Today, data is a vital aspect of any business. Companies use and construct various data structures to build customer relationships and respond to business queries. A wide range of technologies is applied to the data to understand customers and their requirements. Managed by distinct technologies and stocked up in several structures data analysis becomes a challenging task. However, the tools owned for analysis accept that the data is from a single technology and stored in an identical structure. Data engineering eases the process of providing reliable and secure data to scientists, data analysts, and other professionals who work with data regularly.
The importance of data engineering and its scope as a career choice has been growing exponentially in recent years as companies of varied sizes rely heavily on data. Some of the points that support the above statement are:
Data engineering organizes and manages suitable data for different systems and various data consumers, such as system architects, business leaders, data analysts, and data scientists. Some vital areas of data engineering are:
The above responsibilities are well addressed by data engineers through data acquisition, cleansing, conversion, disambiguation, and de-duplication. Hence, data engineers should possess the ability to work on different technologies using specialized tools.
Programming and math/statistics are two of the most critical technical abilities for a data engineer to acquire.
Programming: Software developers transitioning to an AI role or those with a computer science degree are likely to be familiar with a few programming languages. Python and R are two of the most widely used languages in AI, particularly machine learning. Every aspiring data and AI engineer must be well-versed in these two languages, as well as their most often used libraries and packages.
Math / Statistics: More than merely coding, data and AI engineering require math and statistics. Machine learning algorithms are based on statistical and probability notions. When verifying the authenticity and integrity of your data, you will also require a good grasp of terms like statistical significance.
Artificial intelligence and data engineering provide a reliable artificial intelligence solution that can work at scale by providing usable products to clients. Artificial intelligence and machine learning possess high demand for data that is impossible to scale by human engineers. To incorporate artificial intelligence capabilities and feed the data-hungry models many transformative technologies must be implemented for the analysis and storing of data. If the role of a data engineer lies in preparing the data, then the data scientist's responsibility is to use the data for the promotion of business decisions. To summarise, a career in data engineering is both challenging and rewarding because providing artificial intelligence assistance to a wide range of companies in industries such as healthcare, retail, finance, etc. becomes unrealistic without structured data and the technical resources to mine the data. Data engineering experts with technologies to mine the forthcoming zettabytes of data will be the need of the hour in the coming future.
Electronics and Communication Engineering have evolved as the spine of the technological innovations of modern times. From satellites to telecommunication to robotics to 3D gaming ECE graduates are in high demand in the labor market. Below we have listed some out-of-the-box careers for WCE pursuers.
Dhivya S and Madhulekha Rakshit
Industry 4.0, which is referred to as the fourth industrial revolution, emphasizes automation as the key to production. 3D food printing has become a fundamental and automated aspect of food production and processing. Therefore, the issues such as printed food safety and the process of food printing will initially be confronted by customers. Let us discuss how 3D printing has revolutionized the food industry in a nutshell.
In general 3D printing is the additive process where a product is designed, coded, and then printed in three-dimensional form. In the 3D food printing manufacturing process, the ingredients are taken in the correct proportion and added to the cartridges, which are then extruded through the syringe in the coded ratio layer by layer. These filling ingredients are pre-heated for smooth flow and processing and maintained in the proper viscosity needed for shape retention. So, this type of manufacturing is the end of the fantasy.
3D printing was invented by a Japanese scientist in the 1980s. His design used a photosensitive resin whose polymerization was triggered by UV light. The technology was initially used by astronauts for space missions and later, products in puree or paste form were extruded and printed. So, the bakery and confectionary products come to the list first for 3D printing.
Companies like REM3DY Health, Natural Machines, etc., use 3D printers for their products. These are confectionery products that are flawless in terms of shape and color ratio, resulting in increased market share. All upcoming R&D ideas are keeping 3D printers as part of their novel product plans. Nutritionists use this technique to create and manufacture their products so they can maintain the right amount and healthier alternatives of raw material.
From the consumer’s point of view, 3D printed food products will be more attractive as they are customizable, artful, and intriguing. Bakers, for example, can produce their goods in less than 5 minutes with robots in the printers, allowing them to work faster and increase the value of their products. Extrusion-based printing (low viscous products), binder jetting (powdered form ingredients), and inkjet printing (surface decorating) are some of the types of printers available to producers. Depending on their needs, producers can choose one of these.
While discussing the advantages of 3D printing, their ability to design products that are complex, sophisticated, and difficult for a human to design is considered. Additionally, it offers the potential to completely automate food production processes, with substantial reductions in food waste. Some of these advantages are accompanied by disadvantages, such as it is not possible to print meat, fruit, vegetables, or rice by nature, so additives, such as hydrocolloids, are required to enable them to be extruded. Continual heating and cooling promote the growth of bacteria and fungi in food. However, the eco-friendly, sustainable and low waste generation characteristics of the 3D printed foods will make this technique successful in the future.
Engineering still features high on the list when it comes to graduate programmes in India, as this profession has shown flexibility and ability to adapt to changes in requirements, as well as providing students with the necessary knowledge and skills for a successful career. The disciplines of engineering teach students concepts of mechanics, civil engineering, urbanization technology, electronics and telecommunications, and other associated disciplines due to the high demand and comprehensive prospect of engineering as a career. Civil is one of the mother trades of engineering is one of the strongest and perennial disciplines of this technical academic course.
In the next ten years, given our cities and villages facing infrastructure problems, it is likely to become repetitive. While every industry is critical to economic development, infrastructure is a significant growth engine worldwide in the 21st century. In India, we need more highways, more airports, more houses, and more to meet the city’s mass urbanization pressures and collapse. Substantial progress can be achieved in all fields and major human-related improvements, civil engineers are expected to face many obstacles, including environmental infrastructure construction.
The career prospect of civil engineers had been slummy in India for some time back, however, since 2020 this trade has regained its stature with a boom in infrastructural domains due to the following factors
Career prospect of Civil Engineers in India
Once you have graduated in Civil Engineering from any of the accredited technical colleges or universities of India you can aspect a prosperous career in the following fields.
In today's information technology world, data mining and cloud computing are emerging trends. The process of extracting information from raw data is known as data mining, and cloud computing provides scalable and flexible computing.
Cloud Computing concept
Cloud computing has emerged as one of the most popular and trending courses among IT enthusiasts in recent years. Cloud computing is now accepted by both small and large multinational corporate houses and not just IT professionals. This new technology has significantly aided individuals and businesses in storing data at a lower cost. Businesses are increasingly seeking professionals who have completed Cloud Computing courses like DevOps training.
Career Advantages of Cloud Computing
Cloud computing provides benefits to modern businesses, such as allowing multiple users to view data in real time and easily share projects. Working as a synchronized team is now easier and more accessible than ever thanks to cloud software and SaaS applications (Software as a Service). Simply put, cloud computing is internet-based computing, and moving to the cloud is the best way to keep your business current and competitive. And on the other hand, we can use data mining to make smart market decisions, run accurate campaigns, make predictions, and more; we can also use data mining to analyze customer behaviors and insights. This leads to enormous success and data-driven business. Hence, we conclude that cloud computing and data mining is one of the best courses one should opt for which helps one to grow in the business and the one who opts for this course will get their business analytics and technology skill upgrade.
Undoubtedly there are multiple career advantages of studying cloud computing and data mining and hence it is a great choice if you are choosing this course for your undergraduate or post graduate studies evidently you will enjoy a rewarding career.
From lightening up rural areas to powering up high voltage power manufacturing units, electrical engineers are required in every organization that deals in construction projects or deals with real estate or manufacturing or making human life easier. If you are keen on pursuing a career in the field of electrical engineering, there are some “must-have” skills that you must essentially possess, to build an outstanding career.
Below we have discussed some of the most essential qualities an electrical engineer must unfailingly have:
Formal technical training
The foundation of any engineering career rests on understanding the principle of science involved in it. Like in mechanical engineering you must have a fair knowledge of machines, similarly, in electrical engineering, you must have a strong grasp on circuits, conductors and others which you can attain only with a formal degree. You can pursue B. Tech in electrical engineering if you have dreams of making a successful electrical engineering career. It is a six-semester formal technical training in electrical engineering that is awarded by all the reputed colleges and universities.
An analytical and rational mind
The projects in which electrical engineers are involved, they have to contribute in every stage from planning to procuring to design and execution. For completing all these procedures, he will come across many roadblocks. He must hence have a critical and analytical mind that will help him to anticipate problems and solve them at an initial stage. Prospective electrical engineers must be rational enough to provide innovative, cost-effective, and secured solutions for problems.
Flexible speaking and writing capabilities
Electrical Engineers have to work and coordinate with a diverse category of people. Right from communicating with the management for approval, to getting work done with the workmen, to dealing with raw materials suppliers, a lot of responsibility rests with electrical engineers. The mode of communicating with a construction worker is completely different from that of speaking with the management. Hence a to be a successful civil engineer, you must develop versatile communication skills.
Acumen in Physics and Mathematics
An electrical engineer is responsible for various calculations on the construction site. The design involves using a lot of calculations and theories which as an engineer he is responsible for. He must be efficient in calculating the ratio and proportions or voltage, quality of electrical equipment and raw materials along with acumen in physics and engineering principles which is essential for successful completion of construction.
A sporting team player
Every profession demands good team playing skills and electrical engineers are no exception. An electrical engineer has to work in liaison with different departments, so he /she must have the natural team spirit of working together with all. A project is easily and successfully done if all the teams act in cohesion especially when the work is very challenging and comprehensive.
Every organization has multiple projects going on at the same time as an electrical engineer you might have to handle multiple projects at the same time. You will have to handle diverse teams with different, ethnicity and different values. Adjusting to different geographic and cultural conditions is also a challenge for prospective electrical engineers. Adaptableness to any terse situation is hence an essential condition for all would-be engineers.