing online transactions against cyber criminals, you can opt for B.Tech in Cyber Security & Forensic.

As a qualified candidate in this regard, you can embark on the roles of an Ethical Hacker, Information Security Manager, and Malware Analyzer among others.

Some other popular specializations for the B.Tech course include Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning, Computer Science in Full Stack Development, and Mechanical Engineering.

Career Options After B.Tech Mechanical Engineering
22 November 2022

Career Options After B.Tech Mechanical Engineering

Have you already obtained a B.Tech degree in Mechanical Engineering? If yes, then it is high time to consider a myriad of career options for your future. You already know that mechanical engineering revolves around researching, designing, and production of versatile machines.

In short, the applications of mechanical engineering can be seen everywhere in the world. That means the demand for competent mechanical engineers is evergreen. Moreover, today’s mechanical engineering field leverages the power of more and more advanced technologies. Therefore, as a mechanical engineering graduate, you need to stay updated with the latest tools and technologies to broaden your horizon.

Some Popular Career Options after B.Tech Mechanical Engineering
Mechanical engineers play crucial roles in society. Whether it is about leveraging technical expertise or catering to client’s requirements, mechanical engineers leave no stone unturned to prove their competence and expertise. Let us discuss some of the most popular career options for mechanical engineering graduates:

Post Graduation or M.Tech in Mechanical Engineering:
One of the most popular career opportunities for mechanical engineering graduates is to obtain an M.Tech degree. Postgraduate students get to obtain in-depth knowledge of various subjects in mechanical engineering.

Thus, they can make sure of better job opportunities in the upcoming years. Also, if you want to broaden your horizon in the research field of mechanical engineering, then you have to enroll in a postgraduation course followed by Ph.D.

Government Jobs:
Do you want to start working as an employee after completing a B.Tech degree in mechanical engineering? If yes, then there are diverse government jobs available for competent candidates in organizations, such as DRDO, national research laboratories, and so on.

You can apply for jobs based on the required criteria. Note that you need to prove your worth to start working in a government job in a reputed organization.

Internships:
Would you like to acquire real-life industry knowledge, expertise, and experience after your graduation? Then, you can apply for internships in prestigious organizations. Although you can take up an internship during your last semester, applying for one after graduation can do wonders for your career. Thus, you can get ready for various job responsibilities that you would apply for once you obtain your internship completion certificate.

Teaching Jobs:
As an engineering graduate, you must have excellent expertise in physics and mathematics. Hence, if you are interested in teaching students, you can apply for teaching jobs in high schools. If you wish to advance your career further in the teaching profession, you can opt for professional courses, such as B.Ed.

Private Technical Jobs:
The majority of engineering graduates opt for private technical jobs via campus placements or walk-in interviews. If you succeed to show your worth and competence in front of employers, you can expect to land a high-paying job in a top-notch company. Did you know engineering is one of the professions, which is highly promising as well as beneficial?

Hence, what are you waiting for? Choose your career option today and soar high in your profession.

Top Career Insights for Electrical Engineering Graduates
14 November 2022

Top Career Insights for Electrical Engineering Graduates

Are you an electrical engineering graduate? Then, you must have been dedicating a significant time a day to consider your career options. As an electrical engineer, you have already gained basic knowledge of the field.

Now, it is high time to opt for the most suitable career option for you to reach your goals and achieve something great in your life. Knowing about the available career opportunities in electrical engineering helps you decide whether you would like to advance your career in the same field or switch to a different path.

Some Best-in-Class Career Opportunities for Electrical Engineering Graduates
As an electrical engineering graduate, you have a myriad of career options from which you can choose your preference based on your passion, interest, and skill sets. Every industry calls for competent electrical engineers to cater to various responsibilities. That is why it is a must for you to know about the responsibilities for a specific job role in advance so that you can make an informed decision. It is time to check out some of the popular career options for electrical engineering graduates below:

Micro Electrical Engineer:
One of the most popular fields for electrical engineers is microelectronics. And as a micro electrical engineer, you would have to design small electronic parts, such as microchips, circuit boards, semiconductors, and so on, which contribute to designing diverse electronic, biomedical, aerospace, and IT devices.

Did you know that the demand for micro electrical engineers has increased by approx 26%? Hence, if you are interested in microelectronics, many golden opportunities are awaiting you.

Electrical Engineering:
You can also opt to work in the core electrical engineering jobs. Your job responsibilities would revolve around large-scale electrical systems, including motor control, transmitting energy, power transmission, and so on. You need to contribute to designing and developing test equipment, and electrical systems and solve day-to-day challenges in the company you are going to work for.

As an electrical engineer, you can choose to work on an array of technologies ranging from household appliances, electrical power stations, satellite communications, telecommunication systems, and so on.

In short, the demand for electrical engineers to design and maintain electrical control systems and other day-to-day equipment is evergreen. Hence, if you would like to work in a core electrical engineering job, there won’t be any dearth of opportunities for you.

Instrumentation Engineer:
As an instrumentation engineer, you would be contributing to working on automated processes to boost reliability, safety, optimization, stability, and productivity.

Did you know instrumentation engineering is considered among the best career options for electrical engineering graduates? Hence, if you have unique thinking abilities, required skill sets, and adequate problem-solving skills, you can opt to be an instrumentation engineer.

As a competent instrumentation engineer, you can choose to work in one of the diverse fields, including machinery, automation, manufacturing, construction & railways, and so on.

Wrapping Up
Electrical engineering graduates have many scopes to make a bright career and reach their professional goals. Hence, what are you waiting for? Choose your career path today and start gaining experience for your future.

5 Tips to Crack Engineering Entrance Exam
31 October 2022

5 Tips to Crack Engineering Entrance Exam

Contemplated as one of the most lucrative career choices, engineering can certainly be observed as a dream career for millions of candidates. Nonetheless, cracking the engineering entrance exam is not child’s play! From JEE to many more engineering entrance exams, the aspirants need to work hard, stay devoted and follow the right strategy to taste success in these much popular and highly competitive entrance exams.

If you are determined to clear your engineering entrance exam, no one can stop you from achieving your dream. Here, we have mentioned five significant tips that will help you put your best foot forward and crack engineering entrance exams with flying colours.

Most Efficient Tips to Crack Engineering Entrance Exam

  1. Stick to a personal schedule and study timetable
    Start by making a personal schedule so that you can make the most of your available time. Apart from a personal schedule, you should prepare a study timetable wisely. Your study timetable should cover all chapters of the entire syllabus in a fixed time frame. Stick to your own deadlines set for covering separate topics and make sure to complete your syllabus accordingly. This will save you from anxiety, stress and worry.
  2. Collect the right study material as soon as possible
    Be it the notes, previous years’ question papers, unsolved papers, practice question sets, books or anything else, you must have the right study material gathered beforehand. This will not only save you time in the future but will also help you understand the pattern of different study materials making it easier for you to grasp and master your topics.
  3. Make sure to solve previous years’ question papers
    Solving previous years’ question papers play a crucial role in the success of your engineering entrance exams. Collect as many as you can from authentic sources and solve them on a regular basis. You can decide on two or three days a week when you spend a few hours solving these papers. This practice not only induces confidence in engineering aspirants but also lets them understand the pattern of diverse questions from different topics.
  4. Keep revising and practicing
    Do not keep moving ahead without revising and practicing what you have learned the last day. Regular revisions aid in learning things proficiently and you do not get worried in the long run thinking whether you remember your last lessons or not.
  5. Don’t forget to take breaks
    Engineering entrance exams demand dedication, perseverance, and a lot of hard work. However, you need to stay healthy, happy, and stress-free. Make sure to take breaks in between your study hours. Get involved in activities like playing sports, yoga, meditation, or more so that you stay both physically and mentally fit. Talk to your friends. Spend time with your family. All these activities will keep you relaxed and will help you prepare better for your exams.

Always think positively. Leave no stone unturned. Stay confident and follow all the above tips that ensure your success in engineering entrance exams. Good luck.

A Complete Guide To Get Ready For Your Semester Exams – Engineering Career
10 October 2022

A Complete Guide To Get Ready For Your Semester Exams – Engineering Career

Are you an engineering student and getting nervous about your upcoming semester exam? Do not worry! There are some key strategies through which you can expect to do well in your semesters. Since you have many aspirations and goals associated with a career in engineering, it is time to set all worries and anxieties aside and gear you up for the battle to prove your worth and excellence.

Key Strategies to get prepared for Upcoming Semester Exams in Engineering

Set a Schedule to Study:
The first step is to give cues to your brain to get ready for a study session. Having a customized study schedule makes you punctual and keeps your inspiration to study intact throughout the session.

You can tweak the schedule from time to time to accommodate other priorities, such as extra classes or group study sessions with friends. However, you should dedicate most of the time in a day to preparing for your semester exams, especially when the exam dates are out.

Revise & Practice as much as possible:
Collect the question papers of the last few years and go through them carefully. You would certainly find some topics to be more important than the rest by the number of questions asked from the same. Note down those topics and prepare separate strategies to cover them with the ace.

Revision is a crucial part of the preparation for every exam, and the semester exams are no exception. Revise the concepts you have already covered as much as possible. Never start learning concepts before a couple of days of the semester. Dedicate the time to revise and practice.

One of the best ways to brush up on the concepts and check your proficiency level is to take as many mock tests as possible. Thus, you can also get a scope to get a taste of the actual semester exam, as you would have to complete writing within the same time as the actual test.

Seek help whenever needed:
You might get stuck on tricky concepts in your syllabus once in a while. Do not hesitate to seek support in such situations. Reach out to your professors to get your queries resolved to get a clear idea about the complex topics.

The initiative on your part would help you draw the attention of your faculty members. As a result, you can expect some extra guidance or tips from them for your semester preparation. Do not forget to take small notes during your doubt-clearing sessions with professors to recall the concepts later.

Make plans for Group Study:
One of the best ways to prepare for exams is to exchange knowledge with like-minded people. Make schedules for group studies to clear doubts on various concepts together with your friends.

Helping others in clearing concepts also helps you brush up on the concepts you already learned. Take the help of your friends to get a better grasp of difficult concepts in your semester’s syllabus.

What are you waiting for? It is time to start a solid preparation for your upcoming exams and give it your best shot. Never panic, keep your motivation intact instead!

What Is The Future Of Cyber security Career In India?
13 September 2022

What Is The Future Of Cyber security Career In India?

The advancements in cybercrimes around the world made it mandatory to hire more and more cyber security experts in organizations across different industries. Needless to say, it is the key reason why India is experiencing the surge in demand and popularity of competent cyber security experts. However, if you are interested in building your career in this niche, you need to be familiar with the latest trends and future career prospects in cyber security.

In essence, the graph of the future career opportunities in cyber security is upward, as the IT sector in India has witnessed potential job growth in cyber security over the last couple of years. Even a majority of businesses have already started their journey in cyberspace.

Businesses worldwide cannot keep running their operations without leveraging the power of the Internet. It marks the importance of cyberspace in organizations across diverse industries although the level of dependency may vary. Needless to say, the circumstance has taken the necessity of cyber security to the next level, which has further brightened the current and future career prospects in this industry.

Why is the demand for cyber security professionals on the rise?
All of us have been witnessing advancements in the IT industry over a few years. And it has come with the potential of various cyber security threats, which have been evident from different hacking incidents.

Whether it is a data breach, scam, or exploitation of sensitive information, the figures of cyber attacks are showing the severity of the situation. That is why more and more organizations have started hiring competent cyber security experts to secure their security and privacy online. And the upcoming years would also witness the growth of cyberspace and the importance of cyber security professionals.

Future Career Prospects in Cyber Security
Many colleges in India have already collaborated with cyber security experts to gear students up with the necessary knowledge, skills, and expertise to help them build successful careers in the industry. Thus, next-generation professionals can grasp all the latest information and be familiar with the current industry trends in cyber security to address all the concerns in this regard.
Today’s industry experts are leaving examples in terms of their analytical skills to enable future professionals to address cyber security issues regardless of complexity. The key goal is to counterattack cyber criminals and take preventive measures on time to check or minimize the potential risks.

You already know the demand for cyber security professionals won’t go down anytime soon. And when it comes to the top career opportunities in cyber security in India, ethical hacking secures one of the top ranks.

Ethical hackers are competent cyber security professionals with a rigorous understanding of the mindset of a hacker to spot vulnerabilities in the security network and applications of a company. It is one of the high-demand career opportunities in cyber security to ensure a secure cyber security network of an organization.

On the other hand, cyber security analyst and security architect are two other sought-after job roles for cyber security experts.

Tips To Become A Good Engineering Student
06 September 2022

Tips To Become A Good Engineering Student

Would you envision yourself being a successful engineer in the future? Have you already enrolled in an engineering course? Whether you are currently an engineering student or about to become one, you need to know how to become a good engineering student. In other words, you need to be familiar with how to make the best of the 4-year of your college life.

Needless to say, some of the best brains can only get the opportunity to pursue an engineering career. That means you have to step up your game to stay ahead in the competition while maintaining an excellent relationship with your peers.

A Few Easy Strategies to become a top-class Engineering Student

Work on Your Goals & Dreams from the Beginning:
Pursuing higher studies is all about expanding one’s horizon and gearing up for a professional career. Some students do not emphasize their first-year study and get lost in their newfound freedom of adult life.

However, if you have big dreams in your life and envision yourself being a successful professional, pay heed to your courses straight from the beginning. The first-year study creates momentum for the remaining years.

Moreover, your final CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) would be calculated based on your every semester’s performance. And you know very well how high CGPA can give you an edge over your peers in the placement drives later.

Emphasize the Importance of Networking & Expand Your Horizon:
An engineering student should work on networking right from the beginning of the academic session. That is why you need to be familiar with your peers, alumni, and faculty members to attract opportunities and become a popular face on campus. Thus, you can take your confidence to the next level and do wonders in campus interviews.

You can start your journey to expanding your network by forming a small study group. Exchange ideas, knowledge, and concept with your friends in your close-knit group. As a result, you can keep your motivation and positive energy intact while away from your home (if you are living in the college hostel) and face challenges without getting frustrated.

In addition, being in touch with your professors and alumni helps you stay updated with the latest trends in the world of engineering. Having an in-depth conversation with your faculty members would not only help you with academics but also with your job preparation.

Ask as many questions as you want:
Do not be a student, who hides behind others throughout the lectures. It is high time to come out of your shell and leverage the power of exposure that the engineering course brings to you.

Be a proactive student and ask as many questions as you want to resolve all your queries. It is time to acquire new knowledge and upgrade yourself. Take your learning curve to the next level by covering concepts in advance. You may ask permission from your professors to help you with your queries during office hours to acquire more clarity in the subjects.

Do not forget to keep working on your resume by adding new milestones as you achieve them.

How to choose the best engineering branch for a bright career?
16 August 2022

How to choose the best engineering branch for a bright career?

A Brief Introduction
Do you want to pursue engineering in your higher studies? If yes, then you must be familiar with various branches of engineering to opt for your preference. Do not go for others’ opinions or perspectives if you do not want to end up getting disinterested or disappointed in the final year of your course.

The selection of an engineering branch depends on your interest and preference while the future job prospects or business opportunities should also be considered. Having a degree no longer gives an edge to a candidate- it is the expertise, knowledge, and skills that make all the difference. And choosing a branch you are not passionate about won’t work in your favour in the long run.

Opt for the Best Engineering Branch: Some easy-to-follow tips

  • Take your own decision
    Never go for shallow considerations when it comes to choosing the most suitable branch in engineering for you. Maybe a branch is suitable for your friend, but it does not mean it would be for you as well.
  • Consider job satisfaction too
    A branch may ensure highly-paid jobs for candidates, but job satisfaction is also one of the most important factors to consider. And the journey starts with choosing the right branch out of the available ones. That is why career counselling is a must-do for candidates after the conclusion of JEE exams.
  • Take the help of counsellors
    You already know how important career counselling is when it comes to choosing the right branch in engineering. Nonetheless, many people are still in favour of listening to others instead of booking sessions with career experts. Parents need to consider the interest or the passion of their children instead of imposing their preferences to help them choose the best option. Students can also take the help of education counsellors who will steer them in the right direction
  • Stay updated
    As a future engineering student, you also need to stay updated with the latest industry news or opinions of industry experts. It would help you to find which engineering field is performing better than the others. Thus, you can have an approximate idea regarding the upcoming job trends of your shortlisted branches and opt for the most suitable branch for you.
  • Consider your interest
    Considering your passion and interest should be the topmost priority, but emphasizing job opportunities is also mandatory. You have to know in advance whether or not you are ready to put hard work and determination needed to reach your dream job designation.
  • Be realistic in your approach
    Note that having dreams about working in a job role and working in that role, in reality, is completely different. That is why you need to be familiar with what it feels like working on real-world problems in your shortlisted engineering branch. It would save you from having regrets or disappointments later.

Whether you are going for a core engineering branch or a non-core engineering branch depends on your preference and future goals. While Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Electrical Engineering are considered core engineering branches, Computer Science Engineering, Information Technology (IT), and Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering are regarded as the most popular non-core engineering branches.

Based on all the above-mentioned considerations, choose an engineering branch that serves well to your expectations as well as dreams!

Why Construction Technology Has Become the Most In-Demand Career Today?
11 July 2022

Why Construction Technology Has Become the Most In-Demand Career Today?

A Short Introduction
Did you know Construction Engineering Technology comes as a vast field with tremendous career opportunities? Competent engineers leverage the power of construction technology to convert ideas into reality when it comes to building roads, airports, bridges, buildings, railroads, and so on.

In short, construction technology contributes a lot to the development, advancement, and welfare of a nation. Hence, needless to say, today, construction technology is the most sought-after career choice of students considering the job opportunities and job growth potential ensured by Construction Engineering Technology.

Students in this field get familiar with all the latest aspects of architectural engineering, civil engineering, construction management, and so on. Thus, pursuing your career in Construction Engineering Technology helps you stand out in the crowd with your knowledge, skills, and expertise as a construction manager and an engineer alike.

Career Prospects in Construction Technology
In essence, the building and construction industry is growing leaps and bounds and creating loads of golden career opportunities for competent candidates. Do you wonder what potential opportunities you can expect once you have achieved a Construction Engineering Technology degree? Let us discuss it below:

Upon completing the Construction Engineering Technology degree with flying colors, you can join a construction company as a site engineer or a construction planning engineer. The projects you would be working on include commercial buildings, residential buildings, hospitals, cooperatives, railways, roads, and so on.

You can also opt to join a construction company as a chief engineer (based on your experience) and collaborate with an architect to complete vast construction projects. Do you want to take your career to the next level in construction technology? Then, you can opt to specialize in a preferred yet demanding field of construction. For instance, if you want to build a promising career in railways, then you can choose to be a tunnel engineer.

Note that Construction Engineering Technology familiarizes you with all the requisites of construction, so you can start your career as a project supervisor or supply chain manager.

What is the Expected Salary of a Beginner Construction Technology Professional?
Note that the potential and prospects of employment in construction technology are immense. However, the entry-level salary of a professional depends on several factors, such as the organization itself, academic qualifications, experience (such as internships), job roles, and so on.

On the other hand, professionals aspiring to work as specialists in construction technology (like tunnel engineers) can expect huge salaries. Although a site engineer can expect to earn a decent salary, the prospects of growth and increment are abundant.

Wrapping Up
Construction technology is one of the well-known branches of civil engineering that lets students get familiar with non-technical as well as technical aspects of building roads, railways, private or public buildings, and so on.

Since the latest economy is witnessing rapid growth and advancement in the construction domain, construction technology professionals can expect immense opportunities to build their dream careers.

Are you a detail-oriented individual? Are you ready to face day-to-day challenges revolving around construction projects? Would you like to stay updated with the latest trends in the construction industry? Then, construction technology can be an ideal career option for you.

Mathematics for Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
05 July 2022

Mathematics for Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

Over time, there has been an overpowering surge of a few individuals wandering into the world of information science and utilizing artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) strategies to test measurable regularities and construct immaculate data-driven items. In any case, it's found that a few need the vital numerical instinct and system to urge valuable results. Recently, there has been an upsurge in the accessibility of numerous easy-to-use machines and profound learning bundles such as sci-kit-learn, Weka, TensorFlow etc. 

Artificial intelligence and machine learning hypothesis may be a field that converges factual, probabilistic, computer science and algorithmic angles, emerging from learning iteratively from information and finding covered-up bits of knowledge which can be utilized to construct smart applications. Despite the huge conceivable outcomes of the machine and profound learning, an intensive scientific understanding of several methods is essential for the internal workings of the calculations and getting great results. Whatever your objective is, whether it’s to be an Information Researcher, Information Examiner, or Machine Learning Design, your essential range of centre ought to be on Mathematics. 

Mathematics is the essential building piece to fathom all the business and information-driven applications within the real-world situation. From analyzing company exchanges to understanding how to develop within the day-to-day advertising, making future stock expectations of the company to anticipating future deals, mathematics is used in nearly every zone of trade. The applications of mathematics are utilized in diverse businesses like retail, fabricating, and IT to bring out the company diagram in terms of deals, generation, merchandise, admissions, the wage paid, forecast of their level within the show advertise and much more.

What level of Mathematics do you need? 
The primary address when attempting to get into intriguing fields such as artificial intelligence and machine learning, the sum of arithmetic vital and the level of science is required to get these strategies. The reply to this address is multidimensional and depends on the level and interest of an individual. Research about scientific details and hypothetical progression of machine learning is continuous and a few analysts are working on more progressed procedures. The least level of arithmetic is required to be a machine learning scientist/engineer and the significance of each scientific concept.

Mechanization and machine learning has changed our lives. From the foremost mechanically smart individual working in driving advanced stage companies like Google or Facebook to somebody who is a fair smartphone client, there are exceptionally few who have not been affected by manufactured insights or machine learning in a few shapes or the other; through social media, savvy keeping money, healthcare or indeed uber. From self–driving cars, robots, picture acknowledgement, demonstrative evaluations, suggestion motors, photo labelling, fraud detection and more, the long-standing time for machine learning and AI is shining and full of undiscovered possibilities.

With the guarantee of so much advancement and path-breaking thoughts, any individual will be inquisitive about cutting-edge innovation and may aim to create a career in machine learning. But how can you learn about the latest technologies and the different areas that contribute to them? You would have heard about numerous cool-sounding work profiles like Information Researcher, Information Examiner, Information Build, Machine Learning Build etc., they are not only monetarily fulfilling but also allow one to develop as an engineer and work at some of the foremost productive innovative companies. Now the question is, how do you start to set a career in machine learning? What instruction foundation ought you seek after and what aptitudes will be required? Machine learning may be a field that includes, insights, computer science and calculations that are used to make shrewdly applications. These applications can gather valuable and smart data from information that is valuable to reach trade bits of knowledge. Since machine learning revolves around the consideration and application of calculations, it is crucial to have a foundation in mathematics.

Data Engineering in Artificial Intelligence
13 June 2022

Data Engineering in Artificial Intelligence

Today, data is a vital aspect of any business. Companies use and construct various data structures to build customer relationships and respond to business queries. A wide range of technologies is applied to the data to understand customers and their requirements. Managed by distinct technologies and stocked up in several structures data analysis becomes a challenging task. However, the tools owned for analysis accept that the data is from a single technology and stored in an identical structure. Data engineering eases the process of providing reliable and secure data to scientists, data analysts, and other professionals who work with data regularly.

The importance of data engineering and its scope as a career choice has been growing exponentially in recent years as companies of varied sizes rely heavily on data. Some of the points that support the above statement are:

  • Around 90% of the huge data has been produced in recent years; data is growing exponentially
  • Data is managed through complex technologies such as NoSQL, relational databases, and Hadoop
  • Engineering the data is the linchpin in many activities such as future prediction, modeling the customers, preventing threats, and a better understanding of business conditions
  • The more complex the data, the higher the demand for data engineering roles as data engineering becomes critical in the future

Data engineering organizes and manages suitable data for different systems and various data consumers, such as system architects, business leaders, data analysts, and data scientists. Some vital areas of data engineering are:

  • To gather the data requirements
  • To maintain metadata
  • To ensure the governance and security of data
  • To store data
  • To process data for specific requirements.

The above responsibilities are well addressed by data engineers through data acquisition, cleansing, conversion, disambiguation, and de-duplication. Hence, data engineers should possess the ability to work on different technologies using specialized tools.

Programming and math/statistics are two of the most critical technical abilities for a data engineer to acquire.

Programming: Software developers transitioning to an AI role or those with a computer science degree are likely to be familiar with a few programming languages. Python and R are two of the most widely used languages in AI, particularly machine learning. Every aspiring data and AI engineer must be well-versed in these two languages, as well as their most often used libraries and packages.

Math / Statistics: More than merely coding, data and AI engineering require math and statistics. Machine learning algorithms are based on statistical and probability notions. When verifying the authenticity and integrity of your data, you will also require a good grasp of terms like statistical significance.

Artificial intelligence and data engineering provide a reliable artificial intelligence solution that can work at scale by providing usable products to clients. Artificial intelligence and machine learning possess high demand for data that is impossible to scale by human engineers. To incorporate artificial intelligence capabilities and feed the data-hungry models many transformative technologies must be implemented for the analysis and storing of data. If the role of a data engineer lies in preparing the data, then the data scientist's responsibility is to use the data for the promotion of business decisions. To summarise, a career in data engineering is both challenging and rewarding because providing artificial intelligence assistance to a wide range of companies in industries such as healthcare, retail, finance, etc. becomes unrealistic without structured data and the technical resources to mine the data. Data engineering experts with technologies to mine the forthcoming zettabytes of data will be the need of the hour in the coming future.

Prospective Career scopes in Electronics and Communication Engineering
22 April 2022

Prospective Career scopes in Electronics and Communication Engineering

Electronics and Communication Engineering have evolved as the spine of the technological innovations of modern times. From satellites to telecommunication to robotics to 3D gaming ECE graduates are in high demand in the labor market. Below we have listed some out-of-the-box careers for WCE pursuers.

  • A career in the Internet of Things
    As IoT becomes streamlined, it is being applied to all areas of humans creating a sense of unity in society. smart cities, security, smart agriculture, and domestic automation are just a few examples. this has caused a flurry of activities among all industries, and now companies are looking for candidates with these abilities.
  • A career in Computer Application Development
    Upon passing out engineering in computer science you can choose to work on the primary areas of computer science like algorithm development, structure, and administration of computers, application development using multiple programming languages, information managing, and handling, etc. Foraying in such skills will help you to explore career opportunities like Network Administrator, Web Designer, Web Developer, Database administrator, System Manager, Research Analyst, Computer Programmer, Software Developer, and Software Tester.
  • A career in Cloud Technology and Information Security
    Aspirants who want to work in this field will have the opportunity to work on fundamentals of operating systems and programming languages and provide hands-on experience in Java programming, key aspects of android, data structures, and Linus. You will also have exposure to extensive knowledge about computer networks, mobile architecture, and app development. Concepts like the configuration of servers and database management are also a part of the course. You can expect to work for job titles like Cyber Security Consultant, Security Analyst, Security Architect, Security Engineer, Risk Analyst.
  • A career in Artificial Intelligence
    With the concept of Industry 4.0 emerging along with the rise of exponential technologies, artificial intelligence is the most sought-after sector. Students interested in this field of technology can explore careers as Software Engineers, Software Developers, AI / Machine Learning software developers, AI / Machine Learning Specialist, Data Analyst, Data Engineer, NLP (Natural Language Processing) Engineer, Automation Engineer, Technical Support Engineer, Digital Transformation Consultant and lots more.
  • A career in Gaming Industry
    This is another offbeat choice for students who want to pursue a technical career after computer engineering. You can explore the following career opportunities in the gaming industry.
    • Web designer
    • Character animator
    • Art designer
    • Game developer
    • Game tester,
    • Game modeler
    • Level designer
    • Game quality
    • Assurance tester
    • Programmer
    • Art designer
    • Level scripter
  • A creative career in Graphics & VFX
    Graphics and VFX Course is another exciting career that students with computer engineering can foray into. Spirants can work in graphic designing, visual effects, fundamentals and techniques of VFX, Animation both two dimensional (2D) and three dimensional (3D), digital filmmaking, FX, Dynamics, and Simulation. If you are capable of thinking out of the box and yet utilizing your technical skills, graphics and VFX can be a great career choice for you.
  • A career in Cybersecurity
    This career opportunity is also suitable for students of computer engineering where they will get the scope of working on the technologies of cyber security, application security for java/application security for .net, cyber-threat intelligence, cyber security incident handling, fundamentals of information security.
3D Food Printing
19 April 2022

3D Food Printing

Dhivya S and Madhulekha Rakshit

Industry 4.0, which is referred to as the fourth industrial revolution, emphasizes automation as the key to production. 3D food printing has become a fundamental and automated aspect of food production and processing. Therefore, the issues such as printed food safety and the process of food printing will initially be confronted by customers. Let us discuss how 3D printing has revolutionized the food industry in a nutshell.

In general 3D printing is the additive process where a product is designed, coded, and then printed in three-dimensional form. In the 3D food printing manufacturing process, the ingredients are taken in the correct proportion and added to the cartridges, which are then extruded through the syringe in the coded ratio layer by layer. These filling ingredients are pre-heated for smooth flow and processing and maintained in the proper viscosity needed for shape retention. So, this type of manufacturing is the end of the fantasy.

3D printing was invented by a Japanese scientist in the 1980s. His design used a photosensitive resin whose polymerization was triggered by UV light. The technology was initially used by astronauts for space missions and later, products in puree or paste form were extruded and printed. So, the bakery and confectionary products come to the list first for 3D printing.

Companies like REM3DY Health, Natural Machines, etc., use 3D printers for their products. These are confectionery products that are flawless in terms of shape and color ratio, resulting in increased market share. All upcoming R&D ideas are keeping 3D printers as part of their novel product plans. Nutritionists use this technique to create and manufacture their products so they can maintain the right amount and healthier alternatives of raw material.

From the consumer’s point of view, 3D printed food products will be more attractive as they are customizable, artful, and intriguing. Bakers, for example, can produce their goods in less than 5 minutes with robots in the printers, allowing them to work faster and increase the value of their products. Extrusion-based printing (low viscous products), binder jetting (powdered form ingredients), and inkjet printing (surface decorating) are some of the types of printers available to producers. Depending on their needs, producers can choose one of these.

While discussing the advantages of 3D printing, their ability to design products that are complex, sophisticated, and difficult for a human to design is considered. Additionally, it offers the potential to completely automate food production processes, with substantial reductions in food waste. Some of these advantages are accompanied by disadvantages, such as it is not possible to print meat, fruit, vegetables, or rice by nature, so additives, such as hydrocolloids, are required to enable them to be extruded. Continual heating and cooling promote the growth of bacteria and fungi in food. However, the eco-friendly, sustainable and low waste generation characteristics of the 3D printed foods will make this technique successful in the future.

Prospects for Civil Engineering professionals in India
30 March 2022

Prospects for Civil Engineering professionals in India

Engineering still features high on the list when it comes to graduate programmes in India, as this profession has shown flexibility and ability to adapt to changes in requirements, as well as providing students with the necessary knowledge and skills for a successful career. The disciplines of engineering teach students concepts of mechanics, civil engineering, urbanization technology, electronics and telecommunications, and other associated disciplines due to the high demand and comprehensive prospect of engineering as a career. Civil is one of the mother trades of engineering is one of the strongest and perennial disciplines of this technical academic course.

In the next ten years, given our cities and villages facing infrastructure problems, it is likely to become repetitive. While every industry is critical to economic development, infrastructure is a significant growth engine worldwide in the 21st century. In India, we need more highways, more airports, more houses, and more to meet the city’s mass urbanization pressures and collapse. Substantial progress can be achieved in all fields and major human-related improvements, civil engineers are expected to face many obstacles, including environmental infrastructure construction.

The career prospect of civil engineers had been slummy in India for some time back, however, since 2020 this trade has regained its stature with a boom in infrastructural domains due to the following factors

  • Transportation Engineering for enabling Safe and secure transport
  • Environmental Engineering a better and greener approach to infrastructural development
  • Surveying of property development sites for accommodating population boom.
  • Escalating structural engineering with better materials and smarter construction ideas
  • Maintenance and Rehabilitation of the structures: Conservation of Heritage buildings

Career prospect of Civil Engineers in India
Once you have graduated in Civil Engineering from any of the accredited technical colleges or universities of India you can aspect a prosperous career in the following fields.

  1. Building control surveyors
    Taking on this role involves overseeing workers and making sure building constructions go as smoothly as possible. Since this is a managerial position the job holder will have to take end-to-end responsibility of the building construction to ensure a streamlined operation.  This job provides job security, lucrative salaries, and endless opportunities for career advancement.
  2. Scope of Entrepreneurship in Civil Engineering
    Formally trained civil engineers have a huge scope of becoming future entrepreneurs too! Fresh graduates, as well as experienced construction professionals, materialize their entrepreneurial dreams in numerous domains like
    • Supplying construction materials
    • Working as a civil contractor
    • Managing and consulting on projects
    • Marketing real estate
    • Operating testing laboratories
    • Supply equipment to construction sites
  3. Construction Estimation Executive
    Developers in India increasingly are focusing on building sustainable and cost-effective-friendly buildings. When you take up a job as a construction estimator you are responsible for driving the project in the most streamlined and efficient as possible. With newer evolutions in the field of civil engineering, you can have a lucrative career in this specific job role.
  4. Site Engineer
    As a site engineer, your primary duty is to envision and develop a project that will yield the best possible return on investment for the developer who has employed you. Since investors would always want to make the maximum out of their property and land investment in which site engineers can help them, this job role will always be in demand. Recently there has been a huge surge in the demand for site engineer professionals.
  5. Quality Assurance Engineer
    Though it is a relatively new field in the civil engineering realm, it holds immense importance. Real estate developers and contractors in India today seek consultation from QC engineers to ensure their infrastructures are safely constructed and abide by all the rules and regulations.
Career in Cloud Technology – A World of Endless Possibilities
14 March 2022

Career in Cloud Technology – A World of Endless Possibilities

In today's information technology world, data mining and cloud computing are emerging trends. The process of extracting information from raw data is known as data mining, and cloud computing provides scalable and flexible computing.

Cloud Computing concept
Cloud computing has emerged as one of the most popular and trending courses among IT enthusiasts in recent years. Cloud computing is now accepted by both small and large multinational corporate houses and not just IT professionals. This new technology has significantly aided individuals and businesses in storing data at a lower cost. Businesses are increasingly seeking professionals who have completed Cloud Computing courses like DevOps training.

Career Advantages of Cloud Computing

  1. Job Flexibility: Cloud computing services are great for firms that are constantly growing and have changing bandwidth needs. Cloud allows you to effortlessly grow or scale up your cloud capacity to match your needs at any moment. If your needs are fewer than what you have selected, you can also scale down the same. In this fast-paced atmosphere, this gives you the potential to acquire an advantage over your competitors.
  2. Global Accessibility: This is one of the numerous benefits of using the cloud. You have complete control over your data and may access it at any time and from any location. By ensuring global accessibility, an internet-connected infrastructure always maximizes organizational productivity. This also makes it very easy to share and collaborate with multiple users in multiple locations.
  3. Security: Authentication IDs and passwords that are difficult to guess protect all of your data, information, applications, content, and photographs in the cloud. As a result, you don't have to be concerned about the database's security. Because your data is kept in the Cloud, you will not lose it if the system's hardware is broken. You can simply access your machine regardless of what happens to it.
  4. Building Collaboration: Cloud computing enables you to access, share, and modify any document from any location. Using Cloud Computing technology, you and your staff can collaborate on a project from diverse locations. Cloud-based workflow and sharing tools enable real-time collaboration updates and visibility which in time will boost company's growth rate.

Cloud computing provides benefits to modern businesses, such as allowing multiple users to view data in real time and easily share projects. Working as a synchronized team is now easier and more accessible than ever thanks to cloud software and SaaS applications (Software as a Service). Simply put, cloud computing is internet-based computing, and moving to the cloud is the best way to keep your business current and competitive. And on the other hand, we can use data mining to make smart market decisions, run accurate campaigns, make predictions, and more; we can also use data mining to analyze customer behaviors and insights. This leads to enormous success and data-driven business. Hence, we conclude that cloud computing and data mining is one of the best courses one should opt for which helps one to grow in the business and the one who opts for this course will get their business analytics and technology skill upgrade.

Undoubtedly there are multiple career advantages of studying cloud computing and data mining and hence it is a great choice if you are choosing this course for your undergraduate or post graduate studies evidently you will enjoy a rewarding career.

Key Skills You Need to Become an Electrical Engineer
10 March 2022

Key Skills You Need to Become an Electrical Engineer

From lightening up rural areas to powering up high voltage power manufacturing units, electrical engineers are required in every organization that deals in construction projects or deals with real estate or manufacturing or making human life easier. If you are keen on pursuing a career in the field of electrical engineering, there are some “must-have” skills that you must essentially possess, to build an outstanding career.

Below we have discussed some of the most essential qualities an electrical engineer must unfailingly have:

Formal technical training
The foundation of any engineering career rests on understanding the principle of science involved in it. Like in mechanical engineering you must have a fair knowledge of machines, similarly, in electrical engineering, you must have a strong grasp on circuits, conductors and others which you can attain only with a formal degree. You can pursue B. Tech in electrical engineering if you have dreams of making a successful electrical engineering career. It is a six-semester formal technical training in electrical engineering that is awarded by all the reputed colleges and universities.

An analytical and rational mind
The projects in which electrical engineers are involved, they have to contribute in every stage from planning to procuring to design and execution. For completing all these procedures, he will come across many roadblocks. He must hence have a critical and analytical mind that will help him to anticipate problems and solve them at an initial stage. Prospective electrical engineers must be rational enough to provide innovative, cost-effective, and secured solutions for problems.

Flexible speaking and writing capabilities
Electrical Engineers have to work and coordinate with a diverse category of people. Right from communicating with the management for approval, to getting work done with the workmen, to dealing with raw materials suppliers, a lot of responsibility rests with electrical engineers. The mode of communicating with a construction worker is completely different from that of speaking with the management. Hence a to be a successful civil engineer, you must develop versatile communication skills.

Acumen in Physics and Mathematics
An electrical engineer is responsible for various calculations on the construction site. The design involves using a lot of calculations and theories which as an engineer he is responsible for. He must be efficient in calculating the ratio and proportions or voltage, quality of electrical equipment and raw materials along with acumen in physics and engineering principles which is essential for successful completion of construction.

A sporting team player
Every profession demands good team playing skills and electrical engineers are no exception. An electrical engineer has to work in liaison with different departments, so he /she must have the natural team spirit of working together with all. A project is easily and successfully done if all the teams act in cohesion especially when the work is very challenging and comprehensive.

Adaptableness
Every organization has multiple projects going on at the same time as an electrical engineer you might have to handle multiple projects at the same time. You will have to handle diverse teams with different, ethnicity and different values. Adjusting to different geographic and cultural conditions is also a challenge for prospective electrical engineers. Adaptableness to any terse situation is hence an essential condition for all would-be engineers.

Why Adore Academic Credentials with B.Tech Aerospace Engineering
28 February 2022

Why Adore Academic Credentials with B.Tech Aerospace Engineering

Today, B.Tech Aerospace Engineering is one of the most highly sought after courses among young people. Aviation and spacecraft are the topics covered in the course, including their study, design, and development, whether automated, power-driven, or operated manually. It additionally includes the study of diverse Aviation and spacecraft procedures and theories. If you are studying aerospace engineering or planning to choose it after your 10+2, you must know the future career opportunities to make a successful career. In the following part of the article, we will suggest some career options to aid you to choose the right career path for yourself.

Aerospace Engineer
Aerospace engineering is a prospective career option for mechanical engineering students. The primary responsibility of aerospace engineers includes designing.

  • Aircrafts
  • Missiles
  • Weapon systems
  • Spacecraft

In addition, aerospace engineers are also responsible for devising new technologies for aviation and other associated industry. If you are going to pursue this career opportunity, you will be able to design, assemble and test aerospace products and aircrafts.

Public sector Job opportunities
The public sector offers exciting career prospects for B.Tech graduates in Aerospace Engineering. The government's research organizations and aircraft manufacturers have many vacancies for Aerospace Engineers. Listed below are some of these institutions.

  • Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd.
  • Defense Research and Development Laboratories
  • National Aeronautical Lab
  • Indian Space Research Organization
  • Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre

Flight Technicians
There are a number of fields in India that you can choose from if you wish to work as a flight technician. You can become an aircraft mechanic, an aerospace technician, or an avionics technician. Your main tasks will be to maintain, construct, and regularly troubleshoot and test the operating systems of the aircraft so that they work properly.

Rocket Scientists
Even though rocket science may seem exciting, there is a lot of hard work involved. The job requires you to design and test propelling systems used in rockets, which is a high-pressure job. In addition, you will be required to conduct regular and intensive research into space technologies and understand, operate and maintain the hardware used in space missions expertly

Spacecraft Crew Members
A career in aerospace engineering is the perfect career choice if you have always dreamed of traveling through space. To stand out against the fierce competition you are bound to encounter, you must possess extensive knowledge about spacecraft engineering. B. Tech Aerospace Engineering provides you an extensive understanding of space technology so that you can have a prosperous career.

Technical Communicators
Having exceptional communication skills can help you become a technical communicator. This will require you to act as a link between the crew of the spacecraft and control room technicians on the ground. It is critical that you have a thorough understanding of the complex technical terms and scientific jargon used in space technology.

Nuclear Engineer
As the job title suggests, a nuclear engineer is responsible for ideating, designing, and manufacturing machines and technology that can reap the benefits of nuclear energy and radiation.

Robotics and Automation Engineer
Last but not least, this is the most futuristic career opportunity for mechanical engineers. From building futuristic automated intelligent machines to human look-alike robots, robotics and automation engineers will have huge career opportunities in the coming years.

Career options you can try after Mechanical engineering
15 February 2022

Career options you can try after Mechanical engineering

Mechanical Engineering is all about machines, their study, designing, and development, operated either by automation or power-driven or by manual interference. It additionally includes the study of diverse mechanical procedures and theories. If you are studying mechanical engineering or planning to choose it after your 10+2, you must know the future career opportunities to make a successful career. In the following part of the article, we will suggest some career options to aid you to choose the right career path for yourself.

  1. Aerospace Engineer - Aerospace engineering is a prospective career option for mechanical engineering students. The primary responsibility of aerospace engineers includes designing
    • Aircrafts
    • Missiles
    • Weapon systems
    • Spacecraft

    In addition, aerospace engineers are also responsible for devising new technologies for aviation and other associated industry. If you are going to pursue this career opportunity, you will be able to design, assemble and test aerospace products and aircrafts

  2. Automotive Engineer -The automobile industry can provide endless opportunities to mechanical engineers, as they can use their formal education knowledge to design manufacture, and test automobiles and their parts. As an automobile engineer, you will be responsible for end to end fabrication of an automobile right from its design ideation to production.

  3. CAD Technician - ‘Draughtsman’ is a well-known term in the construction, manufacturing, and engineering industries. A draughtsman is responsible for preparing technical plans and drawings, though earlier it was done manually, all the designing activities are done with the help of CAD software, and hence draughtsman is now synonymously known as CAD technician. Mechanical Engineers have a good career scope as CAD technicians.

  4. Consultants in Construction Sites - Construction sites no doubt require a civil engineer, there is a requirement of mechanical engineers as well. Every construction sites have heavy machines and vehicles required in various construction procedures. A mechanical engineer hence is required in construction sites for the maintenance of those heavy pieces of machinery.

  5. Control and Instrumentation Engineer- Also known as C&I engineers, they are responsible for manufacturing, installation, management, and maintenance of types of equipment that are used for supervising the engineering systems, heavy machines, and mechanical processes. The job responsibility of C&I engineers is to look after that machines and operating processes are working effectively, efficiently, and safely.

  6. Maintenance Engineer - Mechanical engineers in this job role will be responsible for looking after the prevention and maintenance of heavy types of machinery in plants and manufacturing units. They will be responsible for supervising any machinery break down, looking after if the machines are working properly and if they need any repairs. They are also responsible for procuring the manpower and raw materials required for the healthy operation of the machines.

  7. Nuclear Engineer - As the job title suggests, a nuclear engineer is responsible for ideating, designing, and manufacturing machines and technology that can reap the benefits of nuclear energy and radiation.

  8. Medical Equipment Engineer - Mechanical Engineers willing to make a career in the field of bio-medical will be responsible for designing machines and tool that makes surgeries and medical treatments minimally invasive.

  9. Robotics and Automation Engineer - Last but not least, this is the most futuristic career opportunity for mechanical engineers. From building futuristic automated intelligent machines to human look-alike robots, robotics and automation engineers will have huge career opportunities in the coming years.

Are You Ready for Engineering... Ask Yourself!
01 February 2022

Are You Ready for Engineering... Ask Yourself!

Rightly said by Isaac Asimov an American writer, professor of biochemistry
“Science can amuse and fascinate us all, but it is engineering that changes the world.”
Engineers are the shapers of the modern world. They are the makers of machines and systems and constructions that makes human life easier. However, to become an engineer one must have a creative attitude and out of the box thinking. There are many challenges that an engineer faces from constraints of science to limitation of modern technology, to availability of materials and resources to health and safety. Hence to become an engineer one must have an innovative outlook and certain inherent skills. So to know if you are ready to be an engineer, here are few things you must ask yourself.

Do you have a rational mind and analytical thinking?

The projects in which engineers are involved, they have to contribute in every stage from planning to procuring to design and execution. For completing all these procedures, he will come across many roadblocks. Hem must hence have a critical and analytical mind that will help him to anticipate problems and solve them at an initial stage. Prospective engineers must be rational enough to provide innovative, cost-effective, and secured solutions for problems.

Are you well versed with laws of Physics and Calculation?

An engineer is responsible for various calculations on his/her projects. Designing be it a machine or a structure or a code, it involves using a lot of calculations and theories which as an engineer must have dexterity. He must be efficient in calculating the ratio and proportions of raw materials used in the project along with acumen in physics and engineering principles which is essential for successful completion of a project.

Do you have the Formal Training?

The foundation of any engineering career rests on understanding the principle of science involved in it. Like in mechanical engineering you must have a fair knowledge of machines, similarly, in civil engineering, you must have a strong grasp on design and construction which you can attain only with a formal degree. You can pursue B. Tech in any engineering trade you have knack for. Engineering is typically a six-semester formal technical training that is awarded by all the reputed colleges and universities.

Do you have flexible communication skills?

Engineers have to work and coordinate with a diverse category of people. Right from communicating with the management for approval, to getting work done with the available resources, to dealing with raw materials suppliers, a lot of responsibility rests with civil engineers. The mode of communicating with a construction worker is completely different from that of speaking with the management. Hence a to be a successful engineer, you must have versatile communication skills.

Are you a team player?

Every profession demands good team playing skills and engineering is no exception. An engineer has to work in liaison with different departments, so he /she must have the natural team spirit of working together with all. A project is easily and successfully done if all the teams act in cohesion especially when the work is something very challenging and comprehensive like creating something new.

Can you adapt in adverse situation?

Every organization has multiple projects going on at the same time and as an engineer you might have to handle multiple projects at the same time. You will have to handle diverse teams with different, ethnicity and different values. Adjusting to different geographic and cultural conditions is also a challenge for prospective engineers. Adaptableness to adverse situation is hence an essential condition for all would-be engineers.

What to Do After Engineering in Computer Science?
18 January 2022

What to Do After Engineering in Computer Science?

What to Do After Engineering in Computer Science?
Computer Engineering has been the most sought-after course, especially for those who want to pursue a technical career. Computer engineering opens up numerous career options and higher study opportunities for young aspirants. So here we have listed out some career options that you can pursue after you complete your graduation in computer science.

A career in Computer Application Development
Upon passing out engineering in computer science you can choose to work on the primary areas of computer science like algorithm development, structure, and administration of computers, application development using multiple programming languages, information managing, and handling, etc. Foraying in such skills will help you to explore career opportunities like Network Administrator, Web Designer, Web Developer, Database administrator, System Manager, Research Analyst, Computer Programmer, Software Developer, and Software Tester.

A career in Cloud Technology and Information Security
Aspirants who want to work in this field will have the opportunity to work on fundamentals of operating systems and programming languages, provide hands-on experience in Java programming, key aspects of android, data structures, and Linus. You will also have exposure to extensive knowledge about computer networks, mobile architecture, and app development. Concepts like the configuration of server and database management are also a part of the course. You can expect to work for job titles like Cyber Security Consultant, Security Analyst, Security Architect, Security Engineer, Risk Analyst.

A career in Artificial Intelligence
With the concept of Industry 4.0 emerging along with the rise of exponential technologies, artificial intelligence is the most sought-after sector. Students interested in this field of technology can explore careers as Software Engineers, Software Developers, AI / Machine Learning software developers, AI / Machine Learning Specialist, Data Analyst, Data Engineer, NLP (Natural Language Processing) Engineer, Automation Engineer, Technical Support Engineer, Digital Transformation Consultant and lots more.

A career in Gaming Industry
This is another offbeat choice for students who want to pursue a technical career after computer engineering. You can explore the following career opportunities in the gaming industry

  • Web designer
  • Character animator
  • Art designer
  • Game developer
  • Game tester,
  • Game modeler
  • Level designer
  • Game quality
  • Assurance tester
  • Programmer
  • Art designer
  • Level scripter

A creative career in Graphics & VFX
Graphics and VFX Course is another exciting career where students with computer engineering can foray into. Spirants can work in graphic designing, visual effects, fundamentals and techniques of VFX, Animation both two dimensional (2D) and three dimensional (3D), digital filmmaking, FX, Dynamics, and Simulation. If you are capable of thinking out of the box and yet utilizing your technical skills, graphics and VFX can be a great career choice for you.

A career in Cybersecurity
This career opportunity is also suitable for students of computer engineering where they will get the scope of working on the technologies of cyber security, application security for java/application security for .net, cyber-threat intelligence, cyber security incident handling, fundamentals of information security.

Indispensable Skills of a successful Civil Engineer
03 January 2022

Indispensable Skills of a successful Civil Engineer

Indispensable Skills of a successful Civil Engineer

The world around us is changing; to pace up with the evolving technologies and growing needs of the society, skilled civil engineers are the need of the hour to meet the infrastructure challenges of the society. From bridges to high-rise condominiums, from the high-end irrigation system to the sewage treatment plant, civil engineers are shapers of modern society.

As a career choice, civil engineering provides immense opportunities to wanna-be engineers with a good salary and international exposure. However, to be a successful engineer you must possess some indispensable skills which are as follows:

Dexter in Math and physics

A major part of civil engineering jobs involves understanding, calculating, and designing infrastructure specifications. He has to identify and solve all the construction issues for which he must be adept in formulas of math and physics.

Technical Acumen

To become a civil engineer, you must have a complete understanding of the design techniques, construction development models, and charts. Civil engineers who have hands-on experience in Auto CAD, quantity surveying, project billing, estimation, and bar bending schedule required for planning and designing infrastructures get a priority in recruitment.

Project Management Skills

A civil engineer, most of the time given end-to-end responsibility for the whole construction project. He has to work with architects, interior designers, material suppliers, contractors, junior engineers, and other construction workers to ensure the timely completion of the project. He will have to coordinate with different teams associated with the construction, hence he must have impeccable project management skills for successful completion of the project.

Adaptableness

Every real estate organization has multiple projects going on at the same time as a civil engineer you might have to handle multiple projects at the same time. You will have to handle diverse teams with different, ethnicity and different values. Adjusting to different geographic and cultural conditions is also a challenge for prospective civil engineers. Adaptableness to any terse situation is hence an essential condition for all would-be engineers.

Excellent Communication, Documentation and Reporting Skills

A civil engineer might have to work on a variety of projects both private and the public interest which needs them to communicate with a wide variety of people from a layman to a political figure. He must also have to consult with architects and experts and have a discussion with urban planners. Additionally, he must be able to compose reports concisely and comprehensively that can be understood even by people who do not have a technical understanding. Hence, an indispensable skill for a flourishing career in civil engineering is impeccable communication skills.

An analytical and rational mind

The projects in which civil engineers are involved, they have to contribute in every stage from planning to procuring to design and execution. For completing all these procedures, he will come across many roadblocks. Hem must hence have a critical and analytical mind that will help him to anticipate problems and solve them at an initial stage. Prospective civil engineers must be rational enough to provide innovative, cost-effective, and secured solutions for problems.

Must-Have Skill Sets to Get the Best Career Opportunities for Civil Engineers
13 December 2021

Must-Have Skill Sets to Get the Best Career Opportunities for Civil Engineers

From designing new construction to maintenance of the existing or old structures, Civil engineers are required in every organization that deals in construction projects or deals with real estate. If you are keen on pursuing a career in the field of civil engineering, there are some “must-have” skills that you must essentially possess, to build an outstanding career.

Below we have discussed some of the most essential qualities a civil engineer must unfailingly have:

Formal technical training
The foundation of any engineering career rests on understanding the principle of science involved in it. Like in mechanical engineering you must have a fair knowledge of machines, similarly, in civil engineering, you must have a strong grasp on design and construction which you can attain only with a formal degree. You can pursue B. Tech in civil engineering if you have dreams of making exemplar structural designs. It is a six-semester formal technical training on civil engineering that is awarded by all the reputed colleges and universities.

An analytical and rational mind
The projects in which civil engineers are involved, they have to contribute in every stage from planning to procuring to design and execution. For completing all these procedures, he will come across many roadblocks. Hem must hence have a critical and analytical mind that will help him to anticipate problems and solve them at an initial stage. Prospective civil engineers must be rational enough to provide innovative, cost-effective, and secured solutions for problems.

Flexible speaking and writing capabilities
Civil engineers have to work and coordinate with a diverse category of people. Right from communicating with the management for approval, to getting work done with the workmen, to dealing with raw materials suppliers, a lot of responsibility rests with civil engineers. The mode of communicating with a construction worker is completely different from that of speaking with the management. Hence a to be a successful civil engineer, you must develop versatile communication skills.

Acumen in Physics and Mathematics
A civil engineer is responsible for various calculations on the construction site. The design involves using a lot of calculations and theories which as an engineer he is responsible for. He must be efficient in calculating the ratio and proportions of construction materials used in the building process along with acumen in physics and engineering principles which is essential for successful completion of construction.

A sporting team player
Every profession demands good team playing skills and civil engineering is no exception. A civil engineer has to work in liaison with different departments, so he /she must have the natural team spirit of working together with all. A project is easily and successfully done if all the teams act in cohesion especially when the work is something very challenging and comprehensive like construction.

Adaptableness
Every real estate organization has multiple projects going on at the same time as a civil engineer you might have to handle multiple projects at the same time. You will have to handle diverse teams with different, ethnicity and different values. Adjusting to different geographic and cultural conditions is also a challenge for prospective civil engineers. Adaptableness to any terse situation is hence an essential condition for all would-be engineers.

Everything you need to know about B.Tech CSE in AI & DE by JAIN (Deemed-to-be University)
05 December 2021

Everything you need to know about B.Tech CSE in AI & DE by JAIN (Deemed-to-be University)

You are not a job-ready professional until you complete your program.” Now, bid adieu to this myth forever. While JAIN (Deemed-to-be University), in association with Futurense Technologies, is here to offer you multiple guaranteed paid internships along with assured placements during your B.Tech provided you meet the eligibility criteria.

The sky-rising demand of Data Engineering and Artificial Intelligence solutions in the industry have opened the eyes of aspiring engineers. Since 2019, these two technologies have been the frontrunners of the ongoing technological revolution. To give students the right exposure and bridge the talent gap in the industry, JAIN (Deemed-to-be University), in association with Futurense Technologies, has remodelled their B.Tech CSE degree with specialization in Artificial Intelligence & Data Engineering, where the students will get:

Experienced Learning = Learn^3 x Earn^2
This formula encompasses the following—

  • Learn with a multi-disciplinary curriculum across 16 terms.
  • Learn via hands-on labs and projects from industry practitioners and thought leaders.
  • Learn from global professors from the top universities in the world.
  • Earn valuable experience of 12+ months at Futurense Technologies.
  • Earn guaranteed stipends of up to Rs. 50k/month.

Remodeling Of B.Tech CSE by JAIN (Deemed-to-be University) And Futurense Technologies

JAIN (Deemed-to-be University) and Futurense Technologies have spinned the wheel and remodelled the program with 16 terms across 4 years. You will be taught conventional subjects in unconventional ways. You will get the facility of ClassLabs (Classrooms integrated with labs). The students will be trained in a way where they will get the competency of data engineers by the end of their 2nd year, machine learning engineers by the 3rd year, and an industry-ready AI engineer by the time you graduate.

Experience Speaks the Final Words

Well, you know “Who pays the piper, calls the tune.” Nowadays every company is looking for candidates who will be ready to work for them without wasting time on the training period. “Need of experience to get a job and vice versa” is a never-ending paradox. To get out of this, JAIN (Deemed-to-be University) and Futurense Technologies have designed their AI & DE program where you get multiple guaranteed paid internships at Futurense Technologies from the 2nd year of the program along with guaranteed placements given that you meet the eligibility criteria for the same.
While your soft skills are being cultivated at the university, the internship strengthens your hard skills. So, you don’t get a “fresher” tag with your name when you graduate. You complete your B.Tech degree with 12+ months of relevant work experience.

Global Exposure

University has tied up with global top cloud providers like AWS and Microsoft Azure to provide you with an opportunity to work on their proprietary cloud platforms. Besides designing their program in an out-of-the-box way, in this program you will be mentored by global faculty. You will be taught by global professors of practice and will also get to interact with CxOs and industry thought leaders on a regular basis. The perfect icing on the cake is added with an opportunity to study abroad at the University of California Riverside along with the complete assistance provided for GMAT/GRE test preparation. (Conditions apply)

If you want to become an expert in these emerging technologies, enroll now for the newly launched B.Tech CSE program with a specialization in Artificial Intelligence & Data Engineering by JAIN (Deemed-to-be University) and Futurense Technologies.

To know more about the program, visit »

IoT - Sensors for the World
16 September 2021

IoT - Sensors for the World

Organisations have been utilising sensors for a long time, but the Internet of Things (IoT) has pushed sensor technology to a whole new level. Nevertheless, this new connectivity revolution has already begun, with more than 50 billion linked gadgets. When used with a range of sensors, IoT systems work and offer several types of information and data. A network of connected devices can use IoT sensors and devices to gather, push, and share data. As a result of all the acquired data, gadgets can function independently, making the entire ecosystem grow 'smarter' every day.

Here is a catch!

Because of IoT, physical sensors can immediately communicate their data onto virtual dashboards without human intervention. IoT sensors come in various shapes and sizes, and there are countless applications of sensors in everyday life.

Let us first understand what an IoT sensor is.

What is an IoT Sensor?
The market remained in saturation with measuring devices, such as thermometers, magnetometers (for example, compass), altimeters, and many others until the Internet of Things existed.

One real-world variable is what these sensors are designed to detect, measure, and report to the users in layman's terms. Ultimately, they are designed to help us understand the world around us in a quantifiable, universal way that anybody can grasp.

According to the theory behind this technology, using IoT modules, next-generation IoT sensors may combine and transfer their data straight to an IoT dashboard, making it faster and easier to make crucial choices.

Role of IoT Sensors
Sensors play a crucial part in the development of IoT systems. When external information is detected, sensors convert it into a signal that people and machines can recognise.
It is now feasible to collect data in almost any circumstance, thanks to IoT sensors and devices. The world uses them in a wide range of areas, including medical care, nursing care, industrial applications, and logistics and transportation.
The market for sensors continues to develop with the rise of sectors in which sensors play a significant role.

Applications of IoT Sensors in Real-World
Many leading firms are turning to the Internet of Things to acquire a competitive edge. Besides, increasing operational efficiency through real-time data management and automation of operations is a top priority for companies worldwide.
Organisations can also create and deploy more comprehensive risk-management strategies with new IoT applications.
Moreover, the technology is helping companies upgrade their operational performance. As a result of IoT, enhanced features such as task automation and remote control are possible. Hence, companies can achieve a better balance between energy use and conservation.
Furthermore, we can say that companies will be able to minimise their carbon footprint impact by becoming more energy efficient.

Common Types of Sensors in IoT
Here's a list of some of the most commons types of sensors in IoT:
1. Temperature Sensors
2. Humidity Sensors
3. Pressure Sensors
4. Proximity Sensors
5. Level Sensors
6. Accelerometers
7. Gas Sensors
8. Gyroscope
9. Optical Sensors
10. Infrared Sensors
11. Water Quality Sensors
12. Air Quality Sensors
13. Chemical Sensors
14. Smoke Sensors
15. Motion Detection Sensors
16. Image Sensors
17. Light Sensors
18. Sound Sensors
19. Magnetic Sensors
20. Metering Sensors

IoT Sensors Functionality
Generally, sensors are functionally simple devices that transform physical variables into electrical impulses. In addition to this essential capability, sensors must also have the following characteristics to serve as IoT components:

  • Cost-effective, allowing them to be used in huge quantities
  • It must be tiny enough to disappear into any surroundings
  • A wired connection is usually not possible; thus, wireless IoT sensors is the only option
  • It must have negligible power consumption, making it last for years without a battery change
  • Robust, to eliminate maintenance
  • Intuitive diagnostics and self-treatment
  • Data pre-processing to reduce the load on gateways, PLCs, and cloud resources

Conclusion
The world will widely use IoT sensors and devices in multiple sectors to meet social requirements in the future. Sensors will always play an essential role in our daily lives and work settings.

The Internet of Things (IoT) opens up a world of possibilities for companies. Moreover, many sectors have already been influenced by IoT technology, steadily altering the corporate environment. Additionally, IoT sensors will significantly contribute to work-style changes because of their exceptional ability to monitor without human involvement.

Cloud Technology for Storage and Services
16 September 2021

Cloud Technology for Storage and Services

Cloud Technology refers to the distribution of various services through the internet using the cloud computing model. Tools and applications such as data storage, servers, database, networking and software, are examples of these resources.

Information Technology (IT) is delivered through the internet or a specialised network in the cloud, with on-demand distribution and payment, depending on consumption. Applications, development platforms, servers and virtual desktops are all cloud-based services.

Various application and infrastructure demands, such as Customer Relationship Management- CRM, database, computing and data storage, are met by cloud-based services in both the private and public sectors. Compared to a typical IT system, where software and hardware are financed upfront by departments and installed for months, cloud-based services offer IT resources in minutes to hours and align prices with actual usage.

As a result, firms become more flexible and can better control their expenditures. Customers use cloud-based services for similar purposes, such as simplifying application usage, archiving, sharing, protecting material and allowing access from any web-connected device.
In addition to cost savings and greater productivity, cloud computing is popular among individuals and organisations for various reasons, including performance enhancement, speed and efficiency, and safety.

Cloud computing services include various possibilities, from storage and networking to artificial intelligence and typical office programs. Services that do not require one to be physically present at computer hardware can now be offered via cloud computing services.

Cloud Computing Example
As a result of cloud computing, a wide range of services are available. Services like Gmail and cloud backups of smartphone pictures are examples, as are services that allow significant companies to host all their data and operate all their apps in the cloud. Moreover, several movie/video apps use cloud computing to manage their streaming service and other business processes.

What is Cloud Storage?
Cloud storage refers to a service paradigm where data is sent and stored on remote storage systems. It is managed and backed up before being made available to users through a network, generally the internet. Most often, users pay a monthly fee for their cloud data storage based on consumption.

Besides, cloud storage relies on a virtualised infrastructure with readily available interfaces, near-instant elasticity and scalability, multi-tenancy and metering of resource usage. A third-party cloud provider manages a data centre where cloud-based data is kept in logical pools across different commodity storage systems.

Types of Cloud Storage
There are three types of cloud data storage: Public Cloud, Private Cloud and Hybrid Cloud.

1. Public Cloud : Public cloud is a subscription-based storage service that provides a multi-tenant storage environment best suited for unstructured data. Data is kept in a data centre and dispersed over many countries or continents as a service provider in the public cloud.

2. Private Cloud: A private cloud service is an internal storage resource protected behind a firewall. Users, who want customisation, more control over their data, and have a great requirement for regulatory or data security benefit from private clouds.

3. Hybrid Cloud: Hybrid cloud is a blend of private and public cloud storage services from third parties, with a layer of orchestration management to connect the platforms.

Types of Cloud Services

1. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS): It is an entry-level cloud computing service where IT infrastructure can be rented from a cloud service provider on a pay-per-use basis, including servers and virtual machines (VMs), storage, networks, and operating systems.

2. Platform as a Service (PaaS): Platform as a Service provides a development, test, delivery and management environment for software applications. Web and mobile app developers may create apps faster using PaaS since they do not have to set up or manage the servers, storage, network and databases required for the development.

3. Serverless Computing: Serverless computing, which overlaps with PaaS, focuses on creating app functionality without constantly managing servers and infrastructure necessary to do so. Setup, capacity planning, and server administration are all taken care of by the cloud service provider. Besides, event-driven and scalable serverless systems use resources just when a specified function or trigger happens.

4. Software as a Service (SaaS): Software as a Service allows users to access software programs using the internet on-demand basis and generally through subscription. In most cases, users use a web browser on their phone, tablet, or PC to access the program. A cloud service provider hosts and maintains the software application and infrastructure. It provides any necessary maintenance such as software upgrades and security patches for SaaS applications.

The Future of Cloud Computing
Although cloud computing has been around for a long time, it is still at an early adoption stage. Many organisations are on the verge of deciding which apps to migrate and when to do so. However, as companies are getting more comfortable with the concept of having their data stored in someplace other than a server in the basement, usage of cloud computing is rapidly increasing.

Some firms state that moving data, applications, software etc., to the cloud may help organisations rethink business processes and speed up transformation by breaking down data and organisational silos.

Mechatronic Engineering: All You Need to Know
31 August 2021

Mechatronic Engineering: All You Need to Know

Mechatronics combines the multi-faceted aspects from the field of computer, electric, and mechanical engineering aimed at building smarter and simpler systems.

Though originally conceived as an acronym for the words "Mechanical Engineering" and "Electronics" dating back to the 1960s, Mechatronics has been developing and growing ever since. Modern-day mechatronics carries a lot of real-world impacts and can also integrate elements such as artificial intelligence, network security, telecommunications, optical engineering, systems, and control.

What is Mechatronics used for?
Mechatronics can be integrated into various industries and be applied to support applications. Although it is more common in the production of manufacturing including consumer goods, industrial products, automobiles, electronic products, etc., mechatronics has become an integral part of healthcare, transportation, and many other domains.

Listed are some common mechatronics applications:

  • Robotic automation
  • Home and building automation
  • Computer-driven machinery
  • Medical imaging systems
  • Robotic surgery
  • Machine vision and inspection
  • Various sensing and control systems
  • Temperature/humidity control
  • Automotive engineering 
  • Computer-aided design and production (such as CNC)
  • Transportation

Mechatronics is applied in many different industries and applications. The discipline lends itself to vast applicability in diverse career paths.

Mechatronics and the Fourth Industrial Revolution

The fourth industrial revolution—also called industry 4.0 and Mechatronics is a key component of Industry 4.0.

It is a term widely used to describe the digital transformation of all industries. It is usually characterized by the combination of physical and mechanical systems with digital and even biological worlds. Cloud computing, artificial intelligence (AI), blockchain, robotics, advanced wireless technology, and the Internet of Things (IoT) are all signs of this revolution, and we are still in it today. The fourth industrial revolution employs something called cyber-physical systems. This system involves multiple sensors and connected devices that converse or communicate, exchange data, and make sound decisions with other devices.

Although Industry 4.0 can transform many industries, occupations, those who understand the field of Mechatronics may be better able to withstand this disruption and excel. With this growth comes many possibilities. There is a range of opportunities to explore in private and public sector units. You can work in the automation sector, equipment building and maintenance factories, and so on. Depending upon the industry that one joins, the responsibilities or the job role will differ. As a mechatronics engineer, get the chance to leverage your expertise and be a part of a workforce that develops smart technologies.

While in the past, it was a common practice to move into the mechatronics field without a degree, these days employers prefer candidates who have specialized education in this domain. With the evolution in technology and innovations that come up each day, it is vital to stay ahead of the competition. A degree in Mechatronics will equip you with the required skill-sets, relevant knowledge, and trends.

Questions to Help You Decide if Engineering is the Right Field for You
17 August 2021

Questions to Help You Decide if Engineering is the Right Field for You

It is often seen that students end up choosing engineering due to a lack of awareness about other career options and streams. Another scenario involves students who do not know the right attributes required to be an engineer end up getting confused and choosing the wrong career option.

Students who wish to pursue engineering as a stream often choose Bachelor of Technology (B. Tech) with specialization in a particular field. B. Tech is a four-year degree program with minimum eligibility of 10+2 or an equivalent qualification. Many students appear for entrance exams like JEE Advanced, JEE Main, JET, etc. for various engineering courses and colleges in India. With so many options available, students often find it difficult to choose one relevant specialization to suit their requirements.

The field of engineering is an ever-developing field that includes understanding and studying the theories of science and technology along with their practical applications. The knowledge that students attain is not just limited to the classrooms. The main objective is to drive future engineers towards innovation, research, and development for a bright, better, and functional society.

Popular engineering specializations include:

  1. Mechanical Engineering
  2. Civil Engineering
  3. Electrical and Electronics Engineering
  4. Aerospace Engineering
  5. Food Technology
  6. Computer Science and Engineering

The framework of a B. Tech program is designed keeping in mind the specialized fields of engineering, wherein students pursue both theoretical as well as practical knowledge. The course includes classroom lectures, practical classes, industry visits, and an internship program. In most engineering colleges, students have a common set of subjects like physics, chemistry, manufacturing science and technology, applied mathematics, engineering design, etc. In the second year of Bachelor of Technology, students are exposed to specialized courses associated with their respective streams. Engineering students need to have adequate experience in fieldwork and internships, as these experiences make them industry-ready and efficient.

Below are some of the questions which students need to answer honestly to decide whether they are suited for engineering or not.

  1. Do you like solving problems? If students like solving problems, then they can choose engineering as their future career. If one wants to pursue engineering then it is very essential to have skills like problem-solving, analytical reasoning, and critical thinking. Engineering aspirants are prepared to make decisions under pressure and stick to those decisions to get the desired results.
  2. Do you like Maths and Science? If one wants to pursue engineering, good command over mathematics and science is essential. It is always considered that students who have a liking for these subjects can pursue engineering. If students are planning for a career in engineering then they should make sure that they take up science and mathematics in classes 11 and 12. In major engineering entrance exams, most of the questions are based on mathematics and science streams.
  3. Do you like working with computers? The first and foremost thing you need to know about engineering is that it revolves around the latest technology and computers. To determine if you are an ideal candidate for pursuing engineering your interest, knowledge, and passion for computers matter a lot. All designing models are prepared through computers, be it mechanical engineering, civil engineering, or computer engineering.
  4. Do you like creativity? Creativity is defined as the act of turning ideas into reality. The field of engineering requires a lot of creativity. As an engineer, you will have to continually find new approaches to solve problems. To be a successful engineer, you need to be creative, cool, calm and composed. To be creative, one has to be imaginative.

If your answer to most of the above questions was a yes, then it is safe to assume that you are suited for engineering. A carefully planned decision must be taken after considering individual interests, strengths, and opportunities.

Applied Computing the Future of Focused Learning Computer Science and Engineering Graduates
04 August 2021

Applied Computing the Future of Focused Learning Computer Science and Engineering Graduates

Computer science is the study of what computers can do and applications of computations i.e., both theoretical and practical.

Computer Engineering is a combination of electrical engineering and computer science and is about the study of computer hardware and software.

Computer Science and Engineering is a broad domain of computer science and computer engineering

At the Postgraduate level, the graduates are expected to be industry-ready and solve real-world problems through innovation and research. At the entry level, applied computing engineers will have the experience and skills required for leadership positions in the industry and ready to solve day-to-day organizational problems using technology. The curriculum should blend the practical and business skills required for graduates to be multidisciplinary and ready for future technology demands of the industry. If we want the learners to equipped with skills to learn, then the learner's focus should be shifted from listening and behaving to 

  • Engaged learning,
  • Critical Thinkers,
  • Problem Solvers,
  • Synthesis,
  • Entrepreneurs,
  • Flexible,
  • Resilient,
  • Ability to work in teams,
  • students to be knowledge creators than consumers
  • Socially Aware, to adapt to a rapidly changing world.

Engagement in learning is a significant achievement in jobs and outcomes. Students should be kept engaged to develop lifelong learning skills, to guide them to explore and achieve their career goals. The curriculum should focus on meaning and has relevance to each learner and allow them to contribute to the local and global community around them. what will be more important is faculties to research their content, delivery, and assessment and continuously improve teaching practice to meet the needs of changing learners.

Applied Computing 

It is a broad domain of computer science where the learner is allowed to explore all possible topics in achieving his carrier goals. Applied computing prepares the learners to be innovative, competent, and industry-ready by the ability to think critically about how to best use their technical skills in solving problems and create a positive impact within the organization. Applied computing is a combination of applied and theoretical computer science and learners focus on developing analytical thinking and applied skills by blending theoretical and practical aspects to solve day-to-day business problems by applying technology. by applying the computing and business skills.

Theoretical Computer Science

Theoretical Computer Science focuses on problem-solving everyday computation using Mathematical Logic, Programming Language Theory, Machine Learning, data structures and algorithms, Automata Theory, Graph Theory, Number Theory, Computability theory, cryptography, Quantum Computation, Parallel and Distributed Computation, Information and Coding Theory, Formal Methods. 

Applied Computer Science

Applied computer science focuses on the Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence, Cloud Computing, Blockchain, Big data and data mining, Software Engineering, Computer Vision, Natural Language Processing, Computer Networks, Parallel and Distributed Systems, Database Administrator.

Business Skills

Business skills are essential skills required to connect, communicate, cooperate and succeed. Business skills along with technical skills are required for success. It is possible by embedding courses that are goal-directed, building leadership qualities, building organizational strategy, decision making, communication skills, project management, interpersonal skills, Analytical and Problem Solving as multiple core disciplines and electives offered. Business skills will help the organization to achieve its goals.

Innovative Learning Environments

Cooperative Learning:here students work together and are responsible for one another’s learning as well as their own. Emphasizing thinking and increasing higher-order learning. It has a range of educational benefits, including an alternative to ability grouping and as a way to prepare students for an increasingly collaborative workforce.

Service Learning: education engages students in community services that are integrated with the learning objectives of core academic curricula. This experiential approach is premised on providing students with contextualized learning experiences based on authentic, real-world situations in their communities.

Learning with technology: learner-centered approaches to technology-enabled learning can empower learners and leverage good learning experiences that would not otherwise have been possible. Technology also often offers valuable tools for other building blocks in effective learning environments, including personalization, cooperative learning, managing formative assessments, and many inquiry-based methods.

Formative assessment: formative evaluation guides learners to better outcomes by providing feedback that continually informs the learner, the teacher, and the learning itself.it is targeted towards three key questions

  •     Where are the learners in their learning?
  •     Where are the learners going?
  •     What needs to be done to get them there?

Inquiry-based learning: students need opportunities to develop higher-order cognitive skills. One important context does this is through inquiry-based approaches in complex, meaningful projects that require sustained engagement, collaboration, research, management of resources, and development of an ambitious performance or product. Relevant approaches include 

  •     Project-Based Learning
  •     Problem Based Learning
  •     Learning through design

Future Perspectives for Employability

Todays, goal-oriented applied computing majors become leaders and key assets in the workplace. Applied computing graduates will take up leadership roles in the organization as they are specialized in technologies required in the market and future demands. With changing technology and skills required by industry, students should continuously learn and prepare for future challenges.

How Campus Placement Works at JAIN (Deemed-to-be University)?
05 July 2021

How Campus Placement Works at JAIN (Deemed-to-be University)?

The campus placements offered by an educational institution have now become a modern parameter to evaluate its success and reputation. In addition to maintaining goodwill, campus placements also help an educational institution display an image that its students are its utmost priority. It enables students and their families to establish their trust in a particular college or university.

In the last few years, over 200 prospective recruiters have hired more than 4,000 students from our various campuses, which has been an outcome of a very precise placement process adopted by the Student Career Advisory and Placement Support at JAIN (Deemed-to-be University). The dedicated placement team has always kept itself ahead of its peers by constantly evolving the hiring process, thereby creating a niche for itself. The 7-step placement process designed by us helps students land opportunities that they have always sought, for it is unique, well-planned, and designed to provide assurance and confidence to students.

The 7-step placement program includes:

Orientation: This step includes sharing information about the placement process, guidelines, major recruiters, and previous years' statistics with the students. The orientation session is conducted by the Director – Placements or the Chief Placement Officer accompanied by the Dean, Director, and faculties.

Data Capture: Data capture across various parameters is carried out for all the students and this plays a crucial role in the recruitment process. A consolidated Data Capture Format is used by the Student Career Advisory and Placement Support Team for classifying students as per the requirements of various companies.

Student Mapping: This step involves interacting with the students and then mapping them to the job opportunities. Based on the mapping, the Career Advisory and Placement Services Team analyzes the interests of the students and invites the recruiters accordingly.

Placement Training: Every student who has applied for campus placements will have to undergo the Campus Recruitment Leadership Training Program in association with the Institute of Skills (IOS). It includes in-house training (aptitude, group discussions, mock interviews, etc.), guest lectures, workshops, and alumni interaction.

Recruitment Process: The recruitment process is subject to change based on the request from the recruiters. If the applications for a particular job requirement are less in number, the company can conduct the process at their campus or a different venue, based on their convenience.

Final Selection: Once the companies are over with the recruitment process, the recruiters have to provide the names of selected students. After confirmation from the recruiters, successful students are informed about their selection.

In addition to the above-mentioned placement process, the Student Career Advisory and Placement Support Team invites thought-leaders, entrepreneurs, executives, and policymakers for interaction with the students. It involves guest lecture series, conferences, seminars, workshops, industry visits, industry-recognized certifications, summer internships, and a Memorandum of Understandings (MOU) with the industry. To be successful, we forge on both host recruiters and students.

The requirements of recruiters:

  • To acquire affordable and unique talent for their management pool
  • To add a new valuable teammate to ensure productivity
  • To get a specific project managed by the right talent in a time frame with quality assurance
  • To maximize the long term benefits of the organization with a work placement project

The approach of students:

  • To develop employability and technical skills for optimum growth
  • To apply knowledge and skills at the workplace to optimize productivity
  • To gain expertise at the workplace for organizational benefits
  • To enhance post-university employment potential

The Student Career Advisory and Placement Support Team at JAIN (Deemed-to-be University) works in tandem with recruiters to provide both the students and recruiters a hassle-free and smooth process that serves their requirements.

The Humble Hyacinth Beans of NammaLuru
01 April 2021

The Humble Hyacinth Beans of NammaLuru

As winter comes, Karnataka gets enveloped by the avarekai fever - the omnipresent ingredient that makes its path into our breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The local nomenclature for Hyacinth Beans, Avarekai, or AvareKalu, would fairly depict as the aroma of Bengaluru. During November and February, it is not at all surprising to see our moms and grandmas holding a small handful of beans up to their noses, sensing through the olfactory for purchasing average. It is highly sought after based on size, aroma, and flavor and is usually harvested in December after the 15th or 20th day. Sodagu, the signature aroma of the hyacinth beans is profoundly entwined with the bliss of eating avarekai. Sogadu Avarekai is that one expression that a true Bangalorean will relate to.

The hyacinth bean is full of nutrients that enhance health and prevent disease.

Hyacinth beans (dry) are one of the finest sources of several B-complex vitamins like thiamin, pyridoxine, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, folates, and niacin. Most of these work as co-factors for the enzymes in carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism in the body. Hyacinth bean is very low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium. These beans are gluten-free and a very good source of protein, dietary fiber, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, and copper.

Traditionally, it was used to treat diverse illnesses such as heart ailments to nose bleeds. It is the staple eating regimen of nursing mothers in Africa due to its high nutritional and functional aspects: minerals, nutrients, lipid content, and antifungal, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory properties. This magical bean is great for gut, heart, and brain health, and cancer prevention as well.

Today Avarekai is making its way into modern restaurants, and chefs are wholeheartedly embracing the ingredient in a variety of dishes such as it is widely available in the winter months, and served with fresh salad or soups. It has a beautiful yellowish-green colour, easy to prepare and gives a subtle nutty flavour and texture. Avarekai is high in fibre and protein, which makes it very popular among the health conscious urban population and it makes addition to the menu.

Besides this salad, modern resturants use Avarekai to make falafel, as a puree with buckwheat batter crepes and in flatbreads as well as a side or accompaniment that cohesively mixes with proteins like prawn and lamb in bespoke and tasting menus. Many chefs of popular urban joints want to explore the varirty of items that can be prepared using Avarekai such as the Avarekai Biriyani that can be prepared by cooking the rice using the water in which the avarekai is boiled, which lends a subtle flavour to the dish. The halwa was also made for the element of surprise; most people do not expect avarekai to be the base of a sweet dish, and when the paste is mixed with jaggery, it takes the dish to a different level.

It is fascinating to see how Avarekai has its own tales to tell from the traditional household of southern Indian kitchen to modern eateries, whether it is breakfast, lunch and the afternoon tea snack, the aromatic avarekai will dominate the delicacies of upma, rasam, sambar, akki roti, ragi roti and bisibele bath, pongal and many more.

Nutrition and Immunity - what's the connection?
01 April 2021

Nutrition and Immunity - what's the connection?

Covid-19 has now become a part of our daily lives and it is quite evident that we have to live with it, at least for a while. By now everyone has already realized that our chances of catching the Coronavirus are very high, whether it is symptomatic or asymptomatic. Many might already be the carriers of the coronavirus without even knowing or showing any symptoms. Our first line of safety action to refrain from contracting Covid-19 is by preventive measures such as washing hands, sanitizing, wearing a mask, social distancing, staying home, and maintaining hygiene. However, one must have a healthy immune system to fight the virus as it directly affects the immunity of an individual. 

The word “Immunity” has been on trend since the initial time when we were hit by the pandemic Covid-19. Never in history was immunity discussed to such an extent which is a defensive mechanism in the body built naturally as well as acquired over time with exposure to diseases or infections. The immune system performs at its best when the body functions in optimal condition. For this, balanced nutrition is very essential as a healthy immune system needs good and regular nourishment. Hence, there is a clear connection between immunity and nutrition.

Loads of content are available on the web, recommending the best way to boost your immunity. Valuable recommendations are like - vitamin supplements, immunity-boosting foods, and drinks, physical fitness, enough sleep, reduce stress, enough sunlight, etc. 

We must understand that building a strong immune system is a process and not possible to acquire overnight. Our body needs both macronutrients – carbohydrates, protein, healthy fats as well as micronutrients – vitamins A, B, C, D, E and minerals - Zinc, Iron, Magnesium, and Potassium, etc. These are the basic building blocks of our bodies. Therefore, nutrient deficiency or malnourishment have a direct impact on our body functioning and make us more vulnerable to infectious diseases. In the current lifestyle, many are facing this micronutrient malnourishment without even knowing about it. 

Adequate nutrition and hydration are the most important factors because people who follow a well-balanced diet tend to be healthier with stronger and better immune systems which reduce the health risks through infections like Covid-19 to a great extent. So, the body needs to intake a variety of new and natural foods consistently to get an adequate amount of nutrients, minerals, dietary fiber, protein, and antioxidants. Popular immunity boosters like zinc, vitamin C, vitamin A, iron, vitamin E present in various foods, supplements, drinks/teas are recommended in this regard however these boosters alone will not be enough to battle against infections like Covid-19. Therefore, all we need is balanced adequate nutrition and stable metabolism along with and mental wellbeing that is fundamental for good health.

Future of Cybersecurity
25 March 2021

Future of Cybersecurity

Over the past several years the number of connected devices (mobile, laptops, and IT systems) are increasing at a very high spike, and it is also estimated that the number of such numerous connected systems in coming years will be in billions within a few years. These connected devices generate a huge amount of data in abundance (Big Data). Due to digitalization, most of our critical systems are interconnected and driven by computers and in the future, this connection among various devices will be even more compressed. Automation will take place and most of the decisions will be automated only.

IoT (Internet of Things) will be all over from smartwatches to smart cars that will make our life easy but at the same time our data will also reside in cloud computing, where we don’t fully control the dataflow and access to information. More of our personal lives and business activities are being conducted online than ever. As a result, the complexity and connectivity of these systems would directly impact their level of vulnerability and thereby causing the need for Cybersecurity. 

As per the reports of Cybersecurity ventures, it is predicted that the number of internet users will add up to triple in an amount from the year 2015 to 2022 and it will reach the number by 6 billion users approximately and in the future by the year 2030, this number will rise to 7.5 billion Internet users. This rise in Internet usage is directing towards the great need for security on the Internet and ultimately Cybersecurity professionals. As per the Cybersecurity Market Size & Share Report by Grand View Research, the global Cybersecurity market was valued at USD 156.5 billion in 2019 and is predicted to grow at a CAGR of 10 % from 2020 to 2027 as shown in Figure 1. The Government/Defense sector led the Cybersecurity market in 2019 and was accounted for 24.4% of the total revenue.

Figure 1: Increased Market Size of Cybersecurity

According to the reports of NASSCOM, there would be a large requirement for Cybersecurity professionals by 2020 (around 1 million) in India alone. In a recent survey /study, it is found that there is an exponential hike in cybersecurity around 150 percent. The current ratio has shown many big giant companies such as KPMG have almost doubled the size of their Cybersecurity teams, although the jobs for Cybersecurity professionals are fewer in number yet they are increasing at an exponential rate when compared to the other jobs such as IT, network administrator, software developers, etc. As far as our global economy is concerned, it is? directed more towards Internet-based computing and integration the whole world over. Subsequently, many organizations have shown tremendous growth? and now are more vulnerable to hacking and various cyber-attacks. 

These organizations have started hiring cybersecurity staff rather than the local police force. It has become a rudimentary job of an organization to protect their confidential data along with the user’s information they are privy to. Many organizations along with the industry such as government, banks, retail, and BFSI sectors are now actively recruiting numerous Cybersecurity professionals and the demand for such professionals will shoot up in the upcoming years. According to a report of PwC and Data Security Council of India (DSCI) the cybersecurity market in India is expected to rise from $1.97 billion in 2019 to $3.05 billion by 2022, a CAGR of 15.6 percent, almost 1.5 times the global rate and shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2: Growth of Cybersecurity Products Market in India

Having a Cybersecurity is degree is worth investment and to support this there are countless reasons apart from mentioned above. B. Tech- Computer Science and Engineering (Cyber Security) will enable you to start up your career while M. Tech Computer Science and Engineering (Cyber Security) will help you to earn more, expand the career opportunities, and have a rich experience in both research and academic. Pursuing your career in Cybersecurity after graduation is considered as one of the best decisions nowadays. This will certainly lead you to not only a very lucrative salary package over time but also help you work in a highly challenging environment evolving continually.

At the School of Computer Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology,

JAIN (Deemed-to-be University), B. Tech - Computer Science and Engineering (Cyber Security) will enable you to be ready for Industry 4.0 emerging and exponential technologies. 

  1. This course is industry-integrated with EC-Council certifications* in Cyber Security including the world-famous Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), Certified Network Defender (CND), Certified Security Analyst (ECSA), Computer Hacking Forensics Investigator (CHFI), among others. The program will be delivered using project-based learningleading to internships and career opportunities with start-ups and MNC’s in India and abroad. Cyberattacks are one of the top global risks of highest concern for the next decade 
  1. The course is structured as a global B. Tech program with students having a study abroad option* in Semesters 7 and 8 at the University of California Riverside (which is ranked amongst the top public universities in the USA). 
  1. Furthermore, conforming with the vision of Jain (Deemed-to-be University), the course integrates certifications from Harvard Business Publishingand combines the power of technology with the spirit of entrepreneurship to get you on the right track to become a new-age "Technopreneur".
Powerful India to the Front: Electrical Mobility
25 March 2021

Powerful India to the Front: Electrical Mobility

India is being charged with being a major hotspot for electric mobility. Electricity is a domestic resource that can turn the transport market through the usage of electricity grid networks. Technology exists to help mobility applications that transfer both people and goods using electricity as a power. When cities and neighborhoods explore smart, affordable transportation options, electric transport is becoming a central component. This latest wave of electric transport would help the country reach an age of sustainable transport. It would minimize emissions and reduce dependency on imported fossil fuels. The economy would flourish, providing a dynamic range of entrepreneurship prospects and rising specialized skills and employment. India is in a unique place to harness electric mobility by leveraging the historic transformation of personal mobility and seeking alignment with strategic imperatives for energy stability, green development and urban decongestion. Electric mobility holds an immense potential for India. However, this shift to e-mobility is a traditional "poor idea" issue where there are multiple players and a great deal of uncertainty in the e-mobility arena.

In the New Budget, Karnataka Emphasizes On Electric Mobility

In a current Government budget statement, “Karnataka Chief Minister BS Yediyurappa” declared a total of Rs 100 million (~ $13.56 million) will be dedicated to the development of a state-owned electric vehicle and energy storage cluster. As a result, “Karnataka” has been the leading nation towards electrical car and energy stowage strategy in the country. The strategy would be established in the 5th step of the “Karnataka Industrial Land Development Board (KIADB)” manufacturing zone in “Harohalli, Ramanagara District”.

Throughout the appearance of the budget for 2020-21 at the “State Assembly”, the Chief Minister announced that, under the FAME India-II (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles in India) scheme, 300 cooled electrical busses were introduced to the “Bengaluru Metropolitan Transport Corporation fleet (BMTC)”.

On parallel lines, the state government is offering a grant of Rs. 1 billion (~ $13.56 million) to introduce 500 ordinary electric busses to the corporation's fleet. Last year, Bangalore Electricity Supply Company (BESCOM) announced a proposal to set up 678 charging stations for electric vehicles throughout Karnataka. BESCOM proposed to set up charging stations for a distance of 50 km on either side of the road along the Bangalore-Tumkur highway every 20-25 km and a distance of 100 km along the Bangalore-Mysore highway. Many of the charging stations will be set up in the grounds of government buildings. Karnataka was one of the first Indian states to launch a clear EV policy. The FAME software was revealed in January 2018. In order to boost last mile connectivity in public transport in Bengaluru, the budget also recommended the introduction of the "Electric Bike Taxi" scheme.

Traditional Practice Vs Technical Approach
10 March 2021

Traditional Practice Vs Technical Approach

Certain traditional practices have been carried out down the ages, to identify and improve the educational practices.  Traditional practice is the total sum of knowledge, creativity, skills, and some practices being practice based on theories, beliefs, and most importantly experiences that are indigenous to different teachings, cultures, and traditions.   Education is vital to the pace of the individual, social, and growth of the country and teaching methodologies has changed drastically over the years.  The traditional approach in education has successfully been delivered through recitation and memorization of concepts and theories and effective teaching plays a crucial role in helping the children grow from one level to another in a more socialistic way to approach life.  In education, effectiveness does not mean being right, perfect, or giving good service to society or family, but bringing the best in students.

Traditional Education System

The traditional or conventional methods are the most common practice in schools and colleges.  The old-fashioned way of teaching-learning is all about class period like students would sit silently in class and this practice takes one student after another as it turns to recite the lesson.  Generally, the teacher observes each student recitation how they are learning and memorizing the lessons. At the end of the lesson, the teacher will go for the written or oral test to examine the student which is known as an assignment or study recitation test.  This is common practice that we have in education, which allows us to know the way traditional methods were taught and it ensures that students were rewarded for their continuous efforts.  Such practices were based on well-established customs that had been used successfully over many years in schools and colleges.  The teachers communicated the knowledge and tried to enforce the standards of behaviors among the students.

In education, teaching techniques are best formulated by answering the questions i.e. what is the purpose of education and what are the best ways to achieve these purposes. In this context, a traditional education practice is much prehistoric, where teaching methods are largely informal and consist of student’s imitation or modeling the learning behavior that of elders, learning through observation and play.  Traditional teaching practice is when a teacher directs students to learn through memorization and recitation techniques which restrict the development of critical thinking, approach to problem-solving, and decision-making skills.

Whereas modern teaching techniques involve more interesting interactions, a student-based form of teaching, and group participation to develop skills.

Technical or modern approach in education

Technical or modern approach in education means, teaching and learning is delivered from a completely different angle.  Progressive teaching practices in education delivery and focus on the needs of individual students rather than considering all students are the equal or same level of understanding.  In simple words, the modern way of teaching is more realistic, activity-based which uses questioning, explaining, demonstrations, and collaborative techniques.

 In modern teaching, the teacher can teach by using different pedagogy. For a teacher it is an art, generally addressing strategies of instructions or style of instructions.  Several resources will help teachers to teach in a better way, a lesson plan, or practical skill involving learning, thinking, and applying skills.  A teacher sets a curriculum that is often set by the government under precise standards and these standards are not constant they change frequently based on government status.  By referring to the Sonia Jackson blog written on modern teaching methods for getting smart, the traditional chalk and talk method of teaching that continued for hundreds of years is now getting inferior results when compared to the modern teaching techniques.  This means more advanced modern techniques are now available for students which bring revolutionary teaching methods in schools and colleges today. 

Modern education techniques focus on student interaction, encouragement, the boundaries of authority are being broken down, and focus on enjoyment with satisfactory grades.

The modern education techniques allow spaced learning opportunities for the students and when students being encouraged to quickly switch to many activities they learn a lot more things rather than a traditional practice.

The spaced learning is to achieve better grades by providing opportunities for students to present through PowerPoint presentations or other activities in a classroom. It works more effectively than traditional practice in teaching for few hours.  This allows brain cells to create connections that students need to remember, memorize, enhance their knowledge and helps students to get relax. Next-generation teaching techniques require a complete rethinking of how students and teachers interact in the classroom. This allows students to develop their higher order of thinking, creating, evaluating, and analyzing skills.

Future with traditional and advanced techniques
As traditional practice use repetition and memorization of information to educate the children which restricts critical thinking, problem-solving ability, and decision-making skills.  Meanwhile, the modern teaching approach encourages students to collaborate and interactive ways of learning and therefore be more productive. But one cannot give a statement that modern teaching techniques not effective, both modern and traditional practices are effective and useful in today’s life as it’s all about if balance.

One needs to differentiate between critical thinking when a traditional and modern works best and when it’s right to try new and innovative approaches.  A teacher is no longer knowledgeable or experienced on the stage, instead, he can be a skillful coach, who tries to strengthen the connections between the students and skills.  He can curate an adoptive and supportive environment in which students' skills are nurtured effectively and support for those skills are dynamic and challenging.

Recycling at Your Home
23 January 2021

Recycling at Your Home

Recycling means converting waste materials into usable materials and items. Recycling focuses on environmental sustainability by infusing the raw materials brought back from the waste products, thus sustaining the economic system. To mitigate the ill effects of climate changes, it becomes the responsibility of every one of us to recycle as much as we can that can very well start from home itself.

You can start with a simple attempt to discover what can be reused at home and giving a new life to old things.

We consider recycling a process of decluttering for shipping unwanted or waste items to a recycling plant to transform them into usable products to reduce environmental pollution. However, something still needs to be done about things that cannot be put in a recycle bin?

Reusing more at home needs a framework that begins with having spots to store your reused materials in the house, regardless of whether this is a case, canister, or pack. Keep the recycling compartment close to the garbage bin to remind everybody to reuse however much as could reasonably be expected.

Following are some of the examples to implement recycling at home.

Let’s start with the most frequently used item-plastic bags. It can be used to line your bins instead of buying new plastic bin liners. It can be used to pack objects for storage or shipment and also can be recycled a few times while buying daily groceries. Aluminum foils can be recycled as temporary containers for cleaning jewels with hot water and a bit of detergent powder. Old CDs can be recycled for homemade arts and crafts or can be used to make a collage of reflective CDs for decorating walls or ceiling.

Books can be gifted, donated, or even swapped at new book purchases. Old cardboard boxes can also be reused to dispatch things or for some creative craftworks. Even minor items like envelopes can be reused for covering up ‘to’ and ‘from’ addresses with the new ones. In rare cases, all the paper items can be used as organic mulch in the garden. The idea of considering recycling is one of the chief steps towards creating a sustainable environment.

Understanding The Significance of Mechatronics
23 January 2021

Understanding The Significance of Mechatronics

Why study Mechatronics?

Mechatronics is a technology combining electronics and mechanical engineering. The word was coined by TetsuraMpro in 1969 to describe the systems which embrace electrical control systems and machines controlled by them. It comprises more than one discipline of scientific studies that collaborates with many branches of engineering. The main application of the mechatronic system is to transform output signals which are obtained by processing the input data gathered from the surroundings and then turning them into useful energy, locomotions, and decisions.

The importance of mechatronics can be understood by the fact that about 25-50% of components in today's vehicles are contributing to control the decisions and driving. Today almost all mechanical systems have become smarter, smaller, and efficient. The outcome is that skilled professionals are required to design, operate, and repair such systems.

AICTE committee for studying the short & medium-term perspectives in India has recommended that the focus on conventional disciplines is decreasing day by day because the great focus is given to the multi-disciplinary engineering courses, especially aerospace, forming, engineering in the environment, and mechatronics. Even the enrolment for an interdisciplinary course is on the rise as depicted by the fact that the admissions for mechatronics and biomedical fields are 65% and 69% respectively has been reported in the year 2017-2018. The mechatronics field in the future can be in more demand and can oppose the traditional fields of engineering in the coming days.

Though robotics and automation picked up familiarity some time back, the most up to date expansion to the family are Mechatronics. Right now, mechatronics is growing very fast and every system of today is made of electromechanical systems with computer science and programming like PLC, HMI, Microcontroller, CNC, Robotics systems. India has a big market in manufacturing and machine tools applications where mostly mechatronics systems are employed, in every sector of industries like Food, Oil gas, Pharma, Manufacturing, and Automotive.

The automation of almost everything, small or large systems has brought an improvement in the demand for the manufacturing of mechatronic products, increasing the need for a technological workforce which makes the subject even more sought after among students. The human intellect and inclination towards all mechanical things are now becoming the future of Mechatronics in India. It is also closely associated with the Internet of Things (IoT), which is driving the learning curve for how Mechatronic systems are being designed, perceived, and manufactured, for a smarter, better tomorrow.

The increase in robotics that can coordinate with humans and also act alone without human assistance with accuracy and smartness is molding the future of Mechatronics in India. It is additionally firmly connected with the Internet of Things (IoT), which is driving the expectation to absorb information for how Mechatronic frameworks are being planned, seen, and designed for a more brilliant, better tomorrow.

Since mechatronics applications are vital in many industries such as automotive, aviation, plant cultivation, etc., the study of this emerging technology can be an advantage in empowerment in the future. These days Mechatronics is in demand, and one can make a brighter future by pursuing this program.

Data Science: An Effort to Extract Some Insights from Data
21 January 2021

Data Science: An Effort to Extract Some Insights from Data

There is a proverb, “Tomorrow never comes”, but in the perspectives of modern computing, more closely with respect to Data Science, it seems little incorrect. It can be said that Tomorrow has come and it is today only and it is creating a new Tomorrow with help of Yesterday.

Modern computing makes an effort to mimic most of the human activities in machines only. In this regard it sees everything as data exclusively. It perceives yesterday and today as data, analyses it, and predicts for Tomorrow.

Earlier data would be processed with the disciplines of Statistics. But due to lack or very less computing power, it was not that much effective. So Data Science came into the existence with high computing power blended with Statistical techniques.

Let’s understand the application of data science with some contemporary projects for which it is being implemented.

  • Data science techniques are being implemented for finding customer behaviour, sales patterns, customer requirements, etc., and based on these circumstances recommender systems are being generated for both salesperson and customers.
  • Logistic companies such as FedEx, DHL, etc. track down the best duration and route for the shipments for delivering on time with the best mode of transport.
  • Forecasting employees’ attrition and to get the bottom of the attributes that may influence the turnover for the employees.
  • Developing advanced models using Artificial Intelligence and machine learning techniques which once set in the motion and perform longer with no human intervention.
  • Along with genomic data, data science can put forward a thoroughgoing understanding of genetic impediments about specific drugs and diseases.
  • Aviation companies can now successfully predict the flight setbacks and intimate the passengers.
  • Data from social media are being analysed in the different perspectives and so much of insights are being evaporated.
  • ...in this way, there are so many applications which are incorporated with data science.

Let’s now put some lights on the origin of data science.

Before data science, the term data mining was coined and had got publicized in 1996 form the research paper entitled, “From Data Mining to Knowledge Discovery in databases.”
Later in 2001, William S. Cleveland had put forward the term data mining to a new horizon by blending computer science and data mining. Merely, he had incorporated statistics with computing power and called this composition as “Data Science”.

Nearly this time only the Internet had also emerged with the new version “Web 2.0”, assimilating social media welfares such as MySpace in 2003, Facebook in 2004, YouTube in 2005, Twitter in 2006, WhatsApp in 2009 etc., where people also became huge stakeholders for generating huge data by creating texts, uploading images, audio and videos, like and share, and leaving their footprints in the digital landscape. These undertakings were to sow the seeds of a pile of data from so much to too much and beyond, which was termed as “Big Data” that came across a world of opportunities in discovering insights using the data.

So, the rising of Big Data in 2010, forged ahead the existence of Data Science to throw its weight behind the need of the business to extract insights from their massive unstructured datasets. The Journal of Data Science narrates the data science as, “... almost everything that has something to do with data: collecting, analysing, modelling, yet the most important part of its applications ... all sorts of applications”, like machine learning, deep learning, etc.

In the year 2010, with the new horizons of the data, it became a trend to train a machine learning model with the approach of data orientation rather a knowledge orientation approach. Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence pushed around the media transcending every other features of data science such as exploratory data Analysis, experimentation, etc., and as a whole termed as Business Intelligence. Some more terms and understandings can be outlined from this adjacent figure.

IT+IT=IT, that is Information Technology + Indian(/International) Talent = India(/International) Tomorrow) is a famous quote in the computer world few years back, but now its redefined as DS+DS=DS that is Data Science + Digital System = Developed Society

Let us now see the application of data science to solve a business problem.

Suppose Ms. Leena works for a multinational company as a data analyst and she has been assigned a business problem. So she would be considering the following steps for solving it.

  1. Defining the Business Problem or Understanding
  2. Data Acquisition or Data Mining
  3. Data preparation or Data cleaning or Data pre-processing
  4. Data Exploration or Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA)
  5. Feature Extraction or Feature Engineering
  6. Data Modelling or Predictive Modelling
  7. Data Visualization and Communication

Following figure can explain these steps in some extent.

Figure Source: Internet (https://www.omnisci.com/learn/data-science

There may be different job titles in the aspect of data science such as:

  • Data Scientist
  • Business Intelligent(BI) Analyst
  • Data Analyst
  • DBA or Data Engineer
  • Machine Learning Engineer
  • Deep Learning Engineer
  • Cloud Architect or Data Centre Engineer
  • ... and many more.

Future with Data Science
This is the era of the Data Science which needs only data as input to create magic. So many insights it can extract from the data which may be quite astonishing. Experts say the scope of the data science is eternal and there are a lot more to appear in these perspectives. New rules need to be set, new algorithms and more advanced computing languages are aligned along with more advanced computing power.

So there is a big rival among human and computer also, if we don’t update ourselves parallel or ahead of computers, we may lose our jobs and it’s also utterly possible that we may be kept on a tight rein by machines only.

Navigate a Better Tomorrow with Navigation and Remote Sensing Technology
21 January 2021

Navigate a Better Tomorrow with Navigation and Remote Sensing Technology

There is always an unanswered question in many young minds on how weather forecasts and cyclones alerts are announced before their occurrence. However, thanks to the technology of remote sensing, which is a concept of satellites monitoring the Earth’s surface at high altitude to collect vital information of the Earth. The expansion of ozone rupture, the increase in the level of co2 in the atmosphere, and the melting rate of glaciers in the Polar Regions due to global warming are estimated with the help of this technology. Within a few minutes of forest fire incidents, scientists forecast an estimate of wildlife and vegetation loss without manually visiting the location.

Recently, the whole world is very cautious about carbon emission levels and is switching to eco-friendly, environment-friendly technologies, and sustainable energy resources. The RS technology enables the switch over to alternative sources and creates awareness for the environment.

The Remote sensing technology is the fuel behind giving all necessary estimates for urban planning and infrastructure development to agriculture monitoring and estimating the yield from the data collected by remote observation of Earth’s surface. RS technology has gone beyond estimating the groundwater level using microwave remote sensing. The skilled scientist in this area owns expertise to transform data into information for the betterment of the society and scientific community.

It is not uncommon to get lost in an unknown place, however, the navigation app in mobile handset would have come to your rescue, thanks to the navigation system which has become an integral part of the communication world, be it a mobile handset, a wearable gadget or a toy, navigation chips makes its presence. With the development of navigation technology, the area of utility has expanded from precision framing to autonomous driving and safety wearable gadgets to intelligent robots.

The aforementioned, Remote sensing and Navigation technology are emerging areas in the field of Electronics and Communication Engineering. Till recently, related studies in this field were handled by Govt. The Research organizations such as ISRO and LRDE, under national education policy, aim to trap the potential of young minds in this area by collaborating academia with research institute to promote exposure to such emerging fields.

Remote sensing and navigation research lab, set up at academia in collaborations with world-renowned research institute will not only encourage the students to research but pursue higher studies in this field.

Internet of Things (IoT) – unlocking the fully connected world
17 December 2020

Internet of Things (IoT) – unlocking the fully connected world

Soon the way we live will be changed by The technology called IoT! Various parts of the world have started adopting this technology already, and the impact it is creating is tremendous.

Presently, we connect our desktops, laptops, and other mobile gadgets to the internet to perform various tasks. The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to a system of interrelated, internet-connected objects that can collect and transfer data over a wireless network without human intervention, creating endless possibilities for business and personal. One example that we can see take here is before the Internet of Things, patients’ interaction with doctors remained mainly to visits, telephone, and text communications but now, the doctors or hospitals could monitor patients' health continuously and make recommendations accordingly even by being at a different location.

Similarly, an executive can connect to the computer and printer at his office to send printouts for an emergency meeting even when he is traveling. A farmer living in another country can monitor the health of his crops and initiate appropriate actions. He can also physically safeguard his crops from trespassing by installing CCTV cameras in the field. Other industries like manufacturing, building, automation, defense, and space science are also turning towards IoT.

There are various enablers for IoT, but the sensor technology, which has shown tremendous growth in recent years, is one of the main element. High-speed internet connectivity (4G and 5G) and cloud technologies are also prominent contributors to the development of IoT. With the rapid growth of technology, the job potential IoT offers is going to be vast and enormous.

The so-called Smart cities and smart villages are possible only with the support of IoT. The government of India's dream project to create Smart Cities, which launched in 2015, is now becoming possible through the platform of IoT.

No doubt that IoT is going to revolutionize the entire world, but how we learn to adapt to this change is a big question. Engineering students should be aware of this rapid global change and master these technologies to be competitive in the job market. Many universities have already included courses on IoT in the curriculum in all branches of study. This will enable students to understand the importance of this growing technology and sharpen the required skills for brighter career prospects.

How to choose best Engineering College in India?
16 December 2020

How to choose best Engineering College in India?

We are set out to grow into an engineer, one of the most fruitful and preferred career choices worldwide. The next 4 years are of both educational and financial importance. These are the years that decide what makes us a unique decision-maker and which professional features define us the best. And the very next step is to select the most suitable/best engineering college. Top engineering colleges present a set of criteria. India has become a home to some of the renowned Engineering colleges.

What should we begin our search with?
Appropriate knowledge deployment, approaches of learning, methods of teaching and assessment modules are the four most important constituents of an educational institution. Nonetheless, we must start our search solely after selecting the stream of engineering that suits our academic and career objectives. We can shortlist 2 or 3 additional streams apart from our favourite stream.

Distance and outreach:
How far does it matter to us? It matters the most in miscellaneous scenarios. If the area our college is located in is broadly and comfortably connected to various modes of transport, we are already on the right path. Our first step towards the most crucial decision of our life succeeds. Distance isn’t a hurdle if we are comfortable travelling to and from college.

Setting the colleges categorically:
We must prefer dividing the colleges into three main categories. The first category should include the colleges we prefer the most but are hard getting into. The second category should include the colleges nearing average quality and we can get enrolled into without any serious hurdles. The third category can feature the colleges welcoming us readily and we can count on in the face of uncertainty. Affordability also plays an equally important role in making our academic journey both easy and enjoyable.

Institutional Infrastructure:
Infrastructure has become a common word nowadays. And a good infrastructure means a lot beyond a campus sprawling across lush vegetation and hygienic environment. We should check how sensible the support staff is. We should check the internet speed in college. A library must be voluminous apart from sourcing the best journals and books. We should consider paying a visit to the hostel (If we prefer institutional accommodation).

Academic environment:
An atmosphere conducive to the academics and extracurricular activities is vital to the corrective development of a student. We are here to spend four of the most qualitative years of our life. The academic environment prepares us today to face a future enlightened with professional and personal milestones. Our academic knowledge is our backbone. And the way we integrate our academics with our analytical approaches defines our individuality. We should study the research opportunities our college provides us with. The industries are constantly on the lookout for problem solvers with a modernistic outlook. And if we zero our search on a college fostering every relevant research opportunity, the well begun is half done.

Innovations and unexplored arenas:
Needs shape inventions and inventions are followed by innovations. Dozens of specializations are offbeat and still underexplored. Once upon a time, the list of specializations was confined to civil and mechanical. Contrary to the past, the domains like Aerospace Engineering allow the modern-day intellects to experiment and transform in many fronts. We should consider diversifying our interests and widen them following our preferences. The nation is growing today with a plethora of opportunities. The demand for the offbeat specializations and their pursuers continues to rise. Moreover, the current manpower is too scant to satiate the offbeat demands growing across industries. We too can grow in our endeavours as we explore the underexplored domains.

Scholarships:
Engineering is a program that involves a significant investment in India. We must carefully look into our latest financial aspects as we proceed to get enrolled in our favourite program. Dozens of engineers lose out on the most suitable training prospects due to abysmal funds. The college that thrives on its sensitivity would reward the right candidature that can make a difference to the realm of education. Many institutions offer scholarships or financial aids to the right students in need.

Research facilities:
Engineering colleges are increasing in India. And, so does the number of engineers they export every year to miscellaneous industries. Organizations and MNCs are facing a shortage of time auditing the right candidate whose profile matches their criteria. Most companies, at such junctures, close their recruitment drive on the candidates with an exemplary or a proven track record. We should scan the colleges based on the research facilities or opportunities they offer. An ideal college would prosper every year as it offers both in-house and third-party projects where students can experiment and learn their core competencies. We can further extend our search on the interdisciplinary research opportunities a college offers. These facilities amp up a potential profile. And we are all set for a fruitful beginning.

What exactly is the right institution all about?
Knowledge on the academics, knowledge about the ways to design a curriculum, knowledge about the subject matter and key concepts, resources and technologies available, styles of teaching available are some of the key attributes of an ideal engineering college in India. JGI has been consistently ranked as one of the best institutions nationwide. JGI maintains its connectivity with some of the best companies across the globe. JGI actively contributes to meritorious placements and manpower provision.

Rethink the Aerospace Industry – Post COVID
12 December 2020

Rethink the Aerospace Industry – Post COVID

The Covid-19 pandemic triggered the entire globe into an economic crisis affecting all industries into loss and stagnant growth, however, one of the sectors worst affected in the crisis of the coronavirus storm is aerospace & manufacturing.

Aerospace & Aviation sectors during the pandemic have seen a serious impact on their sustainability as global air traffic has been brought to a complete standstill from the inception of the Covid-19 outbreak. Meanwhile, the debate is wide open on how the traffic will recover following the current crisis and what this will mean for the civil aircraft manufacturing industry, the supply chain, and the aftermarket support businesses.

Post-Covid, Maintenance repair overhaul, or the MROs have observed serious demand from the airlines especially for the maintenance and the recovery time of the flights will be needed as they were grounded for a period beyond its operational time. Repair and overhauling is a mandate post lockdown to re-energize the use of flights.

With cancellations and depleting older aircraft, demand for new fleet orders incorporated with technology can boost the aerospace & aviation sectors. OEMs of a wider fleet range from smaller sized aircraft to larger carriers can revisit the possible minor design changes in technology, especially in navigation, communication, and control. New orders, can enrich the manufacturing sector with a fresh requirement of components and spare parts. The possible way of recovery would be recycling, rejuvenate as per new fleet requirements. Since aviation has already shown recovery, operating flights based on demand can ensure a steep recovery from the economic crisis. Predicting the second wave of Coronavirus, airlines & allied sectors must be prepared for all possible consequences, and ensure that flight restrictions might not be extended to larger periods.

Vamsi Krishna Chowduru, Asst. Prof. IIAEM – JAIN (Deemed to be University)

Now is the Time to know about Cybersecurity
25 June 2020

Now is the Time to know about Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity is the defense of hardware, software, and data from unauthorized persons, also known as bad actors. This kind of security is applied by users such as individuals or businesses to protect their servers and computerized systems from malware, phishing, and other cyber threats.

The Threats
The objective to implement cybersecurity is to supply the user with a proper security posture that will help him/her predict, prevent, and respond to cyber-attacks. The aim of bad actors is varied and includes theft of data, identities, money, etc, and theft of IT assets. Bad actors are smart, skilled, and often get paid well to extract and hack important information and data. They are extremely persistent hackers using their stealth controlling systems until their target is reached. This situation is known as an advanced persistent threat (APT).

APT can come from data that is stored by attackers on devices, like mobiles, computers, tablets, servers. This threatening data is installed for malicious use namely extracting critical information about individuals and businesses, stealing money from personal or company accounts, etc. Malware is colloquially spoken of in different terminologies as viruses, spyware, worms, trojan. Blocking these bad actors and their devious threats involves effective cybersecurity.

How to Protect
Cybersecurity is ever-changing. It is always being updated to face the fast-changing threats that evolve together with new technologies. Although we read about cyber-attacks on large companies, we must not think that attackers would not be interested in small businesses or single users. Even these small entities and single users should have cybersecurity firewalls in their devices and servers that will protect their systems from threats and attacks.

Staff and management of a company, whether large or small, should be trained; the staff will need to learn how to use and apply the necessary tools to protect the systems. Since technology is continuously changing and evolving, so will the cybersecurity tool, thus to protect data on the virtual world one must be updated with the latest security tools.

Current Scenarios
A very recent scenario that happened on the 7th of May in England which was published by BBC News, entitled  Coronavirus: Scam sites selling masks and fake cures taken down” The article highlighted how the National Cyber Security Centre of the UK (NSCS) received over 10k reports that scammers were sending emails worldwide selling face masks, COVID-19 tests, and vaccines. The reports arrived in a day and this triggered a national alarm in the country.

Other emails even cloned the English government websites that were asking for payment information from readers such that these claim their refunds.

The Chief of the NSCS stated that it was also thanks to the help of the public that over 300 websites were shut down. The NSCS set up The Suspicious Email Reporting Service two weeks before the deal with the reports that were starting to arrive.

On April 13th US News published an article relating to how cyber-attacks were on the increase. And states how hackers are taking advantage of the Corona Virus pandemic to attack the Pentagon because most of the employees at the Defense Department are communicating only through online tools.

We all recall the Yahoo! data theft that affected over three billion users. This was a sensational attack on the user’s details that affected an immense number of people and computer systems. It will always be known as this company’s largest security and network breach.

During this cyber- attack, hackers got access to numerous passwords, dates of birth, personal details, account details, identification numbers that were protected, encrypted by a security system that was easy to crack. Also giving them access to government servers and accounts. This incident brings out the vulnerability of our data in the cyber world.

A Future Perspective

It is no news that the internet is an integral part of our lives. We do everything through the internet, from online reading, cooking, dancing to shopping, chatting, meeting friends, new or old. If all this was tangible not just virtual, in a home, we would have the strongest alarm and security system installed in every room. We would do everything in our power to protect our belongings. This is what cybersecurity is. It blocks thieves from entering our virtual but private life.

What is happening in the present should lead us to have a glimpse of the future. We should learn from what we are doing to improve and strengthen the future of cybersecurity. One can anticipate that since the number of online users is always on the increase, the number of cyber investigators will grow too, thus self-alertness such as securing personal data like identification data, account data, passwords, is always necessary, along with stringent laws to curb these cyber crimes.

INDUSTRY 4.0 – The Emerging and Exponential Technologies: The Future Ahead
13 June 2020

INDUSTRY 4.0 – The Emerging and Exponential Technologies: The Future Ahead

The fourth industrial revolution, commonly known as Industry 4.0 is not only changing the way we manufacture but also the way we live. New emerging technologies are making us more productive and are bringing about ease of operation. We, humans, are getting relieved from spending hours on many unproductive tasks that are taken care of by the machines equipped with these fast-emerging technologies. The future belongs to these technologies and to be future-ready and competitive, The blog focuses on emerging technologies and how they are impacting and changing the world.

Industry 4.0 The Gradual Evolution
The first industrial revolution took place when water and steam power were used to mechanize the production processes. And the second one was when the industry started using electricity for mass-scale production and assembly lines.

The technological gains made during the third industrial revolution are being taken forward now in the manufacturing processes with the introduction of many emerging and exponential technologies like the Internet of Things (IoT), Internet of Systems (IOS), Robotic Process Automation (RPA), Artificial Intelligence (AI), and Machine Learning (ML), etc. These technologies have revolutionized the way we manufacture products with machines being interconnected, analyzing data, and making decisions without help from humans. This is what is being termed as the fourth industrial revolution or Industry 4.0.

Let us see few important emerging and exponential technologies are making a big difference to industrial processes and systems and are changing the world.

1. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) - Artificial intelligence and Machine Learning are the terms coined to describe machines that can use their own experience to make corrections, understand new inputs and adjust accordingly, and perform tasks that would normally require human intelligence. AI and ML do not necessarily apply to the manufacturing industry only. These technologies are used to train computers to use a large amount of data to understand a pattern in it and work accordingly. Machine Learning makes computers learn automatically without any human assistance.

Any equipment working on AI and ML has the capacity to store more data than a human mind. Almost all fields of human activity have started using these technologies.

2. Robotic Process Automation (RPA) - There are a lot of business processes that are done manually and are repetitive in nature. Robotic Process Automation makes use of computer software or programs to partially or fully automate these processes.

Robot Process Automation technology can do many tedious tasks that humans may find boring. Another benefit of RPA is that it can complete the work faster than humans because it can retrieve the necessary data from the background more easily and quickly.

Cybersecurity - Every organization wants to protect its systems, networks, and data from any kind of digital attack. This is so because these digital attacks may access, change, or destroy sensitive information. Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting an organization's data and business processes. It consists of technologies and processes which are designed to avert digital attacks.

Cybersecurity is more relevant and essential in today’s digital age as cyber attackers are becoming more active. The number of data breaches is rising continuously. Many organizations have highly sensitive information. For example, armed forces, government departments, medical services, etc. Cyber attackers are always on the lookout for such information and invent new methods to access this information. 

In the course of doing their business, organizations are required to transmit a lot of data that may include personal information, financial data, or even strategic plans and their misuse could have a gravely negative impact on the business of the organization. Hence, the importance of cybersecurity has become even more important.

Cognitive Systems - As we all know, cognitive means related to thinking or reasoning, so the term Cognitive System refers to any solution, software, or hardware that can replicate human intelligence such as learning and problem-solving. These systems interact with humans naturally. They are not just programmed. On the contrary, they learn from their interactions with humans and their own experiences. 

Today, organizations deal with huge volumes of business information but they don't know how to take full advantage of it. This is where Cognitive Systems come into play. They help organizations to process this data explosion in a structured manner and make effective decisions.

Data Science - Until now, the data available used to be structured and was not so voluminous. It could be easily detected and analyzed by using simple business tools. But nowadays, the data available is not only huge in volume but is also either unstructured or semi-structured. Expert studies show that currently, more than 80% of the available data is unstructured.

This is where Data Science comes in. Data Science is a field that uses a blend of scientific methods, processes, and advanced algorithms to get useful insights into all kinds of data, be it structured or unstructured. It is a high level of technical skill that enables data professionals to build complex algorithms that help in organizing and analyzing a large amount of data and provide solutions that drive the strategy of their organization. Data Science enables companies to uncover many hidden insights like trends, consumer behavior, etc., which helps them in making smarter business decisions.

Be Future Ready
Industry 4.0 is more skill-intensive rather than labor-intensive. These technologies are evolving as the most promising career paths for professionals. So, if you are planning to study Engineering, you should focus on these technologies that employers are looking for in Industry 4.0. Jain (Deemed-to-be University), Faculty of Engineering & Technology is pioneering academic hub of India providing all the new- age programs and technologies of industry 4.0 that fulfil all your quest to be future-read.

Artificial Intelligence- When Intelligence, is not natural?
08 June 2020

Artificial Intelligence- When Intelligence, is not natural?

Introduction
In 1955 John McCarthy announced Artificial Intelligence for the first time. The term, ‘Artificial Intelligence’ is derived from two words, artificial- a thing which is not natural, and intelligence- a capacity to understand and collect information about events, a particular group, etc.

After combining these two words into a single frame, ‘Artificial Intelligence’ means a computer programming code in a machine like a computer exhibiting traits of human beings like learning, problem-solving, scanning, storing information like memory, thinking, etc. Just like mimicking someone, a system of Artificial Intelligence does the same as human beings perceive things by performing various tasks from their environment.

The system is very quick in recognizing the impulses, and with advanced deep learning, it processes the tasks using natural language processing (NLP) technology. Being a natural branch of artificial intelligence, NLP fulfills the gap of communication between a machine and a human being through many principles and disciplines like computer science, and computational linguistics. NLL helps the machine to understand the human language by turning into their language. The technology saves valuable time and energy by performing its operation in less time than expected.NLP assists artificial intelligence to do multiple tasks like reading a text, following the instructions given in the text, checking records simultaneously, etc. In short, artificial intelligence enables the machine to learn languages to perform tasks. Now,

Difference between Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
Artificial Intelligence simulates and trains the machine to mimic human actions like speaking a particular dialect, recognizing colors, shapes, etc. whereas machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence that are developed to interpret human actions. Machine learning searches for data and tries to reach to a conclusion just like us using certain algorithms. Like a car has a laser-like device on its top, giving signals for the in-between objects while parking in a parking area, and also informing about all the cars that are surrounding it. But both need large volumes of data, granular data, and extremely diversified data.

Current Scenarios
In today’s world, since its inception, Artificial Intelligence has become an integral part of every person’s life due to this, our life has become very fast.  AI has led to cut short time and multitasking at once. Artificial Intelligence repetitively learns and discovers through diversified data. Without human involvement, it clarifies high volume of data without fatigue and analyses deep data, hidden into deep layers of neural networks. It is capable of identifying and performing human tasks, deep neural networks achieve incredible accuracy by interacting with humans like a person who uses Google Search, Alexa,. Siri,  Macbook, Tablets etc.,

How does it work?
Before learning the working structure of artificial intelligence, we need to research and have deep knowledge about its basic components. Here they are:

  • Machine Learning: The machine needs algorithms, statistics, the guidance of neural networks, operation research, and physics to analyze and perform any task.
  • Computer Vision: Being an integral part of artificial intelligence, computer vision is a technique that assists to identify, process, and interpret the visual data of an image like graphs, tables, pictures in a video, etc. It is done under the light of deep learning.
  • Natural Language Processing (NPL): NPL makes sure to interact with human language and speech. It connects machines to humans for interpreting, recognizing human contexts and producing responses. Example: It is applied to a Skype translator.
  • Cognitive Computing: The component cognitive computing improves the relationship between humans and computers by making inferences from the context i.e. simulating human processes with machines like speech and image reorganization.
  • A Neural Network: It is a type of machine learning that interconnects units (like neurons) with the human brain. Before analyzing the final data, it associates the units with previously undefined data. For example, out of 1,000 photos, to recognize the final photo of a cat.
  • Deep Learning: This is the most important element of artificial intelligence. For example, a voice assistant, Siri answers the ’What is my name?’ Deep Learning implies many layers of artificial neural networks determining a single result from many inputs. 

Uses:
Artificial intelligence has made our life error-free with superb advanced high-technology. From self-driving and parking vehicles, to digital assistance thanks to Artificial Intelligence in assisting our homes, offices, our objects like mobile phones, washing machines, etc. installing biometric machines in offices, has made it easy to track the attendance of employees. Google assistant, Siri, and Alexa to speech and face recognition have made our gadgets safe and secure. Even applications like Uber, RedBus, Ola use artificial intelligence that allows us to share route details along with the driver and cab information to our dear ones.
Many high-profile industries demand Artificial Intelligence for security, risk recognition, legal assistance, etc.  For example, such as health care industry need AI for X-rays and diagnosis treatment of patients. The retail sector uses AI in collecting and possessing multiple customer data online, and offline and also in online shopping and multiple payment options like COD, internet banking, debit, or credit cards. The manufacturing industry also needs AI to analyses IoT (Internet of Things), and for calculating demand and supply of the products in the market. The banking sector uses AI to identify any fraudulent activity, risk measurement, fast and smooth transactions, credit scoring, etc.

What are the future perspectives of Artificial Intelligence?
The future of Artificial Intelligence will be vast and more extensive than the present time. From deep learning, the networking system to driverless cars, it will make the world a digital place. It is influencing everyone’s life making it very simple, optimized, and fulfilling the purpose of life and understanding the mechanics behind Artificial Intelligence. Hence, humans will successfully merge with it completely to do autonomous work.

School of Engineering & Technology Jain (Deemed-to-be- University) is a pioneering school of engineering that offers wide variety of new- age courses. The institute offers both B.Tech  and M.Tech  programs in Artificial Intelligence that opens a wide gateway for job opportunities for the students even at a global platform. The course gives hands on experience and make the students ready to face the industry demands, with advance knowledge of artificial intelligence.

Advantages of the Blockchain: Financial Sectors
19 February 2020

Advantages of the Blockchain: Financial Sectors

It allows you to make financial transactions in a secure and reliable way. One of the main advantages of Blockchain is that it allows financial transactions between two participants safely and reliably. There are no more intermediaries involved, but the users themselves have control over their information and the entire transaction. This information is distributed in multiple nodes that are independent of each other. These register and validate it without having to know the other participants.

It is transparent and at the same time private
With this technology transaction are more reliable for two reasons: they are transparent and also private. The movements, although they cannot be modified, are integrated into the network as a whole and are public, i.e. they can be viewed without problems by each of the parties. At the same time, data from transactions between the parties are private. The information flow does not exist since the design is based on a block of chained codes.

The data are impossible to falsify
Another great advantage, which makes it even more reliable, is that once the transaction data has been recorded, it is impossible to falsify it. They are immutable, that is, they cannot be modified or deleted. This is possible because it works with different forms of data verification, so the alteration of transactions by third parties is practically impossible. Besides, the database has a history of each transaction since the technology was created.

It is an immediate process
With banks, you have to wait a while for a transaction to be completed. With Blockchain, since there are no intermediaries, the process is immediate. The computer system used for operations works 24 hours a day, every day. Since the information is transmitted and saved automatically, there is no need to wait.

Information is never lost
Because many nodes are involved in its validation, the information is secure. Even if the network were to go down, the service would never be lost and would continue to function. Why? Only one of the nodes needs to be active. This is achieved thanks to the decentralized networks, which also makes it more resistant to malicious attacks since it does not have a central point of failure.

There are no errors
Banks can make mistakes in transactions, but Blockchain cannot. The data recorded in a Blockchain is always correct because it is constantly checked by a network of people. The information that is recorded is agreed upon by all participants and therefore there are no errors.

The transaction cost is low
One of the big problems for banks and currency exchange platforms like PayPal is the high fees they charge. These are imposed and there is nothing users can do against that if they want to use the service. Blockchain users can free themselves from high commissions since the exchange of assets with this technology usually has a lower cost.

Encourages globalization
With Blockchain, globalization takes another step. With this technology, there will no longer be any borders for transactions. You can avoid the tedious paperwork and even export procedures, regardless of the currency, you will be able to trade goods and services in another country without involving so many intermediaries.

Jain (Deemed-to-be University) offers a B-Tech degree in Distributed Computing and Blockchain. With Industry-standard Infrastructure and staff, get in-depth knowledge of how Blockchain works and lead a bright future! Apply Now!

A Birds’ Eye View into the World of Distributed Computing and Blockchain Technology
19 February 2020

A Birds’ Eye View into the World of Distributed Computing and Blockchain Technology

Distributed computing is one of the fundamental computing principles that drive the Blockchain technology. In the simplest terms possible, Distributed Computing is merely a network where different computers come together to form one system. The systems can be physically connected to form a local network or they can be geographically dispersed and connected online. It is an old principle that has been fine-tuned over the years to suit the requirements.

Computers within distributed networks don’t need to be in any specific format or hardware configuration. This could be laptops or mainframes, PCs or Macs.

Blockchain was invented by a person (or group of people) using the name Satoshi Nakamoto in 2008 to serve as the public transaction books. It is a type of payment trail which is curated in digital blocks.

A Blockchain can be termed as a peer-to-peer network and there are no institutions or corporations that are in charge of these Blockchain. They are maintained by a group of highly skilled engineers who are known as the Miners. Blockchain technology has changed the concept of placing our trust from one centralized organization to a distributed trust as this ensures privacy, prevention from frauds and 100% secured transactions. 

Course Benefits

  • Wiley Industry 4.0 plus Jain University certifications
  • Program in Cloud Computing from the University of Maryland, USA
  • Certificate of Readiness from Harvard Business School
  • Acquire hands-on experience of working on Blockchain technology
  • Develop the mind-set to use emerging and exponential technologies to make a difference in the world
  • Project-based learning and work on live projects on-the-job training, and internships where you can create Blockchain applications and help revolutionize the world economy
  • Placement assistance

Employability
As per LinkedIn's annual Emerging Jobs 2018 report, Blockchain Developer is one of the most coveted jobs among all occupations. Alternatively, you have the option of becoming a technopreneur. You will have an option to incubate your startup even before the end of the course at the JUiNCUBATOR (an event of Jain Deemed-to-be-University).
Some of the employment options are as follows:

  • Blockchain Developer
  • Blockchain Architect
  • Blockchain Engineer
  • Blockchain Analyst
  • Blockchain UX/UI Designer
  • Blockchain Product Manager
  • Crypto Community Manager
  • Blockchain Researcher
  • Distributed Computing - Algorithms Developer
  • Distributed computing - Technical Architect
  • Distributed computing - Data Engineer

In the End…
This course is uniquely curated so that when the students graduate in 2024, they are a step ahead of the emerging technologies and are equipped with the necessary proficiency.

Why Choose Jain (Deemed-to-be University)
B. Tech program in “Computer Science and Engineering (Distributed Computing and Blockchain)” will enable an individual to be ready for Industry 4.0 emerging and exponential technologies. This course is industry-integrated with Wiley Industry 4.0 certifications in Blockchain and will be delivered using project-based learning leading to internships and career opportunities with startups and MNC’s in India and abroad.

As per LinkedIn's annual Emerging Jobs 2018 report, Blockchain Developer is the top emerging job among all occupations. So, with a degree from Jain (Deemed-to-be University) School of Engineering and Technology, a student stands to gain the unique advantage of being positioned to keep pace with the emerging skill-sets and be industry-ready.

Blockchain Applications: In The Finance sector
13 February 2020

Blockchain Applications: In The Finance sector

The financial sector and the world of crypto-currencies are not the only ones who can benefit from Blockchain technology. Many sectors are seeing the potential that this technology has, which added to others, can be very useful.

In fact, according to a study conducted by IBM's Institute for Business Value in 2017, by that time 33% of companies were already using Blockchain or were planning to use it soon. In addition, 78 percent of respondents said they were exploring its use to develop new business models or in response to changes in their industry.

With regard to the financial sector, the World Economic Forum has stated that “In the coming years, we will witness the Blockchain revolution, as it will eventually become the "heart" of the global financial system”.

Banks are already using this technology to speed up payments, transfers, and remittances, and to lower the costs associated with these processes. Stock markets such as Nasdaq also use it.
But as we have said, Blockchain's applications are not limited to the financial system. These are the areas in which this technology is also being used.

Distributed cloud storage
Blockchain allows distributing data storage. That is, instead of depending on services such as Google Drive or Dropbox, which are centralized cloud storage, files can be saved in a P2P (peer-to-peer) network, which means that they will be saved by several users.

In this way, since the information is not stored in the same space, it is more difficult, if not impossible, for it to be attacked by hackers or to be lost due to technical problems or natural disasters, for example. An identical copy of the data will be stored in each node of the network, which makes the system more secure.

Decentralizing the Internet of Things (IoT)
Most Internet platforms of things are based on centralized models, meaning that a single company controls the connected devices. However, this system is not very functional, since as the popularity of this technology increases, it becomes more necessary for the teams to be able to exchange data with each other quickly and autonomously.

The solution is in the development of decentralized IoT platforms and Blockchain allows it. With the Blockchain the data exchange is done in a safe and reliable way and in addition, an unalterable record is created of all the messages that have been exchanged by the different connected intelligent devices.

Some companies are already opting for this solution, such as IBM, which has created the ADEPT (Autonomous Decentralized Peer to Peer Telemetry) platform in collaboration with Samsung. Using the Blockchain technology, this system is capable of generating a distributed device network.

Identity Management
Another great application of Blockchain is in identity management. With this technology, users can create their own digital identity, which is secure and reliable because it is tamper-proof. Experts assure that this kind of ID based on Blockchain could replace the increasingly vulnerable user names and passwords online in the near future.

People will be able to use their Blockchain identity for many things, from simple actions such as accessing websites and applications to signing digital documents. In fact, there are already companies that have such services such as Keybase, Onename or ShoCard.

Registration and Data Verification
Not only can this technology be used to store financial transactions securely and immutably. It can also be used to store any other type of information, thus generating an incorruptible distributed record, which also stands out for being more secure than traditional databases.

This application can be used in several sectors. In clinics and hospitals, for example, it can be used to create a record with the medical history of patients. It can also be useful for the protection of intellectual property and creative digital products such as e-books, music, photos, etc. It can also be used for the registration of vehicles or property.

Jain (Deemed-to-be University) offers a B-Tech degree in Distributed Computing and Blockchain. With Industry-standard Infrastructure and staff, Get in-depth knowledge of how Blockchain works and lead a bright future! Apply Now!